Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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What really happen with resonance inductive coupling

I can't figure out the picture of resonance inductive coupling I can image how magnetic inductive coupling works, It scatter magnetic around one coil and if second coil being near it then induce ...
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Energy density question

I have looked for these formulas everywhere but cant seem to find them... What is the formula for the energy density of the electric current ,and the energy density of the mechanical wave?
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1answer
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Deriving pressure from a given partition function

If the partition function for some system is given as $e^{\text{$\alpha $T}^3V}$; please note note that $\alpha$ is a constant. I have computed $$\left[\frac{\text{$\delta $Z}}{\text{$\delta $T}}\...
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206 views

What triggers a nuclear chain reaction?

A nuclear fission works by spliting atom's neutrons by neutrons which release energy but how is the chain reaction triggered because at first the nucleus is bond by a strong nuclear force so what ...
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36 views

Creation of energy [duplicate]

When I'm learning about energy. There is a sentence leave me hang. Energy cannot be created nor be destroyed So, if energy cannot be created, so how can we have energy in this world in the first ...
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1answer
108 views

2nd law of thermodynamics - thought experiment

I have designed this simple thought experiment that seems to contradict 2nd law of thermodynamics. Could you please find a mistake in my reasoning? ...
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Vertical wall at 3 different temperatures - do the same natural convection coefficient correlations apply?

I have an vertical enclosure that consists of 3 shelves, each with its own temperature and are thermally isolated from each other. We will call the shelves A, B, and C with A being the base shelf. The ...
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3answers
2k views

Kinetic energy and Potential of a photon

How does the potential and kinetic energy of a photon relate? Do they mean the same thing? Also how does De broglie wavelength and Potential relate?
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1answer
659 views

How can I set up an equation for distance traveled for a rubber band powered car?

I am to make a rubber band powered car, and I have to maximize it's distance traveled. The time taken to reach said distance, top speed of the car, acceleration of the car, is not relevant. I just ...
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1answer
185 views

Graph of energy stored in capacitor?

Question: In an experiment a capacitor is discharged through a constant current. Draw a graph of how the energy stored in the capacitor varies with time. The answer given is: But I seemed to get a ...
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2answers
124 views

What observations would be needed to falsify the law of conservation of energy? [duplicate]

I've been doing some thinking, and began to wonder: What observations have led us to the conclusion that ‘energy can neither be created nor destroyed’? Essentially, this means that the big bang ...
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1answer
344 views

If an electron tunnels and loses amplitude, but maintains energy; where does the rest of the amplitude go?

I'm assuming the 'amplitude' is kind of like the MeV it has on it, so could be seen as a product of the voltage applied to that electron in a field. But how can it 'lose' volts when passing the ...
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1answer
311 views

Evaporate water using compressed air [closed]

I want to evaporate water by forming air bubbles which are formed by flow of compresses air through perforations. What is the energy (in KWh) input to compress 1 cubic meter volume of atmospheric ...
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4answers
337 views

If a bell is rung in a perfect vacuum and is suspended by opposing magnets will it ever stop ringing?

As far as I am aware a bell rung in a perfect vacuum would only lose energy and stop ringing due to friction between the bell and the hanging mechanism (due to the lack of air resistance). Therefore ...
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2answers
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A different interpretation of $E=mc^2$ but no idea what it might mean [closed]

I wanted $E=mc^2$ to look like an 'inverse square' sort of a formula. So this is what I derived: $E=mc^2$, so; $m=E/c^2$, assuming $E=E_1E_2$ (I am aware that when you decompose energy into two ...
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1answer
260 views

Does a closed system with fixed entropy imply an isolated system?

Just first to clarify, my university notation is $$\text{change in entropy} = \text{entropy flow} + \text{internal production of entropy}$$ I am confused with the term fixed entropy. Does that mean ...
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2answers
295 views

can kinetic energy be independent of mass.?

Why is it said that the kinetic energy acquired by a body of after traveling a fixed distance from rest under the action of constant force is independent of mass? Nd yeah the mass of the body is ...
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1answer
86 views

How to determine if a potential admits bound states?

According to Griffith's Quantum Mechanics, "$E$ must exceed the minimum value of $V(x)$, for every normalizable solution to the time independent Schroedinger equation" As an example, there is no ...
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What is precisely the energy scale of a process?

Coupling constants run with the energy scale $\mu$. But what is exactly this energy scale. My question is, if I have a physical process, how do I compute $\mu$?
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How to relate internal energy to atomic motion?

I am trying to conceptualize how atomic motion leads to the thermodynamically-defined internal energy (denoted as $U$ below) through some broad mathematical relationships. I get that the internal ...
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47 views

How complex is an energy balance for this problem?

Let's say I have an enclosed room in the shape of a box with forced airflow on the outer walls at an ambient temperature. Each end of the room (forward and rear) has a vent that ducts in warm air to ...
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1answer
69 views

Where should five charges be placed inside a hollow sphere so as the system has the lowest potential energy? [duplicate]

I want to know the configuration where the system would be most stable.I only know basic Physics & Maths and cannot start solving the problem.I can understand it for 4 charges and 6 charges as a ...
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1answer
71 views

Is it possible to make use of the gluon field's energy to use is applications?

As we know most of the mass of the proton comes from the energy caused due to the interactions of the quarks with the gluon fields (reference link of this statement https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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Finding maximum speed in a work-energy problem [closed]

I have the following problem: The Royal Gorge bridge over the Arkansas River is $310\text{ m}$ above the river. A $57\text{ kg}$ bungee jumper has an elastic cord with an unstressed length of $...
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1answer
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Do Waves have mass? [duplicate]

Do any form of electromagnetic waves like visible light have mass? It is known that all electromagnetic waves have energy. According to Einstein's $$ E^2=p^2c^2 + m^2c^4 $$ formula, the energy of a ...
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4answers
780 views

Is it possible to generate energy by the moon orbit?

