Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Why do non-hydrogen atomic orbitals have the same degeneracy structure as hydrogen orbitals?

The solutions of the Schrödinger equation for hydrogen are the "electronic orbitals", shown in this picture: (source) They have the following degeneracy structure: (source) It is often said that ...
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1answer
44 views

Why doesn't frequency of a sound wave reduce with time?

I understand how energy depends on amplitude as this source says but this source mentions that the energy of a sound wave depends (maybe "also on") on frequency of the sound wave. If energy of a wave ...
0
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2answers
28 views

Can an Oven being set to a different temperature cause electric board to go off?

Basically: the electrical system kept going off (when light goes down in a division due to too many electrical appliances on at a time, or their combined power consumption). My roommate said it was ...
0
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0answers
11 views

How can I calculate the rate of mass air flow being supplied by the AHU in a room?

I need to calculate the mass air flow being supplied by the AHU so I can find the total heat being supplied to the room. However, I only have the following sensor measurement - Supply Temperature, ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Concept of Work & Energy with trolley Example

I was solving one question in which girl on trolley of certain masses sits. Then certain force is applied on trolley which made some displacement. In my opinion work should be done by both Girl & ...
12
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7answers
1k views

Is time travel impossible because it implies total energy in the universe is non-constant over time?

I have always argued with my friends regarding Time Travel that it is impossible. My argument has been that it will destroy the theory that all the energy in the universe is constant since when one ...
13
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6answers
3k views

Why is there a $\frac 1 2$ in $\frac 1 2 mv^2$?

For elastic collisions of n particles, we know that momentum in the three orthogonal directions are independently conserved:$$ \frac{d}{dt}\sum\limits_i^n m_iv_{ij} =0,\quad j=1,2,3$$ From this, it ...
1
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2answers
65 views

Energy of a body in circular motion?

I'm confused about energy of a body in circular motion. In particular I'm having trouble to find the correct answer to this question. Consider the body in the picture that is set in motion from ...
1
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1answer
55 views

Conventions and realities of kinetic energy?

I am having doubts regarding why $1/2$ is present in kinetic energy and if this is conventional why cant we say potential energy is $2mgh$ and kinetic energy $mv^2$. So is this $1/2$ conventional or ...
0
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2answers
85 views

Bicycle Problem [closed]

A student watches two people coast down a hill on bikes. They both start from rest. Neither one of them peddles the bike. Gravity is the ONLY driving force. Friction and air resistance are negligible. ...
1
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0answers
62 views

Do gravitational waves contain actual energy and momentum? [closed]

Gravitational waves are waves in the fabric of space time and gravity is also caused by warped space time. So do gravitational waves contain actual energy and momentum?
0
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2answers
34 views

Energy of a waterfall

Why cannot a waterfall be considered to be never ending source of energy? A waterfall is converting it's potential into kinetic energy and if we "take out" some of it's kinetic energy while the water ...
0
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0answers
12 views

energy efficient task

I ask all who know, because the internet is vague, what is the average energy efficiency rate of double glazed windows? I'm doing a school project on a design idea of making a school energy ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Amplitude at successive wavefronts?

Consider spherical waves emanating from a point source initially the amplitude is A, as wave travels forming wavefronts will the amplitude of each point in all the secondary wavelets be the same and ...
16
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8answers
20k views

Where does gravity get its energy from?

I would like to know where gravity gets its energy to attract physical bodies? I know that the law of conservation states that total energy of an isolated system cannot change. So gravity has to be ...
8
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3answers
7k views

Why electrons have less energy than photons with the same wavelength?

I am studying quantum physics and I have a question: what is the physical explanation for electrons having less energy than photons with the same wavelength? Energy of a photon : $E = h ...
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2answers
36 views

How many water wheel can fit on a river until another one produces zero energy?

