Quantum entanglement is the mechanism by which quantum correlations between two sub-systems survive even after being physically separated from an interaction region. The correlations could in principle survive without neither time nor space constraint.

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Entanglement and conservation

Is the following assertion sufficiently unique to merit a paper? Every absolute conservation law implies a corresponding form of entanglement, not just spin (angular momentum). Linear momentum ...
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Quantum circuit, two control not gates

Consider the quantum circuit in the picture below: We have a Hadamard gate followed by a CNOT gate, this puts the 2nd & 3rd state in the bell state $\beta_{00}=\frac{1}{\sqrt2}(\mid 00\rangle ...
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When and how did the idea of the tensor product originate in the history quantum mechanics?

At some point in the history of quantum mechanics, it was accepted that a single particle is described by a wavefunction which is a function of the position of the particle $\mathbf{r}$, denoted: ...
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Do any entanglement measures for mixed states exist that use only single site correlation functions?

For a pure state $\rho_{AB}$, the entropy of entanglement of subsystem $A$ is \begin{equation} S( \rho_A) = -tr (\rho_A \log \rho_A) \end{equation} where $\rho_A$ is the reduced density matrix of A. ...
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Does this Zeilinger group result provide experimental proof of backward-in-time causation?

Does this recent Zeilinger group delayed choice entanglement experiment imply backward-in-time influences? http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.4834 From the abstract: "This can also be viewed as “quantum ...
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Can path integrals be used to understand entanglement?

I like path integrals. I prefer to try to understand quantum phenomena in terms of path integrals rather than Hamiltonian mechanics. However, most of the standard texts on quantum mechanics start from ...
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Entanglement Entropy

I needed some references which involves, the basic definition and motivation for Entanglement Entropy, and its one or two applications to many-body physics/black holes.
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Optimality of the CHSH strategy

The maximum achievable probability of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt game is $\cos^2(\pi/8)\approx85.355\%,$ which can be proved with Tsirelson's inequality. But I don't imagine that this remained ...
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CHSH violation and entanglement of quantum states

How is the violation of the usual CHSH inequality by a quantum state related to the entanglement of that quantum state? Say we know that exist Hermitian and unitary operators $A_{0}$, $A_{1}$, ...
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What Shannon channel capacity bound is associated to two coupled spins?

The question asked is: What is the Shannon channel capacity $C$ that is naturally associated to the two-spin quantum Hamiltonian $H = \boldsymbol{L\cdot S}$? This question arises with a view ...
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State of Matrix Product States

What is a good summary of the results about the correspondence between matrix product states (MPS) or projected entangled pair states (PEPS) and the ground states of local Hamiltonians? Specifically, ...
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A resource theory of quantum discord?

Local Operations and Classical Communication (LOCC) is the classic paradigm for studying entanglement. These are things that are `cheap' and unable to produce entanglement as a resource for a quantum ...
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Sub and super multiplicativity of norms for understanding non-locality

In relation to various problems in understanding entanglement and non-locality, I have come across the following mathematical problem. It is most concise by far to state in its most mathematical form ...
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Why is quantum entanglement so important?

Entanglement also allows multiple states to be acted on simultaneously, unlike classical bits that can only have one value at a time. Entanglement is a necessary ingredient of any quantum ...
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Quantum Computing, Qubit Creation/Entanglement

I am currently a high school student researching quantum computing. I was referred to this site by Google and a friend. Currently I am researching the qubit part of quantum computing. My question is ...
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Reduced density matrices for free fermions are thermal

Many recent papers study entanglement in eigenstates of fermionic free hamiltonians (normally on a lattice) using the basic assumption that the reduced density matrices are thermal (e.g. Peschel ...
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Can we determine whether or not a particle is entangled?

Suppose Shaniqua and Tyrone have four pairs, a, b, c, and d, of entangled particles. They take their particles and go very far apart. If Tyrone can determine whether or not a particle is still ...
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Logic behind topological orders

Long-range entanglement (LRE) is the main feature of topological orders. The string-net condensation model was constructed to exhibit LRE. But the many-body systems of such models do not look like ...
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System with no entanglement but consuming quantum discord

I have come across an article which talks about quantum discord (Observing the operational significance of discord consumption. M. Gu et al. Nature Physics 8, 671–675 (2012) doi:10.1038/nphys2376), ...
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A foundational question about entanglement

The recent Nature article http://www.nature.com/news/data-teleportation-the-quantum-space-race-1.11958 prompts me to ask this question, which is of the same tenor as that asked at the recent Perimeter ...
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Entanglement measure to classify topological ordered states

I know long-range entanglement is the essence of nontrivial topological ordered states. (Trivial refers to short range entangled and nontrivial refers to long range.) So, entanglement measure at large ...
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How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory?

http://io9.com/5744143/particles-can-be-quantum-entangled-through-time-as-well-as-space http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2565 How to make timelike entanglement in the laboratory? How to test whether mixed ...
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Is there such a thing as “Action at a distance”?

