Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Energy comparison, evaporate water vs compress air, same mass

I would like to compare the energy requirements of the 2 following tasks: Total energy to evaporate 1 litre of water at normal atmospheric pressure at normal temperature? Total energy to compress ...
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48 views

Is Red-Shift experiment correct?

I been reading: http://www.mth.uct.ac.za/omei/gr/chap5/node2.html. The website seems credible with its contact details & location being extremely accurate and easily verified, and its mathematics ...
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3answers
362 views

Magnet motor free energy generator [duplicate]

Is it possible to run a fan without electricity? like the one show on this website? http://free-energi.com/index.php?a=2
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2answers
68 views

Turbine like device in space spinning with KE and converting to Watts. Acceleration is constant?

I have a question that I can't seem to get my head around. I'm really rusty on my physics, but I'm sitting here trying to think this out, but I'm missing a really big part of the equation. So lets ...
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311 views

Does a rotating plank only acquire rotational kinetic energy?

I have another doubt with a Kleppner problem :(. A thin plank of mass M and length l is pivoted at one end. The plank is released at 60$^{\circ}$ from the vertical. What is the magnitude and ...
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68 views

Analogues of mass, space, or time? [closed]

I began wondering about this when working through this question: is there anything analogous to spacetime or matter? Both spacetime (note: most of what I know of about the concept of spacetime comes ...
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1answer
44 views

Would half of electromagnetic wave be absorbed on first sensor?

If I would set up electromagnetic emitter that would emit one wave, but while it would be emitting it I would spin emitter 180 degrees at such speed that one half of wave would be emitted in that time ...
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2answers
105 views

Energy of damped harmonic oscillator begins to increase with very large Q in numerical integration

I have numerically integrated the (reduced) homogeneous equation of a damped harmonic oscillator in order to see how the error propagates. $$\frac{d^2 X}{d\phi^2} + ...
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1answer
117 views

Aside from Noether's theorem, what other concepts would explain energy conservation?

Energy is defined more in the mathematical sense, and tends to show true with observations in the physical world. But why is energy conserved aside from "Noether's theorem"? In a closed system that ...
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72 views

Observation of light bending spacetime [duplicate]

Has radiation or energy bending spacetime ever been observed? If not, is it likely that it ever will, assuming current technology? Note: This is not a question of space bending light, but of light ...
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1answer
61 views

What's wrong with this simple derivation of energy flux in a photon gas?

In a photon gas, we know that pressure, $P$, and energy density, $u$, are related by: $$P=\frac{u}{3}$$ We also know from relativity that the momentum of a photon is $$p=\frac{E}{c}$$ Finally, the ...
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53 views

How do you calculate the energy output if you know the volts, amps and time? [closed]

How do you calculate the energy output if you know the volts, amps and time?
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99 views

How would one compute the angle of deflection, in a relativistic collision - underspecified system?

Consider the simplistic case of two identical mass particles colliding elastically with the second particle initially stationary and the first particle travelling with energy $E$. By conservation of ...
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1answer
42 views

Is it possible to create a solar cell in home? [closed]

I'm not really sure that this is the place to ask this question, but anyway. I'm curious is it possible to create a solar cell (not panel with 2$ cells from ebay) in home. If not why and if yes how. ...
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2answers
60 views

Mass,Energy,Matter

In $E=mc^2$ what type of energy is $E$? For instance, you can find the kinetic energy of an electron by using $\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ but you can also find the energy from $E=mc^2$. How are those two ...
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1answer
37 views

Applying conservation of energy to any system?

