Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Does the wireless energy tranmission affect compass

Wireless energy using magnetic inductive coupling. So magnetic field will be affect around device. We use it to charge mobile device so I wonder if it will affect compass in our device
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76 views

Solar sail, estimate force

I'm trying to get an estimative for how much force is applied on a solar sail by solar radiation. So the first question is elastic or inelastic collision? Elastic colision provides a change in ...
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2answers
89 views

Spin angular momentum conservation and entanglement

Suppose we have a system with $S=0$ . Suddenly, this system decays into two particles, A and B, so we know the sum of the spin of these two particles is zero. Suppose we measure the spin of A in the z ...
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4answers
901 views

Magnetostatic energy density — derivation without introducing inductance?

I was looking for a derivation of the expression for the energy density at any point in a static magnetic field. I do know that it is $$u_B=\dfrac {1}{2 \mu_0}\left|\mathbf{B}\right|^2,$$ I was just ...
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1answer
137 views

Kinetic energy (KE) in atomic orbital

Within an atomic orbital, electrons must obviously have relative differences between points in space due to potential gradient. But there is kinetic energy as well. If we choose a particular point as ...
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1answer
30 views

Relative Movements Agreement on Object speed

I am confused about Relative Motion.Lets suppose we have one train and two observer.One of them inside the train and the other one is outside.Lets think the outside observer see the train moves a ...
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6answers
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Do photons gain mass when they travel through glass?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but I believe that photons slow down when travelling through glass. Does this mean they gain mass? Otherwise, what happens to extra kinetic energy? I understand now ...
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1answer
78 views

Work and chemical energy “paradox”

This is a mistake I've seen many people make, a few physicists included, but I haven't ever seen a satisfactory explanation for what's going on. Apologies for the lengthy setup. Setup Suppose I ...
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1answer
39 views

Elements of particle mass

From what I can tell, it seems that particles have two kinds of mass, the mass inherent in a fundamental particle itself, or for composite particles, additional mass associated with the Higgs field. ...
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2answers
53 views

Which materials absorb heat?

Which are the materials that absorb heat? and can i somehow convert that absorbed heat into a different form of energy? I am looking into trying to absorb the wasted heat dissipated by laptops,severs ...
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1answer
28 views

Does the electron confinement energy vary with temperature?

I was introduced the electron confinement energy. At room temperature thermal energy of a particle is about $k_B T$, where $T=298K$, giving about $25meV$. I was told that $E_\text{confinement}=50emV$, ...
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5answers
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Kinetic energy vs. momentum?

As simple as this question might seem, I failed to intuitively answer it. Let's assume there is a $10,000$ $kg$ truck moving at $1$ $m/s$, so its momentum and KE are: $p=10,000$ $kg.m/s$ and ...
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1answer
108 views

Physical interpretation of distances

Suppose we have a universe with only two distinguishable particles, neglecting gravitation. These particles start off next to each-other, ostensibly "touching" each-other and at rest. If it takes ...
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0answers
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What is the heated added and changes in internal energy? thermodynamics

A piston + cylinder initially contains 2 x 10-3 m3 of helium gas at the pressure of 1.01 x 105 Pa and with a temperature of 60'C. The gas is heated allowed to expand at a constant pressure until its ...
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2answers
48 views

In general terms, what key elements are necessary for resonance to exist in a physical system?

I found a related question An Analogy for Resonance, and John Rennie gives a good explanation using description of the harmonic oscillator. But I'm really looking for an accurate and complete list of ...
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1answer
65 views

Why does this not make infinite energy?

Here's an idea I had for infinite energy: Get into a spaceship, and fly to a star or other large body and get into orbit. Then just harvest your kinetic energy somehow and keep going indefinitely. My ...
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1answer
210 views

What factors affect the velocity of an object moving down an inclined plane?

If you have a small toy car rolling down an wooden plank, what factors would increase or decrease the velocity of said car. In the experiment my team originally stated that adding mass to the car ...
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1answer
42 views

Why did the electric potential energy fall in this situation?

