The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.

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About superconductivity

If I take a magnet and a superconductor than it will expel the magnetic field lines of the magnet. now if there is a coil of wire on the other side of the superconductor and i start to warm up the ...
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112 views

Why is this nuclear reaction $p\to n+e^++\nu$ forbidden for a free proton? [closed]

Why is this nuclear reaction forbiden for a free proton? $$p\to n+e^++\nu$$ Where $p$ is the proton, $n$ is a neutron, $e^+$ is a positron, and $\nu$ is a neutrino. What i´ve been thinking is because ...
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39 views

Non-linear pendulum (Whittaker's treatise on analytical dynamics of particles)

Reading through Whittaker's "treatise on the analytical dynamics of particles and rigid bodies" I have a question regarding his analysis of the simple nonlinear pendulum at chapter IV. At some point ...
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energy conservation in an electric circuit

Define a reactive (lossless) and reciprocal two-port by its impedance matrix $[Z]$, so that $[Z]+[\bar Z] = [0]$ and let the source impedance and open circuit source voltage be $Z_s$ and $V_s$ at ...
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Where does the energy go in a rocket when no work is done?

While playing Kerbal Space Program, I wondered where my chemical energy would go when fired at 90° to the motion. It would do no work on the rocket, but all that energy has to go somewhere, right? ...
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43 views

Simple harmonic motion, maximum kinetic energy [closed]

Why kinetic energy is maximum at mean position?
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39 views

Heat, Work and Internal energy in closed systems

This has been troubling me for a while now. I know that the performed work equals $P\Delta V$ for isobaric systems and I know that in isochoric systems no work is done, but how do I find the heat $Q$? ...
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81 views

Work done by gravitational force!

Suppose a ball is $10m$ high from the ground. It will have $E_p = 10mg$. Now, if the ball falls freely then we know $E_k$ will be $0.5mv^2 = E_p$. But it is said that the work done by a force will ...
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Using Gravity for Infinite energy?

Can gravity be used as an infinite energy source? What if you throw objects down, say a hill, and had a panel on the bottom that would use the force of the fall and convert it to energy? Would this ...
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52 views

Why can we find forces like this using energy methods?

Often to calculate forces in complex situations (usually involving complicated mathematics), I have seen various people employ energy methods. The answer comes out correct, but I can't understand why ...
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17 views

Solving a first order non linear differential equation in the specific case of the orbit of a particle moving under a central conservative force

Hello it's my first time posting in here and I hope someone in here can help me as my teachers quite dislike questions that aren't specifically in the curriculum. I'm reading About classical mechanics ...
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73 views

How to evaluate energy conservation for magnetization?

A permanent magnet can attract a certain magnetic material mass, giving a certain amount of energy $U_{mag}$. If we first use this magnet to magnetize $n$ ferromagnetic pieces, we would have $n$ ...
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52 views

Potential Energy in a System and its Relation to the Total Energy

In this answer it was stated that potential energy is a property of a system and not an individual particle. If we have two particles (1 and 2) interacting via a conservative force, we can write an ...
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105 views

Bernoulli equation as an energy conservation equation

I don’t want to learn and apply Bernoulli's equation. It is complicated and you need to remember a lot. I instead want to apply energy conservation. But I don't always find it easy. For example, when ...
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1answer
85 views

Is throwing a ball upwards an isolated or non-isolated system?

We have to write a lab report on an experiment where a ball is thrown upwards and it's motion is detected by a motion sensor, i am just confused whether the system is isolated or non-isolated
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53 views

Gravitational PE lost v Elastic PE gained in mass - spring

If a spring has a load $m$ added to it (and so is extended by $x$), the gravitational potential energy lost by the mass will be $mgx$. The elastic potential energy gained by the spring is ...
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74 views

Lever Mechanical Advantage

In the attached image the force output of the plank is calculated to be the work done (FDf) divided by the height the block rises (Dw). So the force the plank applies on the block is (FDf)/(Dw). But ...
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81 views

When to use a whole vector approach vs an energy approach?

My professor has just introduced two new ways to solve projectile motions. One approach involve using trigonometry and vectors and the other involves using the idea of conservation of energy. My ...
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167 views

In a nuclear reaction, where does the energy go?

Lets say two hydrogen fuse together, where does the energy released go? Is it carried away as momentum imparted on the helium atom? Is it carried away in neutrinos? Is it carried away as gamma rays? ...
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211 views

What happens to a particle and antiparticle that collide?

Matter can never be destroyed, so what happens to those particles? Do they just disappear? Where does the mass go?
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105 views

Why is an $LC$ oscillator lossless, but $C V^2 / 2$ energy is lost to a capacitor connected to an ideal voltage source?

It is mathematically proven that in an $LC$ oscillation that all the energy gets transferred from the inductor to the capacitor and vice versa. There is no energy loss as there is no load in the ...
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1answer
116 views

Quantum field theory with constraint: energy-momentum conservation?

Suppose I have a 2-form field $B$ and a Lagrange multiplier field $\lambda$, then the Lagrangian $S = \int (B \wedge \delta B + \lambda \delta B \wedge \delta B)$ with a Lie derivative operator ...
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198 views

Energy loss in Capacitors

We have this formula in our textbook for loss of energy when two capacitors are connected together. They mention that it is due to heat dissipation. However, we have not considered any such term in ...
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Does $v^2=v_0^2-2gh$ work if the positive axis is up and the initial velocity is down?

In the situation where the positive axis is up, the acceleration due to gravity is $g$, and the velocity is represented by the equation $v^2=v_0^2 - 2gh$. This works great if the initial velocity is ...
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781 views

In wave motion of a string both kinetic energy and potential energy are minimum at $y=y_\text{max}$ then why does the string comes down again?

