Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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When moving from one position to another at a constant velocity, how does the conservation of energy hold?

I know that this might be a duplicate question, but I have not found any satisfactory answers that clear up my lack of understanding. Here is my question. Say a sloth hangs on a tree in the middle of ...
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3answers
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Why aren't we affected by radium?

1)We have radium clocks, watches, wrist bands and many things which glow because of radium but we know that radium is radioactive so why isn't it harmfull for us when in bands, watches etc. 2)Does it ...
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Can the Cosmic Neutrino Background be detected from a lab moving near the speed of light?

If I've understood it correctly, the energy of an object depends on the reference frame, so when you accelerate, the CMB and CNB appear to gain energy (relative to your rest frame). So if you are ...
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3answers
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What is the relationship between Force and Kinetic Energy?

I am an Middle-School (Grade 8) student, who is self-learning classical mechanics. I saw this equation from Classical Mechanics: $\vec F=m \vec a$, the following equation is pretty straight forward ...
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680 views

Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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1answer
27 views

Can a solar panel work with heat?

As we know that a solar panels due to the energy of light, but can we run a solar panel with the same amount of energy provided as heat?
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1answer
4k views

The relationship between the energy and amplitude of a wave? Derivation?

From multiple online sources I read that $$E \propto A^2$$ but when I mentioned this in class, my teacher told me I was wrong and that it was directly proportional to amplitude instead. As far as I ...
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2answers
29 views

What theories or formulas are involved with velocity

What theories or formulas are involved or can be added as background information in an experiment that sees a small toy car roll freely down an incline where the surface area is altered to cause more ...
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3answers
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Closed-system power-generation using waterwheels

I'm not a physicist, and this question is bugging me .. :) Is it possible to create a closed power-generation system, using upper and lower water-reservoirs where a continuous flow from the upper to ...
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1answer
90 views

Physical interpretation of distances

Suppose we have a universe with only two distinguishable particles, neglecting gravitation. These particles start off next to each-other, ostensibly "touching" each-other and at rest. If it takes ...
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2answers
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Lack of rigour in usual derivation of Work-Energy Theorem

The derivation of the Work-Energy theorem usually goes as follows: You define the work done on a particle under net force $\vec{F}$ as $$W=\int\limits_C \vec{F}\cdot\mathrm{d}\vec{r}$$ And then you ...
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3answers
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Work and energy

when a ball of mass m is brought with uniform velocity from infinity into the g field of the earth at a distance r from it, the potential energy of the ball earth system decreases from 0 to -GMm/r. ...
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Why is potential energy negative when orbiting in a gravitational field?

I had to do a problem, and part of it was to find the mechanical energy of satellite orbiting around mars, and I had all of the information I needed. I thought the total mechanical energy would be the ...
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1answer
33 views

What factors affect the velocity of an object moving down an inclined plane?

If you have a small toy car rolling down an wooden plank, what factors would increase or decrease the velocity of said car. In the experiment my team originally stated that adding mass to the car ...
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8answers
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Does it take more energy to open a door when applying force close to the hinge?

Assuming an ordinary hinged door (without any springs), would it take more energy to open it when applying force in the middle of the door (point b), rather than at the end of the door (point a), ...
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0answers
34 views

Total Energy of Inverted Pendulum

I have to find the total energy $V$ of an inverted pendulum (rod). The following parameters and their values are given: Mass $m$ and length $l$ of the pendulum $\theta$ as the angle of the ...
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1answer
28 views

“Definition” of internal energy

Conversation of energy implies that if we have a thermally insulated system which goes from state 1 to state 2: $$\Delta E_{12}=E(2)-E(1)=\Delta W_{12}$$ and the 1st law of thermodynamics ...
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3answers
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Why does moving through time not require energy?

Moving through the other three dimensions necessitates energy. But why doesn't moving through time necessitate energy?
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0answers
33 views

Entropy: Disorder or energy dispersal?

The first definition of entropy given by Clausius is I believe this $$S=Q/T$$ It is as I understand a common fact to understand entropy and maybe often teach it as a measure of disorder through the ...
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1answer
29 views

How does a photon drive out the electrons in a solar cell?

We know that solar cells work when a photon hits the n-type the photon's energy drives free the electrons in the n-type to generate a current. But we also know that when a photon hits the atoms it ...
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1answer
287 views

Integers, Energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

(This question is not about coding) I have built a little code in Python that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers ...
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1answer
108 views

Kinetic energy (KE) in atomic orbital

Within an atomic orbital, electrons must obviously have relative differences between points in space due to potential gradient. But there is kinetic energy as well. If we choose a particular point as ...
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0answers
28 views

Experiment validating existence of virtual particle

I'm curious about virtual particle whether do they really exists, therefore I dug out an experimental theory called lamb shift by measuring the difference between the two energy levels of a hydrogen ...
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0answers
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Absortion of light by a plasma

Considering a plasma generated in a fixed volume by increasing the temperature of Helium gas from the environment temperature (this temperature is not stated) and an initial presure of 0.001 Torr, to ...
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1answer
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4-momentum of massless photons

The time component of a particle's 4-momentum is $$ E'=\frac{E-up}{\sqrt{1-u^2/c^2}}\tag{1} $$ Now suppose it is photons that you are observing from a system moving at $u$ on a line towards ...
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3answers
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How can there be heat in a vacuum?

