# Tagged Questions

The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.

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### Question regarding elastic collisions and the conservation of momentum / energy

I've been working on this question for a few hours and I cannot quite convince myself that my answer is correct. I've read the relevant section in my textbook, but I guess the lightbulb just isn't ...
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### Why can't rotating magnets in space or zero gravity be used to create infinite energy?

I would like to know if a system like the one below will possibly work, I understand the laws of physics forbid the "creation" of energy but despite my efforts I haven't been able to figure out why ...
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### What kind of energy does gravity convert to?

I know that energy doesnt disappear rather it just changes forms so that got me thinking to what kinds of energy can gravity be converted to and what is its most common convertion? Im not a ...
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### How do gravitational sling shots work? [duplicate]

How can an object move faster after leaving the gravity of a planet, should a gain in potential energy by moving away from the planet lead to a loss of kinetic energy? Or am I missing something ...
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### How do we know that energy and momentum are conserved?

How do we know energy and momentum are conserved? Are these two facts taken as axioms or have they been proven by an experiment? This question has been in part addressed here: Conservation of ...
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### Why isn't mass still being created in the universe? [closed]

I was watching a lecture by Alan Guth and wished I was in the classroom to be able to ask a question. He explained that the total energy in the universe could be very close to zero since mass and ...
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### Hubble's law and conservation of energy

If all distances are constantly increasing, as Hubble's law say, then lots of potential energies of form ~$\frac{1}{r}$ changes, so how is the total energy of the Universe conserved with Hubble's ...
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### Conservation of energy in the form of y=kx +b?

I am doing an experiment on method of mixtures and specific heat capacities. During my experiment I have to use the graph as a means of finding the SHC of the subject. So I did the experiment with ...
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### LED conversion efficiency exceed 100%

I have read this article, Which says that conversion efficiency of the LED have exceeded 100%. The results are published in Physical Review Letters In their experiments, the researchers reduced ...
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### How to solve this problem without using energy conservation

I believe most of you probably solved the following problem using energy conservation as shown here. It states a block of mass $m$ sliding on a sphere of radius $R$. I've be trying to solve this ...
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### Joule's “Work-Heat Equivalent” Experiment

I have been reading about the Joule's experiment that is supposed to have shown that work is the equivalent of heat. I can't really find the original paper and I am finding trouble understanding how ...
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### Energy Conservation in Changing Potential Well

If you prepare a particle in a basis state, $|n\rangle$ of an infinite potential well of length $L$, the energy of that state will be $\langle E\rangle = E_n$, with zero variance. If you then ...
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### Lagrangian of an effective potential

If there is a system, described by an Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ of the form $$\mathcal{L} = T-V = \frac{m}{2}\left(\dot{r}^2+r^2\dot{\phi}^2\right) + \frac{k}{r},\tag{1}$$ where $T$ is the kinetic ...
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### Why do particles moving in circular motion emit em radiation? [duplicate]

For example particles moving in a synchrotron . Which energy of the particle is converted to the energy of the radiation ? What is the relation between this energy and the change in direction of the ...