Energy is a quantity which gives an overview of the amount of work doable by the system.

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Particle in a 2D box degeneracy [on hold]

I'm doing revision for my quantum test next week and my university, irritatingly, doesn't provide mark schemes to past questions. I feel like I've done most of this one right, but the end has thrown ...
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2answers
342 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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8answers
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Why does holding something up cost energy while no work is being done?

I read the definition of work as $$W ~=~ \vec{F} \cdot \vec{d}$$ $$\text{ Work = (Force) $\cdot$ (Distance)}.$$ If a book is there on the table, no work is done as no distance is covered. If I ...
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1answer
28 views

Keep an object at a certain hight, does it require energy? [duplicate]

If i have an object with a defined mass, like a stone, and put it on the shelf it will sit there forever (lets forget all external influences). But if I have to hold up the stone I will eventually ...
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2answers
30 views

water pressure in the oceans or great lakes

Is there a way to create energy from water depth pressure? Convert the pressure to any type of energy? Does there need to be movement? Can someone comment on this process? Thanks
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Solving oscillation-related problems using energy [on hold]

I am very much interested in how exactly can one solve harmonic oscillation-problems using solely the KE - PE approach. I am a high-school student, so a little in-depth explanation will very much be ...
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1answer
95 views

Is kinetic energy in QM a state-property or is it distributed?

Suppose we have a quantum mechanical system, which is well described by its wave function in r-representation $\Psi$. We are interested in the properties of an observable, say the kinetic energy $T$. ...
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3answers
8k views

When does 'energy' turn to matter?

I always hear about matter converting to 'energy' - fusion, fission. When does it go the other way around? What conditions lead to it? Are there reproducible experiments on this topic?
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1answer
40 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
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5answers
335 views

Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
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4answers
453 views

Is it intuitive that the conserved quantity from time symmetry is what we know as energy?

Is there an easy (aka intuitive) way to understand that the conserved quantity from time translation symmetry is just what we call energy? In other words, we use two definitions of energy. One is ...
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0answers
16 views

Director field fluctuations in a liquid crystal in a magnetic field

If we consider the Frank elastic free energy in the equal constants limit (for more details, see here Chapter 4.1.) with an external magnetic field, we have $$ F = \frac{1}{2}\int \text{d}^3 r\left ( ...
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390 views

Nuclear reaction: creation of deuterium

A proton p collides with a neutron(at rest) n at relatively low-energies and creates a 'deuterium-core' d: $$p+n->d+\gamma$$ Find the wavelength for the photon as a function of the proton's ...
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1answer
185 views

Positivity of Total Gravitational Energy in GR

I read the following statement in the introduction to an article: Over the last 30 years, one of the greatest achievements in classical general relativity has certainly been the proof of the ...
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1answer
32 views

Is “atmospheric geostationary satellite” feasible with current technology?

Meaning by "atmospheric geostationary satellite" a vehicle capable of hovering 30 km above Earth surface, hence insde atmosphere, for unlimited time, making use of air propellers, solar panels and ...
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4answers
2k views

Free energy device - QEG. Is this for real?

I'm not a physicist but I ran across reports on the web of a so called over unity or free energy device that has been created that supposedly works. It's called the QEG. Does this seem legit or is it ...
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1answer
36 views

Gravity force and dark energy [duplicate]

If gravity is a fundamental force which bends spacetime and dark energy is energy which stretches spacetime, what is the difference between the terms force and energy?
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5answers
17k views

Charging 12V 150Ah battery

I want to charge a 12V battery of 150Ah with a solar panel. The solar panel specs is 12V, 25 Watt. Can anyone please provide me how to calculate that how much time it will take to charge the battery? ...
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0answers
19 views

total amount of energy in the universe [duplicate]

What is the total amount of energy in the universe? is there the same amount of energy as negative energy, cancelling each other out? Or is it something different?
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1answer
142 views

Integers, Energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

(This question is not about coding) I have built a little code in Python that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers ...
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0answers
19 views

Kinetic Energy and Force of Spring [closed]

Two blocks, of masses M = 2.3 kg and 2M are connected to a spring of spring constant k = 180 N/m that has one end fixed, as shown in the figure below. The horizontal surface and the pulley are ...
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0answers
42 views

Does non-matter energy curve spacetime? [duplicate]

I know that matter (mass) curves spacetime, but do other forms of energy do the same? I.e. is matter the only form of energy that curves spacetime?
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1answer
22 views

negative energy cancelling energy

In what circumstances can negative energy cancel out energy? If a positron and electron are created they cancel out as one of them has negative energy. Are there any other ways that negative energy ...
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2answers
72 views

If energy can neither be created nor be destroyed,what is the ultimate source of energy?

We usually say that the ultimate source of energy for earth is the Sun. So this means that sun creates energy but according to the law of the conservation of energy energy can neither be created nor ...
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0answers
27 views

What is exotic matter and negative energy? [closed]

I am investigating methods of FTL travel and was wondering as to what amounts of energy are needed. I have stumbled across this notion of exotic matter. Is this basically the same as Antimatter ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the appropriate device for measuring energy loss from collision with surface?