My question could be a little bit surreal, but I was thinking about this: A hydroeletric plant transform the energy from the water passing through the turbines into electricity. Correct? If the ...
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1answer
141 views

Massless particle that have momentum not equal to 0

I saw some problems in special relativity that use conservation of total energy and momentum and the conclusions are spectacular. My problem is the following: how can a massless particle like neutrino ...
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How do you determine the heat transfer from a P-V diagram?

I doubt this question has been addressed properly before, but if there are similar answers, do direct them to me. I am currently studying the First Law of Thermodynamics, which includes the p-V ...
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245 views

Work-Energy conservation with friction

I didn't go to the lesson of work-energy theorem, so I miss something about this subject. I know the formulas, but I can't figure it out. This question has many quantities. Here is the problem, ...
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2answers
575 views

$E=kT$ or $\frac32kT$?

Basically, which is the correct formula for thermal energy, and is this the same as kinetic energy? My notes are pretty conflicting on this topic, and I'm getting pretty confused.
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1answer
65 views

How do you define the total rotational energy of an object?

This problem arose when I was applying a conservation of energy argument to a mechanics problem, (a spinning coin on a table) and wasn't sure how to define the total rotational energy of the coin. At ...
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2answers
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What would happen to a star if a Dyson sphere lined with mirrors reflected a significant portion of the stars light back to the star

I have looked for similar questions here on stack exchange. The closest example to this that I found is Could a Dyson sphere destroy a star. That question assumed less than perfect absorption of ...
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0answers
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Particle moving under force $F=-cx^3$ [closed]

A particle with mass $m$ moves under influence of a force $F=-cx^3$, with $c$ a constant. What is the potential energy function $V(x)$? And if it starts to move from rest from position $x=-a$, what ...
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Car motor heat to drive a steam engine

Why wouldn't be able to place a car motor inside a water tank or another liquid to be heated by the motor, instead of wasting the heat and then use the steam generated, to drive a steam engine, which ...
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1answer
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Does gravity (and all other fundamental forces, for that matter) have infinite energy as they seemingly last forever? [duplicate]

If I put a brick onto an steel platform, that platform can hold the brick A LONG TIME, if not FOREVER. Does the platform exert force? If so, then shouldn't it have infinite energy to resist the pull ...
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Different kinds of energies in the form of $\frac{a_1a_2^2}{2}$

It seems to me that the energy of some kind frequently takes the form $$\frac{a_1a_2^2}{2}$$ Where $a_1$ and $a_2$ are some variables. So, for example, kinetic energy has $m$ and $v$; rotational ...
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Why does moving through time not require energy?

Moving through the other three dimensions necessitates energy. But why doesn't moving through time necessitate energy?
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Polarized Filtering Frequency Shift?

A polarized filter is exposed to a unpolarized light source. The output of the filter should be of lower intensity, hence lower energy. Should not the filtered light be of a lower frequency to ...
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2answers
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How does matter get the energy to repel the gravitational effects of itself to to other matter

This has always puzzled me. As i stand on the earth i require energy to exert a force over gravity to enable me to keep standing. The net force between me and the the earth is zero and thus i remain ...
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4answers
321 views

Why aren't we affected by radium?

1)We have radium clocks, watches, wrist bands and many things which glow because of radium but we know that radium is radioactive so why isn't it harmfull for us when in bands, watches etc. 2)Does it ...
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When moving from one position to another at a constant velocity, how does the conservation of energy hold?

I know that this might be a duplicate question, but I have not found any satisfactory answers that clear up my lack of understanding. Here is my question. Say a sloth hangs on a tree in the middle of ...
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1answer
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Can the Cosmic Neutrino Background be detected from a lab moving near the speed of light?

If I've understood it correctly, the energy of an object depends on the reference frame, so when you accelerate, the CMB and CNB appear to gain energy (relative to your rest frame). So if you are ...
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1answer
65 views

Can a solar panel work with heat?

As we know that a solar panels due to the energy of light, but can we run a solar panel with the same amount of energy provided as heat?
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51 views

What theories or formulas are involved with velocity

What theories or formulas are involved or can be added as background information in an experiment that sees a small toy car roll freely down an incline where the surface area is altered to cause more ...
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Closed-system power-generation using waterwheels

I'm not a physicist, and this question is bugging me .. :) Is it possible to create a closed power-generation system, using upper and lower water-reservoirs where a continuous flow from the upper to ...
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2answers
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Lack of rigour in usual derivation of Work-Energy Theorem

The derivation of the Work-Energy theorem usually goes as follows: You define the work done on a particle under net force $\vec{F}$ as $$W=\int\limits_C \vec{F}\cdot\mathrm{d}\vec{r}$$ And then you ...
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Work and energy

when a ball of mass m is brought with uniform velocity from infinity into the g field of the earth at a distance r from it, the potential energy of the ball earth system decreases from 0 to -GMm/r. ...
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Why is potential energy negative when orbiting in a gravitational field?

I had to do a problem, and part of it was to find the mechanical energy of satellite orbiting around mars, and I had all of the information I needed. I thought the total mechanical energy would be the ...
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Total Energy of Inverted Pendulum

I have to find the total energy $V$ of an inverted pendulum (rod). The following parameters and their values are given: Mass $m$ and length $l$ of the pendulum $\theta$ as the angle of the ...
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“Definition” of internal energy

Conversation of energy implies that if we have a thermally insulated system which goes from state 1 to state 2: $$\Delta E_{12}=E(2)-E(1)=\Delta W_{12}$$ and the 1st law of thermodynamics requires ...