Mostly what I'm after are the factors I need to know to do the problem. Imagine we're in the days of Leonardo Da Vinci. And pizza is everyone's favorite food. And there's a river that goes on ...
11
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11answers
48k views

How can momentum but not energy be conserved in an inelastic collision?

In inelastic collisions, kinetic energy changes, so the velocities of the objects also change. So how is momentum conserved in inelastic collisions?
0
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2answers
59 views

A definition for relativistic energy without quantum mechanics

What are the minimal postulates to define energy in special relativity? Let us assume that momentum has not been defined yet (it can be defined from the energy in fact). I expect we are looking for ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Does the kinetic energy change depending on the direction of the velocity? [closed]

The kinetic energy is calculated with the following formula: $$E_k = \frac 12 mv^2$$ Does $v$ represent the value of the velocity? I mean, if you have a specific direction of the velocity is the ...
-1
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1answer
56 views

How to use Special Relativity in simple numericals? [closed]

So I was recently thinking about what an electron's velocity would be after it was accelerated through a potential difference of 1 V. Doing simple calculations like just dividing its energy (which ...
4
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5answers
299 views

Does an object move because it has Kinetic Energy or does it have Kinetic Energy because it is moving?

Maybe to explain I'm wondering if an object gains $\rm K.E.$ which causes it to have a velocity or does an object have a velocity which cause it to get $\rm K.E.$?
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2answers
57 views

Im learning Work-energy theorem, this question popped into my mind about Force applied and displacement

I know a lot but I'm not sure, I'm guessing if $400J$ of work done on a 800 Newton object, if I'm correct, $400N$ to $800N$..that is $.5 m$ displacement, so by $W=∆KE$ why do I get $200J$? I was ...
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1answer
60 views

Is Electron decay period less than stated?

Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 231802 – Published 3 December 2015 sets a limit on the stability of the electron for decay into a neutrino and a single monoenergetic photon in $\tau\ge6.6\ 10^{28}\ ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Finding moment of inertia of a *double* rotating sphere

I'm completly stuck here: my system consist of a sphere rotating in a ring. How do I calculate the moment of inertia of this system? I know the MOI of a sphere rotating around it's cog, but here, I ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Total energy of the fluid

Consider a one dimensional system with fluid in it. Mass and momentum balance equation of the system are (in the absence of external forces and assuming Newtonian behaviour valid for viscocity), ...
0
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2answers
93 views

Changing from potential to kinetic energy

During a conversation with a friend, I began to wonder if there's is a term for the transformation of potential energy to kinetic energy, and vice versa.Is there a term for the process of converting ...
0
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0answers
18 views

plastic deformation and kinetic energy?

I am searching for a equation which i cant find on the internet .. its may be too simple to say but i want a relation between kinetic energy of an object and the deformation that it causes on a ...
0
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0answers
16 views

deformation and displacement by a collison? [duplicate]

In an experiment by Emilie du chatelet metal balls were dropped from a height on a clay bed only to find that the displacement of the clay material was proportional to the square of velocity of the ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Relationship between impact crater properties and kinetic energy? [duplicate]

William Gravesande in 1722 published an experiment in which brass balls were dropped from varying heights onto a soft clay surface. He found that a ball with twice the speed of another would leave an ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Is work only a change of kinetic or potential energy?

I find out on the internet that work is a transfer of energy essentially kinetic. What is the use of work if it does not consider all the types of energy applied , i mean sometimes an objects internal ...
1
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0answers
27 views

How to test the brightness of the light bulb?

I am working on the project using different kinds of wires, like copper lead silver and testing the brightness of the bulb using different wires. Can anyone please let me know how to test the bright ...
0
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2answers
57 views

Photons can be regarded as particles?

So I've been reading an article and stopped at this sentence : "Likewise, we can take energy (such as particles of light, called photons) and turn it into matter." He gave an example of energy which ...
61
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7answers
24k views

What Is Energy? Where did it come from?

