# Tagged Questions

Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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### Does an object lose more heat in the form of convection or radiation?

If heat transfer by convection is greater why is food wrapped in Aluminum foil? Wouldn't that result in the food losing more heat to the foil and ultimately in the air in the form of convection?
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### How many water wheel can fit on a river until another one produces zero energy?

Mostly what I'm after are the factors I need to know to do the problem. Imagine we're in the days of Leonardo Da Vinci. And pizza is everyone's favorite food. And there's a river that goes on ...
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### How do I remove the negative sign from this derivation? [closed]

A homework problem required me to show that the first equation below can be written in the form of the second equation. It was all fairly simple except for the negative sign. I'm not sure how this is ...
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### What makes cart with a moving object in it gain speed (no friction anywhere)?

I would like to understand what makes the cart below the moving object move. There is no friction between any of the objects. The cart is moving therefore there is force applied to it. The only force ...
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### Why are the allowed energies a continuum in the region $V_{\_} < E < V_{+}$?

I'm studying quantum mechanics and I don't quite understand why there's an energy continuum in the region $V_{\_} < E < V_{+}$ in the following example: It was explained that because of the ...
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### Internal energy of a body

I have a really fundamental question regarding the internal heat energy of a body. From textbooks, we know: $$\Delta Q = m \cdot c \cdot \Delta T$$ where $m$ is the mass of the body, $c$ its specific ...
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### What form of energy is magnetism stored in?

In physics class I was told that there are 9 forms of energy: -Electrical -Light -Thermal -Nuclear -Elastic Potential -Gravitational Potential -Sound -Kinetic -Chemical So, my question is, ...
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### How much work can the human body do before dying of exhaustion [closed]

If we could assume: We don't increase our energy from absorbing food. Our human example in scope isn't starving or suffering from malnutrition. I mean how much work can we do until the body would ...
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### Comet's distance with and without gravity [closed]

I've got this question that I just can't seem to answer. The question is as follows: A comet approaches the solar system with velocity v and would, if the sun would not attract the comet, pass the ...
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### Understanding the definition of the internal energy

Internal energy is all the energy of a system that is associated with its microscopic components (atoms and molecules) when viewed from a reference frame at rest with respect to the center of mass of ...
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### How does a nozzle behave differently at different velocities of flow?

A converging duct acts as a nozzle for subsonic flows while the same nozzle acts as a diffuser (decelerator) for supersonic flows? How does this actually work?
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### Heat, Work and Internal energy in closed systems

This has been troubling me for a while now. I know that the performed work equals $P\Delta V$ for isobaric systems and I know that in isochoric systems no work is done, but how do I find the heat $Q$? ...
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### Would it be safe to say that mass is kind of a property of energy?

In a video i just saw about the true meaning of E=mc2, it said something that really got me thinking; "Mass is not really converted to energy" and that mass wasn't actually a thing, but more of a ...
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### Is work energy theorem $W=\Delta K$ or $W=\Delta E$?

I know that work is the change in kinetic energy. I saw on an equation sheet that work is equal to the change in total energy. Is this true? If so, how?
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### Do solids have translational energy?

Along with having vibrational energy, do both crystalline and amorphous solids also have translational energy? I ask because I've always understood solids to have just vibrational motion/energy. But ...
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### Dispersion for a highly energetic electron

The dispersion relation can be expressed as: $$w=\frac{\hbar k^2}{2m}$$ The energy of a free particle is: $$E=\sqrt{p^2c^2+m^2c^4}$$ For a highly energetic electron we have $E\approx pc.$ The ...
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### Can electron jumps to higher energy state without absorbing photon?

The shorter the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave the more energy it carries, when it hits an atom and gets absorbed the electron gains kinetic energy and jumps to higher energy state. Are there ...
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### Where Does the Energy Come From in this Example?

I can't figure out where the energy comes from for the work in a video I found about how the pyramids could have been made. (I do not have enough rep to post the link of it as well as the picture but ...
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### Work done by tension when a particle is tied to a vertical cylinder using a thread and given a velocity perpendicular to the thread

For a particle attached to a rope moving along a circle that has the length of rope as radius, the tension provides centripetal force and work done by tension is zero since velocity of particle is ...
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### What was the motivation behind the work formula?

Surely there must be a reason we decided to use this as a metric for mechanical energy.How was it developed and what made it more acceptable than other work formula candidates (Like force over time, ...
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### If there is no definite speed in the universe, only relative speeds, how does energy increase when velocity approaches the speed of light?

Is the concept of energy increasing as it approaches the speed of light based on the fact that this is only true relative to the observer? Lets say, there's a scenario where a person in a rocket ...
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### Why do particles in a medium have different speeds?

