Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Is turquoise closer to blue or green?

I am having a discussion with my coworkers. Does anyone know what is the wavelength of turquoise color and whether it is closer to green or blue when comparing their wavelengths ?
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253 views

what property of steam makes it the preferable motive fluid in jet ejectors? why not air or nitrogen?

I want to know what properties of steam make it the fluid of choice in steam turbines jet ejectors. I want to understand the mechanism of energy conversion in these equipment and hence understand ...
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2answers
410 views

Human Muscle Energy - Increases or Decreases by doing work?

When Human does some work, he gets tired. I will think he looses some energy. If he really loses energy by doing work how does he gain more strength to do more work later. His muscles become strong ...
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4answers
417 views

Why doesn't fire flow back INTO the cylinder?

Let us take into a consideration a (pressurized) kerosene stove. The pressure drives fuel out of the nozzle, like or in a much simpler arrangement as in Question- Why doesn't fire flow back ...
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4answers
185 views

Is it possible to “add cold” or to “add heat” to systems?

Amanda just poured herself a cup of hot coffee to get her day started. She took her first sip and nearly burned her tongue. Since she didn't have much time to sit and wait for it to cool down, ...
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0answers
24 views

Klein-Gordon quantum relativistic equation negative energy [duplicate]

Interpretation of solutions with negative energies was such that charge, rather then probability, density was assumed. When inserting charge of a particle negative sign is then obviously due to ...
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2answers
58 views

X-ray radiation - What does h * fmax = e * U mean?

I'm trying to figure out this formula for X-ray radiation $$h \times f_{max} = e \times U$$ $h$ = Planck's constant $f_{max}$ = maximum frequency, in hertz (?), that the photons can have because ...
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0answers
42 views

Total Mass in Universe [duplicate]

Currently (2015), what is the total mass of the universe? How can we say with mathematical certainty that 69% is dark energy; 25% is dark matter; 5% is atomic matter; and 1% is neutrino, photon, and ...
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4answers
295 views

QFT and violation of Heisenberg uncertainty principle

In some QFT books is said that a free electron can emit a virtual photon as long as it reabsorbs the photon and returns to its original state within a time: $$\Delta t<\dfrac{\hbar}{2\Delta E}$$ ...
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0answers
20 views

Is energy discrete [duplicate]

It is often stated that because the energy in an em wave is $E=hf$, the energy comes only as multiples of $h$, ie quantized. But we know that $f$ is a real number, and you could have fractions of one ...
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1answer
98 views

Transfer between translative KE and rotational KE in a rigid body

I have been inspired by some sci-fi cannons that seem to operate by initially spinning up a projectile inside the cannon, and then suddenly firing the projectile out at high speed. Now, I am wondering ...
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3answers
381 views

Is there a prediction of quantum mechanics that could be construed as representing an “energy-time uncertainty relation?” [duplicate]

As the title suggests. Is there a prediction of quantum mechanics that could be construed as representing an "energy-time uncertainty relation?" Does there exist any reference to such a prediction, or ...
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2answers
44 views

Hydro-electric gravity problem - Is there a air-resistance-like force affecting water flow down a mountain making placing hydro-electric ?

Say I have a theoretical mountain with a river starting exactly at the peak. Gravity would act on the water, accelerating it down the mountain. There would also be a force limiting the water's ...
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1answer
92 views

Particle with 1 GeV mass?

I know a proton as a mass of 0.938 GeV also neutron at 0.939. But I was wondering if there is anything with a measured mass of 1 GeV? Or, whether a proton can have a mass of 1 GeV within a system (as ...
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1answer
89 views

Does ambient day/night temperature change have significant energy generation potential

Is there significant energy to capture in daily day/night temperature change? For instance, I see from posts such as the following that there are materials with varying coefficients of linear thermal ...
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2answers
630 views

Validity of work-energy theorem in presence of non-conservative forces?

How can the work-energy theorem be valid in presence of non-conservative forces since conservation of energy is not there?
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2answers
56 views

Free Neutron Decay as an Energy source

I suspect there would be enormous engineering and practical difficulties using free neutron decays as a energy source (more as a battery than a net energy supplier) but assuming those could be ...
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5answers
5k views

Why is energy not an SI base unit?

According to a textbook I have begun to read, there are seven base SI units: Length Mass Time Temperature Amount of a substance Electric current Luminous intensity What I do not understand is, why ...
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1answer
119 views

Is energy affected by forces?

Curious, is any certain form of energy, such as heat, affected by a force? Can you push energy from one place to another?
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0answers
213 views

Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, velocity, question? [closed]

A man standing a certain height above the ground throws a rock straight up with an initial velocity of $10 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. A few moments later, the rock hits the ground with a kinetic energy of ...
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3answers
28k views

Why is Energy = Voltage x Charge, and how to prove that?

As you know the equation $\mathbf{E=V\times Q}$. Where: $\mathbf E$ is the energy measured in joules, $\mathbf V$ is potential difference (Voltage), $\mathbf Q$ is the charge. So my qustion is: ...
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1answer
131 views

Why does negative energy imply that a system is bounded? [duplicate]

I wanted to know why "negative energy" of a two particle system implies that it is bounded. That is what happens in the case of a hydrogen atom; my textbooks say so, but they do not give any reason ...
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0answers
58 views

What is the smallest engine theoretically possible?

Is there some law of physic forbiding small engines that use say petrol? I would like to know of some analogy between electric motors and heat engines. In the latter we can make a motor so small that ...
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1answer
443 views

Total Energy Stored in Seven Capacitors [closed]

The capacitive network shown in the figure is assembled with initially uncharged capacitors. A potential difference, Vab = +100V, is applied across the network. The switch S in the network is kept ...
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4answers
242 views

Is nature quantized?

