Quantum entanglement is the mechanism by which quantum correlations between two sub-systems survive even after being physically separated from an interaction region. The correlations could in principle survive without neither time nor space constraint.

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What is entanglement really about? [on hold]

I am a beginner in this field, I am trying to understand the basics of Quantum Mechanics, I want straightforward answers to few questions on entangled photon/electron: 1- What entangled photons ...
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Can't quantum teleportation be superluminal some percentage of times?

I apologize if this is a really silly question. In the (textbook) quantum teleportation algorithm, in the step right after Alice has measured her system but before she has sent her classical ...
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Quantum probability of entangled spin-1/2 particles?

Let us say that you have two entangled spin-1/2 particles (entangled in such a away that angular momentum is conserved). Let us say particle 1 moves to the left and particle 2 to the right. We measure ...
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Simultaneous measurement for quantum entanglement

In the simple example that we measure the spin of two entangled particles, we measure one to have spin up so we know the other has spin down. If we could (theoretically) measure both particles at the ...
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Can different components of a wavefunction become entangled with different systems?

Imagine a $z$-basis spin Stern Gerlach experiment where a single particle is put through the apparatus. The output is a spin state vector consisting of the sum of the two $z$-spin states. Each spin ...
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67 views

Can a strange property of entangled particles be expressed as a physical analogy in our everyday world or is this argument suspect?

If it is possible for one to find a physical analogy in our everyday world to one of the strange properties of entangled particles does this mean that a similar concept should be considered at the ...
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Entanglement, Bohr-Einstein Debate, Bell's Inequality

On BBC episode The Secrets of Quantum Physics (Part 1) Jim Al-Khalili explains quantum mechanics for the layman. In the first half, he does a very good job; in the second half, either he thought his ...
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21 views

CNOT gate with trapped ions

I'm interested in knowing the structure of a CNOT gate, in quantum computing. THe problem with that is, that I've read how the structure of a nuclear quantum computer works, but I still don't ...
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36 views

Will two entangled particles changing Synchronously while one is in a black hole and the other is not?

1.If you change the attribute of one entangled particle then the other one changes too and instantaneously. 2.The time will go slower in (or near to) a black hole compare to our normal place like on ...
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Is wavefunction collapse “global”?

I have the feeling that the premises of this question may not be coherent (so to speak), but here goes: Suppose we have a system $X$ in a quantum superposition between states $0$ and $1$, say, with ...
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Feynman lecture - bell's theorem, entanglement

My question regards this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyejXtZrGb0 Feynman is illustrating entanglement, bell's theorem etc... using correlated boxes. I take the entangled boxes as ...
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Implications of weak measurement on entanglement

What are the implications of weak-measurement on entangled particles, and how does that resolve the problem of non-superluminal quantum "communication"? If I understand correctly, entangled particles ...
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61 views

What's Bob's state after this quantum circuit? [closed]

As shown in the picture, we know Alice's state will be intact after this circuit, but what about Bob's state, will it be $|0\rangle$ or $(|0\rangle+|1\rangle)/\sqrt{2}$ and why? I think it will be ...
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Interference experiment and entanglement with apparatus

Consider a single photon in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Considering the photon only, the output state is the sum over both paths $$\vert 1 \rangle + \vert 2 \rangle=\vert \psi \rangle + ...
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2answers
596 views

Quantum entanglement definition [closed]

How can we define Quantum entanglement (in QFT)? What are the known mathematical settings and special physical (or logical) conditions of QE applied to Quantum computing?
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98 views

Non-locality and topology

This is a purely speculative question: Has there been any work that describes non-locality/entanglement in QM by using exotic topologies in configuration space? The 'conceptual' picture that I have ...
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1answer
25 views

Is linear polarization of entangle photons in 2-particle decay always correlated?

In Aspect's paper "Bell's Theorem: The naive..." and in an 2002 AJP article by Dehlinger and Mitchell "Entangled photon apparatus..." the photons are described to be in the $|xx\rangle+|yy\rangle$ ...
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24 views

Under what conditions does a beam splitter entangle two input photons?

There is a dispute on PhysicsForums related to what are the conditions necessary for two photons to be entangled by a beam splitter. Lots of references given by the forum users but they never arrive ...
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206 views

Does a normal torch emit entangled photons?

I was reading a sciencenews.org post about three photons being entangled. My question here is, why is the chance of producing an entangled pair once in a billion times? Isn't every particle produced ...
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44 views

Entanglement in Quantum field theory [duplicate]

How is entanglement represented in a field theory? For instance how can I represent a maximally entangled state such as a Bell state? Would such an approach also apply in a Conformal field theory ...
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31 views

How is conversion inside heat engines of heat (random motion) to work (organized motion) explained in quantum physics?

When heat engines convert heat into work, they change the random motion of millions of particles into motion in a single direction. What is the phenomenon responsible for this alignment of ...
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636 views

Couder-Fort Oil Bath Experiments and Quantum Entanglement Phenomena

The oil bath experiments of Couder and Fort have been able to reproduce various "pilot wave like" quantum behavior on a macroscopic scale. Particularly striking is the fact that the double-slit ...
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How do particles entangle and how does polarization work? [closed]

I am trying to learn about how particles get entangled and when I searched it up I did not understand how polarization worked. I am still in elementary school so if please make the definition simple! ...
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Bell state Orthogonality [closed]

Given the Bell states $|\Psi^+\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|H\rangle_1|V\rangle_2-|V\rangle_1|H\rangle_2)$ and $|\Phi^-\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|H\rangle_1|H\rangle_2-|V\rangle_1|V\rangle_2)$, I ...
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48 views

quantum entanglement and its application in migratory birds [closed]

Explain the concept of quantum entanglement.Also explain its application in migratory birds. i know that it also has a relation with the magnetic field of the earth.
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What is coherence in quantum mechanics?

