The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
5answers
779 views

If I replace all my lights with LEDs will my heating costs increase?

A number of nations are passing bills to phase out incandescent light bulbs. The thinking is that the tungsten filament is an inefficient method of turning electricity into light, the rest of the ...
2
votes
4answers
163 views

Why current loses its energy?

Can someone explain or give a link to explanation why current looses its energy? For example in simple circuit with lamp. I understand that the energy is spent for heating and lighting. But how ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Does the concept of a wormhole violate the law of mass-energy conservation?

If my understanding of wormholes is correct, anything that moves into a wormhole can be transported from one region of space-time to another. Consider a situation where an object of mass $m$ in space ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Does light loses its energy when it passes through denser medium?

I know it does not because it emerges out of denser medium at 300,000 KM per second, but according to $E=mc^2$ and given that speed of light decreases inside denser medium with refractive index ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Are information conservation and energy conservation related?

as evident from the title, are both, conservation of energy and conservation of information two sides of the same coin?? Is there something more to the hypothesis of hawking's radiation other than ...
2
votes
3answers
342 views

Is the accelerated expansion of the universe consistent with conservation of energy? [duplicate]

If energy can neither be created nor destroyed, how come the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate? Where does this energy come from?
1
vote
2answers
672 views

Block slides down a movable ramp, 2 approaches yields different answer

My Question is exactly as this Phys.SE post: block slides on smooth triangular wedge kept on smooth floor.Find velocity of wedge when block reaches bottom The Problem is I used 2 methods Momentum/...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Acceleration orthogonal to movement direction

I've been told that acceleration orthogonal to an objects movement direction doesn't require energy. Thus when a satellite goes around the earth, the change in direction caused by gravity doesn't use ...
1
vote
2answers
21k views

Perfect elastic collision and velocity transfer

So my teacher told me that when you have two identical balls in a perfectly elastic collision, the first ball A will collide with B and afterwards A will stop and B continue. Why is this? Doesn't ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

curvature tensor component capable of doing work on $T_{\mu \nu}$

I'm wondering what part of the curvature tensor is able to do work (and hence transfer energy) in matter. I'm wondering if this tensor: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress-energy-momentum_pseudotensor ...
0
votes
4answers
13k views

Free energy device - QEG. Is this for real?

I'm not a physicist but I ran across reports on the web of a so called over unity or free energy device that has been created that supposedly works. It's called the QEG. Does this seem legit or is it ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

When a photon escapes a black hole, why is it red shifted? [duplicate]

I think that is how astronomers hunt for these elusive objects using radio telescope and also gravitational lensing, I'm wondering how these photons lose their energy while encountering black hole or ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Conservation of energy or conservation of momentum- which one is applicable in this problem?

There was this question from Kleppner and Kolenkow's Classical Mechanics: PROBLEM: And I found its solution from this Link: It is quite an extended solution and I am not drawing you into the ...
-1
votes
1answer
883 views

Speed of a falling pencil [closed]

If you balance a pencil of length $d$ on its tip, and let it fall, how do you compute the final velocity of its other end just before it touches the ground? (Assume the pencil is a uniform one ...
12
votes
1answer
893 views

How can a planet gravitationally capture objects?

I would expect that any asteroid or other object originating far away but passing near a planet would pick up speed and energy as it approaches, but unless it comes into contact with the atmosphere (...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

Where does the electricity, generated by a solar panel, go if you don't use the electricity?

I'm sorry if this question is too trivial for this Q&A forum. I am a layman when it comes to physics (though I did cover the high-school physics courses). I was wondering what happens to the ...
7
votes
1answer
646 views

Numerical schemes, time integration algorithms and energy conservation

What does it mean when someone says a numerical scheme or a time integration algorithm is "energy conserving". How can a numerical scheme "gain" or "lose" or "conserve" energy apart from the numerical ...
6
votes
2answers
236 views

Does the mass lost by merging black holes depend on how they merged?

We've all heard the news about the detection by gravitational waves of two black holes, one 29 solar masses and the other 36 solar masses, spiraling into each other to create a single black hole of 62 ...
6
votes
5answers
7k views

Can I take heat from the air and convert it to electricity?

Its a summer day and the air in my house has been heated up. I could switch on my air conditioning, but then I'd be using energy from the grid in order to reduce the amount of energy in my house. ...
6
votes
2answers
411 views

What is changing in latest light bulb technologies?

I'm confused with the latest home lightning bulbs. Understanding filament bulbs was easy. For example take 220V, 100W filament bulb: Power = $V^2/R$ Filament gets heated and emits energy in the form ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

How to tell if the collision is elastic or inelastic?

I'm a programmer and a game developer, not a mathematician or a physicist. So please go easy on the math :) I know two things: How to find the new velocities of two objects after an elastic ...
4
votes
3answers
525 views

Poynting's theorem - energy conservation

Poynting's theorem: $$\int_V\left(\vec{E}\cdot\vec{J}\right)\,\mathrm dV = -\dfrac{\partial}{\partial t}\int_V\dfrac{1}{2}\left(\epsilon_0 E^2 + \dfrac{1}{\mu_0}B^2\right)\,\mathrm dV - \dfrac{1}{\...
4
votes
2answers
323 views

Total Energy of the Universe? [duplicate]

I've heard the total energy is zero, but I've also heard it cannot be said to be zero since there's so much unknown stuff in the universe. Is that true?
4
votes
2answers
746 views

Energy conservation when capacitor charges in a zero resistance circuit

We know that when a capacitor charges from a source $E$, it stores energy of $E=\frac{1}{2}QV $. This is derived without taking into consideration any resistances present in the circuit. We also ...
3
votes
3answers
280 views

computer vs heater coil comparison

If I have a computer and a heater coil that consume exactly the same amount of energy, which would be more efficient at heating my room? This is assuming that they both have the same fans and heat ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

First integral of an equation of motion: $\mu\ddot r=-\frac{k}{r^2}$

I've got an equation of motion (EOM), which is $ \mu\ddot r=-\frac{k}{r^2} $ How do I find the first integral of this EOM? I'd appreciate it if someone could show me the steps involved. I should ...
3
votes
3answers
816 views

Conservation of Energy in Different Frames of Reference

Say I have a bucket of fuel that can produce 150J of energy by combustion. No matter what frame of reference an observer or the bucket of fuel is in, since the configuration of molecules stay the same,...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

How is energy conserved in this electromagnetic scattering?

