Energy is a quantity which gives an overview of the amount of work doable by the system.

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Is it possible for electrons to carry more than one charge?

Sorry if this has been asked before. Could also be a really basic question (new to electrical study). I am a bit confused about the relationship between electrons and charges. So what I understand is ...
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130 views

What causes damage, kinetic energy or momentum?

Let's assume we have 2 bullets. The first bullet has $450$ $J$ of KE and $3$ $kg.m/s$ of momentum, while the second bullet has $250$ $J$ of KE and $5$ $kg.m/s$. Now if they are both shot at ballistic ...
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Why is Energy = Voltage x Charge, and how to prove that?

As you know the equation $\mathbf{E=V\times Q}$. Where: $\mathbf E$ is the energy measured in joules, $\mathbf V$ is potential difference (Voltage), $\mathbf Q$ is the charge. So my qustion is: ...
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What is the percentage of energy recovery in Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems(KERS) in cars?

Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS) use flywheels to recover energy from the kinetic motion of cars. They use a rotating flywheel that generates energy as it rotates- this generates the electric ...
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77 views

Can Thermal Energy be converted into usable energy?

I'm going to go out on a limb and ask a question that will probably be a bit humiliating: Can Thermal Energy be converted into usable energy? I've been reading about conservation of energy, and I know ...
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51 views

Determining zero energy from $k=0$?

I'm curious as to the equations necessary for finding a total energy of 0 (or, I suppose, the energy density of empty space due to quantum fluctuations) in a flat Friedmann universe such as ours. The ...
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Does light lose energy in transit?

Consider a photon is an energetic particle and therefore has a gravitational field. When a photon passes a molecule or particle of dust in space it will pull the dust towards it and deform the dust. ...
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Perpetual Mobile and Gravitation

I have fundamental question about what is called the “law of conservation of energy”. We all hear about the tidal power stations which using the tidal power. The source of the tidal power came from ...
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2answers
101 views

Conservation of energy in transformers

How does energy remain conserved in a transformer if emf is increasing, or decreasing? Does the current decreases to accomodate? Does Ohm's law still hold here? Although we know, Ohm's law is not ...
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1k views

Is the E-cat by Andrea Rossi et al. for real?

Does this thing really do what they say? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhvD4KuAEmo If it does, it looks like this will probably be the biggest breakthrough in science ever :)
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What is the relationship between Energy, Entropy, and Information?

What is the relationship between Energy, Entropy, and Information? I read this - What Is Energy? Where did it come from? - and the top answer says that 'energy' is an abstract number that is a ...
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104 views

Where does the energy required to stop a moving body come from and go?

For a long time, I have been thinking about this: In order to stop a moving body, I have to apply impulse to change the existing momentum to $0$. For the impulse I have to impart force on the moving ...
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74 views

How can water be liquid and gas in the same environment?

Think about it. If there's water in a gaseous form, how can there also be water in a liquid form? The gaseous water would have to have more energy than the liquid, but if it's the same temperature, ...
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2answers
92 views

Food calories vs gravitational potential energy [closed]

Imagine you could use all of the energy you have ever extracted from your food as a source of propulsion. Is the energy contained in the food you’ve eaten over the course of your lifetime enough to ...
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6answers
2k views

How can energy be useful when it is 'abstract'?

The topic which haunted me for two years until I gave up on it. But now I am doing engineering and this topic suddenly popped out of my textbook from nowhere. I seriously need to understand this topic ...
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What happens to the absorbed light energy?

When light comes across with a solid material, some of it is reflected, some of it passes through and some of it is absorbed. I understand the reflection and passing through, but I don't understand ...
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1answer
758 views

Why doesn't the potential energy of any object equal 0

Consider a particle on the ground. This particle is raised by a force of magnitude $mg$ to a height $h$ above the ground. At this point, the work done on the particle by the force is $mgh$, which is ...
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4answers
31 views

High power short duration from low energy source?

1MW, can 1000Joules source of energy deliver 1M of power in 1 millisecond? $Energy =$ $P$ $x$ $t$ , so does it make sense to have small amounts of energy in large pulses of power? In an extremely ...
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172 views

Particle in a Box: Energy Less than the Potential Energy

I am reading quantum mechanics from Shankar's Principles of Quantum Mechanics. On page 157 he defines the box potential $V(x)$ as $$ V(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} 0 &\mbox{ if $|x|< L/2$} ...
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1answer
147 views

Energy Stored In A Capacitor (Slowly Moving Parallel Plates Together)

I think this is a canonical problem with capacitors, but I'm having difficulty understanding the paradox. In Purcell's Electricity And Magnetism, problem 3.16 reads: Calculate the electrical ...
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0answers
22 views

What is the best way to heat air? [closed]

I want to know which way we could create hot air most efficient, how can we convert all energy input into air temperature and decrease air density as much as possible? Is the plasma (such as fire) is ...
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1answer
31 views

How to find the maximum height with a loss of 5 J of energy due to air drag [closed]

Can someone please help me to figure out how to use the 5J of energy into my equation for the maximum height. I know that the maximum height is given by, $$h_{max}={(v_f-v_i)^2 \over 2g}$$ but I'm ...
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1answer
42 views

how to use the energy work kinetic theorem [closed]

A single force acts on a $3.4~\text{kg}$ particle-like object in such a way that the position of the object as a function of time is given by $x = 4.2t - 2.1t^2 + 2.5t^3$, with $x$ in meters & $t$ ...
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1answer
38 views

Relevance of this equation

The book 'The variational princples of mechanics' by Lanczos was recommended to me and I am reading it now. So far it is an enjoyable journey, but I don't see the significance of this equation: $t = ...
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1answer
70 views

What's diamond's melting point?