What are coherence and quantum entanglement? Does it mean that two particles are the same? I read this in a book called Physics of the Impossible by Michio Kaku. He says that two particles behave in ...
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53 views

Quantum non-locality with commuting measurements?

We consider the Bell scenario, in which Alice and Bob share an entangled pure quantum state $\mid \Psi \rangle_{AB}$. Alice gets an input in the set $\{1,2\ldots X\}$ and Bob gets an input in the set ...
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How do particles become entangled?

A person asked me this and I'm just a lowly physical chemist. I used a classical analogy (how good or bad is this and how to fix?) Basically, light has a net angular momentum of zero, insofar as ...
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What are the phenomena responsible for irreversible increase in entropy?

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20140416-times-arrow-traced-to-quantum-source This article says that entanglement drives the arrow of time of increasing entropy towards thermodynamic equilibrium: ...
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When does the world split in MWI

I've been reading Eliezer Yudkowsky's blog post regarding decoherence and many worlds, and although he is not a physics but a strong proponent of MWI, I can basically see why he feels that MWI is a ...
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Precedence and quantum entanglement: The Alain Aspect experiment in spacetime

Recall that the spin components of a spin-entangled pair do not exist until one of the pair undergoes quantum observation, at which time both of the pair immediately obtain quantum random opposing ...
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If all the particles of a Bose-Einstein condensate become entangled with each other,does the system still remain a Bose-Einstein condensate?

I know that an entangled system is found in a single entangled state and that when you try to observe the individual state of a particle from an entangled system using a reduced density matrix, you ...
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The big bang singularity and entanglement [duplicate]

Since our universe began as a singularity would that mean that everything in the universe is entangled with itself? I am not sure that makes sense, but hopefully some one can figure out what I am ...
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64 views

If I pass one member of an entangled pair through a polarizer, does the other member assume a correlated polarization?

Does that mean I have influenced the measurement result of one member of the entangled pair by acting on the other? Can information be sent this way using entanglement?
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Replica trick for calculating Entanglement Entropy?

This is probably a simple question. Von Neumann entropy is defined to be $$S_A=-tr_A\rho_A \log\rho_A$$. And it's said that it can be calculate from the "Replica trick": $$S_A=\lim_{n\to 1}\frac{tr_A ...
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Would a collection of entangled particles behave like a superfluid? [closed]

Superfluidity of a Bose-Einstein condensate comes from the fact that all the particles are found in the same quantum state. They are described by the same macroscopic wavefunction. They never collide ...
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35 views

Why doesn't time dilation resolve entanglement

I'm a layperson who has read bits about relativity and quantum mechanics over the years, so this is a naive question, but I can't see where My reasoning fails... Photons travel at the speed of light, ...
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Quantum Erasure Spookiness

First off - I am not an expert. I am intrigued by quantum physics and have a layman's understanding at best. I've looked at other questions, but either the answers are not answering my question, or ...
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Can quantum entanglement be a proof of a 4th spatial dimension?

What I know about quantum entanglement is almost nothing. What I know can be resumed to: "two particles created together have a correlated behaviour no matter the distance between them". This is ...
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32 views

On $k$-extendability of bipartite states

Definition of $k$-extendability can be given as follows. Let $k\in \mathbb{N}$. A state $\rho_{AB}$ on a bipartite Hilbert space $\mathrm{A}\otimes\mathrm{B}$ is $k$-extendible with respect to ...
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Basic Quantum Entanglement

Quantum entanglement means that multiple particles are linked together in a way such that the measurement of one particle's quantum state determines the possible quantum states of the other particles. ...
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What are the current obstacles to experimentally testing quantum pseudo telepathy?

Quantum pseudo-telepathy refers to how, in some specific coordination games, isolated players can do better when they have pre-shared some entangled qubits. I understand how it works in theory and ...
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Will efficiency of SPDC to create entangled photon increase with resonance?

If I put a non linear crystal inside a resonant cavity will efficiency of SPDC process to create entangled photon pair increase? If so by how much? Is there any experimental data? I have this paper ...
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Entanglement using a beam splitter?

Can someone explain why splitting light using a beam splitter is an example of entanglement? I get the part where we cannot definitively tell which photos have gone in which direction, but i thought ...
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Pauli exclusion principle and Entangled pairs

It is true for fermions in the same potential that the total wavefunction of two particles must be antisymmetric with respect to exchange of electrons. Which means the spin wavefunction is given by ...
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Can decoherence occur just by simple reflection?

I create an entangled photon pair. One photon is sent inside a resonant cavity which reflects the photon many number of times. Will there be decoherence between photon in the resonant cavity and its ...
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282 views

mixture of maximally mixed and maximally entangled state

Consider the quantum system $\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^d\otimes\mathbb{C}^d)$ and $|\psi\rangle=\frac{1}{\sqrt{d}}\sum_{i=0}^{d-1}|i,i\rangle$ be the (standard) maximally entangled state. Consider the ...
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Quantum entanglement vs classical analogy

Consider that we have two balls, one white and one black, and two distant observers A and B with closed eyes. We give the first ball to the observer A and the second ball to the observer B. The ...
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Conservation of quantum coherence?

Is coherence conserved under unitary transformation? As we saw in the process of generating entanglement, coherence between states of the subsystem is transferred to quantum correlations (related to ...
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Optical Parametric Amplifier performance compared to Optical Parametric Oscillator

I am trying to design a bright source of polarization entangled beams of photons so that it is visible to human eye. I have to decide between OPA and OPO. OPAs are cheap and simple to develop compared ...