Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Conservation of Energy in a magnet

When a permanent magnet attracts some object, lets say a steel ball, energy is converted into for instance kinetic energy and heat when attraction happens, and they eventually collide. Does this imply ...
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Is there a finite amount of mass in the universe? [duplicate]

So, I'm not too physics savvy but I am curious to ask. Is there a finite amount of mass in the universe? or is there more and more being created from somewhere or something? If the universe is ...
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Hamiltonian is conserved, but is not the total mechanical energy

I wondering about the interpretation for the energy difference between the Hamiltonian and the total mechanical energy for systems where the Hamiltonian is conserved, but it is not equal to the total ...
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Energy used to stop / slow an object

I'm trying to workout how much energy (if any), I use (imagining me as an efficient machine rather than a complex bio-mechanical human) when I lower or catch a weight. I understand that when I push it ...
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1answer
286 views

Why does an ice rink use a primary and secondary coolant?

A normal refrigeration cycle uses one coolant, so why does vapor compression cycle of an ice rink you a primary coolant and a secondary coolant?
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Why would a particle in an extra dimension appear not as one particle, but a set of particles?

I was reading an article in this months issue of Physics World magazine on the three main theories of extra dimensions and stumbled across something I didn't quite understand when the author began ...
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Why can't I evaporate water without wind, just heat? (not boiling,evaporating!) Or can I?

So here is the thing, I searched all over the internet for this but all the sources say that I need wind because the process of evaporation goes as follow: Water particles at the top layer with ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between infrared heat and “regular” heat?

In Feynman's terms temperature is the speed at which atoms are 'jiggling'. Now, let's suppose I've just eaten a sizable dinner, and my body temperature just got a tad up. Am I emitting more photons in ...
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Work on ideal gas by piston

Imagine a thermally insulated cylinder containing a ideal gas closed at one end by a piston. If the piston is moved rapidly, so the gas expands from $V_i$ to $V_f$. The expanding gas will do work ...
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Where does the lost energy go in a rubber band powering a rotating shaft?

Okay, I'm no physics whiz, and this has me stumped. You know those toy airplanes you can get with the rubber-band driven propellers? You twist the propeller a bunch of times, and this stores ...
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3answers
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Simple work and energy problem [closed]

I have the following problem: A man that weights 50kg goes up running the stairs of a tower in Chicago that is 443m tall. What is the power measured in watts if he arrives at the top of the tower ...
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How much time can I power my laptop by eating one dessert?

Random question that popped into my mind after a 4-hours power outage. Let us assume that I am eating an extra dessert (250 kcal) and that I am using a bike and a generator to power my laptop (it ...
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Why there is a 1/2 in kinetic energy formula? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is there a $\frac 1 2$ in $\frac 1 2 mv^2$? Hèllo, I have a question about kinetic energy formula. As you know, in kinetic energy formula, we have: ...
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How can I determine density of a gas only given temperature?

I have a homework problem where exhaust is traveling through an exhaust system (assumed to be air for simplicity) from and engine and then released into the atmosphere. The exhaust is at a temperature ...
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4answers
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Could we make a trebuchet that could launch objects to a stable orbit?

Inspired by this xkcd, which calculated the energy requirements for accelerating individual humans to escape velocity (regardless of consideration for what that would do to your organs), I am ...
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3answers
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Heat Equation Equalities

While studying the heat equation, I ran into a few equalities that I cannot understand. For example, Fourier's law of heat conduction claims that $$\varphi(x,t)=-K_0\frac{\partial u}{\partial x},$$ ...
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1answer
173 views

How does the curiosity rover get it's power? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Mars Curiosity Power System I found a web page that said it uses Plutonium. I am sure it's not based on fusion or fission. What is the basic idea on which the power ...
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3answers
713 views

Extract energy from magnets

Is it possible to "extract" energy from a magnet, making it lose its magnetism? Or, to put in another way, is magnetism a form of energy? (I am not talking about potential energy in a magnetic field). ...
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5answers
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Is the law of conservation of energy still valid?

Is the law of conservation of energy still valid or have there been experiments showing that energy could be created or lost?
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1answer
160 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
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4answers
589 views

Is it intuitive that the conserved quantity from time symmetry is what we know as energy?

Is there an easy (aka intuitive) way to understand that the conserved quantity from time translation symmetry is just what we call energy? In other words, we use two definitions of energy. One is ...
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3answers
441 views

Why are breeder reactors not more prevalent? [closed]

I recently learned about breeder reactors, which are able to create more fissile material than they consume. They seem to be superior to the types of nuclear reactors currently in use. What are the ...
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1answer
71 views

Noise is a form of dissipation?

(Mechanical) noise is a form of dissipation? For example, when the computer fan turns it produces noise. This noise is a form of dissipation in addition to heat produced by the machine (computer)? If ...
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366 views

Infinite Energy from Bobbing

Could this device theoretically continue in motion forever? If not, why not? (click below for images): Device description. Device process. The device is less dense than air, so it rises. The ...
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What is “A” in AGeV?

AGeV means GeV per nucleon. But why A letter is used for such a short cut? Why not NGeV, for example?
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Explosion in space

I'm curious about what happens if an explosive substance detonates in space. On Earth, I guess a good chunk of the energy released is carried away by shock waves in the atmosphere. But in space, the ...
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1answer
351 views

Would the Moon drift away from the Earth due to extraction of tidal energy? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does the moon drift away from earth? It seems to me that, due to conservation of energy, the moon would drift away from the Earth if humans began extracting large ...
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3answers
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How can there be heat in a vacuum?

