Energy is a quantity which gives an overview of the amount of work doable by the system.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
50 views

Deriving the relationship between change in Energy and change in angular momentum in orbital repulsion

I know that for a test particle in between a planet and its satellite, there is a direct relationship between the change in energy and change in angular momentum, when the particle's orbit nears the ...
0
votes
1answer
578 views

What is negative Energy/Exotic Energy?

So I have been researching around a little as I am highly interested in Astrophysics and I came across an energy I have never heard of before; negative energy also commonly known as exotic energy. Now ...
4
votes
6answers
265 views

Why a system should be at its lowest energy state for its stability?

Every possible reaction in chemistry is to attain stability. In physics, the alignment of an electric dipole in an external electric field and in all other physical systems (at least those I study in ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Calories burned doing 1 squat [closed]

To calculate the calories burned doing 1 squat, wouldn't it simply involve the distance that your center of mass is moving and your weight? I read some other article that said your legs act as levers, ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Where does energy in electricity come from?

In a simple battery-wire-lightbulb circuit the moving electrons in a wire generate electromagnetic field, and that field transports energy. And the bulb goes light. But where does the energy come ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Calculating the stability/invertibility of energy maps by multivariate time series model

You have the following energy maps for 14 different structures so about 4-5 pixels for one unit. The color density represents energy. I am thinking that you can set multivariate time series models ...
1
vote
1answer
497 views

Is thermal/heat energy the same thing as internal energy?

I learned that internal energy of an object is the sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the molecules of the object. Is this energy the same thing as the heat energy the object contains?
0
votes
2answers
100 views

How do you keep a fridge full of food cooler?

I just graduated and a mate moved into a flat (none of us are physicists by the way). So, were graduates, we got a new flat, and were broke. So, were now having a debate on how to keep a fridge ...
-3
votes
1answer
162 views

How momentum/energy is distributed in a elastic collision? [closed]

We know from conservation of momentum or energy that energy (lets think about one quantity at a time) is conserved before and after collision. But how the energy is distributed between the bodies? I ...
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor [closed]

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor that stores 3.40 x 10^-10 C of charge at 20.0v I am lost. I am scared.
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Work done on stationary rocket

Suppose I have a rocket thats exerts a force (with negligible loses in mass), which cancels out the downward force of gravity. Clearly my rocket could be moving at a constant velocity (ignore air ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

Do any other particles get excited(or absorb energy) by photons like electrons?

Electrons get excited to different energy levels when photons of specific frequencies fall on them.But, is there other particles which absorb the energy of the photons?
0
votes
1answer
244 views

How to derive or justify the expressions of momentum operator and energy operator?

It has been noted here$\! { \, }^{\text(1, 2)}$, for instance, that $$\mathbf{F} = \frac{d}{dt}\!\!\biggl[ \, \mathbf{p} \, \biggr]$$ is true in all contexts. Likewise, in notable contexts it is ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

almost same mass, same distance, different energy needs

Imagine a car, driving 10 km at constant speed in 6th gear. There will be a measurable fuel consumption. Now imagine the same car driving 10 km again at a constant speed (same as above) in the 1st ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Can the total amount of energy in the entire universe be quantified?

Classical thermodynamics leads one to believe that if energy is transferred, and the universe is heading for maximum entropy, then back extrapolating to moments before the big bang, one could find a ...
0
votes
1answer
408 views

Internal kinetic energy and center of mass kinetic energy

For a given system, how can you tell which one is kinetic energy for center of mass and which one is internal kientic energy? K = Kcm + K int For example, "A 150 g trick baseball is thrown at 63 ...
-4
votes
2answers
183 views

Alternative derivation for the capacitor energy equation [closed]

I hope this is the right place for this kind of post. A friend is trying to derive the equation for the energy stored in a capacitor by analysing the change in potential on one plate when the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Kinetic energy and momentum conservation in an explosion?

My physics book says, "A firecracker sliding on ice has the same total momentum before and after it explodes." I understand this part. This is because of Newton's 3rd law, and no external forces. This ...
2
votes
3answers
593 views

Catapult vs. Trebuchet

I have been looking at trebuchet designs lately, and I have noticed that most, if not all, have a sling attached to them. Without such a sling, the machine would be a catapult. In terms of the speed ...
1
vote
3answers
138 views

A satellite in orbit fires it's engines for a short interval. Is the new orbit closer or further away?

A satellite is in a circular orbit when its engines turn on to exert a small force in the direction of the velocity for a short time interval. Is the new orbit further or closer to the Earth? The ...
-1
votes
2answers
85 views

Time difference in transmission of AC and DC

Is there any time difference while considering the transmission of AC and DC ? Is either one of them faster than the other one in terms of transmission of energy/power from one point to another? I ...
1
vote
2answers
181 views

Does our existence cost us energy?

Anything when it needs to inform its presense such as electromagnetic presense of charged particles and gravitational presense of particles due to their mass does so by sending information of its ...
10
votes
3answers
344 views

Intuitive understanding of the definition of entropy

In Wikipedia, the definition of entropy goes like this: $ d S = \dfrac{\delta q_{\rm }}{T}$. The literal interpretation of this equation is that some amount of heat transferred into a system, if the ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Energy required to demagnetize a soft iron?