I was reading Planck's postulate the other day on Wikipedia and couldn't help but noticing the sentence: "...is the postulate that the energy of oscillators in a black body is quantized..." ...
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1answer
237 views

Will the upcoming solar eclipse stress the European electrical grid?

From an article in the Financial Times today, about a solar eclipse on March 20th, 2015: An eclipse of the sun next month could disrupt Europe’s power supplies because so many countries now use ...
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2answers
305 views

Negative energy of universe

According to a little I have understood whatever we see in the universe is its postive energy and there is so an equal negative energy. Is this Negative energy the Dark energy? which is responsible ...
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2answers
71 views

What is the purpose of knowing the value of ground state energy of a potential well?

Using the formula $$E ~=~ \frac{\pi^2\hbar^2}{2 m a^2}$$ where $a$ is the length of an infinite potential well. It is apparent that as $a$ get smaller i.e. from a metal to the size of an atom, the ...
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1answer
596 views

why activation energy of semiconductor changes as temperature changes

why activation energy of semiconductor thin films changes as temperature changes. I know that this is due to different conduction mechanisms. Intrinsic conduction mechanism which occurs at high ...
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0answers
35 views

Non-linearity of energy conversion efficiency

I have a very general question to all of you. I am wondering if there is any basic physics principle that would state that energy conversion efficiency will be always non-linear (for the practical ...
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2answers
3k views

Fuel usage at the same constant rpm at different gears

I've had a discussion with my father today, about the fuel usage of a vehicle at the same rpm, but a different gear. He claims that the following situations have the same fuel usage: ...
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2answers
384 views

Why is “space-time” not fully explained as the observational effect of the casimir effect seen from a human perspective?

Simply stated the casimir effect can be observed bringing two plates together microscopically and in vaccum Is this analogous to the observation of gravity? Question: What is casimir effect? ...
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1answer
26 views

Is Energy said to do work on the body it is stored in?

Assume a boy on top of the hill, his $potential$ $energy=mgh$. He mostarts to move without pedalling the cycle so is that work being done on it due to the conversion of Potential into Kinetic Energy ...
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2answers
50 views

Do transferring energy and applying force to a body imply same?

Do transferring energy and applying force to a body imply same meaning? When we say, "I throw a ball using my pushing force so on the other hand, can I say that I transferred my kinetic energy to the ...
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3answers
321 views

If a body is at rest at Earth's surface, can we say that its kinetic and potential energy are $0$ simultaneously?

If a body is at rest at Earth's surface, can we say that its kinetic energy $E_{\textrm{kin}}=0$, and its potential energy $E_{\textrm{pot}}=0$ also? Because its velocity $v$ and height above ground ...
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2answers
189 views

Kinetic energy of a variable mass particle

If a particle's mass is a continuous differentiable function of time, $m(t)$, and its position is also a continuous differentiable function of time, $x(t)$, what is the expression of its kinetic ...
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1answer
280 views

Energy stored in fields

How to intuitively think of energy stored in a magnetic/electric field? Kindly answer in a bit simple terms without referring to mathematics.
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0answers
164 views

How efficient is the Crookes radiometer?

I remember many years ago, I think at 8th grade, seeing the teacher show us a Crookes radiometer. I remember it being very fascinating. Today I read the wiki article on it, after looking up what it ...
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1answer
456 views

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match? What is the science behind it? Is it because of friction?
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1answer
800 views

Relation between number of photons and energy?

Please can anyone explain it. If number of photons are increased will it increase the providing energy. Suppose, we are sending a limited number of photons each carrying energy. We have a energy ...
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1answer
71 views

Dielectric heating - does EM field transfer energy to polar molecules?

In AC field, polar molecule are trying to align with external field. At high freguencies, changes of field are so quict, that molecules cannot align with it. This leads to increasing kinetic energy of ...
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2answers
78 views

How fast does an object have to be going to turn into energy [closed]

Albert Einstein's equation, $E=mc^2$, says that an object has to be going at the speed of light squared to turn into energy. How fast would this be in miles per hour?
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2answers
49 views

Kinetic energy on macro and micro situation

I just have this random question in my mind. If you drop something in deep space, and it falls due to a gravitational pull. As it's falling, its kinetic energy increases. I just wonder, is the average ...
4
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1answer
5k views

What is an energy eigenstate exactly?

Say you have energy eigenstates \begin{align} \begin{split} |+\rangle= \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|1{\rangle}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|2 \rangle \end{split} \end{align} \begin{align} \begin{split} |-\rangle= ...
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1answer
43 views

Angular momentum effect on quantum energy

I'm doing some computational research into quarkonium states and I've written a code that determines energy levels by finding a solution to the Schrodinger equation for a given angular momentum. I.e. ...
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1answer
91 views

Pressure, Momentum and Energy: A 'Peculiar' Relation

Is the following possible? $$ P = \frac{p^2}{3E} $$ where $P$ is pressure, $p$ is momentum and $E$ is energy. In what convention is the above relation acceptable? EDIT: The source paper can be found ...
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6answers
13k views

Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...
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1answer
246 views

How can one calculate the gamma-ray energy spectrum for proton-proton collisions?

How does one calculate the the energy spectrum of gamma-rays produced by a proton-proton collision? I'm at a complete loss.
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2answers
1k views

Why do objects have resonance at natural frequency?

What actually is a natural frequency for an object and what makes it vibrate with increased amplitude when coupled with an external oscillator that matches the natural frequency?
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1answer
55 views

Thermodynamics vs Kinetics

As a chemical reaction approaches equilibrium, one of forward or backward reactions dominate the other. According to thermodynamics, this is because the gibbs free energy change for one is negative. ...