Energy is a quantity which gives an overview of the amount of work doable by the system.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
7answers
334 views

Why does Energy-Momentum have a special case?

I was reading Energy-momentum, and I came across this simplified equation: $$E^2 = (mc^2)^2 + (pc)^2$$ where $m$ is the mass and $p$ is momentum of the object. That said, the equation is pretty ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Picturing Feynman's argument about perpetual motion

So, there is a certain paragraph in Fenyman's book that I'm struggling with for quite some time. It says: "We imagine that there are two classes of machines, those that are not reversible, which ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Perspective and changes in kinetic energy

Say you have two planes flying next to each other at the same speed and one decides to pick up speed by burning a tank of rocket fuel. If someone on the ground wanted to know that plane's new speed ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Energy of moving capacitor

On the following link were a discussion about energy in capacitor moving parallel to its field: Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor? My question is what happen if capacitor is moving ...
8
votes
3answers
457 views

Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor?

Suppose I look at a parallel plate capacitor in its rest frame and calculate the electrostatic energy, $E$. Next, I look at the same capacitor in a primed frame boosted in the direction perpendicular ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Extract particular ions from an ionized gas

Is it possible to extract any particular ion ( either positive or negative ) from ionized gas ( or plasma ) without spending any ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

How to combat the black-body temperature of an object?

I'm trying to model the temperature of a large spacecraft for a space colony simulation game I'm working on. In another question, I checked my calculations for the steady-state black-body temperature ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How energy-efficient a ratchet gear can be? [on hold]

Some gears can reach 98 - 99% energy efficiency in power transmission Does anyone know whether there is a bound on ratchet (one direction gear) efficiency? A limit that can be described in a fashion ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Optimal size of a windmill for a given windspeed

Here is the problem: Assume that you have some constant wind speed. I want to run a windmill but I need to decide how big a windmill I want. The size is characterized by the length of the blades, $r$. ...
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

Buttered Cat Paradox and Production of Wormholes [on hold]

So, I was reading about the Buttered Cat Paradox and the humorous take that it could end up being a perpetual engine. I got the following image which takes it at a dizzer level that this could end up ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Does a pulled rubber band contain as much energy as a twisted rubber band?

lets say I take two similar rubber bands. One of them I pull until it almost reaches its breaking point. The other I twist until it almost reached its breaking point. Do both of these rubber bands ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Perpetual Mobile and Gravitation

I have fundamental question about what is called the “law of conservation of energy”. We all hear about the tidal power stations which using the tidal power. The source of the tidal power came from ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

How is Energy Distributed within a Electromagnetic Wave?

Let $$\hat{H}$$ Denote the full energy of the electromagnetic wave. Now is it right to assume that $$\hat{H}=\sqrt{2\hat{H}_y^2+\hat{H}_x^2}=\sqrt{2\hat{H}_z^2+\hat{H}_x^2}$$ If not, what is ...
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Energy of gravitation

EDIT: As some confusion has appeared, I want to make another clear question. If gravitational energy is meaningless in general relativity (since it is the geometry), how can one come up with the ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

can one measure energy to a finite accuracy?

Can one measure energy to a finite accuracy in bounded amount of time? I don't know much about QM, but someone told me that the energy-time uncertainty principle says that it would take infinite ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What is the fluctuations of the energy of a simple harmonic oscillator? [on hold]

$$\begin{align} \varepsilon&=\frac{\vec{p}^{\,2}}{2m}+\frac{K}{m}\vec{q}^{\,2}\\ \rho(q,p)&=\biggl(\frac{\omega}{2\pi k_BT}\biggr)^3e^{-\frac{\varepsilon}{k_bT}} \end{align}$$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Is kinetic energy in QM a state-property or is it distributed?

Suppose we have a quantum mechanical system, which is well described by its wave function in r-representation $\Psi$. We are interested in the properties of an observable, say the kinetic energy $T$. ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Maximum length stretch of vertical spring with a mass? [on hold]

Having a vertical spring, if we hang a mass to it, what is the maximum stretch length of spring? and how big should be mass to break the spring?
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What's wrong with this temperature-in-space calculation?

I'm trying to calculate the steady-state temperature of a body in space, but my numbers are coming up much too small. For example, for a 1-meter cube, I'm getting a temperature of 194 K (or -81 C). ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

What is the percentage of energy recovery in Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems(KERS) in cars?

Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS) use flywheels to recover energy from the kinetic motion of cars. They use a rotating flywheel that generates energy as it rotates- this generates the electric ...
10
votes
1answer
303 views

What exactly does the Hamiltonian operator tell us?

I'm confused about how energy and time are linked. On the one hand, the Hamiltonian seems to describe the time evolution of the system because in the time dependent Schrodinger equation, $$ \hat H ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Will a water-cooled system heat up a room less than an air-cooled system?

Recently - motivated by the recent heat where we live - an acquaintance argued that a water cooled computer will not heat up the room as much as an air cooled computer will. His reasoning was that the ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Can a laser be designed to ionize muonic atoms so as to prevent a-sticking?

Muon catalyzed fusion is currently little more than a lab curiosity today in part because of how many hydrogen nuclei can be fused before the muon is carried away by an alpha particle. ...
5
votes
2answers
506 views

Is there a relationship between the energy of a photon and the energy of an electromagnetic wave?

