Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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12
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6answers
894 views

Gibbs free energy intuition

What is Gibbs free energy? As my book explains: Gibbs energy is the energy of a system available for work. So, what does it want to tell? Why is it free? Energy means ability to do work. What is ...
21
votes
9answers
7k views

Why do solar panels not have focusing mirrors?

Most of the solar panels that I have seen do not have any mirrors, etc., but usually solar cookers have mirrors. What is the reason for solar panels not having focusing mirrors?
-1
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0answers
24 views

Can the Betz limit be overcome?

The Betz Limit states that the energy extracted from a turbine can be no more than $\frac{16}{27}^{th}$ of the energy present in the wind flowing through it. Extracting more energy would make make the ...
7
votes
3answers
740 views

Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
-2
votes
0answers
44 views

Understanding sine waveform [on hold]

Hey I want to study basics of propagating periodic signal I.e. sine waveform which is a power signal. Let us write expression as $$y=A*sin(2\pi*ft)$$ There are mainly two types of energies ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Is it possible to calculate the energy of a spark?

I am not a physicist, but this question came to me and I need to answer it, and I think that you guys can help me. Actually my question is just like in the title. Is it possible to calculate the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Work done by friction on a body?

I know that when a body slides over a surface, the work done by friction is not stored as potential energy in the body. It is dissipated in the form of heat. But why is it not stored as potential ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Kinetic Energy and reference frame

Two space ships A and B moving through space in the same direction. Space ship A moves 2m/s faster than B, its weight is 1kg and it has a 2 Watt engine. It is accelerating with full power for one ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What fills the space between the galaxies, stars and planets? [duplicate]

What fills the space between the galaxies, stars and planets with the exception of gas clouds, dust, atoms, elementary particles and electromagnetic radiation? What the authoritative opinions exist on ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Will my induction hob be powerful enough? [on hold]

I'm looking to buy an induction hob to heat some water and I would like to know if its going to be powerful enough. If so, can it be done in, say, 1 hour? Additionally, what power rating could I go ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Energy and momentum of a relativistic electron

The question is to find the magnitude, $p$ of the electron's momentum in the unit of MeV/$c$, given that the kinetic energy of the electron is 2.53 MeV. The answer provided by the book says, ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Feynman Lectures: Why a non-reversible weight lifting machine cannot lift higher that a reversible one?

Consider weight-lifting machines—machines which have the property that they lift one weight by lowering another. Let us also make a hypothesis: that there is no such thing as perpetual motion ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Preventing Heat Escape

Is is possible to completely prevent heat from escaping from a closed container? Here is a diagram of vacuum flask, which tries to implement the design - Vacuum Flask prevents heat from escaping ...
0
votes
4answers
99 views

Can a photon have little to no energy and/or speed?

Can a photon move more slowly than the speed of light and behave 'non-relativistically,' so to speak. Perhaps another way to express my thought is: could we stop a photon from moving?
-3
votes
3answers
71 views

Derivative of kinetic energy [on hold]

I read that the derivative of kinetic energy=$F\cdot v$. I tried to differentiate (1/2) mv^2 with respect to time but each time I am getting $m*v$ and not $m*a*v$ which solves to $F*v$. My efforts are ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What time of day to run the air conditioner? [on hold]

I live in the Rocky Mountain West, where the summer temperature fluctuation from low to high is typically 30-40 degree F. We have a seldom used house on the market. We would like the temperature to ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Explanation of force amplification inside a solenoid

For a system being actuated by a motor, the force can be amplified by gearing. The energy is being used for force instead of distance, so it produces more torque but moves slower. For a system being ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is work done $F$ applied over a distance energy? [closed]

Why is $E=(1/2)mv^2$ named energy? It doesn't seem intuitive to me to call it such.
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Relationship between Fermi Energy and Average Energy

Electrons are in a one dimensional box of length 2L. What is the relationship between Ef, the fermi energy and E, the average energy? The answer is Ef/3 I looked up the formula for the relationship: ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Is possible to synthesize diamond at relatively lower pressures (6 to 7 GPa vs 12 GPa)?

Pure binderless nanopolycrystalline diamond can be produced from graphite when the graphite is treated with more than 12 GPa pressure and at least 2100°C temperature . If we treated graphite or ...
16
votes
0answers
490 views

Positivity of Total Gravitational Energy in GR

I read the following statement in the introduction to an article: Over the last 30 years, one of the greatest achievements in classical general relativity has certainly been the proof of the ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Coin rolling, but not sliding. Kinetic energy

A homogeneous coin of mass M rolls, without sliding, along the x-axis with the axis of rotation being parallel to the z-axis. Let $\Theta$ be moment of inertia regarding that axis and $\vec{V}$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Equipartition theorem and virial theorem differences?

The classical virial theorem and the classical equipartition theorem are clearly related. A version of the virial theorem is, \begin{equation} \bigg\langle \sum ^{3N}_{i=1} x_i\frac{\partial ...
0
votes
3answers
76 views

If you double the mass of a moving object - is its kinetic energy quadrupled?

