Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Does the doppler shift have any effect on the energy that the atom absorbs?

Does an atom moving towards the light that is falling on it, absorb more energy than when it is stationary? The atom should a see blue shift due to Doppler effect so the atom will see a light of ...
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3answers
3k views

Number of planks required to stop the bullet [closed]

A bullet looses (1/n)th of its velocity passing through one plank. The number of such planks that are required to stop the bullet can be? Logically, to me the answer seems to be infinity, as always a ...
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1answer
204 views

Does divergence of Taylor series for relativistic $E(p)$ for $p\ge m$ have any physical significance?

When one wants to include weak relativistic effects in classical equations, usually kinetic energy term is expanded into Taylor series about $p=0$. But the complete dispersion relation is ...
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1answer
252 views

What can cause a change in wave's shape - One dimensional wave

what can cause a change in wave's shape of one dimensional wave moving through a rope? It's velocity ? or the wave's length ? What can cause him change his shape.
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1answer
67 views

Work done or not in this case?

I have a very simple question. A motorboat directed upstream is seen to be at rest from the bank of a river. Is the engine doing any work? Is it right to say that since it is not causing any ...
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1answer
402 views

What happens to the acceleration of a body undergoing constant force?

Here's the problem I have, specifically relating to a rocket in deep space: A rocket burns fuel at a constant rate. Assuming its mass remains constant, what happens to its acceleration? I seem to get ...
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3answers
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What happens in a car crash?

My mom and I were in a car accident. We are ok, but I want to know how fast the car that hit us was going. We were stopped at a light. The car that hit us from behind was a big GMC SUV. Our car was a ...
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2answers
4k views

Is plant photosynthesis more efficient than solar panels?

Is photosynthesis more efficient than solar panels? If so, by how much?
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2answers
65 views

Difference between two equations

So again I have two equations: $$K= \frac{1}{2} m v^2 + \frac{1}{2} I \omega^2$$ And $$K_w = \frac{1}{2} I \omega^2 $$ What's the difference between these two? Thanks.
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3answers
132 views

Is it possible to extract energy from mass rotating in space?

Consider a single isolated rotating mass (for example planet), is it possible to extract energy out of its rotation? If yes, how could that theoretically be achieved?
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1answer
114 views

Could an orbiting mass generate power?

If an heavy object (e.g. 10 tons) orbiting around Earth at 370 miles high, is connected with a cable back to Earth, we assumed either Earth is going to pull the mass or vice versa (or it will fall ...
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3answers
255 views

Can matter be converted to information?

I know that matter can be converted to energy through E=mc^2. I also know that engery can be and has been converted to information through Landauer's principle (with Maxwell's demons). Does this ...
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1answer
107 views

What is the energy of a black hole?

This might be a stupid question but given Einstein's general theory of relativity $E = m c^{2} $ what is the energy of a black hole? Isn't the mass of a black hole infinite? Wouldn't that be infinity ...
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3answers
2k views

Is the molecule of hot water heavier than that of cold water?

We know that the molecule of hot water($H_2O$) has more energy than that of cold water (temperature = energy) and according to Einstein relation $E=mc^2$ ,this extra energy of the hot molecule has a ...
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1answer
184 views

Thermal resistance of thermal interface materials?

Thermal conductivity are often used for surfaces between the computer chip and the heat sink to increase heat transfer and they want high thermal conductivity to decrease the thermal resistance. By ...
3
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1answer
89 views

The Energy involved in the work done here?

When a wire that has current $I$ flowing within it and its in a magnetic field, the wire experience the Lorentz force, and that force moved the wire over a certain distance $x$(no matter how small), ...
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0answers
134 views

What does it mean for a subatomic particle to “have” energy?

From my limited classical interpretation of the universe, i've always found it convenient to think of energy as what happens when an object isnt in its equilibrium position in the universe, and thus ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Keep an object at a certain hight, does it require energy? [duplicate]

If i have an object with a defined mass, like a stone, and put it on the shelf it will sit there forever (lets forget all external influences). But if I have to hold up the stone I will eventually ...
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2answers
48 views

water pressure in the oceans or great lakes

Is there a way to create energy from water depth pressure? Convert the pressure to any type of energy? Does there need to be movement? Can someone comment on this process? Thanks
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1answer
49 views

Director field fluctuations in a liquid crystal in a magnetic field

If we consider the Frank elastic free energy in the equal constants limit (for more details, see here Chapter 4.1.) with an external magnetic field, we have $$ F = \frac{1}{2}\int \text{d}^3 r\left ( ...
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3answers
101 views

Is “atmospheric geostationary satellite” feasible with current technology?

Meaning by "atmospheric geostationary satellite" a vehicle capable of hovering 30 km above Earth surface, hence insde atmosphere, for unlimited time, making use of air propellers, solar panels and ...
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1answer
208 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
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1answer
75 views

Gravity force and dark energy [duplicate]

If gravity is a fundamental force which bends spacetime and dark energy is energy which stretches spacetime, what is the difference between the terms force and energy?
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0answers
197 views

Does non-matter energy curve spacetime? [duplicate]

I know that matter (mass) curves spacetime, but do other forms of energy do the same? I.e. is matter the only form of energy that curves spacetime?
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1answer
91 views

negative energy cancelling energy

In what circumstances can negative energy cancel out energy? If a positron and electron are created they cancel out as one of them has negative energy. Are there any other ways that negative energy ...
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4answers
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If energy can neither be created nor be destroyed,what is the ultimate source of energy?