If thermal conduction occurs because of particles colliding with each other and imparting kinetic energy to each other, won’t the particles of an isolated medium collide with each other until the ...
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### A block sliding down a ramp lab (with friction), I keep getting a higher final energy than initial

A block of $\rm55g$ is sliding down a ramp of $35^o$ of inclination. The hypotenuse of the ramp is $\rm63cm$ and the height is $\rm36cm$. $v_i=0$ as the block starts at rest. I did 3 trials of ...
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### Will my induction hob be powerful enough? [closed]

I'm looking to buy an induction hob to heat some water and I would like to know if its going to be powerful enough. If so, can it be done in, say, 1 hour? Additionally, what power rating could I go ...
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### Gough-Joule effect in rubber band

When a stretched rubber band is heated, surprisingly, its tension will increase. What is the physics behind this?! Another thing. The Entropic spring model says, for a good specimen, that the ...
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### Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
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### Definition of internal energy

I have read some thermodynamical and statistical physics books but it feels like they always gloss over the definition of internal energy. In wikipedia they included terms like Kinetic energy. But ...
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### According to calculations why the current of a battery of a mobile is high?

If you pay attention to the features of your mobile's battery the voltage would be around 3-4V and power is 4-5 Wh (14400-18000 Ws) and with calculating the current you can find a very high number(P=V*...
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### Can change in temperature cause a change in mass of an object?

If a gold bar is heated to say 200 degree Celsius then will it have the same mass at say 10 degree Celsius. Does energy has mass? If so then does this increased 'heat energy' cause an increase in the ...
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### Why is intermolecular potential energy given in 'per mole'?

I was just wondering that if intermolecular potential is the interaction potential energy of two atoms/molecules, then why do we give its value in J/mole? I don't understand why 'per mole' ...
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### Does the wireless energy tranmission affect compass

Wireless energy using magnetic inductive coupling. So magnetic field will be affect around device. We use it to charge mobile device so I wonder if it will affect compass in our device
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### Why did the electric potential energy fall in this situation?

Suppose you have two capacitors configured as shown in the image below. One of them has charge $q$ and the other one is uncharged. Then, you close the switch, allowing charges to flow. After ...
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### A captious work problem: same paths but same forces?

A man jumps onto a chair. A man climbs onto a chair by putting a leg first and then the other. In both cases, the work has been the same. TRUE or FALSE...? Spoiler!: The path is the same, so the ...
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### Minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ [closed]

I'm stuck on this textbook question about the minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ from an upright position to a horizontal position (see image). I believe the correct answer is ...
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### Deriving pressure from a given partition function

If the partition function for some system is given as $e^{\text{$\alpha $T}^3V}$; please note note that $\alpha$ is a constant. I have computed \left[\frac{\text{$\delta$Z}}{\text{$\delta$T}}\...
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### Positions and corresponding terminology of “acoustics energy”?

From limited knowledge, decades ago, dating back to the nineteenth century: Ohm's law of specific acoustic energies was the first biological application of Fourier's theorem. Actually, it was ...
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### Graph of energy stored in capacitor?

Question: In an experiment a capacitor is discharged through a constant current. Draw a graph of how the energy stored in the capacitor varies with time. The answer given is: But I seemed to get a ...
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### What really happen with resonance inductive coupling

I can't figure out the picture of resonance inductive coupling I can image how magnetic inductive coupling works, It scatter magnetic around one coil and if second coil being near it then induce ...
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### How to determine if a potential admits bound states?

According to Griffith's Quantum Mechanics, "$E$ must exceed the minimum value of $V(x)$, for every normalizable solution to the time independent Schroedinger equation" As an example, there is no ...
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### Where should five charges be placed inside a hollow sphere so as the system has the lowest potential energy? [duplicate]

I want to know the configuration where the system would be most stable.I only know basic Physics & Maths and cannot start solving the problem.I can understand it for 4 charges and 6 charges as a ...
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### What is the source of energy in this system? (resonance realated)

This is curiosity question, sorry if description is too vague. Suppose we have a string attached to some small frame on both sides Then we apply a force by plucking it with a finger, lets say 5.0 N (...
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### How much power does it take to keep a massive particle suspended in a gravitational field?

For instance if I have a rocket of mass $m$ in a uniform gravitational field $g$, and I want to keep it floating in the air via thrust alone, then how much power in the form of (say) chemical energy ...
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### Dissipated Energy from Falling Object using Lagrangian [closed]

A plate of mass $M$ moves horizontally with initial speed $v$ on a frictionless table. An object of mass $m$ is dropped vertically onto it from the height $h$ and smashes. How much energy is ...
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### How to heat water to 80°C? [closed]

I'm trying to figure out an easy water to get 80°c to consistently make the perfect cup of coffee. Let's assume room temperature water is 22°c. What is the ratio of boiling water to room temp water ...
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### Energy of a standing wave

I've been taught that energy of a standing waves remains between the nodes of the wave or in other words energy remains within the wave. I wanted to know how that's possible. Also if energy of a ...
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### why doesn't liquid metal vaporize in a vacuum?

I am wondering why molten metal in a vacuum of electron beam and machines never turns to gas like liquid water does when exposed to a vacuum.
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### Particle with 1 GeV mass?

I know a proton as a mass of 0.938 GeV also neutron at 0.939. But I was wondering if there is anything with a measured mass of 1 GeV? Or, whether a proton can have a mass of 1 GeV within a system (as ...
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### Work functions of ceramics/insulators

Is anyone aware of or know of a good source or means of estimating the work function of a ceramic material? Typically, work functions are given for pure elemental metals, rather than for compounds, ...