Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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When to use Heat Diffusivity eqn and when to use Fourier's law to find temperature distribution?

Let's say that there is a circular conical section that has diameter $D=.25x$ without any heat generation and I need to find the temperature distribution. Originially I thought I could use the heat ...
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3answers
223 views

Equation $H(q,p)=E$ is the equation of motion or energy-conservation law?

I do not completely understand, why do we consider Hamilton–Jacobi equation $H(q,p)=E$ as equation of motion, whereas it is looks like energy-conservation law?
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122 views

A terminological question about work and energy

Work is force applied over distance. Is it also reasonable to say that work is (the same thing as) the transfer of energy? When work is done, the equivalent energy is transferred. But if energy is ...
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1answer
776 views

Temperature change effected by electric heater [closed]

A 40-gallon electric water heater has a 10kW heating element. What will the water temperature be after 15 min of heating if the start temp is 50F degrees. There must be an equation. I can't find it ...
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352 views

Simple question about a gas in a box with a moving wall

David Albert is a philosopher of Science at Columbia. His book "Time and Chance" includes this example (p 36). A gas is confined on one side of a box with a removable wall. "Draw the wall out, ...
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2answers
211 views

How much energy does lowering an object into a black hole generate?

An object of mass m is slowly lowered into a black hole of mass 1000 m. Is the amount of braking energy larger than $0.6 mc^2$? Now what if, after lowering the mass close to the event horizon, we ...
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2answers
154 views

Do asymptotically similar potentials yield similar energy levels asymptotically?

Let there be given two Hamiltonians $$H_1~=~ p^{2}+f(x) \qquad \mathrm{and} \qquad H_2~=~ p^{2}+g(x). $$ Let's suppose that for big big $x$, the potentials are asymptotically similar in the sense ...
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1answer
32 views

How much energy should I give into each particle in this equation:

I am trying to recreate the results of an article (membrane simulation) and I have the following line: Both particles have the same soft radius, $U_{rep} (r)/\epsilon = \text{exp}\left\{ -20 ...
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5answers
408 views

Which subjects in physics should I choose if I want to help tackling today's energy and environment related problems? [closed]

I was wondering what subjects a freshman in mathematics ought to choose in the future if s/he wanted to help working on energy and environment-related issues we are currently facing, and will very ...
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2answers
1k views

Kinetic energy absorbing in order to avoid damages?

is this possible? To absorb kinetic energy and disable inertia force? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KnKPbAbJI0w http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_5oseSVUc4
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1answer
158 views

Will a photon emitted from something moving quickly have a shorter wavelength?

If a photon is emitted from a light source moving at any speed, the photon will nonetheless always move at c (assuming it is emitted in a vacuum.) If the speed of a photon's emitter cannot influence ...
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169 views

Why is the work positive here?

Problem http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap11_frq_physics_b_formb.pdf Please refer to question 1f Solutions ...
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3answers
240 views

If humans were able to catch all sun energy reaching the earth for their use, will the climate change?

I guess that energy will be used up and, at the end, will contribute to heat the earth, so I see no big differences... please explain your point of view.
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Extracting heat energy from a material

Does it violate any physical laws to take a portion of the energy out of a system and use it? Specifically I'm referring to heat. (Kinetic energy). For example, if you have a material which has a lot ...
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1answer
216 views

Violation of conservation of energy and potential energy between objects

I would like to clarify my question. I have numbered them to be independent questions For any conservative fields, $\vec{F} = -\nabla U$. Which means the restoring force is opposite to the ...
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0answers
98 views

Practical personal aircraft today? [closed]

Is it possible to build, today, a personal aircraft that not use an impracticable amount of fuel for everyday use? What are the physical concepts that could be used to build it?
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2answers
433 views

Spin angular momentum of a system of particles : Is there any energy associated with it?

Consider a system of point particles , where the mass of particle $i$ is $μ_i$ and its position vector is $\vec{r}_i$. Let $\vec{r}_\text{cm}$ is the position vector of the center of mass of the ...
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3answers
454 views

Is there a measure of internal energy flow?

A system might have internal energy and/or kinetic energy. Kinetic energy in classical mechanics is a form of energy the object has, only because of its relative movement to other objects. If you ...
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1answer
534 views

Thermal energy generated due to loss in kinetic energy when observed from two different frames of reference

A body is moving with a velocity $v$ with respect to a frame of reference $S_1$. It bumps into a very heavy object and comes to rest instantaneously, its kinetic energy $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ as ...
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3answers
557 views

Can temperature be defined as propensity to transmit thermal energy?

I was recently surprised to learn that defining temperature isn't easy. For a long time, it was defined operationally: how much does a thermometer expand. Also surprising, temperature isn't a ...
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2answers
553 views

What is a single word that describes the idea of the second time derivative of energy?

I think about position, its time derivative speed, and its second time derivative, acceleration. I would like to identify a single word that can be used as a handle for the second time derivative of ...
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1answer
228 views

Is there a theory which treats particles as classical point singularities?

Is there a published theory that looks at all matter as occupying no space and only being felt because of its gravitational pull? We've been taught in school that matter has mass and occupies space. ...
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2answers
369 views

Is the energy coming from sun to earth completely sent back?

So energy comes to earth from sun in the form of EM waves. Some of it is reflected back but some of it remains on earth and is used by plants to create food and some is used in the atmosphere creating ...
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2answers
420 views

Einstein's Mass-Energy Equivalence versus Quantum Kinetic Energy

Using a naive view of Einstein's Energy Mass Equivalence $E=mc^2$ (where m is mass and c is the speed of light), it seems tempting to interpret this as a quantum mechanical version of the inherent ...
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2answers
50 views

Energy transferring question

If I have a spring being compressed by two bodies, A and B, with different masses, how much energy would be transferred to each one when they are released and the spring expanded?
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1answer
109 views

Is the Energy Sharply or Fuzzily Defined in Quantum Mechanics?