We usually say that the ultimate source of energy for earth is the Sun. So this means that sun creates energy but according to the law of the conservation of energy energy can neither be created nor ...
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2answers
361 views

If 'pure energy' is photons, and energy is conserved, how can matter and antimatter (electrons and positrons) annihilate into photons and vice-versa? [duplicate]

The first law of thermodynamics says energy cannot be created or destroyed. But we can collide photons to form electrons and positrons. Does this means that law does not apply in these microscopic ...
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1answer
333 views

Work done (by gravity) on paired blocks [closed]

Why does gravity do more work on the block going down? The total work done (by gravity) on the $8kg$ block is more than the work done (by gravity) on the lighter block. How?
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4answers
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Free energy device - QEG. Is this for real?

I'm not a physicist but I ran across reports on the web of a so called over unity or free energy device that has been created that supposedly works. It's called the QEG. Does this seem legit or is it ...
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2answers
123 views

How will a particle with energy less than $V_{\rm min}$ behave?

Consider e.g. the finite square well: $V = -V_o$ between $x=-a$ and $x=a$, $V=0$ elsewhere Now for scattering states, $E$ must be $> 0$. For normalizable bound states, $E$ must be $< 0$ and ...
2
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2answers
339 views

Travel at the speed of light

Is it me who have a poor understanding, or does all matter have to become 'pure energy' in order to achieve speed-of-light speed? If so, does that mean that no material can achieve the speed of ...
2
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0answers
92 views

Mean energy harmonic oscillator

I know that for a particle under the potential $$V(x,y,z)=\frac{k}{2}(x^2+y^2+z^2)$$ the equipartition theorem says that it contributes to the mean energy to $\frac{3k_BT}{2} $ (one half for each ...
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1answer
197 views

How much computer power would we need to model every physical aspect of the universe [closed]

So I know there are equations that give you the total energy in the Universe(Friedman). So about if we we to simulate every single interaction from neurons to physical forces, strong and weak, ...
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1answer
1k views

How does negative energy from Hawking Radiation cause a Black Hole to shrink? [duplicate]

Hello this is expanding upon a question that was previously asked on stack exchange that I linked below. From what I understand of Black Holes is that overtime Hawking Radiation results in the Black ...
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4answers
939 views

Relation between Force, Time, and Energy

Is energy involved independent of force applied over time? In other words, if I wish to apply a force for much more time would I require more energy?
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3answers
53 views

Energy, time and force

Consider force $F$ acting on a body of mass 1000kg and the displacement be $s$. So energy required to do so is $F$x $s$. Now consider the same force causing same displacement on body of mass 1kg. ...
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2answers
80 views

The context of definition of work [duplicate]

It is unclear whether the work is defined considering opposite force on the same body or in ideal case where there is a single force acting on a body.If we consider ideal case where only a single ...
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3answers
3k views

Is magnetic wheel possible?

I once tried to make a magnetic wheel using different shaped magnets and placing them in different orientations and of different shapes.But it did rotate making a small angle ie it didnt rotate even a ...
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2answers
78 views

Query into the cumulative velocity of mounted platforms

Consider throwing a stone at an object from rest, it travels at Vms-1. Now throw that stone whilst running at Ums-1. It seems in the latter scenario the total speed of stone is V + U. Now imagine ...
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2answers
140 views

Can a laser be designed to ionize muonic atoms so as to prevent a-sticking?

Muon catalyzed fusion is currently little more than a lab curiosity today in part because of how many hydrogen nuclei can be fused before the muon is carried away by an alpha particle. ...
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1answer
80 views

What is Work? What does the quantity suggest intuitively? [duplicate]

The mathematical formula for work says that work is force into displacement, but what is the philosophy behind it? I mean what does the quantity suggest?
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1answer
109 views

How did Lyman discover his series?

How did Lyman discover his series in hydrogen atom? How did he know that the final energy level is the first level and not the second or the third or etc.? Or how did the other scientists know which ...
2
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4answers
72 views

Optimizing water boiling

I'm about to prepare some spaghettis and to do so I need 2 liter of boiling water. For getting the water to certain temperature (lets say 100 Celsius degrees) from a starting temperature of 15 ...
0
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2answers
240 views

Potential energy of an infinitesimal length of elastic rod

I am having an embarrassingly hard time with the derivation for the potential energy of an infinitesimal element of an elastic rod of area A. The picture shown below is an element of the rod that has ...
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0answers
21 views

Am I understanding power correctly? [duplicate]

4 men weighing 380kg, carrying a 380kg piano up 5 meters will generate 31 watt if the load takes 20 minutes. Now this is very hard to do and saps the strength out of any human being. However, that ...
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1answer
45 views

Excited Energy levels of Hydrogen vs Solids

My question has to do with Excited Energy Levels. I keep reading and learning that all objects/most solids emit infrared radiation. But to emit radiation, an object's particles must first enter a ...
21
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4answers
3k views

Can one obtain free energy from the vacuum?

It is known that from the vacuum of a quantum field theory, virtual particle pairs are created and destroyed; is it possible to capture these particles thus obtaining free energy from the vacuum?
2
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2answers
316 views

Do there exist objects that absorb energy only (and do not give it away)?

Do there exist objects that absorb energy only (and do not give it away)? Magnets have been mentioned in this post, do we know more examples? Extract energy from magnets And how is this capability of ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Could there be massive gravitons and in our spacetime? [closed]

My question is: Could there in principle be sub-groups of gravitons (if they existed) that has mass (and in our spacetime dimensions) such as those affected by electric or by strong force or other ...
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0answers
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What is Fermi energy and Fermi level? [duplicate]

What is meant by Fermi level and Fermi energy? And what is the difference between the two?