Suppose you have two capacitors configured as shown in the image below. One of them has charge $q$ and the other one is uncharged. Then, you close the switch, allowing charges to flow. After ...
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1answer
54 views

Maximum angle for highway lane change

I am preparing to fight a traffic ticket from a speed camera. There is a lot more to that story, but the info I need right now involves the angle at which a car can change lanes, in terms of vehicle ...
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1answer
40 views

Angular momentum & Energy using Yukawa's potential [closed]

I was doing my Gravitation problems and I found this one that I'm unable to solve. Yukawa's theory for nuclear forces states that the potential energy corresponding to the attraction force ...
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2answers
66 views

Do rainbow shows spectral lines?

A spectral line is the electromagnetic radiation emitted when the electron jumps from higher orbital to a lower orbital of an atom. Water mainly consists of two elements namely hydrogen and oxygen, ...
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9answers
2k views

How to explain independence of momentum and energy conservation in elementary terms?

I'm trying to explain to someone learning elementary physics (16 year old) that linear momentum and energy are conserved independently. I'm not a professional physicist and haven't tried to explain ...
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2answers
57 views

Can KE and PE of a small element of a transverse progressive wave be maximum simultaneously?

Maybe a string can be taken as an example to produce the transverse progressive wave.
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1answer
64 views

Is it possible to formulate a Hamiltonian for a damped system?

I recently found out that it is possible to formulate a Hamiltonian for a system with time-dependent coordinates such that the Hamiltonian is not the same as the energy When is the Hamiltonian of a ...
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3answers
5k views

Two expressions for expectation value of energy

I was looking up expectation value of energy for a free particle on the following webpage: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/quantum/expect.html It says that $E=\frac{p^2}{2m}$ and ...
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1answer
300 views

How hot would tritium water be?

I realize this is kind of a silly question, but if you have tritium water, with the tritium half life of 12.5 years, I expect it would be quite hot. (note, this is not a homework question, I'm just ...
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2answers
64 views

Fan Speed Formula

Is there any formula for computing fan speed by using air mass,air flux, air density or specific heat? I have computed air mass and air flux, and found the values for air density and specific heat, ...
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3answers
300 views

Is there a giant cloud of antimatter at centre of the Milky Way

Among others, this page says there is a giant cloud of antimatter at centre of the Milky Way, which was discovered in the 1970s. My brother doesn't believe there is any such cloud. I'm prepared to ...
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2answers
94 views

Can the vacuum energy be made finite with quantized space

From what I know the reason we have infinite vacuum energy is because according to Quantum Field Theory at every point in space we have something analogous to a harmonic oscillator but since the Zero ...
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3answers
985 views

Why are solar panels blue, rather than black, when black absorbs more light?

This is an image of a solar panel array, courtesy of Wikipedia. Some of these look rather black, but most of them are blue. As far as I know, solar panels work by absorbing "light energy", and ...
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1answer
48 views

A captious work problem: same paths but same forces?

A man jumps onto a chair. A man climbs onto a chair by putting a leg first and then the other. In both cases, the work has been the same. TRUE or FALSE...? Spoiler!: The path is the same, so the ...
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0answers
117 views

Minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ [closed]

I'm stuck on this textbook question about the minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ from an upright position to a horizontal position (see image). I believe the correct answer is ...
2
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3answers
311 views

Is there a quick way of finding the kinetic energy on spherical coordinates?

Assume a particle in 3D euclidean space. Its kinetic energy: $$ T = \frac{1}{2}m\left(\dot x^2 + \dot y^2 + \dot z^2\right) $$ I need to change to spherical coordinates and find its kinetic energy: ...
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2answers
86 views

Gravitational force in a building

Suppose that a person is standing on the top of a multi storey building and at an instant earth's gravitational pull becomes zero.What will happen in the next instant? (Consider only earth's gravity ...
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1answer
38 views

Difficulty understanding electricity concepts

In circuit diagrams what does it mean for energy to be used in going through a component? I usually see this when emf is being described: total energy supplied per coulomb by battery = total energy ...
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Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone?