The surface of a running track (i.e. cinder or rubber) has an effect on a runner's performance. I would like to get some device for measuring how much energy a runner loses on each surfaces. I've ...
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2answers
54 views

If 'pure energy' is photons, and energy is conserved, how can matter and antimatter (electrons and positrons) annihilate into photons and vice-versa? [duplicate]

The first law of thermodynamics says energy cannot be created or destroyed. But we can collide photons to form electrons and positrons. Does this means that law does not apply in these microscopic ...
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45 views

How much energy would you need to halt Earth's spin?

I was curious about the feasibility of stopping the Earth from spinning. A way to start I suppose is by getting an idea of the theoretical energy requirements.
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1answer
99 views

Is it possible to harness energy from the exothermic reaction of changes of state of matter?

Since a substance emits heat as it transitions from a high energy state (gas) to a lower energy state (solid), is it possible to devise a method to capture this heat and convert it to usable energy? ...
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2answers
144 views

Conservation of mass energy and kinetic energy in different reference frames

With a little work it's easy to show that kinetic energy by itself is not necessarily preserved when switching between frames of reference. And it is my understanding that energy should be preserved ...
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1answer
70 views

When do we see particles to be in a superposition of energy states?

I have two doubts: Exactly when does this happen? and If we are in a superposition of states (lets say E1 and E2) and the particle absorbs a photon, what will happen? If E3-E1 = hf, will it go to E3? ...
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2answers
74 views

How to derive energy expressions thinking of it as a conserved quantity only?

By now I understand that "energy is a conserved quantity" and that's all we need to know. Then, the idea of work comes as the change in kinectic energy of a system and we realise that having energy is ...
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1answer
35 views

Work done (by gravity) on paired blocks [closed]

Why does gravity do more work on the block going down? The total work done (by gravity) on the $8kg$ block is more than the work done (by gravity) on the lighter block. How?
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2answers
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How will a particle with energy less than $V_{\rm min}$ behave?

Consider e.g. the finite square well: $V = -V_o$ between $x=-a$ and $x=a$, $V=0$ elsewhere Now for scattering states, $E$ must be $> 0$. For normalizable bound states, $E$ must be $< 0$ and ...
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1answer
63 views

How does negative energy from Hawking Radiation cause a Black Hole to shrink? [duplicate]

Hello this is expanding upon a question that was previously asked on stack exchange that I linked below. From what I understand of Black Holes is that overtime Hawking Radiation results in the Black ...
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1answer
577 views

What is negative Energy/Exotic Energy?

So I have been researching around a little as I am highly interested in Astrophysics and I came across an energy I have never heard of before; negative energy also commonly known as exotic energy. Now ...
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366 views

kinetic energy in collisions [closed]

We were hoping you could help us understand collision energy. Vehicle $ A $ is driving West at $35\space mph$ and weighs $ 1437 \space kg$. Vehicle $ B $ is driving North at $35\space mph$ and weighs ...
2
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2answers
250 views

Travel at the speed of light

Is it me who have a poor understanding, or does all matter have to become 'pure energy' in order to achieve speed-of-light speed? If so, does that mean that no material can achieve the speed of ...
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0answers
40 views

Mean energy harmonic oscillator

I know that for a particle under the potential $$V(x,y,z)=\frac{k}{2}(x^2+y^2+z^2)$$ the equipartition theorem says that it contributes to the mean energy to $\frac{3k_BT}{2} $ (one half for each ...
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1answer
66 views

How much computer power would we need to model every physical aspect of the universe [closed]

So I know there are equations that give you the total energy in the Universe(Friedman). So about if we we to simulate every single interaction from neurons to physical forces, strong and weak, ...
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3answers
330 views

Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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2answers
41 views

Query into the cumulative velocity of mounted platforms

Consider throwing a stone at an object from rest, it travels at Vms-1. Now throw that stone whilst running at Ums-1. It seems in the latter scenario the total speed of stone is V + U. Now imagine ...
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4answers
44 views

Relation between Force, Time, and Energy

Is energy involved independent of force applied over time? In other words, if I wish to apply a force for much more time would I require more energy?
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2answers
38 views

The context of definition of work [duplicate]

It is unclear whether the work is defined considering opposite force on the same body or in ideal case where there is a single force acting on a body.If we consider ideal case where only a single ...
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1answer
72 views

Is magnetic wheel possible?

I once tried to make a magnetic wheel using different shaped magnets and placing them in different orientations and of different shapes.But it did rotate making a small angle ie it didnt rotate even a ...
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3answers
33 views

Energy, time and force

Consider force $F$ acting on a body of mass 1000kg and the displacement be $s$. So energy required to do so is $F$x $s$. Now consider the same force causing same displacement on body of mass 1kg. ...
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1answer
35 views

How does electric current generate thermal energy?

How does free electrons moving through a wire cause random vibrational motion of the positive ions?
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1answer
32 views

Can a laser be designed to ionize muons so as to prevent a-sticking?

Muon catalyzed fusion is currently little more than a lab curiosity today in part because of how many hydrogen nuclei can be fused before the muon is carried away by an alpha particle. ...
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1answer
46 views

What is Work? What does the quantity suggest intuitively? [duplicate]

The mathematical formula for work says that work is force into displacement, but what is the philosophy behind it? I mean what does the quantity suggest?
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1answer
38 views

How did Lyman discover his series?

How did Lyman discover his series in hydrogen atom? How did he know that the final energy level is the first level and not the second or the third or etc.? Or how did the other scientists know which ...