# Tagged Questions

The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.

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### What is the difference between an isolated and a closed system?

What is the difference between difference between an isolated system and a closed system? Is it that for an isolated system, the system is free from external effects, but for closed system, the ...
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### Is energy conserved when things fall into a black hole?

We all know in physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system remains constantâ€”it is said to be conserved over time. Energy can neither be created nor ...
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### Reflectivity and transmissivity greater than 1

In plasmonics, it is often seen that reflection coefficient and transmission coefficient are greater than 1. How is energy conservation valid in such cases?
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### Conservation of energy when focusing black body radiation on another black body

This question about whether or not it is possible to focus black-body radiation to make something hotter than the radiation's source was answered mostly negative: the second law of thermodynamics and/...
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### If we harvest energy generated by Coriolis Effect of the earth, will the earth slow down?

Coriolis Effect causes strong winds in the upper atmosphere, and it's purely due to differences in the linear velocity of Earth's rotation across latitudes. Now the Earth is spinning with the energy ...
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### Why can't rotating magnets in space or zero gravity be used to create infinite energy? [on hold]

I would like to know if a system like the one below will possibly work. I understand that the laws of physics forbid the "creation" of energy but despite my efforts I haven't been able to figure out ...
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### Why does positive work done by internal conservative forces $\implies$ decrease of potential energy?

Potential energy can be thought as the amount of work that the force can potentially do on the point because of its position. $$W=-\Delta U=U_{initial}-U_{final}$$ A positive work done by a force ...
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### What kind of energy does gravity convert to?

I know that energy doesnt disappear rather it just changes forms so that got me thinking to what kinds of energy can gravity be converted to and what is its most common convertion? Im not a ...
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### How do gravitational sling shots work? [duplicate]

How can an object move faster after leaving the gravity of a planet, should a gain in potential energy by moving away from the planet lead to a loss of kinetic energy? Or am I missing something ...
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### How do we know that energy and momentum are conserved?

How do we know energy and momentum are conserved? Are these two facts taken as axioms or have they been proven by an experiment? This question has been in part addressed here: Conservation of ...
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### Why isn't mass still being created in the universe? [closed]

I was watching a lecture by Alan Guth and wished I was in the classroom to be able to ask a question. He explained that the total energy in the universe could be very close to zero since mass and ...
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### Hubble's law and conservation of energy

If all distances are constantly increasing, as Hubble's law say, then lots of potential energies of form ~$\frac{1}{r}$ changes, so how is the total energy of the Universe conserved with Hubble's ...
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### Conservation of energy in the form of y=kx +b?

I am doing an experiment on method of mixtures and specific heat capacities. During my experiment I have to use the graph as a means of finding the SHC of the subject. So I did the experiment with ...
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### LED conversion efficiency exceed 100%

I have read this article, Which says that conversion efficiency of the LED have exceeded 100%. The results are published in Physical Review Letters In their experiments, the researchers reduced ...
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### How to solve this problem without using energy conservation

I believe most of you probably solved the following problem using energy conservation as shown here. It states a block of mass $m$ sliding on a sphere of radius $R$. I've be trying to solve this ...
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### Joule's “Work-Heat Equivalent” Experiment

I have been reading about the Joule's experiment that is supposed to have shown that work is the equivalent of heat. I can't really find the original paper and I am finding trouble understanding how ...
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### Energy Conservation in Changing Potential Well

If you prepare a particle in a basis state, $|n\rangle$ of an infinite potential well of length $L$, the energy of that state will be $\langle E\rangle = E_n$, with zero variance. If you then ...
If there is a system, described by an Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ of the form $$\mathcal{L} = T-V = \frac{m}{2}\left(\dot{r}^2+r^2\dot{\phi}^2\right) + \frac{k}{r},\tag{1}$$ where $T$ is the kinetic ...