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone? For example I'd like to use some kind of power generator to charge smartphone's battery but I'm wondering if shaking (by hand, or motion when ...
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9answers
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How can momentum but not energy be conserved in an inelastic collision?

In inelastic collisions, kinetic energy changes, so the velocities of the objects also change. So how is momentum conserved in inelastic collisions?
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5answers
61 views

Convert kinetic energy of a bullet into electricity and store it in a super-capacitor [closed]

I was thinking about bulletproof materials, they have to be so thick and heavy because they try to hold all of the kinetic energy of a bullet and then dissipate it (right?) So what if you made a thin ...
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0answers
27 views

What does it mean to perturb the electromagnetic energy with respect to a change in a Lorentz frame?

I am perturbing the energy of an electromagnetic field using \begin{align} \dfrac{\partial U}{\partial \zeta} = \dfrac{1}{\mu} \boldsymbol{H}\cdot \dfrac{\partial \boldsymbol{H}}{\partial \zeta} + ...
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1answer
96 views

What happens when an electron collides with an atom?

I was solving this question: Here is part of the energy level diagram of hydrogen: n=4 --> -0.85eV n=3 --> -1.50eV n=2 --> -3.40eV n=1 --> -13.6eV When an electron of ...
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2answers
46 views

Energy transitions of 12.1eV electron?

Here is part of the energy level diagram of hydrogen: n=4 --> -0.85eV n=3 --> -1.50eV n=2 --> -3.40eV n=1 --> -13.6eV When an electron of energy 12.1eV collides with this ...
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1answer
51 views

What does it mean for a quantum particle to have energy $E_n$? And what is its general normalised state?

In this particular case, I have found the energy to be quantised with energy levels $\frac{h^2n^2}{2m} >0 $ where $n$ is an integer. Suppose a particle has energy $E=\frac{4h^2}{2m}$, then this ...
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16answers
23k views

Why does kinetic energy increase quadratically, not linearly, with speed?

As Wikipedia says: [...] the kinetic energy of a non-rotating object of mass $m$ traveling at a speed $v$ is $mv^2/2$. Why does this not increase linearly with speed? Why does it take so much ...
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1answer
213 views

Is there any upper limit on a particles kinetic energy?

While the speed of light is the "ultimate speed limit" for any particle.. Is there any upper limit to kinetic energy?
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2answers
43 views

Definition of “first excitation energy”?

I was solving a problem but I didn't know what the term "first excitation energy" means. The first excitation energy of the hydrogen atom is $10.2\text{eV}$. Calculate the speed of the slowest ...
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1answer
133 views

Positions and corresponding terminology of “acoustics energy”?

From limited knowledge, decades ago, dating back to the nineteenth century: Ohm's law of specific acoustic energies was the first biological application of Fourier's theorem. Actually, it was ...
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2answers
134 views

What really happen with resonance inductive coupling

I can't figure out the picture of resonance inductive coupling I can image how magnetic inductive coupling works, It scatter magnetic around one coil and if second coil being near it then induce ...
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0answers
35 views

Energy density question

I have looked for these formulas everywhere but cant seem to find them... What is the formula for the energy density of the electric current ,and the energy density of the mechanical wave?
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1answer
40 views

Deriving pressure from a given partition function

If the partition function for some system is given as $e^{\text{$\alpha $T}^3V}$; please note note that $\alpha$ is a constant. I have computed $$\left[\frac{\text{$\delta $Z}}{\text{$\delta ...
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0answers
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Calculating the energy of a string wave with different phase and group velocity/amplitude/etc

(Please note this is mostly a theoretical, mathematical question, not one about specific particles. Let me know if this is more appropriate in Mathematica) The energy per wavelength of an ideal ...