Quantum entanglement is the mechanism by which quantum correlations between two sub-systems survive even after being physically separated from an interaction region. The correlations could in principle survive without neither time nor space constraint.

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How is conversion inside heat engines of heat (random motion) to work (organized motion) explained in quantum physics?

When heat engines convert heat into work, they change the random motion of millions of particles into motion in a single direction. What is the phenomenon responsible for this alignment of ...
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19 views

How do particles entangle and how does polarization work? [closed]

I am trying to learn about how particles get entangled and when I searched it up I did not understand how polarization worked. I am still in elementary school so if please make the definition simple! ...
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44 views

Bell state Orthogonality [closed]

Given the Bell states $|\Psi^+\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|H\rangle_1|V\rangle_2-|V\rangle_1|H\rangle_2)$ and $|\Phi^-\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|H\rangle_1|H\rangle_2-|V\rangle_1|V\rangle_2)$, I ...
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48 views

quantum entanglement and its application in migratory birds [closed]

Explain the concept of quantum entanglement.Also explain its application in migratory birds. i know that it also has a relation with the magnetic field of the earth.
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79 views

What are the phenomena responsible for irreversible increase in entropy?

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20140416-times-arrow-traced-to-quantum-source This article says that entanglement drives the arrow of time of increasing entropy towards thermodynamic equilibrium: ...
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When does the world split in MWI

I've been reading Eliezer Yudkowsky's blog post regarding decoherence and many worlds, and although he is not a physics but a strong proponent of MWI, I can basically see why he feels that MWI is a "...
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3answers
115 views

Precedence and quantum entanglement: The Alain Aspect experiment in spacetime

Recall that the spin components of a spin-entangled pair do not exist until one of the pair undergoes quantum observation, at which time both of the pair immediately obtain quantum random opposing ...
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If all the particles of a Bose-Einstein condensate become entangled with each other,does the system still remain a Bose-Einstein condensate?

I know that an entangled system is found in a single entangled state and that when you try to observe the individual state of a particle from an entangled system using a reduced density matrix, you ...
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27 views

The big bang singularity and entanglement [duplicate]

Since our universe began as a singularity would that mean that everything in the universe is entangled with itself? I am not sure that makes sense, but hopefully some one can figure out what I am ...
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56 views

Quantum non-locality with commuting measurements?

We consider the Bell scenario, in which Alice and Bob share an entangled pure quantum state $\mid \Psi \rangle_{AB}$. Alice gets an input in the set $\{1,2\ldots X\}$ and Bob gets an input in the set ...
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If I pass one member of an entangled pair through a polarizer, does the other member assume a correlated polarization?

Does that mean I have influenced the measurement result of one member of the entangled pair by acting on the other? Can information be sent this way using entanglement?
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Replica trick for calculating Entanglement Entropy?

This is probably a simple question. Von Neumann entropy is defined to be $$S_A=-tr_A\rho_A \log\rho_A$$. And it's said that it can be calculate from the "Replica trick": $$S_A=\lim_{n\to 1}\frac{tr_A \...
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Would a collection of entangled particles behave like a superfluid? [closed]

Superfluidity of a Bose-Einstein condensate comes from the fact that all the particles are found in the same quantum state. They are described by the same macroscopic wavefunction. They never collide ...
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36 views

Why doesn't time dilation resolve entanglement

I'm a layperson who has read bits about relativity and quantum mechanics over the years, so this is a naive question, but I can't see where My reasoning fails... Photons travel at the speed of light, ...
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35 views

On $k$-extendability of bipartite states

Definition of $k$-extendability can be given as follows. Let $k\in \mathbb{N}$. A state $\rho_{AB}$ on a bipartite Hilbert space $\mathrm{A}\otimes\mathrm{B}$ is $k$-extendible with respect to ...
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78 views

Basic Quantum Entanglement

Quantum entanglement means that multiple particles are linked together in a way such that the measurement of one particle's quantum state determines the possible quantum states of the other particles. ...
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Will efficiency of SPDC to create entangled photon increase with resonance?

