Quantum entanglement is the mechanism by which quantum correlations between two sub-systems survive even after being physically separated from an interaction region. The correlations could in principle survive without neither time nor space constraint.

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Beginner Quantum Mechanics Questions and Theories [closed]

So, I recently read the following article: http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/eternitytohere/quantum/ and I have some questions on some of the things it discussed, as well as some theories of my ...
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Entropy before and after collapse of the wavefunction/ and interpretation?

Seems like it might be pretty rudimentary but I want to see if my thinking is on the right track as well as what the result means. The question is, is the entropy of the collapse of a wavefunction or ...
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EPR Experiments and Monogamy

Normally in an EPR experiment two measurements are performed on entangled particle pair. Only the particle pair is treated quantum mechanically and it is usually prepared in a state like $$ ...
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How does one produce entanglement?

In practice, when entangling two particles (say two electrons), is creating an entangled state purely a matter of bringing them close enough together? What I mean is, to make their wave functions ...
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Reeh–Schlieder theorem in QFT and entanglement in biological systems

Context: There have been a few papers out recently which mention how photosynthesis in plants might have connections to entanglement, or even perhaps that entanglement is causing photosynthetic ...
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Entangled event horizons

Assuming it is possible in principle to entangle the degrees of freedom of the event horizons of two black holes, and that this is something that can be done, either after the black hole is formed, or ...
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What's wrong with this faster-than-light gedankenexperiment?

It is common wisdom - and mathematically proven - that quantum entanglement cannot be used to bypass the relativistic speed limit and transfer information faster than light. So there must be something ...
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On Bell inequality and bound entangled states

I have recently seen some presentation slides of Michał Horodecki (slide number 77) in which he discussed the following conjecture. Bound entangled states satisfy all Bell inequalities The ...
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Quantum entaglement and the arrow of time

I have seen several claims to that quantum mechanics is required to explain the arrow of time which I take to mean the macroscopic irreversibility of physical systems. This is presumably to resolve ...
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Entanglement: Is it possible to prepare and reset probabilities to send information?

I'm pretty certain that the answer to the question in the title is a no, but I don't understand why. I have some basic misunderstanding of quantum processes that I’d like clarified in the form of ...
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331 views

How do we know quantum entanglement exists/happens? [closed]

We know that this strange behavior is there but I am not to able grasp, how do we know it exists? Have we ever tried any experiments confirming this? Do we make use of this?
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What happens when an electron jumps through the event horizon of a black hole?

If quantum teleportation is performed into a black hole (by an electron for example), what happens to that electron? Let's say a hydrogen atom is very close to a black hole and the electron jumps ...
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Quantum entanglement as practical method of superluminal communication

As I understand it (from a lay physics perspective), quantum entanglement has been experimentally demonstrated - it is a reality. As I understand it, you can measure something like the spin of an ...
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Why can't I use Bell's Theorem for faster than light communication?

I read this description of Bell's theorem. I understand he's restating it slightly, so there may be incorrect assumptions there, or I may have some. I think Bell's theorem should lead to FTL ...
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Why is this entangled?

I am studying a book of quantum computing and the author gives an example of a four qubits separable! He writes: Let $\left|ψ\right> = \frac 1 2(\left|00\right> + \left|11\right> + ...
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Trace as integral

Consider a system of two entangled harmonic oscillators. The normalised ground state is denoted by $\psi_0(x_1,x_2)$. I've been taught that a density matrix is constructed as $\rho = ...
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Definition of momentum-entangled particles

When we can say that two particle are momentum entangled ? I just read an article where it's said that two momentum entangled particles share the same momentum value in opposite directions no matter ...
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How could there be a truly “pure” state?

If the Universe did start from a single point, then wouldn't all particles be fundamentally entangled? How then could there be a truly "pure" state?
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What is the Reduced Density Matrix?

The difference between pure and mixed states is the difference in their density matrix structure. For density matrix $\rho$ of mixed state the trace of $\rho^{2}$ should be less than 1. For pure ...
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Determination of entangled states

The definition of an entangled state $|\Psi\rangle$ is that it CANNOT be factored into $$|\Psi\rangle=|\psi\rangle_1\otimes|\phi\rangle_2$$ I am kind of confused on what is meant by a quantum ...
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Particles entangled after the big bang

Is that true that the big bang caused the quantum entanglement of all the particles of the universe so every particle is entangled to each other particle of the universe?
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Why isn't quantum entanglement just a lack of information?

From this question and answer from joshphysics, I didn't understand one thing, even after reading the comments: Why should assume that entangled electrons will only "decide" their state after ...
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Why do we want to entangle qubits?

The title is pretty much all I want to ask. Why are qubits entangled? To my knowledge (which isn't that deep) a quantum register can be realized without entangling the qubits.
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Particle/antiparticle annihilation and entanglement

This is a basic question. Suppose that A and B are completely entangled particles and so are C and D. If B and C are antiparticles that annihilate each other will A and D be entangled as a result. It ...
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Quantum entanglement: does it necessarily imply superluminal information transfer? [duplicate]

From what I understand, information is communicated instantly between two quantum-entangled particles regardless of the spatial distance between them. However, does this necessarily imply superluminal ...
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EPR paradox: instantaneous vs very fast?