I have been pondering over an energy conservation issue for a few weeks and would like to share it with the hope that its interesting and someone will be able to answer. Suppose I have two positive ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Why is an $LC$ oscillator lossless, but $C V^2 / 2$ energy is lost to a capacitor connected to an ideal voltage source?

It is mathematically proven that in an $LC$ oscillation that all the energy gets transferred from the inductor to the capacitor and vice versa. There is no energy loss as there is no load in the ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Newton's Cradle: why does it stay symmetric? [duplicate]

How is it that always the same number of balls leave at the other end in Newton's cradle. I understand that the momentum needs to be conserved, but as momentum is defined as p=m*v couldn't you have a ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Interference and energy question here

So Im reading this material on interference and I noted the following sentence : During the interference of the light of two coherent light sources,the intensity of the radiation changes ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

Dropping a weight onto a spring scale

Say I drop a 5kg weight from a height of 1 meters onto a spring scale like many people have in their bathrooms. On impact the scale will show a higher weight than 5kg. Question: Which quantities ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Non-locality of gravitational energy

Gravitational energy is non-local which is essentially because of the equivalence principle. The equivalence principle says that you can always transform your frame so that you feel like in a ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Vector Potential Oscillating E Field of the “Null” Field of a Hertzian Dipole?

The vector potential of a Hertzian dipole falls off spherically as $1/r$. The polar axis of the dipole is a "Null" field -- meaning no electric and magnetic field. The absence of magnetic field is ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

Why don't virtual particles violate conservation of mass/energy?

If virtual particles sometimes add more mass/energy to a system then was inputed or comes out in the output, how do they not violate conservation of mass/energy.
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Uranus, the Physical model to change it's rotation axle

Uranus rotates pretty wierd, it's 90-degrees tilted; Why is Uranus's axis of rotation tilted? The best answer for this is; that at a distant point in its past, Uranus was struck by a very ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Why is kinetic energy stored as potential energy in a body during its motion against gravity?

Everyone knows kinetic energy is converted to potential energy in the body when it moves up against the earth's opposing gravitational force. But I am facing some problem with this. What I learnt ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Positions and corresponding terminology of “acoustics energy”?

From limited knowledge, decades ago, dating back to the nineteenth century: Ohm's law of specific acoustic energies was the first biological application of Fourier's theorem. Actually, it was ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How do I recover the 1D wave equation from the Lagrangian?

Consider small displacements, $y(x,t)$, of an element of a string (circled in red and shown below) from equilibrium. The force balance in the vertical direction yields: $$+\uparrow \Sigma F: -T\...
1
vote
3answers
156 views

Why don't we consider electrostatic energy of the pair in the case of pair production?

I have seen this Wikipedia article and many others, but in none of them I find any mention of the electro-static energy of the generated pair. Why? I mean, the energy conservation should be written ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Feynman's explanation of virtual work given in his book Feynman's lectures on Physics

In his book Chapter 4 Conservation of Energy, on Gravitational potential energy the discussion goes... "Take now the somewhat more complicated example shown in Fig. 4-6. A rod or bar, 8 feet long, ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Energy Analysis of Niagara Falls in Linus Pauling's “General Chemistry”

I just started reading Linus Pauling's "General Chemistry" and the first example confuses me. He writes: Example 1-1. Niagara Falls (Horseshoe) is 160 feet high. How much warmer is the water at ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Does car lose kinetic energy when turning?

I am writing simple car simulation. Assume non friction, then in straight line the car doesn't lose speed. But what if the car is turning, there should be some kinetic energy loses to change the ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

We create systems with different values of Energy? [closed]

I understand that Energy is a conserved quantity in a system. A number, that's always the same to the system. However, don't we determine such a number? I mean, we can create systems(Or study them ...
0
votes
2answers
552 views

Energy of quarks and the mass of the proton

We know that energy of quarks inside the proton can not be exactly fixed because if it,the 'proton decay' must not be exist. My question is if the energy of quarks inside the proton is not exactly ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Integrating for speed [closed]

Trying to determine the speed of a falling body with respect to traveled distance and initial speed. I've been provided with the following equation for acceleration as a function of distance and the ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Determining impact velocity over long distances [duplicate]

Everything I have found concerning impact velocity from a given height deals with constant acceleration due to gravity. I would like to know how to work in varying acceleration into the equation. So, ...
0
votes
2answers
249 views

Energy loss in Capacitors

We have this formula in our textbook for loss of energy when two capacitors are connected together. They mention that it is due to heat dissipation. However, we have not considered any such term in ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

How does a Venturi Injector comply with energy conservation?

How does a Venturi Injector comply with energy conservation? When the water flow enters the narrower cross section its velocity increases and its pressure decreases. When the pressure gets lower ...
0
votes
2answers
189 views

beta minus decay: expression for maximum electron energy

I'm having some trouble finding an expression for the maximum electron energy in beta minus decay. In the frame where the neutron is initially at rest, conservation of momentum reads: $$\vec{p}_p+\...