How would the conservation of energy be applied in any system? Can we always be certain that every system will always obey COE? How can we be certain without measuring the system? Input & Output? ...
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2answers
26 views

Extract particular ions from an ionized gas

Is it possible to extract any particular ion ( either positive or negative ) from ionized gas ( or plasma ) without spending any ...
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1answer
38 views

Kinetic energy of a gas molecule

I am working through the derivation of the equation $$pV=\frac13mNC_{rms}^2,$$ but relating to this formula my textbook states that the kinetic energy of an average molecule of gas is given by ...
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1answer
49 views

modern physics :emission spectrum [closed]

If in a hydrogen atom all possible transactions take place. The ratio of maximum frequency to minimum frequency is 135/7.what is the principal quantum number of excited state. The max frequency case ...
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1answer
58 views

What kind of research will go in nuclear fusion power once the commercial power plant is designed and implemented? [closed]

once the commercial nuclear power plant is built for electricity production , after this what kind of research does scientists do in nuclear fusion power. Why I am asking this question is ITER is ...
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1answer
404 views

Does time travel violate conservation of mass/energy? [closed]

Imagine I exist at time $t_1$ and my mass is $m$. At time $t_2$ I time travel back to $t_1$. At time $t_1$ there is now a net increase of mass/energy in the universe by $m$. At time $t_3 = t_2 - x$ ...
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1answer
103 views

Thermal resistance of thermal interface materials?

Thermal conductivity are often used for surfaces between the computer chip and the heat sink to increase heat transfer and they want high thermal conductivity to decrease the thermal resistance. By ...
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2answers
134 views

Potential energy of an infinitesimal length of elastic rod

I am having an embarrassingly hard time with the derivation for the potential energy of an infinitesimal element of an elastic rod of area A. The picture shown below is an element of the rod that has ...
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3answers
141 views

Creating electricity from mains water pressure.

Could someone cleverer than me help me out? I had a crazy thought going through my head the other day and I can't lay my mind to rest until I get an answer. Q. How much energy could be produced by ...
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3answers
246 views

Different formulas for calculating power [duplicate]

$P=IV$, $P=I^2R$, $P=\frac{V^2}{R}$, what are the distinctions between these equations? How do you know which equation to use when?
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2answers
218 views

Is the potential energy of molecules related to its temperature? [duplicate]

Do ideal gases have a certain potential energy at a certain temperature?
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111 views

Classical disintegration of particles, Landau-Lifshitz series on Physics

i read Landau's book recently. In this book p.43 Landau says from (16.1) (16.2) can be write down $T_10$= $p_0^2$/2$m_1$=($M-m_1$)($E_i-E_1i-E_i'$)/$M$ For me, it is hard to understand the factor ...
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2answers
558 views

Energy transfer in elastic collision [duplicate]

In a given reference frame where object 1 (with known mass and velocity) collides elastically with object 2 (with known mass and velocity), can we identify which object loses kinetic energy? Is it ...
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1answer
172 views

Rigid body problem

I have some doubts about the next excercise: A bar of length $2a$ and mass $m$ moves freely with both of its extremes on a ring of radius $\sqrt2a$. The ring can rotate freely in a certain ...
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1answer
294 views

Is it true that a Space Shuttle launch is powerful like an “average” nuclear explosion?

Kind of an odd question here. First let's define what an "average" nuclear explosion is, because that's quite a controversial term - "average". Considering that the peak of nuclear tests was at the ...
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1answer
97 views

What does (simple) $j/cm^2$ represent AND how does this result $6.959j/cm^2$? [closed]

According to the image shown below, this specific Laser Hair Treatment device claims that it has a concentration of $6.959 j/cm^2$. So far by research I have found that it needs around $6\mbox{ to }7 ...
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1answer
78 views

Infinite mass in a coupled oscillator

Can someone help me with this? Imagine we have a system composed of three spheres 1, 2 and 3. 1 is connected to a wall on its left side with a spring and to sphere 2 with another spring, the sphere ...
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2answers
49 views

Transfered thermal energy to a gas with varying mass

In my physics book (and wikipedia) it states that the thermal energy transferred to an object is: $Q = c \ m \ dT$, where $Q$ is the transferred thermal energy, $c$ is the specific heat capcity of the ...
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1answer
57 views

Question about energy [closed]