If I put a non linear crystal inside a resonant cavity will efficiency of SPDC process to create entangled photon pair increase? If so by how much? Is there any experimental data? I have this paper ...
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100 views

Entanglement using a beam splitter?

Can someone explain why splitting light using a beam splitter is an example of entanglement? I get the part where we cannot definitively tell which photos have gone in which direction, but i thought ...
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Can decoherence occur just by simple reflection?

I create an entangled photon pair. One photon is sent inside a resonant cavity which reflects the photon many number of times. Will there be decoherence between photon in the resonant cavity and its ...
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Optical Parametric Amplifier performance compared to Optical Parametric Oscillator

I am trying to design a bright source of polarization entangled beams of photons so that it is visible to human eye. I have to decide between OPA and OPO. OPAs are cheap and simple to develop compared ...
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Conservation of quantum coherence?

Is coherence conserved under unitary transformation? As we saw in the process of generating entanglement, coherence between states of the subsystem is transferred to quantum correlations (related to ...
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Entanglement for Gaussian states

Let us consider the product Fock space $\Gamma(\mathbb{C}^m) \otimes \Gamma(\mathbb{C}^n)$ and consider Gaussian states in that space. While reading some literature on Gaussian state entanglement (...
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Does the Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser require the signal and idler photons to be entangled?

In everything I've read about the Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser Experiment, the descriptions talk about the BBO crystal splitting of the photon into two entangled parts. The signal photon of the pair ...
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166 views

Quantum Measurement of Entangled Time-Varying Systems

Suppose System A has a dynamic, continuous variable $O_A(t)$, which we wish to measure via a quantum probe. Assume system A has a self-Hmiltonian, $H_{SA}$ so that the evolving wave function of ...
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On significance of Quantum Entanglement

I'm a Software engineering bachelor student and hence i don't have a strong physical background. i've been recently studying material related to quantum computing and its underlying physics and i came ...
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69 views

Quantum teleportation of atomic states that involve energy [duplicate]

With quantum computing the concern is with information, and when quantum teleportation appears, the states being transferred are often spin states. However, there is an energy difference, even if ...
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Converting a Bell state to a less entangled state by LOCC [closed]

How can I convert a maximally entangled state, $ \frac {1} {\sqrt2} (|00\rangle +|11\rangle) $, to a less entangled state like, $$ cos(\theta)|u_0 v_0\rangle + sin(\theta)|u_1 v_1\rangle $$, by using ...
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Why does the interference patterns in delayed choice quantum eraser cancel out? Why/how does it have a phase shift?

Talking about this experiment https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delayed_choice_quantum_eraser#The_experiment_of_Kim_et_al._.282000.29 I am assuming that anyone able to answer my question is already ...
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Why is particle superposition still part of quantum mechanics? [duplicate]

After reading an article on Schrodinger's Cat, it seems that if we take the environment as an observer, that superposition cannot occur because all atomic and subatomic entities would be observed all ...
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Why when we have GHZ, then we cannot send a qubit using teleportation technique? [closed]

Suppose the following example Alice has a qubit $|A\rangle$ and Bob has a qubit $|B\rangle$, then by teleportation technique we can send an unknown qubit state (i.e. $|\psi\rangle = \alpha |0\rangle ...
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Entanglement in laser beams [closed]

Recent experiments in entanglement of two laser beams using OPOs indicates higher level (photon group instead of pair) of entanglement. When a higher ensemble of photons are entangled there is no ...
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109 views

The link between non-locality and Heisenberg's uncertainty relations

I have recently found out1 that the concepts of non-locality and Heisenberg's uncertainty do not live independently of one another in Quantum Mechanics. In other words, roughly the idea goes as: the ...
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196 views

Quantum entanglement - problem with Bell's inequality [closed]