The simplistic undergrad explanation aside. I've never really understood what energy really is. I've been told that it's something when converted from one kind of something to another kind does some ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Is energy only an idea? [duplicate]

Physicists say that energy is the ability to do work, and work is moving something against a force, like gravity. But what is energy? Is it something real? I know I will be criticised for using that ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Whats is the relationship between energy of an atom and its magnetic moment?

I'm working on a problem that says that If $\varepsilon_{\pm}=\mp (\mu \mu_0 H + k \theta \frac{M}{\mu N} )$ is the energy of the atom of a specimen that can orient itself either parallel or ...
4
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4answers
158 views

How do they find the energy of a photon?

Is the actual energy of a photon ever measured? How is it done? I read that a photon is usually identified by diffraction, that means its wavelength is measured, is that right? In this way we ...
5
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1answer
157 views

If the energy of an ant is smaller than an elephant, does that mean the ant is more stable than the elephant?

I know that when a system is in its lowest level of energy, it is most stable. However, what if system 1 has lower energy than system 2, does it keep meaning so? Or do we need to examine their binding ...
7
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2answers
395 views

Where does gravitational waves' energy go?

Following the measurement of gravitational waves, many sources described them and explained they carry energy away. What I don't get is how this energy will get transfered back to anything else. If ...
-1
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1answer
46 views

Acceleration needed to make a solid turn into gas? [closed]

There's a joke in a show in France where it is said speaking of a human that he would turn into gas if accelerated enough. My questions : Is this possible without friction ? What would be this ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Calculating Potential Energy

I'm familiar with the potential energy equation, but I'm concerned with the value of 'g' in it. I know that, at sea level, earth's gravitational acceleration is 9.81 m/s/s. So I know that within the ...
12
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6answers
1k views

Gibbs free energy intuition

What is Gibbs free energy? As my book explains: Gibbs energy is the energy of a system available for work. So, what does it want to tell? Why is it free? Energy means ability to do work. What is ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

How can gravitational waves dissipate the energy carried by them? [duplicate]

I am not an expert on GR or gravitational waves but i have been reading about them and i wondered about where and how do these gravitational waves dump their energy? I read that the black hole ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is the $I^2R$ when a resistive heating element is cool the same as when it's hot?

My system (electric resistance element and water bath) heats up 2 degrees in 20 seconds (0.1 deg/sec) when the resistance element if fully heated. Say I want to raise the temperature 0.1 deg every ...
5
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1answer
65 views

Strength of moonlight

So I read this xkcd, and thought it was kind of cool. However, I showed it to my engineer father and physics undergrad brother and neither seem to find the explanation very convincing (though they ...
1
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4answers
361 views

A block sliding down a ramp lab (with friction), I keep getting a higher final energy than initial

A block of $\rm55g$ is sliding down a ramp of $35^o$ of inclination. The hypotenuse of the ramp is $\rm63cm$ and the height is $\rm36cm$. $v_i=0$ as the block starts at rest. I did 3 trials of ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Which requires less energy, complete mechanical breaking or vaporization of matter?

Let's say we have a one kilogram piece of rock. Now if we want to separate each molecule from the other molecules making this piece of rock, which method requires the least energy while neglecting ...
1
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4answers
47 views

How can I calculate how high an arrow goes when all I know is its initial speed? [closed]

I'm not familiar with English physics terms so bear with me. If I shot an arrow straight up and it went off with a speed of 21 m/s, how high up would it go? (air resistance is insignificant). My ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Is all energy quantised?

I'm wondering if all energy is quantized? Can a particle with kinetic energy have any value of kinetic energy or is kinetic energy also quantized? My reason for asking this is that if a particle is ...
7
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2answers
2k views

How many grams of explosive are equivalent to the energy in a battery?

In the movie Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, Arnie's fuel cells were twice shown to be extremely devastating when their stored energy was released. In real life, how many grams of, say, gunpowder ...