Tom, weighted 60kg, set a world record of bunjee jumping, he jumped off at 223m height, and reached the lowest point when he's 50m above ground. If 30% of mechanical energy was lost when the cord was ...
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1answer
616 views

Pendulum water pump - apparent free energy

I've seen plans for a pendulum oscillator water pump that is claimed to pump a large volume of water (100 gallons) from a well of 100 feet deep. The pendulum consists of a 100 pound weight raised 6 ...
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2answers
504 views

Change in Wavelength of a Photon Relation to Energy (specifically Compton Effect)

Given a photon dropping from $\lambda_1$ to $\lambda_2$, its energy will drop from $\frac{hc}{(\lambda_1)}$ to $\frac{hc}{(\lambda_2)}$. However, I was wondering if there is any significance in the ...
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2answers
84 views

Yearly onshore wind turbine energy production [closed]

I am trying to work out the yearly energy production of an onshore Siemens SWT-3.0-101, hub height 94m, total height 144,5. Here is the power curve at each wind speed level worked out through a ...
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1answer
986 views

Internal kinetic energy and center of mass kinetic energy

For a given system, how can you tell which one is kinetic energy for center of mass and which one is internal kientic energy? K = Kcm + K int For example, "A 150 g trick baseball is thrown at 63 ...
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1answer
338 views

Hamiltonian operator apply to a wavefunction

When a Hamiltonian operator apply to a wavefunction, how could we write the hamiltonian as, $$H \psi = (E_n-\hbar \omega_0) \psi \ \ ? $$ Is this because $E_n= H+ \hbar \omega_0$? where ...
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1answer
373 views

Muon 3 Body Decay

I'm trying to calculate the maximum energy of the electron in the decay muon >electron + electronantineutrino +muonneutrino in the reference frame of the muon having no kinetic energy. $m_m$=mass of ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
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1answer
524 views

Can we generate infinite energy by successive fission and fusion reactions?

Fission divides one Helium atom into two Hydrogen (Deuterium) atoms. And fusion, once again, puts together those two Hydrogen atoms into one Helium atom. In both reactions, overall output energy is ...
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1answer
190 views

Antimatter collision - Energy Released

I think it's about time for me to ask this question, as I've been contemplating this for a while. $$E = mc^2.$$ This is Einstein's most famous equation. But what does it mean? On my own, I had to ...
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3answers
1k views

Simple harmonic oscillator: zero point energy?

Today we had a lecture on the simple harmonic oscillator and its quantum mechanical treatment. My teacher derived the equation for it and finally concluded it has some zero point energy. My ...
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1answer
73 views

We create systems with different values of Energy? [closed]

I understand that Energy is a conserved quantity in a system. A number, that's always the same to the system. However, don't we determine such a number? I mean, we can create systems(Or study them ...
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2answers
128 views

what is “work”? (of a force)

I would like to know why two forces (of different magnitudes but same direction) that we'd use sequentially on an object to move it by the same amount twice, will produce two different values for the ...
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3answers
3k views

Work, Energy & Power - Body slides down a hemisphere

A small body of mass $m$ slides down from the top of a hemisphere of radius $r$. There is no friction between the surface of the block and the hemisphere. The height at which the body loses contact ...
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1answer
164 views

Question on communication between universes in a level 1 multiverse

Can matter, energy, or information travel from one universe to another in a Level I Multiverse? That is, is there any communication between Hubble volumes in an eternal inflation-induced multiverse?
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1answer
64 views

Electricity directly from heating a material [duplicate]

I am looking for some more information about how to obtain electricity from heat directly. This e.g. involves the Seebeck effect, as I have found it is called, where a material produces a voltage ...
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2answers
833 views

Minimization of energy and maximization of entropy

Are maximization of entropy and minimization of energy equivalent? Or are they contrary? Why should the thermodynamic potentials such as $G$, $A$, etc, be minimum at equilibrium? I am confused. ...