If the energy of a photon $E_{p}=hv$ And the energy of an electromagnetic wave is $E_{w}\propto \hat{\mathbf B}^2$ What is the relationship between $E_{w}$ and $E_{p}$?
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Bound states, scattering states and infinite potentials

I am doing my first semester of Quantum Mechanics and we're using Griffith's Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. As he is introducing the Dirac delta function potential he explains bound and scattering ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Why do safety helmets have a softer inner layer nearer the head?

I know that when an object collides onto the helmet, it causes an inelastic collision so that energy is absorbed by the structure of the helmet, so what exactly does the softer inner layer do? Does it ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Is energy since the big-bang still here in the present?

Based on the concept that energy can never be destroyed and is only transferred. Does it mean that energy since the formation of literally everything still here today?
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Does distance traveled by a vehicle after its engine has been switched off depend on its mass at all?

A vehicle moving with some velocity on a rough horizontal road finally comes to rest after its engine has been turned off. Intuitively, it seems a vehicle with greater mass would stop first because it ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

energy required to start and then stop rotating an object, when we have gravity

Imagine an arbitrary object with center of mass at the red dot in the picture, rotational inertia from the point of the hanging: I, hanging from a fixed point, what is the energy required to start ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Why do 2.4GHz frequencies offer greater range than 5GHz routers?

I would've thought that as 5GHz is a higher frequency, and it carries more energy, it would be able to pass through walls much more easily compared to a 2.4GHz frequency- similar to how short ...
2
votes
3answers
481 views

Simple work and energy problem [closed]

I have the following problem: A man that weights 50kg goes up running the stairs of a tower in Chicago that is 443m tall. What is the power measured in watts if he arrives at the top of the tower ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the total observational energy of the universe? [duplicate]

Based on what is measurable, how much energy is in the universe if the initial time is the big bang and the final time is the present?
0
votes
1answer
72 views

What happens to gas molecules after ionization?

I know that gas molecules conduct electricity after they get ionized but what will happen if we keep increasing the voltage even after ionization? Will it explode? If it will then how much energy ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

What is the change in energy of $ \Delta e = h \nu $ in respect to?

I saw this equation today when calculating energies of photons of different frequencies, and noticed that the change in energy is a product of plank's constant and frequency. $$\Delta e = h * \nu $$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
25 views

Spring launches a mass on an incline plane with friction, find the height [closed]

So I've calculated the answer to this problem, but my answer is different from my book's, so I'm trying to find the error. A spring with coefficient $k=600N/m$ launches a mass of $1.2kg$ from an ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

How much work will a human do to lift a weight?

I saw a pretty simple homework question here that asked how much work it takes to lift a 200 kg weight, and while the math for a basic answer is simple the weightlifter in me instead wanted to ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

what property of steam makes it the preferable motive fluid in jet ejectors? why not air or nitrogen?

I want to know what properties of steam make it the fluid of choice in steam turbines jet ejectors. I want to understand the mechanism of energy conversion in these equipment and hence understand ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Conservation of energy in transformers

How does energy remain conserved in a transformer if emf is increasing, or decreasing? Does the current decreases to accomodate? Does Ohm's law still hold here? Although we know, Ohm's law is not ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Definite energy states for a single non-relativistic particle with a time dependent potential

Do definite energy states exist for a single particle when its potential itself changes with time? I tried solving it and the equations seem to show that they do not exist. But then i am confused as ...
-5
votes
1answer
37 views

About how much force would something have to exert to be effectively unstoppable? [closed]

Assuming an object is moving in a straight line propelled by a force. How much energy would that force have to exert so that there are no known forces or objects that could stop it from moving in that ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Space curvature based on net energy = 0

In Neil DeGrass Tyson's epic video, at 2:26:50 ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

How can there be heat in a vacuum?

I keep reading in the Physics World focus issue on vacuum technology about scientists creating high temperatures in the vacuums etc. If heat is caused by thermal energy being radiated from particles ...
4
votes
0answers
829 views

What really happens atomically in an explosion? [migrated]

Let's say a room is filled with butane, I then throw a cigarette into the room. What happens to the atoms/molecules of the butane when they are in contact with the heat from the cigarette?
2
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate the heat transfer rate between the liquid and the gas?

Let water (liquid) be in a chamber (with no heat transfer to the walls). The gas is the residual space above the liquid, meaning that the contact surface is the surface of the water. Given the gas ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Suggest why electrical power input P1 differs from power used P2

We have done an experiment heating water with a wire element and have determined it takes 21.5964 watts to heat 200ml of water to a specific temperature in 10 minutes. However the power of the ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How to work out the work done to put a satellite into orbit?

I'm having troubles doing questions that involve how to put a satellite into orbit. So we have a satellite in orbit 20500 km above earth, (and earth radius = 6380 km), the satellites mass is 1000 kg, ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Integers, Energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

(This question is not about coding) I have built a little code in Python that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Alignment of a system in equilibrium and its potential energy

Consider a flexible free conductor which is placed near a strong long bar magnet. How will the the conductor arrange itself if current is passed through it? I asked my professor: he gave me a hint ...
1
vote
3answers
653 views

Why do we calculate energy by integrate the Signal squared?

What's the interesting thing in the square of a signal? I know integrating gave us the sum of the differentiated energies, but why the Energy is the square of the signal?