I keep reading in the Physics World focus issue on vacuum technology about scientists creating high temperatures in the vacuums etc. If heat is caused by thermal energy being radiated from particles ...
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Winding Rubber Band

How could you store the kinetic energy of a soda-bottle using a rubber band so that it unwinds after being rolled across a flat surface? Basically, how can you make a bottle roll back after being ...
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Any examples of negative ADM energy solutions with WEC but not DEC satisfied?

Any examples of negative ADM energy solutions with weak energy condition (WEC) but not dominant energy condition (DEC) satisfied? Witten's proof of the positive energy theorem requires the dominant ...
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475 views

Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution and total energy per unit volume

We know that $$n(E) ~=~ \frac {2 \pi (N/V)}{(\pi k_B T)^{3/2}} E^{1/2} e^{-E/(k_B T)} dE,$$ where $V$ is total volume. If then, how do we derive total energy per unit volume from this equation?
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132 views

Why are there two ways to solve for energy of a spring?

I can find the energy of a spring using $F = -kx$, or by using the formula $e = 1/2mv^2 + 1/2I\omega^2 + mgh + 1/2kx^2$. The first way, I get $mg/k = x$, but the second way, I get $2mg/k = x$. Which ...
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543 views

Does the potential energy related to a particle determines its rest mass?

Would it be possible to determine the rest mass of a particle by computing the potential energy related to the presence (existence) of the particle, if this potential energy could be determined ...
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1answer
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Where is the critical moment where the microcanonical ensemble enters the justification for the equilibium state?

As explained in many books, for the microscopic justification of the second law of thermodynamics (lets formulate it as the total entropy takes maximum among all possible exchanges of two systems), ...
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Is energy extensivity necessary in thermodynamics?

Given a partition of a system into two smaller systems, the energy $U$ is devided into $U_1$ and $U_2$, with $$U=\mathcal{P}(U_1,U_2):=U_1+U_2,$$ so that $U_2$ is given by $U-U_1$. Here the ...
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Inefficiency Comparison of Car Air Conditioning vs. Open Windows

On a recent long, hot journey in Spain, I was pondering which was the most efficient way of cooling the car. Which of these would be the most effective? Switching on the air conditioning, thereby ...
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What is the most energy-efficient way to crush the hardest bedrock on earth? [closed]

What is the most energy-efficient way to crush the hardest bedrock on earth while assuming it is impossible to use the chain reaction energy from that bedrock? How many energy is needed?
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The possibility of free electrical energy?

Please excuse my lack of knowledge/understanding. Question: Why Nikola Tesla's Free Energy concept was never worked upon? Even today. Context: Now that we know Nikola Tesla was a genius and did ...
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From where does the force/energy of action-reaction comes from? (Newton's Third Law of Motion)

I was wondering, from where does the opposite force and thus energy comes from when we apply force. For example, lets say there are two persons (P1 and P2) on the universe, and no force is applied to ...
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Is the potential energy in a compressed spring a Lorentz invariant?

The total energy of an object comes from the time part of the four-momentum, and so isn't a Lorentz invariant. On the other hand, is the potential energy of a compressed spring a Lorentz invariant?
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Relation between Newtons and Kilograms

Work is expressed as W=F*d, where the F is in Newton, d is in meters and result ...
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Which particle rolls faster? Is the speed of the particles which are rolling differs with their shape?

A solid disk and a solid sphere each of them has the same mass and same kinetic energies, which one is faster?
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How we can find the kinetic energy? [closed]

A solid disk of mass m is rolling along a surface its center has velocity v what is the kinetic energy of disk?I cannot solve the problem,
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2answers
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Are there devices which convert thermal energy to electric energy?

Converting optical energy to electric energy is a huge business based on the photovoltaic effect. Is there an analogous effect for phonons? Are ther devices which convert phonon energy to electric ...
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1answer
387 views

Faraday's law and superconductivity

According to Faraday's law of induction, volts = -Number of coils in a solenoid * change in strength of magnet / change in time. This doesn't take into account distance or speed, only time. If amps = ...
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0answers
731 views

Error Analysis, Change in momentum, Kinetic Energy

If momentum of an object is increased by 10%,then its kinetic energy will be increased by? Well, I don't need the solution logically by calculating the change in Kinetic Energy etc, but my question ...
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2answers
99 views

Painting wine botles [closed]

Yes, it's a physics related question. Read on. I know from general knowledge that in order to produce a decent wine, you must keep it in a dark place. Therefore, from my knowledge of physics I guess ...
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1answer
217 views

Why don't cancelling wavefunctions for two different particles give zero total wavefunction?

Let $\left|a\right>=e^{i(kx-\omega t)}$, $\left|b\right>=-e^{i(kx-\omega t)}$ be two neutral particles in the 1D free space without any interaction. Then ...
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What is the relationship between Energy, Entropy, and Information?

What is the relationship between Energy, Entropy, and Information? I read this - What Is Energy? Where did it come from? - and the top answer says that 'energy' is an abstract number that is a ...
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Is a hard drive heavier when it is full?

Browsing Quora, I saw the following question with contradicting answers. For the highest voted answer: The bits are represented by certain orientations of magnetic fields which shouldn't have ...