Quantum entanglement is the mechanism by which quantum correlations between two sub-systems survive even after being physically separated from an interaction region. The correlations could in principle survive without neither time nor space constraint.

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Quantum entanglement on cosmological scales

This may be a foolish question given my limited understanding of QM but here it is. As I understand quantum entanglement basically means that two particles evolve as a single "unit", i.e., are ...
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characterization of non-entangling gates

I suspect the following is true and "well-known" but I cannot find any reference for it. Can anyone help? Let $U$ be a unitary quantum gate acting on a pair of $d$-dimensional qudits. Suppose $U$ is ...
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Calculating states of entangled and disentangled qubits

I'm writing a quantum computer simulator (about 8 qubits) and I know most of the basics (i.e. how to calculate the effect of a quantum gate on a qubit). But I have hit a wall. Is it possible, with ...
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Can two independent particles become entangled, or can they only be entangled at the time of their creation?

We were discussing this article at work, particularly the quote: “Finally, we can understand why a cup of coffee equilibrates in a room,” said Tony Short, a quantum physicist at Bristol. ...
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Quantum Eraser thought experiment with light photons of distinct color

I tried to recreate the Quantum Eraser experiment into a thought experiment with a few changes. It left me a little perplexed as to what outcomes I should expect. Any help would be appreciated. Lets ...
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Why would classical correlation in Bell's experiment be a linear function of angle?

Sorry if it's a newbie question, but I have trouble understanding the following part in the Wikipedia's explanation for the Bell's theorem: With the measurements oriented at intermediate angles ...
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52 views

Does a normal torch emit entangled photons?

I was reading a sciencenews.org post about three photons being entangled. My question here is, why is the chance of producing an entangled pair once in a billion times? Isn't every particle produced ...
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Entanglement g-2-experiment - Which components do I need?

I would like to measure whether my source emits entangled photon pairs. To that order I want to build a g-2-experiment, which measures photon coincidence counts as a function of time delay between ...
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95 views

Spin Control and Entanglement

I have a thought-experiment sort of question and I don't know where to start. Suppose you have an entangled pair, e1 and e2, and you split them. Then BEFORE reading them, you spin control e1 to +, ...
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Does a random local unitary destroy entanglement

There is a massive debate raging about whether the wavefunction is an aspect of reality or just a way of handling the data you have about a system. This question is in that vein. A local unitary on ...
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269 views

Local EPR-experiments with photons in vacuum?

The principle of non-locality states "that an object is influenced directly only by its immediate surroundings." (Wikipedia) When two entangled particles are measured in an EPR experiment, we ...
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47 views

Can entanglements themselves be entangled?

In other words, could there be higher dimensional entanglements between entanglements? For instance, this could allow us to entangle two entangled-far-away pairs to create a system of four entangled ...
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Is there a way to obtain an RG flow equation for Quantum spin systems using MERA

We restrict ourselves to ground states of translationally invariant 1d quantum systems. I understand that there is the scale invariant MERA(multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz) which ...
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28 views

Bell State Measurement From Parametric Down Conversion Source

My question is about whether or not there exists any scheme to distinguish between symmetric and antisymmetric Bell states from entangled pair of down converted photons. State of Down Converted ...
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68 views

Projection of Quantum State onto Bell State

I am very interested by this paper on entanglement swapping and timelike entanglement. The one thing I get really tripped up with is the whole idea of a projection onto a bell basis. I understand ...
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598 views

How do electrons interact if one of them had just exited the two slits of the double-slit experiment?

Consider the following experiment: a double-slit set-up for firing electrons one at a time. Let's now add a second electron (orange), which is fired parallel to the first one, but in the opposite ...
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276 views

Quantum Entanglement - an illusion based on a wrong assumption?

Almost all resources I've read about Quantum Entanglement speak about how 'amazing' it is that two entangled particles are bound over any distance, and that the state of one particle determines the ...
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135 views

How to tell whether photons are entangled?

Suppose you have some sort of a "black box" system - you know nothing of its inner workings. The system has two outputs, let's call them A and B, and it occasionally emits photons - one photon from ...
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85 views

Eigenstates of a density matrix of continuous variables

Consider a system of two entangled harmonic oscillators. The normalised ground state is denoted by $\psi_0(x_1,x_2)$. The reduced density matrix of the second oscillator is given by: $$\rho_2 = ...
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Entangled particles interaction with other particles

Non-physicist question: Suppose two particles A and B are entangled and A collides with another particle. What happens to B?
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What does this question about entanglement and classical geometry mean?

Below is the question from Andy Strominger's presentation at the String 2014 conference. The question was asked by credible physicist Ashoke Sen as an important question. "What is the precise ...
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53 views

Quantum Entanglement and BB84 protocol

Can Quantum entanglement can be used to strengthen the security or increase the efficiency of communication via the BB84 protocol? If so, how?
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Natural entanglement system

I'm beginner and amateur interested by the quantum physics. I would like to know if it exists entanglements systems at natural state or it requires mandatory an human intervention ? Is it possible ? ...
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146 views

Is entangled state after measurement still an entangled state?

Suppose there is an entangled state of two electrons, the spin part is $$| \downarrow \uparrow \rangle - | \uparrow \downarrow \rangle \tag{1} $$. If I add the spatial part of the wavefunction as two ...
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Theoretically, is there a way to hold a quantum entangled particle in a state by continuously observing it?

When the spin of a quantum entangled particle is measured, is it only possible to do an instantaneous measurement, or can a particles spin be held in a collapsed state by constantly observing it? In ...
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Can quantum entanglement be a proof of a 4th spatial dimension?

