Energy is a quantity which gives an overview of the amount of work doable by the system.

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Energy conservation of permanent magnets engine

How to explain the fact that magnet can attract an object (apply a work W) without losing a (significant) part of its internal energy? How to apply the energy conservation principle? Please think to ...
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49 views

Work functions of ceramics/insulators

Is anyone aware of or know of a good source or means of estimating the work function of a ceramic material? Typically, work functions are given for pure elemental metals, rather than for compounds, ...
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46 views

Does the speed of electrons depend on energy?

I would like to know whether the speed of an electron depends on energy. If yes then in a circuit when electrons flow out of a resistor the energy decreases by a considerable amount, leading to the ...
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40 views

The ADM Energy of Gravitational Waves?

I have been looking for books about this question for several days. However, almost all books use Landau–Lifshitz pseudotensor to calculate the energy of Gravitational Waves.And they said the result ...
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4answers
172 views

Is nature quantized?

I was reading Planck's postulate the other day on Wikipedia and couldn't help but noticing the sentence: "...is the postulate that the energy of oscillators in a black body is quantized..." ...
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60 views

In what direction will this magnet move? [on hold]

What will be the direction movement of small ringshaped magnet when place inside the big ringshaped magnet with the same poles?
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Ok ok this is a homework problem, but I'm having trouble with it [on hold]

Where do I even start. I've converted the miles that I should be getting in total and arrived at 700 miles total. From here, any hints on what I have to do?
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26 views

Energy required to move air through 50x50x50 hanger at 25mph [on hold]

I've been trying to calculate how many watts of energy it would take (without losses) to continually move a 50x50x50 meter blob of air through a hanger of the same dimensions. I came up with 620 watts ...
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2answers
53 views

Why are solar panels blue, rather than black, when black absorbs more light?

This is an image of a solar panel array, courtesy of Wikipedia. Some of these look rather black, but most of them are blue. As far as I know, solar panels work by absorbing "light energy", and ...
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134 views

Will the upcoming solar eclipse stress the European electrical grid?

From an article in the Financial Times today, about a solar eclipse on March 20th, 2015: An eclipse of the sun next month could disrupt Europe’s power supplies because so many countries now use ...
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26 views

If I throw a ball horizontally, what are laws, related to Work-Energy concepts, governing that all the situation? [on hold]

In a book, A textbook of physics, There was a statement that when we see a motion of body and start to count the laws related to energy-work concepts governing that motion, we at once find ourselves ...
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52 views

Negative energy of universe

According to a little I have understood whatever we see in the universe is its postive energy and there is so an equal negative energy. Is this Negative energy the Dark energy? which is responsible ...
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48 views

What is the purpose of knowing the value of ground state energy of a potential well?

Using the formula $$E ~=~ \frac{\pi^2\hbar^2}{2 m a^2}$$ where $a$ is the length of an infinite potential well. It is apparent that as $a$ get smaller i.e. from a metal to the size of an atom, the ...
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24 views

why activation energy of semiconductor changes as temperature changes

why activation energy of semiconductor thin films changes as temperature changes. I know that this is due to different conduction mechanisms. Intrinsic conduction mechanism which occurs at high ...
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4answers
3k views

Why is energy not an SI base unit?

According to a textbook I have begun to read, there are seven base SI units: Length Mass Time Temperature Amount of a substance Electric current Luminous intensity What I do not understand is, why ...
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18 views

Non-linearity of energy conversion efficiency

I have a very general question to all of you. I am wondering if there is any basic physics principle that would state that energy conversion efficiency will be always non-linear (for the practical ...
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18 views

What happens to energy used by reaction force?

Suppose a person pushes a rock. The person is exerting a force and his energy is used in burning up of fats and converted to thermal energy. But which energy is used by the rock's reaction force.?
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335 views

Sufficient conditions for the energy to be not conserved?

I'm almost embarrased to ask this question because I thought I was by now very confident with classical mechanics. Someone has stated that given a mechanical system with a Lagrangian $L$ s.t. ...
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119 views

What happens to gas molecules after ionization?

I know that gas molecules conduct electricity after they get ionized but what will happen if we keep increasing the voltage even after ionization? Will it explode? If it will then how much energy ...
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2answers
2k views

Fuel usage at the same constant rpm at different gears

I've had a discussion with my father today, about the fuel usage of a vehicle at the same rpm, but a different gear. He claims that the following situations have the same fuel usage: ...
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302 views

Why is “space-time” not fully explained as the observational effect of the casimir effect seen from a human perspective?

Simply stated the casimir effect can be observed bringing two plates together microscopically and in vaccum Is this analogous to the observation of gravity? Question: What is casimir effect? ...
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1answer
77 views

Does radiating heat to outer space through the atmospheric transparency window have any impact on heat loss?

I was reading this article: Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight The authors are improving upon the age-old idea of reflecting incoming sunlight while ...
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1answer
45 views

What observations would be needed to falsify the law of conservation of energy?

I've been doing some thinking, and began to wonder: What observations have led us to the conclusion that ‘energy can neither be created nor destroyed’? Essentially, this means that the big bang ...
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3k views

Proof of conservation of energy?