I keep reading in the Physics World focus issue on vacuum technology about scientists creating high temperatures in the vacuums etc. If heat is caused by thermal energy being radiated from particles ...
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Why doesn't the evening/morning sun feel much hotter on your face?

I understand that places on the Earth's surface get hotter in summer, and in the middle of the day rather than morning or evening, because the surface of the Earth is presented 'face-on' to the Sun at ...
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2answers
673 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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0answers
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Calculate energy-density of known plasma in microwave?

Let's assume I want to create a plasma in a regular household microwave similar to this home-made experiment. Although I am dealing with a small amount of mass, I assume that the addition of microwave ...
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1answer
54 views

How much energy is required to compress one engine cylinder full of air?

I was recently wondering how much energy would be required to start a car engine by manually cranking it. I was talking to someone who said the largest load you would have to deal with in the ideal ...
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2answers
91 views

Maximum Extension of a Spring [closed]

In the given figure: m= 5kg, F = 30N, K = 700N/m In the figure shown above. the surfaces are friction-less. The blocks are initially at rest and the spring is initially in its natural length. What ...
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1answer
23 views

Series of parallel thermal resistance connection for this enclosure?

Let's say that I have an 2D enclosure in the shape of a pyramid with unequal areas for the faces and I am looking to determine in the inside air temperature. The parameters I know are the outer and ...
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2answers
71 views

Energy conservation $\iff \frac{dE}{dt} = 0\ $?

If I'm asked to prove that a system is/ isn't conservative and compare it to whether or not the Hamiltonian is conserved, does that mean I need to compute the time derivative of energy $(T+U)$? Doing ...
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1answer
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If we hit an electron will it go to an excited state?

For example i have a block of silicon doped with phosphorous and i hit it hard with a hammer will the energy get transfered to the block and make the electrons excited?
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2answers
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How did Planck derive his formula $E=hf$?

Some time ago I asked my quantum physics lecturer the question: How did Planck derive his formula, the Planck–Einstein relation $$E=hf$$ with constant of proportionality $h$, the Planck ...
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3answers
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Why does the human body feel loud music?

I was sitting close to a speaker and I could feel the sound coming from it all over my body, especially in my heart, and it pounded with the loud beats of the music. Was my heart pounding because of ...
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2answers
190 views

Do virtual photons have a frequency?

Real photons do have frequencies, which is directly related to its energy. So, can virtual photons that take part in EM interactions have frequencies too? When my hand is pressed up against a glass ...
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0answers
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Identity operator in terms of the energy eigenstates in case of continuous spectrum

Let us confine ourselves to the 1d case. If we define the momentum eigenvector $|k\rangle $ as $$ \langle x |k\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} e^{i k x} ,$$ we have the identity operator decomposed ...
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2answers
32 views

Potential and kinetic energy

If a ball stays on the ground, it has no height and no velocity. So what energy does it have kinetic or potential?
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Example of law of conservation of energy

Law of conservation of energy states that "Energy of the universe remains constant. Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed, but it can be transformed from one form to another". So I ...
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0answers
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How much energy does a PV cell need to work?

How much energy does a $1m^2$ photovolatic/solar cell need to work? Can it work using a bunch of Laser lights? Edit: Ok so this PV cell is $1m^2$ is dimesions. The N-type has silicon doped with ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Why can “slow” neutrons trigger fission?

My understanding of nuclear fission is that some massive isotopes such as uranium-235 are unstable and when split via fission there will be a "slow" neutron. This slow neutron will hit another ...
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1answer
146 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
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1answer
72 views

How do solar panels generate infinite electricity?

We know that solar cells generate electricity utilizing the energy of the photon, but how can they generate electricity forever? In a n-type terminal we have the bond of silicon and phosphorous so ...
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2answers
29 views

Calculating average energy stored in Li-Po battery

I'm currently sourcing Li-Po batteries and need to find an average mAh per cm3 to implement it into my product. From what I read (wikipedia), the energy density of Li-Po ranges from 250 to 730 W.h/L ...
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0answers
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2600mAh Battery Charging Time [migrated]

I've spent a very long time trying to work this out, but some websites seem to conflict the information - or I'm completely missing the point. I have a rechargeable battery: 2600mAh 4.2V max charge ...
2
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2answers
10k views

Calculating work done on an ideal gas

I am trying to calculate the work done on an ideal gas in a piston set up where temperature is kept constant. I am given the volume, pressure and temperature. I know from Boyle's law that volume is ...
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2answers
95 views

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? [duplicate]

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? According to Einstein's equation $E = mc^2$ energy depends on $mass*c^2$ Light has zero mass so the energy would be zero too but solar cells use ...
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0answers
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Relativistic Momentum and Energy - Lorentz Transformations [closed]

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Lab is colliding fully ionized gold (Au) nuclei accelerated to an energy of 200 GeV per nucleon. Each Au Nucleus contains 197 ...
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4answers
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Internal energy according to the van der Waals equation

I am trying to derive the internal energy of a gas which obeys the van der Waals equation. I have however encountered some problems. I calculate the integral of $dU$ from $V=0,T=0$ to $V=V, T=\infty$ ...