Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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A partial differential equation for kinetic energy

The kinetic energy of a point particle of mass $m$ and speed $v$ is $K = \frac{1}{2}mv^2$. An elementary mathematics textbook I saw asked one to show that $$ \frac{\partial K}{\partial ...
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Magnetostatic energy density — derivation without introducing inductance?

I was looking for a derivation of the expression for the energy density at any point in a static magnetic field. I do know that it is $$u_B=\dfrac {1}{2 \mu_0}\left|\mathbf{B}\right|^2,$$ I was just ...
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1answer
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Can negative energy explain black holes?

I think black holes are peculiar and I want to know if there is a relation to negative energy. Does negative energy have positive mass and therefore can explain the nature of black holes? IS there any ...
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Can there be energy with no force or energy with no power?

I think that both force (number of newtons) and power (p=ui(?)) implies that there is energy so we can't have force without energy and we can't have power without energy(?) But can there be energy ...
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Nuclear reaction: creation of deuterium

A proton p collides with a neutron(at rest) n at relatively low-energies and creates a 'deuterium-core' d: $$p+n->d+\gamma$$ Find the wavelength for the photon as a function of the proton's ...
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Where does the energy of a lightning strike go?

Lightning contains a lot of energy, so where does this energy go after lightning has hit the ground? Does it travel all the way to the core? What happens after that?
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How much energy would it take to blow up the earth?

There is a common statement running around that we as a species has enough nuclear weapons to blow up the earth several times over. What I want to know is: by how many orders of magnitude is that a ...
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1answer
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Experiment to measure initial speed of high speed tennis ball?

I want to devise a way to measure the initial speed of a tennis ball fired from a tennis ball cannon, but without using any speed-measuring devices. Just plan distance-measuring and physics formulas. ...
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Where do planets get energy to revolve around sun? [duplicate]

We know that every planet in our solar system revolve's around the sun in a particular orbit. But were to they get the energy to revolve around the sun. And why do they not drop into the sun there is ...
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Why is electrical energy so difficult to store?

Does anyone know a general answer to these questions? (I've asked them together because they're all pretty related, it seems.) Why is it that we find electrical energy so difficult to store? Do we ...
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1answer
61 views

How hot would a disc have to be to create strong drafts that lift it upward?

I read this article on xkcd.xom, from its spin-off blog "What If?" and that answer made me wonder. It was mentioned in that article that a very hot but indestructible box would eventually be able to ...
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1answer
442 views

Is energy always proportional to frequency?

Google has no results found for "energy not proportional to frequency" and many results for E=hf. Is there an example of an energy that is not proportional to frequency?
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calories in ice

Food contains calories, which is nothing but a measure for energy. 1 calorie = 4.18400 joules if I am not mistaken. Does this mean that food contains less calories when it is colder? Obviously I'm ...
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1answer
96 views

Static Friction work and Energy [closed]

I have this problem: A 4.0 kg block is given an initial speed of 8.0 m/s at the bottom of a 20° incline. The frictional force that retards its motion is 15.0 N. (a) If the block is ...
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Why can't we store light in the form of light?

We can store cold (ice), heat (i.e. hot water bag) and electrical charge (batteries). We can even "store" a magnetic field in a magnet. We can convert light into energy and then, if we want, back to ...
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1answer
2k views

Work being done without distance

I have this issue: If you push a 40.0 kg crate at a constant speed of 1.40 m/s across a horizontal floor (µk=0.25 ), at what rate (a) is work being done on the crate by you and (b) is the energy ...
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422 views

Could arc reactors eventually be real?

Could arc reactors eventually be real? I have wondered about this, there is not much about it online. If they could how would they work?
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1answer
224 views

Potential energy and average force? [closed]

A body of mass $15\,kg$ originally at rest $5\,m$ above the ground falls and penetrates $15\,cm$ into soft earth. Determine the loss of potential energy Determine the average resistance of the ...
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If an electric car were to drive without having to stop, would the range be greatly affected by the speed at which the vehicle is moving?

Of course aerodynamics factors into this question, and the faster you are moving the more air you have to push out of your way, the more energy you use. But would the difference be only a small ...
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Where does energy go in destructive interference? [duplicate]

I have read that when two light waves interfere destructively, the energy contained within is transferred to other parts of the wave which have interfered constructively. However, I am having some ...
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2answers
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Finding maximum speed in a work-energy problem [closed]

I have the following problem: The Royal Gorge bridge over the Arkansas River is $310\text{ m}$ above the river. A $57\text{ kg}$ bungee jumper has an elastic cord with an unstressed length of ...
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Where do photons get their energy from?

If energy required to accelerate a particle to the speed of light is infinite then where do they get it from? But first if photon's are massless, then why do they collide to some other thing and get ...
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1answer
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Locally every force admits a potential?

I have a little doubt about a force being or not conservative. Well, as I understood, some forces cannot be expressed as exterior derivative of some scalar potential because the work done by the force ...
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165 views

Is it possible to condense heat?

Suppose that I have a warm room. Is it possible to condense the heat of the room into a small object so that the room turns cold and the small object very hot? If it's possible: How? If it's not: ...
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energy of Russian meteor, does it matter whether it explodes or not?

The kinetic energy calculation for any meteor would be the traditional one half times the mass times the velocity squared. In terms of the events that occur on the ground, does it matter whether the ...
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458 views

Is light affected by gravity? Why?