How much energy is required to demagnetize a soft iron ferromagnetic material, that has a very low coercive force And a small hysteresis area? Also, would it be possible to demagnetize that same ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

How to measure the energy required to pedal an exercise bike

I have hacked a FitDesk exercise bike to output the RPM of the pedals and the position of the resistance control within its range of travel. I want to characterize the energy that is required to ...
3
votes
2answers
294 views

Energy density in Magnetic fields?

I don't understand what does magnetic field energy density stand for? The possible work that the magnetic field can do? So we can calculate the amount of "work" it can do just from the energy density? ...
3
votes
3answers
130 views

Will the current carrying solid conductors emit light?

If we pass current through a gas, like in the discharge tube, the electrons will accelerate in the electric field. The accelerated electrons will collide with gas molecules, and transfer some of their ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Hamiltonian operator apply to a wavefunction

When a Hamiltonian operator apply to a wavefunction, how could we write the hamiltonian as, $$H \psi = (E_n-\hbar \omega_0) \psi \ \ ? $$ Is this because $E_n= H+ \hbar \omega_0$? where ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Muon 3 Body Decay

I'm trying to calculate the maximum energy of the electron in the decay muon >electron + electronantineutrino +muonneutrino in the reference frame of the muon having no kinetic energy. $m_m$=mass of ...
0
votes
4answers
170 views

Why is there no gravity in the center of a celestial body, yet there is gravity on the surface?

I've heard few explanations, but none in good detail that make it clear to those with less mathematical knowledge on the equations of complex physics. I would like to think that since you are on the ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

producing distilled water using sun energy

My home town (Iran, Lamerd) has very hot summer (always > 45+ degree) with dry weather and sharp sun shine. I used some black tubes under glassy box to heat up water. It was a natural thermal siphon ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Physics transformation energy [closed]

A 15kg child slides down a 2.3m -high playground slide. She starts from rest, and her speed at the bottom is 2.1m/s . What is the change in the thermal energy of the slide and the seat of her pants? ...
0
votes
2answers
342 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Electromagnetic Energy and Momentum

I'm trying to show that the electromagnetic energy density and momentum density satisfy the inequality: $ u \geq c |\vec{\wp}| $, where $\wp$ is the momentum density and $u$ is the energy density. I ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Wave Function of Particle in Nuclear Reaction

I was thinking and came up with the question of what happens to the wave function of a particle that decays into energy, say a neutron in a nuclear reaction. I know that conservation of probability ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

How long should I leave the light on?

I remember my old physics teacher at school saying that if you switch a light on in a room and you're planning to return relatively quickly, it uses less electricity if you leave the light on until ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Energy transfers in boiling a liquid?

When you boil a liquid the KE stays the same (as temp is the same), so where does the extra energy go? I know the extra energy put in breaks bonds between the molecules/ atoms, but once it has broken ...
0
votes
1answer
514 views

Solve a problem of work and energy

A man pulling sled of his daughter by a massless rope, climbing a snowy hill whose slope is equal to 15 °. Considering that the mass of the sled is $4Kg$, the girl's $26Kg$ and $\mu _c = 0,25$, ...
5
votes
4answers
227 views

A question abou $E=pc$ for massless particles

Since photon has no (rest)mass and $$E^2=(pc)^2+(mc^2)^2$$ we derive that $E=pc$ for particle with no (rest)mass. However, if we transform the non-relativistic formula for kinetic energy ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Light Apparent Brightness

Let's say I have a triangular light source. From that light source I want to calculate a pyramidal frustum (tetrahedron with no apex). How would I calculate the maximum bottom area where light would ...
1
vote
1answer
669 views

Where does the energy of a light bulb come from?

Where does the energy of a light bulb come from? Is it from the coil of wire, magnet in the generator, mechanical input to the generator or plug where the generator is connected to the wall?
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Ideal Gas Constant

Wikipedia states that the ideal gas constant relates the energy scale to the temperature scale. It serves as the constant of proportionality. This is obvious from the units. If temperature is a ...
0
votes
2answers
404 views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

Can we generate infinite energy by successive fission and fusion reactions?

Fission divides one Helium atom into two Hydrogen (Deuterium) atoms. And fusion, once again, puts together those two Hydrogen atoms into one Helium atom. In both reactions, overall output energy is ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Entropy used to calculate energy?

I'm currently reading an online article, and below is a quote from that article: The thermodynamic entropy to change $n$ memory cells within $m$ states is $ΔS=k_B\ln(m^n)$, where $k_B$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Antimatter collision - Energy Released

I think it's about time for me to ask this question, as I've been contemplating this for a while. $$E = mc^2.$$ This is Einstein's most famous equation. But what does it mean? On my own, I had to ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

If I switch on a generator connected to an open circuit, are the charges oscillating along wires?

If I switch on a generator connected to an open circuit, are the charges oscillating along wires? Where has the energy gone in the open circuit?
3
votes
5answers
335 views

Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

At what angle do billiard balls scatter if they collide off center?

The angle defined by joining a line from the centers of the balls must be important. But do they follow this angle when viewed in the rest frame of one of the balls or in the CM frame? The spheres ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...