The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.

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Concerning infinite energy and the speed of light

From Wikipedia: "Under the special theory of relativity, a particle (that has rest mass) with subluminal velocity needs infinite energy to accelerate to the speed of light, to accelerate beyond the ...
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1answer
27 views

Slingshot Energy into traveled distance [on hold]

If I have a slingshot and I am told that when pulled it has about $E$ joules of energy, how do I compute the height at which an object of mass $m$ would travel if the slingshot is released in the ...
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1answer
44 views

How can we account for a friction force changing sign in a conservation of energy equation?

I want to solve a simple mechanical problem whereby three forces act upon an object. $F_1 = (10 - x)$ N $F_2 = -3 N$ (friction force) $F_3 = -10x$ N So at $x$ = 0 we see that $F_1$ + $F_2$ + $F_3$ ...
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2answers
32 views

seperate engines working vs single engine

What is more fuel efficient: Two identical cars running at 50mph or one being tied to the other and only the first dragging both at 50mph? Or what requires less fuel: Two cars to start from stop and ...
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1answer
101 views

Shawyer EM Drive — Momentum Conservation Violation

I have been following the developments around the Shawyer EM drive for about 2 years now as NASA and other parties test it out in various environments. To preface, I would very much like to see the EM ...
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5answers
83 views

What happens to the kinetic energy of a dropped ball when it comes to rest on the ground?

If we want to drop a ball from a height, we calculated that potential energy at bottom is zero and we say it is converted into kinetic energy. At that movement, if it is a kind of sand, we find it ...
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0answers
50 views

Is this idea practically possible? [duplicate]

I have to make a working model for my science exhibition. I have planned to make a wind turbine with some innovations. My model of wind turbine will consist of magnet it at the tip of every fan blade. ...
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0answers
46 views

Does Only Flat universe have zero energy? [closed]

Hello I am very new to cosmology and quantum physics. I need some basic understanding (in LAYMANs term )of the following: I read that only closed universe has zero energy. But I heard Astrophysicist ...
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Work-energy theorem? [duplicate]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How ...
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0answers
9 views

Work energy theorem problems [duplicate]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How do ...
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0answers
37 views

Solving kinetic energy without numbers [closed]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How ...
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2answers
77 views

How to solve this pendulum problem using kinematics, not the principles of conservation of energy?

I have this question, because typically problems that can be solve using conservation of energy or just energy-related principles, can usually be solved sing kinematic equations. (At least is what I ...
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3answers
59 views

About energy… created, destroyed?:/

Consider a dam, in that first the hydraulic energy due to gravitational force gets converted into mechanical energy by using turbine. Then those mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy ...
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1answer
79 views

Lorentz invariance, energy-momentum conservation & the locality of interactions

I have been reading these notes ("Minkowski Spacetime: A Hundred Years Later", by Vesselin Petkov) ...
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1answer
101 views

Example where Hamiltonian $H \neq T+V=E$, but $E=T+V$ is conserved

I'm looking for an example of a Hamiltonian $H$, where $H\neq T+V$, but the total energy in the system, $E=T+V$, is still conserved. While I'm at it, I might as well add that I'd be most interested ...
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1answer
42 views

What is the energy-conserving delta function

I am reading about the S-matrix in QFT (Standard Model book by Burgess and Moore) and I came across the energy-conserving delta function, which is factored out of the S-matrix. I would greatly ...
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0answers
20 views

Cancelling waves and preservation of energy

In quantum physics, a particle is "defined" by a wavefunction. If you would take 2 particles with the same wavefunction, and negate one of them. They would cancel each other other out. Take for ...
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1answer
69 views

How do spacecraft gain kinetic energy by passing near planets? [duplicate]

When a a spacecraft like Voyager travels close to Jupiter, it somehow gains kinetic energy. I'm not sure how this energy isn't simply lost again as it moves away from Jupiter. I'm also hoping this ...
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5answers
158 views

Where does particle borrow energy from to tunnel?

Where does particle borrow energy from to tunnel? It is implied that particle can borrow energy and leaped over to the other side wherever that is, the shorter the gap the more energy it borrows my ...
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4answers
386 views

A confusion regarding an example in The Feynman Lectures

In The Feynman Lectures, In the chapter entitled Work and potential energy, Feynman states: The work done in going around any path in a gravitational field is zero. This is a very remarkable ...
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1answer
71 views

Current on both sides of a capacitor

When a capacitor is connected to a DC circuit, what ensures that the current on both sides of the capacitor is the same? When charges arrive at one end of the capacitor they stop moving; presumably ...
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1answer
44 views

first law of thermodynamics and conservation of energy

The first law of thermodynamics is referred to as a reformulation of the law of conservation of energy. I am not sure to fully understand this relationship. My way of picturing it is the following. ...
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2answers
59 views

Why does mechanical energy have to equal zero to find escape velocity?