What ever happened to "action at a distance" in entangled quantum states, i.e. the Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky (EPR) paradox? I thought they argued that in principle one could communicate faster than ...
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quantum entanglement at microwave frequencies

Entanglement of optical photons using non-linear crystals has been around for a long time. Macroscopic entanglement using diamonds recently reported in the literature and receiving considerable ...
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Controlling the outcome of a quantum measurement through translational entanglement

According to the paper: A. S. Parkins and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 61, 52104 (2000). http://pra.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v61/i5/e052104 You can entangle position and momenta of two atoms by using ...
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Entangled electron-positron pair

Usually when we talk about entanglement, we mean entangled spin states (of electrons) or polarizations (of photons). My questions are: Does pair production guarantee the product electron and ...
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Understanding a Physics Paper on Quantum Teleportation of Continuous variables

The paper I am trying to understand is here: http://pra.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v49/i2/p1473_1 The paper describes the quantum teleportation protocol in a general case with continuous dynamical ...
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Entanglement spectrum

What does it mean by the entanglement spectrum of a quantum system? A brief introduction and a few key references would be appreciated.
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What's the difference between an entangled state, a superposed state and a cat state?

1) Can a state be entangled without also being a superposition? (Please give an example.) 2) Can a state be a superposition without being entangled? (Again, an example please.) 3) And what about ...
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Concurrence in higher dimensions?

Does anybody know of any calculation of the concurrence for some mixed state other than the qubit-qubit case (which was solved by Wootters)?
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Would synchronized dancing be a good way to describe entangled atoms to a laymen?

I was talking my professor about entanglement swapping between light and matter and it is briefly described here: You start out with a crystal capable of doing parametric down conversion of incoming ...
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What is the difference between Quantum teleportation and Radio waves?

Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed- forward What is the difference between Quantum teleportation and radio waves?
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Using quantum entanglement to send messages back to the past [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Entanglement in time I heard that there is an experiment that uses quantum entanglement to try to send messages back to the past. I am having a hard time understanding ...
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Is quantum entanglement an objective or subjective property?

Imagine the following gedankenexperiment. Observer Alice is right here on Earth. Observer Bob is at say Alpha Centauri. A pair of maximally entangled qubits is formed with one qubit handed over to ...
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Are the electrons in a quantum hall edge state entangled?

I am reading the paper on Quantum Energy Teleportation by Yusa, Izumida and Hotta(This article), and it seems that they are assuming that the quantum hall edge state is a quantum correlated state, ...
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Quantum entanglement faster than speed of light?

recently i was watching a video on quantum computing where the narrators describes that quantum entanglement information travels faster than light! Is it really possible for anything to move faster ...
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Spin polarization of decay products

A relativistic moving particle, e.g. muon $\mu^+$, described by its four-momentum vector $p_\mu$, charge $e$ and with a given spin polarization, ${\bf S}=(S_x,S_y,S_z)$, decays into three particles, ...
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Can experiment distinguish the basis in which a singlet state is represented?

Let $\left(|\uparrow\rangle,|\downarrow\rangle\right)$ and $\left(|\nearrow\rangle,|\swarrow\rangle\right)$ be two bases of the $2$-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. Can an experiment distinguish ...
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Defining entanglement in subspaces of tensor product

I have asked the question in math.stackexchange, but perhaps it should be more relevant here. Hence I am re-posting it with necessary reediting. Let $\mathcal{H}=\mathbb{C}^n$ be a Hilbert space. A ...
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Can double entanglement preserve correlations?

We have 2 EPR experiments running in parallel, with Alice having one leg of each (a1,a2) and Bob the other leg of each (b1,b2). Thus (a1,b1) are anticorrelated, as are (a2,b2). Thus also (a1,a2) are ...
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Is quantum entanglement mediated by an interaction?

You can get two photons entangled, and send them off in different directions; this is what happens in EPR experiments. Is the entanglement then somehow affected if one puts a thick slab of EM ...
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Conservation of energy in quantum teleportation

Consider the quantum state teleportation protocol of Bennett et. al. How does one prove that this protocol would never violate the conservation of energy? At the face of it, it doesn't seem to be ...
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Why do we think that quantum entanglement implies action at a distance? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why quantum entanglement is considered to be active link between particles? I am a layman trying to read into quantum mechanics. As I understand it quantum entanglement ...
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What does the notation $|x_1,x_2\rangle$ mean?

I would like clarification on an equation in the paper "Free matter wave packet teleportation via cold-molecule dynamics", L. Fisch and G. Kurizki, Europhysics Letters 75 (2006), pp. 847-853, DOI: ...
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Non-Locality and Entanglement

Let’s consider a pair of particles [with their signals] comprising an isolated system. Any change in some property of either particle is due to the signal/s received from the other. Each particle has ...
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What are the benefits of quantum information “teleportation”?

I read occasionally popular science articles and from time to time encounter issues about quantum information teleportation. (this one for example http://www.physorg.com/news193551675.html) So far I ...
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Under what assumptions can we split a Hilbert space into subspaces?

I was thinking about an apparently simple question about quantum mechanics, if I am looking at a quantum system described by a Hilbert space $\cal{H}$ under what hypothesis can I define A and B as ...
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Tracking photon color in Bell experiments

In parametric down-conversion, it is said that a driving photon is converted into two entangled photons whose frequencies add up to the driving frequency. Yet in discussions about entanglement ...
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Is it possible to send a single photon from a distant planet (say Mars) and detect its arrival at a site on Earth?

My question is specifically whether there exists a technique by which a single photon can be "tagged" or "encoded" in such a way that it can traverse our atmosphere and arrive at some sort of detector ...