Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Simple harmonic oscillator system and changes in its total energy

Suppose I have a body of mass $M$ connected to a spring (which is connected to a vertical wall) with a stiffness coefficient of $k$ on some frictionless surface. The body oscillates from point $C$ to ...
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4answers
159 views

Is it possible to “add cold” or to “add heat” to systems?

Amanda just poured herself a cup of hot coffee to get her day started. She took her first sip and nearly burned her tongue. Since she didn't have much time to sit and wait for it to cool down, ...
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181 views

Liquid oxygen how do they use it as fuel?

Rockets are said to be using liquid oxygen as fuel. How do they use liquid oxygen since it's just oxygen, it only helps in the combustion process. How can it be a fuel on its own?
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392 views

Energy of particle in electric field

I'm taking a physics class and the professor teaches us really basic things in lecture and then gives homework way beyond what he taught in lecture. Obviously I need to find some resource other than ...
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1answer
362 views

Mass-energy equivalence and Newton's Second Law of motion

According to Einstein's Mass-energy equivalence, $ E = mc^2$ OR $ m = \frac E{c^2}$..... (1) and According to Newton's Second Law of motion, $ F = ma$ OR $m = \frac Fa$ ..... (2) If we compare eq. ...
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Time reversed laser

Recently, I read an article on time reversed laser. I don't know why they call it a time reversed. I have a doubt that why they use two laser in the device. And what is an anti-laser? The device ...
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3answers
147 views

Universe to energy

Would it violate any known laws of physics to construct a universe containing no mass, only energy?
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2answers
545 views

Calculate/estimate power of a fission bomb

I have some questions about the released energy and power of a nuclear fission bomb. What are the key dependencies of the power of a fission bomb? Is it true that the power of a fission bomb depends ...
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2answers
953 views

What particles carry various forms of energy?

If I didn't get this wrong, light or heat energy consists of photons and they in turn effect electrons' behavior and thus responsible for chemical and electrical energy. What kind of similar particle ...
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1answer
316 views

calculating work done by friction

I want to calculate the work done by friction if the length $L$ of uniform rope on the table slides off. There is friction between the cord and the table with coefficient of kinetic friction $\mu_k$. ...
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1answer
691 views

Is lattice enthalpy positive or negative?

I've learnt that the lattice enthalpy (defined as the energy change from a solid ionic lattice to separate gaseous ions) is always positive, obviously. However, I've seen it explained as the opposite ...
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6answers
767 views

Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
2
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1answer
285 views

Work done by gravity on Water

Now according to me we would see change in potential energy of system and equate it to the work done by gravity. But when we see this the first column lowers by $H/2$ and right one rises by $H/2$ ...
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Elastic collision and spring

Bodies $A$ and $B$ are moving in the same direction in a straight line with a constant velocities on a frictionless surface. The mass and the velocity of $A$ are $2 \text{kg}$ and $10 \text{m/s}$. ...
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2answers
3k views

Increase thermal efficiency of combustion engine by using heat of coolant/exhaust?

I can't be the only one who's ever thought of this, but obviously it hasn't caught on: In terms of energy density, fossil fuels are the best thing around short of enriched uranium (and, flammability ...
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1answer
89 views

White Dwarf radius

So I've been reading this about white dwarves, and various other sites about white dwarves. In all of them, they say that we can find the radius of a white dwarf by minimizing its total energy. I know ...
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1answer
204 views

(Re-)use of a space elevator (basic mechanics and potential energy source)

It's said that if a space elevator were made then it would be much more efficient to put objects in orbit. I've always wondered about the durability of a space elevator though. I don't mean the ...
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2answers
70 views

Changing Direction in a Vaccum [closed]

If a mass of one kilogram is traveling at one meter per second at 90 degrees, how much energy is required to get it to travel going 180 Degrees?
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4answers
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What's the real fundamental definition of energy?

Some physical quantities like position, velocity, momentum and force, have precise definition even on basic textbooks, however energy is a little confusing for me. My point here is: using our ...
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2answers
94 views

Hurdles in creating (close to) infinite images [duplicate]

Let's put an object (hypothetical superman) inside a "well sealed" box containing only mirrors. Is it possible to create number of images that will be close to infinity, assuming that resolution of ...
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1answer
95 views

Gravitational potential energy

Consider two places next to each other: Place 1, where there is a gravitational field whereas Place 2 - there's no field. Now if we lifted a box in place 1, it gains potential energy. Then, we move ...
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1answer
243 views

Definition of energy

What is the definition of energy $E$ given a dispersion relation $\omega=\omega(k)$ where $k=|\vec k|$ and $\omega$ is not necessarily linearly proportional to $k$? What about momentum $\vec p$? This ...
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1answer
4k views

How to understand the work-energy theorem?

How to understand the work-energy theorem? I took a short lecture on physics for engineering last week. The lecturer emphasized that the work done on an object will cause the kinetic energy change as ...
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1answer
302 views

Why work to change velocity from 0 to 20 km/h is less then from 20 to 40? [duplicate]

Imagine spaceship in vacuum with mass = 1. At beginning, it has velocity 0, and kinetic energy 0. $$W_1 = 0$$ Then, it turns on its engine, and changes velocity from 0 to 20 (delta v = 20). It's ...
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2answers
312 views

Kinetic energy with no velocity

When a body is displaced against the gravitational field of force it gains potential energy. When we drop the body it begins to move downward with a certain amount of acceleration, and the potential ...
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1answer
437 views

The relation between Hamiltonian and Energy

I know Hamiltonian can be energy and be a constant of motion if and only if: Lagrangian be time-independent, potential be independent of velocity, coordinate be time independent. Otherwise ...
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6answers
11k views

Why does higher acceleration minimize a car's fuel consumption?