An EPR quantum experiment can be explained by instantaneous collapse of the wave function regardless of the distance separating a pair of entangled particles. But do we have the certainty that the ...
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ER = EPR and Time Travel

In Maldacena-Susskind paper arXiv:1306.0533, they propose an idea of $$\text{ER = EPR}$$ the relation between the wormhole and the quantum entanglement. which ER means Einstein Rosen (ER) bridges, ...
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The choice of measurement basis on one half of an entangled state affects the other half. Can this be used to communicate faster than light?

It is often stated, particularly in popular physics articles and videos, that if one measures a particle A that is entangled with some other particle B, then this measurement will immediately affect ...
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Are Electromagnetic Waves The Only Means of Transmitting Information?

We've been using EMF to transmit energy (information) for over a century. I was wondering is there any other way to send a message on long distances, even faster than EMF waves can travel? For example ...
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Free Will Theorem question

The Kochen-Specker Theorem says, if I understand it correctly, that the results of spin measurements cannot be predetermined independent of measurement. They get to this conclusion by describing 33 ...
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Non-locality and topology

This is a purely speculative question: Has there been any work that describes non-locality/entanglement in QM by using exotic topologies in configuration space? The 'conceptual' picture that I have ...
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Questions on entanglement entropy

If the spatial entangling surface is $M$ then it seems that one way to get the entanglement entropy is to think of the QFT on the manifold $S \times M$ where $S$ is a 2-manifold with the metric, ...
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Could the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle turn out to be false?

While investigating the EPR Paradox, it seems like only two options are given, when there could be a third that is not mentioned - Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle being given up. The setup is this ...
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What is the defining property for two quantum states to become entangled?

What is the defining property for two quantum states to become entangled? Is it just that the combined system cannot be in a product state? Why is this?
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How is it possible that quantum phenomenons (e.g. superposition) are possible when all quantum particles are being constantly observed?

I don't understand how quantum mechanics (and therefore also quantum computers) can work given that while we work with quantum states, particles that this quantum state consist of cannot be observed, ...
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Low rank entangled states

In some recent works, I got the information that low rank mixed states need not be bound entangled. In particular, for the system $3\otimes 3$ there is no bound entangled states. Can anyone tell me ...
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Weak measurement and Hardy's paradox

How the notion of weak measurement resolves Hardy's paradox?
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Double slit experiment and entanglement

Just wondering, what would happen in this experiment. In the experiment you would first have two entangled particles. Then you fire one of the particles, lets say "Particle A", at a double slit ...
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What does “decompositions of a mixed state” mean?

I came across an expression for Entanglement of formation for a mixed state $$E_F(\rho_{AB}) = \text{min}\sum_i p_i S(\rho^i_B)\leq S(\rho_B)$$ where minimum is taken over all the decompositions of ...
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Central charges c and topological ground state degeneracy GSD

A 2+1D topological field theory (topologically ordered states), implies that the topological ground state degeneracy (GSD) on $T^2$ torus (2D manifold without boundary). For example a level k U(1) ...
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Black hole entangled with the cosmological horizon

Maldacena and Susskind recently proposed a interesting and very suggestive duality between entanglement and topological identification: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.0533 But are such ideas applicable to ...
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Does the success of quantum teleportation means quantum cloning is possible too?

Well, I thought this might just be possible. Instead of having Bob and Alice having an entangled pair, they have multiple (> 2) amount of entangled quantum object (I'm not sure if this is possible ...
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A (mundane) CS analogy for quantum teleportation

From my limited understanding of quantum entanglement, it seems like qubits act the same way as pseudo-random-number-generators (except as far as we can tell, these ones really are random). When you ...
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What happens to entangled particles when momentum is measured?

In Wikipedia it is mentioned that position and momentum can be entangled as well as spin and polarization etc. I assume etc. is charge etc. I understand how if you measure spin up on one of a pair you ...
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Distinguishing between an entangled and non-entangled state (mainly $S(H_A) \otimes S(H_B)$ vs. $S(H_A \otimes H_B)$)

Say I have two quantum systems $A$ and $B$ I can look at the joint (composite) system $AB$ which is given by $H_{AB} \in H_A \otimes H_B$ Measuring a subsystem with respect to a collection of ...
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three-particle quantum entanglement

So I know that two particles can be entangled in a quantum way, but is it possible that more than two particles be entangled in a quantum way? Most descriptions provide with two-particles cases, so I ...
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Quantum entanglement vs classical analogy

Consider that we have two balls, one white and one black, and two distant observers A and B with closed eyes. We give the first ball to the observer A and the second ball to the observer B. The ...
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Is it possible to use the observation of wave function collapse as a basis for superluminal communication?

I'm guessing the answer is no ;) but figured I'd ask anyway. Suppose I have one partner in an entangled pair and my friend on Alpha C has the other. I measure an observable (spin?) and the wave ...
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EPR-type experiments and faster-than-light communication using interference effects as signaling mechanism

I understand that faster-than-light communication is impossible when making single measurements, because the outcome of each measurement is random. However, shouldn't measurement on one side collapse ...
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Deriving entanglement entropy from Renyi entropy

My questions are based on this paper - http://arxiv.org/abs/0905.4013 Firstly I want to know as to whether some assumptions are needed about the relationship between the systems $A$ and $B$ for the ...