My colleagues and I were having a layman conversation about fuel consumption of boats vs planes etc. I was pointing out that according to the formula $$ E_k = \frac{1}{2}mv^2 $$ if you double the ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Cylinder inside a cylinder - moment of inertia

A homogeneous cylinder with radius a and mass m rolls in a hollow cylinder with radius R. Determine the kinetic energy of the cylinder as function of $\dot{\theta}$. I'm sorry for ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Cylinder rotating inside another cylinder. [duplicate]

A homogeneous cylinder with radius a and mass m rolls in a hollow cylinder with radius R. Determine the kinetic energy of the cylinder as function of $\dot{\theta}$. I'm sorry for ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Isolation of a Physical System and Energy

I'm trying to grasp basic concepts of energy and i have a little doubt regarding conservation of energy. According to Feynman book and Wikipedia, the Law of Conservation of Energy states that ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Cylinderception. Rotation [duplicate]

A homogeneous cylinder with radius a and mass m rolls in a hollow cylinder with radius R. Determine the kinetic energy of the cylinder as function of $\dot{\theta}$. Alright, I found this ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How much energy is contained in a human yell? [closed]

How much energy is contained in the pressure wave caused by a human yell? Assume the yell lasts for one second.
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Relationship between gravitational time dilation and energy?

The rate that a stationary clock slows down near a massive object, relative to one far away, can be read off from the Schwartzschild metric: ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Optimal size of a windmill for a given windspeed

Here is the problem: Assume that you have some constant wind speed. I want to run a windmill but I need to decide how big a windmill I want. The size is characterized by the length of the blades, $r$. ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Perpetual Mobile and Gravitation

I have fundamental question about what is called the “law of conservation of energy”. We all hear about the tidal power stations which using the tidal power. The source of the tidal power came from ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Question about kinetic energy

I have a question about kinetic energy: Imagine two vehicles with velocities $v_1$ going at $30 \frac{\text{m}}{\text{s}}$ and $v_2$ at $50\frac{\text{m}}{\text{s}}$. If they hit each other, will ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Mathematical expression of energy storage

I don't know if anyone can help out there, but I guess it won't hurt to ask!! I'm trying to develop an idea which is as follows. Put simply, imagine a flat sheet of material which, when distorted ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Plot of fusion energy output growth? [closed]

What would a chart of energy output of elements of mass X fused with hydrogen look like? What about X fused with X?
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Interaction Energy vs Force

I'm having a hard time determining the relationship/differences between interaction energy and forces. Say we have a system of two charged particles. Each particle will exert a force on each other ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Reactor for electrical energy design base assumption inefficient?

Im no physicist or engineer but as I observe our methods to obtain electrical energy I noticed a pattern where we cause a exothermic reaction, the resulting energy heats water, that turns into vapor, ...
0
votes
3answers
107 views

Is it possible for man to break Earth into 2 parts? [closed]

Many countries have extreme devastating nuclear weapons. Also they have weapons in very large numbers. I want to ask that Is it possible for man to break earth into 2 parts with the help ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

question regarding work energy theorem [closed]

The question says A smooth track in the for of a quarter circle of radius 6 lies in the vertical plane. A ring of weight 4N moves from $P_1$ to $P_2$ under forces $F_1$,$F_2$ and $F_3$. $F_1$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Why is wave energy zero at maximum deviation?

The equation for the energy density of a longitudinal wave in a thin rod is $$w = \rho\cdot \left(\frac{\partial \xi}{\partial t}\right)^2$$ So the energy density seems to be 0 when the deviation ...
0
votes
1answer
311 views

Integers, energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

I have written a program that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers $p$ and $q$ they desire. The energy $E_{p q}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the equation to calculate the strength and radius of an electromagnetic pulse?

With this interesting answer on the blast force of a uniformly charged electron sphere, came another interesting question. What would be the strength and blast radius of an EMP launched from such a ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

relation between potential energy, kinetic energy and sound energy of water

When water flows its PE gets converted into KE so what causes its KE to get converted into sound energy and what the difference will occur in its sound if it is provided with a parallel surface?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

How much energy is saved when using luggage with wheels? [closed]

How much energy is saved when using luggage with wheels as opposed to carrying the luggage? Thanks.
0
votes
2answers
774 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

When do we see particles to be in a superposition of energy states?

I have two doubts: Exactly when does this happen? and If we are in a superposition of states (lets say E1 and E2) and the particle absorbs a photon, what will happen? If E3-E1 = hf, will it go to E3? ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Definition of internal energy

I have read some thermodynamical and statistical physics books but it feels like they always gloss over the definition of internal energy. In wikipedia they included terms like Kinetic energy. But ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Kinetic energy dissipation in braking a vehicle

Let's say a vehicle that weighs 20t is hauling along at 50m/s and we want to brake it down to a full stop. The kinetic energy we need to dissipate into heating up the brakes is ...