I generally try to optimize my car's fuel consumption when driving, using my car's real-time MPG gauge and average-trip MPG indicator. Until recently, I believed the slower the acceleration, the ...
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5answers
1k views

Why isn't perpetual motion possible, even though we are so technologically advanced?

Why perpetual motion wouldn't be possible if we are so technological advanced? It is just a thing that I was wondering for too long. I mean, we are able to create so powerful permanent magnets, like ...
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3answers
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Calculating engine starter’s energy use

During a discussion on start-and-stop vehicle technology some bloke began pushing the point that re-starting the car uses stored energy from the battery, which needs to be replenished by increased ...
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1answer
89 views

kinetic energy of the stone

Suppose we have a man traveling in an open car (roof open) with speed $v$ towards right (man faces right). He throws a stone (mass $m$) towards right, in his frame-forward with speed $V$. In the ...
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2answers
212 views

Sound as a conserved quantity

From the first man to the present day men, all of them have made some sound. Sound is an energy, it can neither be created nor can it be destroyed. Therefore, every word spoken by each human that came ...
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3answers
153 views

What limits the velocity of ships such as voyager 1?

Voyager 1 travels at a small fraction of light speed. I've read it's fueled by hydrazine, which is a cheap combustive. Questions: What factors limit the speed of voyager 1 and similar rockets? Are ...
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1answer
83 views

What happens to this energy of the capacitor?

Let's say you have a charged, isolated parallel plate capacitor with a certain voltage. My book says that if you insert a dielectric, the voltage drops. However, that would require the energy between ...
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3answers
1k views

Integration by parts to derive relativistic kinetic energy

I have come across a weird integration during derivation of relativistic kinetic energy. Our professor states that i can get RHS out of LHS using integration by parts: $$ \int\limits_0^x \! ...
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4answers
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Can you create mass with $E=mc^2$?

If you use the equation $E=mc^2$ could you make matter by dividing the $c^2$? I'm sorry if this is a really stupid sounding question or if it shouldn't be asked here.
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2answers
651 views

A partial differential equation for kinetic energy

The kinetic energy of a point particle of mass $m$ and speed $v$ is $K = \frac{1}{2}mv^2$. An elementary mathematics textbook I saw asked one to show that $$ \frac{\partial K}{\partial ...
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4answers
929 views

Magnetostatic energy density — derivation without introducing inductance?

I was looking for a derivation of the expression for the energy density at any point in a static magnetic field. I do know that it is $$u_B=\dfrac {1}{2 \mu_0}\left|\mathbf{B}\right|^2,$$ I was just ...
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1answer
532 views

Can negative energy explain black holes?

I think black holes are peculiar and I want to know if there is a relation to negative energy. Does negative energy have positive mass and therefore can explain the nature of black holes? IS there any ...
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4answers
413 views

Can there be energy with no force or energy with no power?

I think that both force (number of newtons) and power (p=ui(?)) implies that there is energy so we can't have force without energy and we can't have power without energy(?) But can there be energy ...
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427 views

Nuclear reaction: creation of deuterium

A proton p collides with a neutron(at rest) n at relatively low-energies and creates a 'deuterium-core' d: $$p+n->d+\gamma$$ Find the wavelength for the photon as a function of the proton's ...
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2answers
2k views

Where does the energy of a lightning strike go?

Lightning contains a lot of energy, so where does this energy go after lightning has hit the ground? Does it travel all the way to the core? What happens after that?
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How much energy would it take to blow up the earth?

There is a common statement running around that we as a species has enough nuclear weapons to blow up the earth several times over. What I want to know is: by how many orders of magnitude is that a ...
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1answer
918 views

Experiment to measure initial speed of high speed tennis ball?

I want to devise a way to measure the initial speed of a tennis ball fired from a tennis ball cannon, but without using any speed-measuring devices. Just plan distance-measuring and physics formulas. ...
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3answers
1k views

Where do planets get energy to revolve around sun? [duplicate]

We know that every planet in our solar system revolve's around the sun in a particular orbit. But were to they get the energy to revolve around the sun. And why do they not drop into the sun there is ...
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5answers
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Why is electrical energy so difficult to store?

Does anyone know a general answer to these questions? (I've asked them together because they're all pretty related, it seems.) Why is it that we find electrical energy so difficult to store? Do we ...
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1answer
61 views

How hot would a disc have to be to create strong drafts that lift it upward?

I read this article on xkcd.xom, from its spin-off blog "What If?" and that answer made me wonder. It was mentioned in that article that a very hot but indestructible box would eventually be able to ...
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1answer
461 views

Is energy always proportional to frequency?

Google has no results found for "energy not proportional to frequency" and many results for E=hf. Is there an example of an energy that is not proportional to frequency?
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1answer
69 views

calories in ice

Food contains calories, which is nothing but a measure for energy. 1 calorie = 4.18400 joules if I am not mistaken. Does this mean that food contains less calories when it is colder? Obviously I'm ...
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1answer
96 views

Static Friction work and Energy [closed]

I have this problem: A 4.0 kg block is given an initial speed of 8.0 m/s at the bottom of a 20° incline. The frictional force that retards its motion is 15.0 N. (a) If the block is ...
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Why can't we store light in the form of light?

We can store cold (ice), heat (i.e. hot water bag) and electrical charge (batteries). We can even "store" a magnetic field in a magnet. We can convert light into energy and then, if we want, back to ...