How is it proved to be always true? It's a fundamental principle in Physics, that is based on all of our currents observations of multiple systems in the universe, is it always true to all systems? ...
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1answer
22 views

Is Energy said to do work on the body it is stored in?

Assume a boy on top of the hill, his $potential$ $energy=mgh$. He mostarts to move without pedalling the cycle so is that work being done on it due to the conversion of Potential into Kinetic Energy ...
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22 views

Do transferring energy and applying force to a body imply same?

Do transferring energy and applying force to a body imply same meaning? When we say, "I throw a ball using my pushing force so on the other hand, can I say that I transferred my kinetic energy to the ...
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43 views

If a body is at rest at Earth's surface, can we say that its kinetic and potential energy are $0$ simultaneously?

If a body is at rest at Earth's surface, can we say that its kinetic energy $E_{\textrm{kin}}=0$, and its potential energy $E_{\textrm{pot}}=0$ also? Because its velocity $v$ and height above ground ...
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35 views

Kinetic energy of a variable mass particle

If a particle's mass is a continuous differentiable function of time, $m(t)$, and its position is also a continuous differentiable function of time, $x(t)$, what is the expression of its kinetic ...
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190 views

Energy stored in fields

How to intuitively think of energy stored in a magnetic/electric field? Kindly answer in a bit simple terms without referring to mathematics.
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107 views

How efficient is the Crookes radiometer?

I remember many years ago, I think at 8th grade, seeing the teacher show us a Crookes radiometer. I remember it being very fascinating. Today I read the wiki article on it, after looking up what it ...
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1answer
116 views

Thermodynamic Internal Energy Reference States

The internal energy, $U$, of a given thermodynamic state, $\boldsymbol{R}$, as introduced in thermodynamics textbooks like Callen seems to be defined as: $U (\boldsymbol{R}) = \Delta U ...
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1answer
78 views

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match? What is the science behind it? Is it because of friction?
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1answer
42 views

Relation between number of photons and energy?

Please can anyone explain it. If number of photons are increased will it increase the providing energy. Suppose, we are sending a limited number of photons each carrying energy. We have a energy ...
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1answer
30 views

Dielectric heating - does EM field transfer energy to polar molecules?

In AC field, polar molecule are trying to align with external field. At high freguencies, changes of field are so quict, that molecules cannot align with it. This leads to increasing kinetic energy of ...
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How fast does an object have to be going to turn into energy [closed]

Albert Einstein's equation, $E=mc^2$, says that an object has to be going at the speed of light squared to turn into energy. How fast would this be in miles per hour?
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Kinetic energy on macro and micro situation

I just have this random question in my mind. If you drop something in deep space, and it falls due to a gravitational pull. As it's falling, its kinetic energy increases. I just wonder, is the average ...
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3k views

What is an energy eigenstate exactly?

Say you have energy eigenstates \begin{align} \begin{split} |+\rangle= \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|1{\rangle}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|2 \rangle \end{split} \end{align} \begin{align} \begin{split} |-\rangle= ...
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33 views

Angular momentum effect on quantum energy

I'm doing some computational research into quarkonium states and I've written a code that determines energy levels by finding a solution to the Schrodinger equation for a given angular momentum. I.e. ...
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32 views

Pressure, Momentum and Energy: A 'Peculiar' Relation

Is the following possible? $$ P = \frac{p^2}{3E} $$ where $P$ is pressure, $p$ is momentum and $E$ is energy. In what convention is the above relation acceptable? EDIT: The source paper can be found ...
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6answers
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How can energy be useful when it is 'abstract'?

The topic which haunted me for two years until I gave up on it. But now I am doing engineering and this topic suddenly popped out of my textbook from nowhere. I seriously need to understand this topic ...
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7answers
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Why do solar panels not have focusing mirrors?

Most of the solar panels that I have seen do not have any mirrors, etc., but usually solar cookers have mirrors. What is the reason for solar panels not having focusing mirrors?
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Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...
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632 views

Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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147 views

How can one calculate the gamma-ray energy spectrum for proton-proton collisions?

How does one calculate the the energy spectrum of gamma-rays produced by a proton-proton collision? I'm at a complete loss.
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70 views

Why do objects have resonance at natural frequency?

What actually is a natural frequency for an object and what makes it vibrate with increased amplitude when coupled with an external oscillator that matches the natural frequency?
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41 views

Thermodynamics vs Kinetics

As a chemical reaction approaches equilibrium, one of forward or backward reactions dominate the other. According to thermodynamics, this is because the gibbs free energy change for one is negative. ...
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42 views

Can we get energy from the Earth's rotation?

Is there any way to harvest large amounts of energy from the Earth's rotation?
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59 views

Intuitive physical concept for squared velocity in the context of energy

Kinetic energy $E_{kin} = \frac{1}{ 2} m v^2 $ may be expressed in $kg \frac{ m^2 }{sec^2}$.The formula includes squared velocity. However, instead of squared velocity = v • v it seems to be easier ...
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1answer
266 views

Integers, Energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

(This question is not about coding) I have built a little code in Python that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers ...
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2answers
59 views

How is it possible for the wavelength of light to change in a medium?

So my physics class has just finished a long unit on optics while at the same time I've been trying to teach myself relativity. I admit my understanding is probably rudimentary, but I figured all the ...