I would like to know if light is affected by gravity, also, I would like to know what is the correct definition of gravity: "A force that attracts bodies with mass" or "a force that attracts bodies ...
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1answer
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Does gravitational force attract bodies with mass or with energy?

On my textbook is written that gravitational force is the force that attracts bodies with mass. But I've seen on a book that It actually attracts bodies with energy. I'm having a class tomorrow and I ...
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When can one write $a=v \cdot dv/dx$?

Referring to unidimensional motion, it is obvious that it doesn't always make sense to write the speed as a function of position. Seems to me that this is a necessary condition to derive formulas ...
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Conservative Force and $1/r^2$

Does the inverse square law have anything to do with conservative behavior of the central forces?
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228 views

Another question about energy(Improved)

I read this thread about energy What Is Energy? Where did it come from? EDIT: after some sleep I tried to read the answers again and found better questions to ask. so here you go As most guys have ...
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4answers
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Relationship between mass, energy, and a force?

I've never truly understood the relationship between mass, energy, and force. I know what each of the three are, I just don't fully understand how they interact with each other. For example, How ...
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Was the 2013 meteor over Russia stronger than an atomic bomb?

Reports of the Russian meteor event (2013) say that it released more energy than 20 atomic bombs of the size dropped on Hiroshima, Japan: Scientists estimated the meteor unleashed a force 20 times ...
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Can energy be defined as the most fundamental particle which exists in different forms as protons, electrons etc

What we see all the different forms of matter around is just a form of energy. Why can't this energy be the most fundamental particle. Given dust can turn into a star and then emit all sorts of ...
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Would a laser with four possible energy levels be better than three?

I'm wondering about achieving population inversion for a laser. I learned that without an active medium, it's not possible to create a laser with only two energy levels, but it would be possible with ...
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1answer
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Negative energy and large-scale spacetime structure

I was reading an essay from Stephen Hawking's on the Space and Time warps and I was trying to make sense on some statements referring to the Casimir effect such as: The energy density of empty ...
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Impulse from absorbing a photon? Is there an increase in rest mass?

I'm going through A P French's special relativity. In one chapter (6) the following is set up: Suppose that a stationary particle of mass $M_0$ is struck by a photon of energy $Q$, which is ...
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Beta particle energy

what does it mean that a beta particle has a 1.6 MeV of energy , does it mean that it can ionize 120000 hydrogen particle with ionization energy of 13.6 MeV ?
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Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor?

Suppose I look at a parallel plate capacitor in its rest frame and calculate the electrostatic energy, $E$. Next, I look at the same capacitor in a primed frame boosted in the direction perpendicular ...
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How can you calculate (or convert) the Wh of a capacitor whose energy is given in Farads

When trying to compare the energy in a battery to the energy in a capacitor, the units don't match up. How can one compare a battery whose Ah are 10 and Voltage is 3 (for a total of 30 Wh) to a ...
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What's the difference between Capacitors, Ultra-Capacitors and Batteries

Capacitors are known to hold and release energy very quickly, unlike the slower release that batteries exhibit. If one were to bunch many (1000's of) capacitors together could they function as a ...
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Specific electron energy gap values $E_{i+1}-E_i$ vs. photons with arbitrary energy $\hbar \omega$

The energy levels of electrons in an atom are quantized $E_i$. A photon of a specific momentum $\vec p$ and energy $$\omega=(E_{i+1}-E_i)/\hbar$$ hits an atom and gets absorbed. Okay now say the ...
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How is energy transferred between atoms in a collision?

Consider two bare protons. One (A) is stationary (relative to some arbitrary massless observer); the other (B) is approaching A at 1 m/s. When they collide, I assume that they bounce. What is the ...
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1answer
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How to guarantee that a kilogram of antimatter will quickly annihilate another kilogram of matter?

What I mean is, suppose we could somehow get a kilogram of matter and contain it safely. Now lets say we want to make a bomb using this kilogram, now, we have two ways, either store another kilogram ...
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Dynamics of a Vertical Mass-Spring Simple Harmonic Oscillator with Gravity

I am having some trouble obtaining the elastic potential energy and gravitational potential energy of a simple mass spring system. In this experiment, masses attached to a spring were dropped from a ...
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1answer
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If human energy use were to increase by 2.3% per year, would we use all solar energy by 1400 years?

Assuming 2.3% per year exponential growth of human energy consumption (so, roughly speaking, that corresponds to multiplying consumption tenfold every century), it's argued that human annual energy ...
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Potential energy of a spring

I have a little problem with the potential energy of a spring... I hope you can help me! I have two coupled pendula, given by two masses $m$ fixed to two rigid bars (that haven't any mass) and with ...
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Kinetic energy with respect to different reference frames

I'm having problems understanding the following situation. Suppose two 1-tonne cars are going with the same orientations but opposite senses, each 50 km/h with respect to the road. Then the total ...
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Explanation of energy levels in molecules, atoms, nuclei and their relationship

Why are the energy levels of molecules, the atoms that form them and the nuclei inside the atoms considered separately? Or phrased in a different way- what is it that makes their energy levels so ...
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Is the normal force a conservative force?

Most of the time the normal force doesn't do any work because it's perpendicular to the direction of motion but if it does do work, would it be conservative or non-conservative? For example, consider ...
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Why does a capacitor discharge a percentage of the original energy in the same time?

If I charge a capacitor ($220\mu{F}$) using a 6V battery, and then measure the time it takes to discharge 90% of the initial energy over a resistor (${100k}\Omega$), and then charge the same capacitor ...