I've been looking around but I've found no clear answer. The most I could find was: "around 4000K" Has it not been determined and it's just an estimation?
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Why is electrical energy so difficult to store?

Does anyone know a general answer to these questions? (I've asked them together because they're all pretty related, it seems.) Why is it that we find electrical energy so difficult to store? Do we ...
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Is the normal force a conservative force?

Most of the time the normal force doesn't do any work because it's perpendicular to the direction of motion but if it does do work, would it be conservative or non-conservative? For example, consider ...
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2answers
112 views

Why do we use less fuel by driving at constant speed?

It is common practice to drive at constant speed as much as possible to reduce fuel consumption, or at least to avoid "pumping" on the throttle (at frequencies high enough that the lowpass filter does ...
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0answers
55 views

Energy of a system

I'm considering a ring of mass $m$ sliding along a cardioid with equation $r=a(1+\cos\theta)$. We let the angle between the downward vertical and the radius vector be $\theta$. The ring is attached to ...
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1answer
36 views

Motivating the importance of energy [closed]

I'm working on a project right now and part of the introduction is about energy, and I'm trying to introduce the notion of energy in an unconventional way. Right now, I am looking for examples of ...
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0answers
25 views

Energy in a string [closed]

A nylon string of length L = 50 cm and under a tension of T = 70 N is plucked with an amplitude of 5 mm. What is the energy in the string? Please give me the relationship between energy of the ...
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4answers
4k views

Which is more efficient, heating water in microwave or electric stove?

So our propane tank in the kitchen ran out again today. Which is more energy efficient, boiling water in a microwave on an electric stove? All things being equal i.e. starting temperature and mass ...
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1answer
42 views

Joules To Move A Kilogram In Space [closed]

If roughly ten joules lifts one kg on earth one meter, how many in space? Meter / joule/kilogram Kilogram/meter/joule
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62 views

A few questions about photons

I have a few questions about photons. I know the emitting and absorbing of photons is related to quantum leaps. Does a quantum leap cause emitting/absorbing, or is it the other way around? Do ...
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1answer
36 views

How to convert translational energy to rotational energy [closed]

Suppose that I have a body moving at certain velocity in straight line. So it has translational energy. I want to convert this energy to rotational energy of another body, by making the velocity of ...
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4answers
3k views

Kinetic energy with respect to different reference frames

I'm having problems understanding the following situation. Suppose two 1-tonne cars are going with the same orientations but opposite senses, each 50 km/h with respect to the road. Then the total ...
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1answer
86 views

“Rocket in a box” thought experiment

Here's a thought experiment that I came up with a while ago. It might be hard to visualize, so I'll describe it as best I can. Take a rocket in a vacuum, in outer space. Attach a large "box" to the ...
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1answer
114 views

Why potential energy of external force on particle attached to spring is equal to full force multiplied by full displacement?

I am having quite difficult time to understand the meaning of total potential energy on spring. All references I read say that the total potential energy on particle attached to spring is: ...
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2answers
299 views

If conservation of energy was wrong, how would we know about it?

Suppose you just started learning physics and you've been introduced to conservation of energy and kinetic energy. Apart from those concepts you know next to nothing. Then you observe an inelastic ...
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1answer
233 views

Steam above meal

When I fry something on the pan and the fire is big and intensive (the flame over the pan), there is no stean above the pan or just a little. But when I turn off the fire, suddenly the steam appears, ...
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2answers
318 views

What does it mean to “convert energy into time”?

In a recent article about creating electron-positron pairs by colliding photons in a laboratory, Andrei Seryi, director of the John Adams Institute at Oxford University, was quoted to said: It's ...
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1answer
43 views

Time energy uncertainty principle [duplicate]

$ \sigma _{H}\sigma _{Q}\geqslant \frac{h}{4\pi }\frac{d\left \langle Q \right \rangle}{dt}$ $\Delta E = \sigma _{H}$ $\Delta t = \frac{\sigma _{Q}}{d\left \langle Q \right \rangle / dt}$ $\Delta E ...
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0answers
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Temperature dependence for specific thermal diffusivity in the diffusion formula

I recently found this answer about the diffusion equation (nice one actually), but have one doubt about the temperature dependence of this formula. If the "packet" of energy (terminology suggested ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does compressing a piston increase the internal energy?

When we compress a piston, its total internal energy increases, however I don't understand why. As the piston compresses, the temperature should change, as the total energy density increases. As a ...
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29 views

How can a photon exist on its own without a mass? [duplicate]

For example, thermal energy exists and has no mass, but is carried by particles which have mass. A photon is described as a particle - how can a photon exist on its own, travel in space and even push ...
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4answers
227 views

If a spaceship were to be able to travel at light speed, would it pass through objects undamaged? Would it damage/destroy objects?

We know, not just by scientific theory, but by practice (I have seen it with my own eyes), that an increase in velocity increases the mass of the given object proportionally. One day visiting a ...
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72 views

Energy of RLC circuit

If you are given a general differential equation for an RLC circuit, for example, $$L\left(\frac{d^2 Q}{dt^2}\right) + R\left(\frac{dQ}{dt}\right) + \frac QC = V\cos(\omega t),$$ which is a driven ...
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1answer
79 views

Why isn't the electric field just a mathematical tool?

I'm limiting my question to this field because it is the only one I know of with a certain degree of knowledge. I doubt they really exist because of the following reasoning: Coulombs law was stated ...
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1answer
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Energy usage in different reference frames

Imagine a moving object at constant speed (like a car). This object is, then, accelerated for a brief moment. In different reference frames (at rest and moving along with the object), the variation of ...
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1answer
47 views

Thermal emission cathode electron velocity distribution

I can't find any experimental data (or theoretical expression) on what is the velocity (or energy) distribution of thermal emission cathode electrons emmited from the cathode at approximately 2000 K ...