According to quantum mechanics, energy of a state is uncertain within a small range in hydrogen atom. But we also know that energy of a state is quantized which is contradictory to the first. Which ...
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1answer
378 views

What happens to a rotating rod that breaks in two?

I know that the approximation for the moment of inertia of an infinitely thin rod of mass $m$ and length $L$ spinning around an axis perpendicular to its own axis at its center is $\frac{mL^2}{3}$: ...
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1answer
267 views

What “I” should use in Rotational Energy formula $(I \omega^2)/2$

$\text{Rotational Energy} = \frac{1}{2} I \omega^2$. What $I$ should be used? $I$ as a inertia tensor matrix = stepRotation * inverse moment of inertia * inverse stepRotation; Or I as moment of ...
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2answers
1k views

Energy operator

Does the Hamiltonian always translate to the energy of a system? What about in QM? So by the Schrodinger equation, is it true then that $i\hbar{\partial\over\partial t}|\psi\rangle=H|\psi\rangle$ ...
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162 views

2 streams going into an engine and 2 come out. Find the enthalpy?

Problem: Steam supply to an engine is made of two streams that mix before entering the engine. Stream 1 flows at a $.01\frac{kg}{s}$ with an enthalpy of $2952\frac{kJ}{kg}$ and a velocity of ...
3
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0answers
654 views

How do I determine the Internal Energy of ammonia at a pressure in temperature when the steam table doesn't say it

I just bought a steam table for my thermodynamics class since they don't allow use to use the one from the book for the tests. This one is different from the one in my textbook as it doesn't give the ...
4
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1answer
590 views

Is there something like the Poynting vector for hydraulic circuits?

The Poynting vector is a representation of the energy flux in electromagnetics, showing the amount and direction of power flow at different points in space. In electric circuits, the energy is not ...
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2answers
122 views

Is stopping something work?

If somebody pushes against a mass moving with $3 \frac{m}{s}$ to slow it down to $2 \frac{m}{s}$, he will drain the moving system of kinetic energy. Does he do work then or does he consume work? My ...
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681 views

Bungee jump physics

Question: A bungee jumper jumps from a bridge. The length of the loose rope is 30 m. When the jumper reach the lowest point possible, the rope stretches 10 m. What is the final stretch of the rope, ...
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3answers
889 views

Energy non-conservation for time-dependent potentials

Written in a book I read that the "total energy is not preserved when the potential depends explicitly on time", i.e. $U=U(x,t)$. Is there any proof or explanation for this?
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Mathematical Modelling for Efficiency of PV thermal technology

As the efficiency of PV thermal or wind energy decreases with time(from the installment). Is there any mathematical model that gives its relation with time. i.e., whether it is a linear decrease or ...
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1answer
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How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
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2answers
454 views

why egg cooks slowly in mountains?

A quick Google tells me "Because water boils at a lower temperature at high altitudes". But I am not being able to understand this answer and fill-in the gap. Like, how does an egg cook in the first ...
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1answer
221 views

Depalma Free Energy fields

Few years ago I read some papers about Free Energy, written by Bruce de Palma, a physicist who is said to be the inventor of the N-Machine, which is an device that works with free energy latent in the ...
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475 views

Kinetic energy puzzle

System S1 moves at constant speed V with respect to S0 in one dimension: ...
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2answers
2k views

If electric charges accelerate towards lower potential energies, why do opposite charges attract?

I know my logic must be wrong but I can't figure out why. I know that charges must accelerate towards lower potential energies simply because that's a general rule of nature. However, when you release ...
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1answer
166 views

Is there a theortical limit to the amount of sound-energy air can contain?

is there a theoretical limit to the amount of sound energy air can contain? In case, there is a limit, what is that limit?
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3answers
302 views

Do we have control on what an electron transition emits: light or heat?

I don't know quantum mechanical model. So, I'm referring to just bohr's model of atom. Any atom emits energy when it makes transition from higher excited state to lower excited state. Now, some times ...
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84 views

When will the moon fall down? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are tidal power plants slowing down Earth's rotation? I've heard that there are turbines converting energy from tidal waves. Tidal waves are created by the moon's ...
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Is the continuous transformation of energy from one form to another one free? Or it consumes some quantity of who knows what?

Sorry for the unclarity. I probably created some bias in your mind having tagged my question with energy-conservation and conservation-laws. I simply consider that, relatively independently of ...
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4answers
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Basic question concerning pure energy

Inside the core of a star thermonuclear fusion reaction fuses hydrogen atom into helium releasing massive heat/light and energy.When a blackhole eats up enough stars and gases it devours itself by ...
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2answers
393 views

What is changing in latest light bulb technologies?

I'm confused with the latest home lightning bulbs. Understanding filament bulbs was easy. For example take 220V, 100W filament bulb: Power = $V^2/R$ Filament gets heated and emits energy in the form ...
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1answer
656 views

How to teach the concepts of “Electric Potential” & “Potential Energy” to 10th grade students

I've got to teach the concepts of "Electric Potential" & "Potential Energy" to 10th grade students. I don't understand how to express these things and make them understand. “If you can't ...
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0answers
97 views

Masses of all the particles in the Standard Theory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If photons have no mass, how can they have momentum? I'm sure this question has been asked here before but I wasn't able to find it clearly answered in one q/a session. ...
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2answers
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Does space have to be filled with charged particles to carry electromagnetic waves?

I'm a newbie here so have mercy. I'm studying electromagnetic waves. This is the propagation of energy via the vibration of charged particles, as I understand it. A charged particle could be like ...