To ask the question, I will state the scenario first. Please let me know if the scenario is not described appropriately. The question is in the scenario itself. There are many questions marks in this ...
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Quantum Entanglement of Lee and Ron [duplicate]

Lee and Ron are born as perfectly identical twins except for Lee being left handed and Ron being right handed. Years after birth they are seperated, Lee moving to Latvia and Ron moving to Rwanda. At ...
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218 views

Single quantum particle in beam splitter, with different systems located in each channel

Suppose a quantum mechanical particle enters a beam-splitter, which sends its wave packets into two mutually orthogonal channels, $C_a$ and $C_b$. Suppose that $C_a$ also contains System A, with ...
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99 views

Does quantum entangled particle release energy when its “twin” is measured? [closed]

So I was just thinking a bit, and I came up with a couple of questions. As we all know the scenario: We have two quantum entangled particles. Let's call them A and B. We like to measure the state of ...
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Entanglement up to a finite distance

We do not have a theory which predicts the working distance of entanglement, and this distance is usually taken to be infinity. However, up to now, experiments have just rigorously confirmed ...
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Beyond usual quantum mechanic description of entanglement, is there any QFT or stringy formalism/explanation of it? [closed]

Currently entanglement is speculated to be one underlying mechanism of emergent spacetime, but what are its foundations?
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90 views

Entanglement, superposition, and propositional logic [duplicate]

From what I am understanding, there is entanglement in a system if there is a correlation between elements of that system. For an example that I found, If you have only two cards and know that one is ...
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Is it probable for particles to become entangled under natural conditions?

Under what circumstances could particles become entangled without our intervention? How frequent would that have happened in the various stages of cosmic expansion? Is it possible that particles may ...
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Why is entanglement such a big deal? [duplicate]

I just learned about it to some depth (not very much, just the basics), and I fail to see why is this phenomenon considered strange or unexpected and the like at all. I mean let's consider a bag with ...
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What patterns could be observed in this quantum entanglement thought experiment?

Please see attached image below. The DEVICE is beaming two streams of entangled particle pairs (B1 and B2) in opposite directions (e.g.: Particle no. 1 (p1) goes left, Particle no. 2 (p2) goes right,...
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A New Approach to Quantum Entanglement Communication [duplicate]

I've read other posts on the feasibility of quantum entanglement as a means of communication so I'll save repeating what's already been said. Typically it seems to be shut down as an option because ...
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Entangle more than two atoms?

Alright so we know that we can entangle any two atoms, however, what exactly is stopping us from entangling more? In theory, shouldn't we be able to entangle a third to the already entangled pair? ...
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A question about the universal quantum cloning machine (UQCM)

In the recent paper Replicating the benefits of Deutschian closed timelike curves without breaking causality, a quantum state cloner based on open timelike curve (OTC) was mentioned. There to clone ...
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Is it possible to make a state tomography of an entangled state only by measurements on subsystems?

As far as I can understand, to make a state tomography of a composite system, a properly selected set of joint measurements should be carried out on the composite system to estimate the density matrix ...
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What's wrong with my Quantum Early Warning System (Thought Experiment) [closed]

I'm a lay physics enthusiast and I came up with a thought experiment that I can't fully wrap my head around: Alice and Bob are worried about an impending attack by the dreaded Xenomorphs, so they ...
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Modified double slit experiment with single entangled particle [closed]

Say we use one of the entangled particle (A) for the experiment, if we measure the other particle (B) would particle (A) still be able to exhibit interference pattern since physically only the ...
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How to understand the measurement on entangled state in the following cases? [closed]

Assuming an EPR pair AB, event MA is a measurement on A. My questions are: (1) At MB and MB' (depending on where B is located), if we try to describe the state of B (but not measure B yet), what'...
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Quantum entangled particles [closed]

Do we understand why particles are paired with specific other ones? Were they born together or existed right next to one another at another time? Can they pick (entangle) with new ones? Do we have ...