In wave motion of a string both kinetic energy and potential energy are minimum at $y=y_\text{max}$ then why does the string comes down again? As everything in tries to attain lowest energy possible ...
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164 views

Why don't we have free energy generators? [closed]

Why can't you create energy out of nowhere For me it's not enough that a smart guy for hundreds of years said so. Some scientists and religious people said that the earth was flat - untill someone ...
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56 views

Problem - Demonstration of electromagnetic energy conservation

I want to solve the following problem from my Classical Electrodynamics' book: Consider a pontual mass body, $m$, with charge $q$, which moves with an uniform velocity $v$ in a region where an ...
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27 views

Power exerted by the contact force on a wheel slipping without rolling?

I was taking an old (2008) Mechanics of materials examination, and the system is a sphere on a half circular motionless rail. We first study the motion of the sphere in the case of rolling without ...
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1answer
49 views

Where is the energy coming from in a see saw?

In this video: https://www.facebook.com/mytopfm/videos/10152482869686147/ two people are on either side of a see saw going quite high. As they continue to fall they keep seeming to go just as high. ...
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602 views

How do I derive the formula of coefficient of restitution?

I have learnt in collision mechanics about the term Coefficient of restitution, $\mathrm{e=\frac{v_{2f}-v_{1f}}{v_{1i}-v_{2i}}}$. But the sad part is that, in my book only the formula is there. My ...
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What evidence is there for additional dark energy coming into existence when space increases?

As I understand since cosmological constant is a 'constant' - increasing the space must generate additional dark energy that fills that space This does sound counter-intuitive to me, but I am sure ...
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150 views

Vector Potential Oscillating E Field of the “Null” Field of a Hertzian Dipole?

The vector potential of a Hertzian dipole falls off spherically as $1/r$. The polar axis of the dipole is a "Null" field -- meaning no electric and magnetic field. The absence of magnetic field is ...
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254 views

Increase in kinetic energy of a system when there is no external force

If a man starts running on a boat with an acceleration $a$ with respect to the boat, there is no external force that acts on the Boat+Man system (assuming friction due to water to be zero and ...
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142 views

Can light absorb energy?

Everybody knows that all physics systems absorb light quanta, any material thing can absorb light quanta. But the reverse question is , can light absorb energy and therefore changes its frequency? If ...
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86 views

Is Voyager 2 slowing down?

Voyager 2 will leave the dominating gravitational influence of the Sun for a region where other stars have comparable influence on the craft. By the time it gets that far away, how much will it have ...
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154 views

Work done by reaction forces between objects

Assume that there are no friction forces. If we had a particle sliding down a wedge that is free to move on a smooth surface, why do we ignore the work done by the reaction forces on both the particle ...
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61 views

How Is Universal Energy Conserved Here? (Cosmology)

There are three scenarios I will like to discuss here. 1- Jupiter and other "failed star" planets. These are gas giant planets which are much much bigger than earth (100 times or more, by mass) but ...
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if a body is stopped by means other than friction, where does energy go?

Suppose we have an object in space. say gravity is negligible, and the thing has a rocket on both sides. the thing fires one rocket for, say, 5 seconds. now it's moving. The object has kinetic energy. ...
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114 views

Do particles lose energy when they emit gravitons?

Is everything in the universe very slowly decaying due to gravity, do particles lose energy when they emit a graviton and gain energy if they happen to absorb a graviton?
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Maximum reading after dropping a mass onto a scale

If one drops an object onto a scale, the needle will temporarily spike to a high reading. Given a mass $m$ dropped from a height $h$ above a spring scale, is there a good way to approximate what the ...
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Do black holes violate the first law of thermodynamics?

When a black hole absorbs matter is it destroying that mass, thereby destroying energy, therefore violating the first law of thermodynamics?
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Electricity from vacuum [closed]

Can I generate electricity in complete vacuum without using any conventional sources? Using Casimir theory, according to him, he kept two plates nanometers apart in a vacuum. According to the law of ...
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2answers
151 views

(Local) Conservation of Energy in Quantum Mechanics

Generally, we say that conservation of energy is a local law; the change in energy in some small region of space is equal to the energy flux out of that region. However, in quantum mechanics, we can ...
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241 views

Temperature rise during friction

Why does the temperature increase when the load increases during friction? Why does the temperature increase when the contact time increases during friction?
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419 views

Is work done by a pseudo force?

If a body is viewed from the frame of another body which is itself accelerating, will work be done by the pseudo force acting on the first body in the frame of second body ( provided the first body ...
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4answers
114 views

How can we explain the difference in change of kinetic energy, due to different frames of reference?

Imagine a ball ($m= 1\,{\rm kg}$) moving at a velocity $2\,{\rm m}/{\rm s}$ towards a wall. When it hits the wall, it suddenly stops, thereby liberating all its ${\rm KE}$ as heat. Here, the initial ...
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1answer
88 views

Where extra stored energy of Capacitor go ? [duplicate]

Suppose We have a capacitor with capacitance $\ C $ and charge $\ Q $ . So total stored energy is $$ E=\frac{Q^2}{2C} $$ Now if I connect a capacitor with same capacitance parallel with it then ...
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Does work done require interaction between system and surrounding?

There's no work done for a person climbing upstairs because the energy is converted to PE within system only. The person is the system. How true is the above statement?
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318 views

Vertical circular motion: minimum velocity

In vertical circular motion while finding the minimum velocity at the bottom-most point for looping the loop, why do we take the tension at the topmost point to be zero?