What I know about quantum entanglement is almost nothing. What I know can be resumed to: "two particles created together have a correlated behaviour no matter the distance between them". This is ...
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Why are results of Bell's experiments considered to “break realism”?

Related to my previous question (Why would classical correlation in Bell's experiment be a linear function of angle?), as a newbie in quantum mechanics, I am also unable to find the reason to why ...
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Why quantum entanglement is considered to be active link between particles?

From everything I've read about quantum mechanics and quantum entanglement phenomena it's unobvious for me, why quantum entanglement is considered to be active link. I.e. it's stated every time that ...
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35 views

Entangled Electrons

What attribute would help determine in a spaghetti of tangled-entangled electrons, which two are the respective entangled electron pairs, since obviously there is an attribute other than charge or ...
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110 views

Entanglement in single particle state

Is it possible that we have entanglement in different degrees of freedom of a singe particle. like spin and linear momentum .
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2 entangled electrons in QFT

In field theory, by quantizing a dirac field, we can obtain a creation operator for a single electron of definite momentum, of definite spin up or down, these respectively are: ...
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153 views

Entanglement entropy of 1D chiral Fermion

I was told that the entanglement entropy $S_E$ on the ground state of a (1+1)D conformal field theory (CFT) follows the logarithmic behavior $S_E=\frac{c}{12}\ln L$ where $L$ is the length scale ...
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Non-unqiue basis sets of reduced density matrix in quantum mechanics/decoherence

In Why decoherence solves the measurement problem by Art Hobson: $|\psi \rangle _{SA} = c_1|s_1 \rangle |a_1 \rangle + c_2 |s_2\rangle |a_2 \rangle$ which is a wavefunction that describes non-local ...
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Thought experiment using quantum entanglement in position and its effects

Consider we have two atoms $a$ and $b$. They are entangled with each other in position and momentum, with some wavefuction describing them in position space that is $\Psi(x_a, x_b)$. This ...
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Is this double “double slit experiment” involving entanglement possible?

The experiment goes as follows: Put a particle emitter (photon, electron etc.) between a pair of double slits. The emitter launches pairs of particles that are entangled in such a way that if one ...
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Quantum entanglement and spooky action at a distance

When quantum entanglement is explained in "layman's terms", it seems (to me) that the first premise, that we have to accept on faith, is that a particle doesn't have a certain property (the particle ...
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Does entanglement not immediately contradict the theory of special relativity?

Does entanglement not immediately contradict the theory of special relativity? Why are people still so convinced nothing can travel faster than light when we are perfectly aware of something that ...
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How does QFT help with entanglement?

I'm a bit confused. QFT is claimed to incorporate both Quantum Mechanics and Special Relativity. Therefore it should address the problem of non-locality caused by entanglement. However when I search ...
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Does first quantization perturbation theory imply a large scale web of electron entanglement?

My question may seem quite esoteric given the title, but I think it's relatively straightforward when explained properly. Imagine a relatively simple situation of 2 hydrogen atoms (numbered 1 and 2), ...
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In quantum entanglement are the 2 sub atomic particles exhibiting all possible values before being measured

I have been reading a lot about quantum entanglement when I came up to a part which says that before measuring one of the particles there is a 50:50 chance that a particle will be one of the pair but ...
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How do I describe two entangled electrons in the same state except for a different spin

I am trying to formulate the wave function that describes two entangled electons having the same position but opposite spin. According to the Pauli exclusion principle this should be possible. And ...
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472 views

Bells Theorem for Dummies, How does it work?

I've been reading up on theoretical physics for a few years now and I feel like I am starting to get an understanding of particle physics, at least as much as you can from Wikipedia pages. One thing ...
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31 views

If I have created a polarization-entangled photon source, would I be able to create a qubit?

In my laboratory, I have already obtained a polarization-entangled photon source. It was created via the Spontaneous Parametric Downconversion process of 2 BBO crystals. The next question is that ...
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Is space-time a Kantian concept - just a concept of the working mind? [closed]

Is space time a Kantian concept – that is, just a concept of the mind at work? That is that there is no ‘out there’ – it’s in the ‘mind’? Relativity might work but it certainly requires a stretch of ...
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1answer
126 views

How to explain in simple terms why Entanglement is more than just complicated hidden variables

I haven't taken a graduate level physics course on quantum mechanics so I get lost in the strange looking equasions. It's hard for me too see in any of the explanations of how quantum computers and ...
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Quantum entanglement and special relativity PARADOX

imagine two entangled atomic clocks , we entangle them and then measure the time , it has to be the same , right ? now lets suppose that we entangle them , but don't measure them, then we plant one ...
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Wouldn't 3 or more particle entanglement allow passing classical information?

My (simple) understanding of entanglement is that by measuring the spin of one entangled particle, the other entangled particles' spin changes to the opposite of measured particle. This act of ...
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81 views

Quantum Mechanics and Entanglement

I'm hearing a guy ( Tom Cassidy ), which supposedly has a master in physics, saying that what we expect in a physical experiment ( for example, observing some particle ) can actually interefere with ...
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wave-particle duality and entanglement

By fundamental definition of a entangled system we can say that if we know the quantum state of one subsystem then we can describe the state of another subsystem. A particle possess wave-particle ...
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Could the collision of two pairs of quantum entangled protons cause a temporary “wormhole”? [closed]

I recently read this article from MIT News. I then started thinking about how a particle accelerator creates a temporary microscopic black hole. My question is: If quantum entangled pair $A$, ...