A object orbiting the earth has total mechanical energy equal to \begin{align*} E^{mech} = \frac{1}{2} m v^2 - \frac{GMm}{r} \end{align*} with $M$ the mass of the earth and $r$ the distance. My course ...
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0answers
33 views

What is the kinetic energy of a proton as it is falling towards the core of the star?

Given: Star's mass = $1.99e10^{30}kg$ Type II supernova occurs (in a simple form: the outer layers of the star fall into the now inactive core at speeds of 126000km/s) $10^{44}$ joules of energy is ...
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0answers
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Can the Betz limit be overcome?

The Betz Limit states that the energy extracted from a turbine can be no more than $\frac{16}{27}^{th}$ of the energy present in the wind flowing through it. Extracting more energy would make make the ...
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2answers
49 views

How does a Venturi Injector comply with energy conservation?

How does a Venturi Injector comply with energy conservation? When the water flow enters the narrower cross section its velocity increases and its pressure decreases. When the pressure gets lower ...
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1answer
34 views

Work done by friction on a body?

I know that when a body slides over a surface, the work done by friction is not stored as potential energy in the body. It is dissipated in the form of heat. But why is it not stored as potential ...
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1answer
46 views

Spinning rubber ball with equatorial ridge

I have this rubber ball with something like a very slight equatorial ridge (sort of like Saturn's moon Iapetus) which I often spin around on my desk. I keep noticing that no matter the inclination of ...
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1answer
74 views

A confusion regarding a paragraph in The Feynman Lectures

Under the chapter entitled Conservation of energy, under the section of Gravitational potential energy, there is this following paragraph : A very simple weight-lifting machine is shown in Fig. ...
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1answer
44 views

Classical Mechanics — Sign of work done

It seems that work has two possible ways to decide it's sign: Whether you take the perspective of the system or the surrounding (whether you consider work done on the system as positive, or work done ...
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2answers
84 views

Definition for potential energy

I came across this definition for potential energy: If we let $T$ be the Kinetic energy, we have that: $$T = \frac{1}{2}mv^2 \implies T = \frac{1}{2}m{x'}^2$$ $$T'= mx'x'' = F(x)x' \implies \\T = ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Non-local gravitational energy tensor

The well-known derivation of the Landau-Lifshitz gravitational energy pseudotensor, relies on several requirements: 1) that it be constructed entirely from the metric tensor 2) that it be index ...
2
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2answers
138 views

What is the mechanism of particle anti-particle annihilation

My question is loaded with assumptions so to minimize them, I would like to ask it with respect to an electron and anti-electron annihilating. When I think of annihilation, I think of electron and ...
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1answer
32 views

Loss in energy while charging a capacitor

Suppose a capacitor having capacitance $C$ is being charged using a cell of emf $E$. By the time the capacitor is fully charged, the cell has supplied $QV$ energy while the potential energy of the ...
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0answers
28 views

What forms does the energy of a photon get converted to after absorption

Assume an object which has a high absorption rate of light. Now my question is, if you shine light on the object, what all forms of energy does the object acquire? I know there will be an increase in ...
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2answers
41 views

How the mass is conserved during continuous expansion?

If universe is continuously expanding doesn't it contradict the fact that mass is conserved? Because if mass is conserved so how is universe expanding?
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0answers
41 views

Does mixing violate conservation of energy?

If two fluids in an isolated system mix, the entropy of the system increases. The volume and the number of particles in the system, however, are constant. Thus $$dU=TdS+PdV-\mu dN=TdS>0$$ which ...
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2answers
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Kinetic energy dissipation in braking a vehicle

Let's say a vehicle that weighs 20t is hauling along at 50m/s and we want to brake it down to a full stop. The kinetic energy we need to dissipate into heating up the brakes is ...
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5answers
113 views

How is energy conserved in this scenario?

There are two objects A and B of equal mass (m). They are laying in close proximity to each other. Object A is then moved further from object B, to a distance r. Since there is gravity between these ...
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1answer
27 views

How may one calculate the escape velocity of a binary system at a given radius from the COM?

Apologies if this is a bit general, even some pointers in the right direction would be great (reading material etc.) Given an object of mass $m_3$ travelling outward at speed $v$ from the centre of ...
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2answers
111 views

Proof of conservation of energy with the relativistic definition of force

Professor Susskind proved conservation of energy in one of his lectures by taking the classical definition of force ($F = ma$) and by showing that its time derivative is zero. How can we do that with ...
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3answers
65 views

Can lift contradict conservation of energy?

In cruise flight of an aircraft lift does no work, it just holds the aircraft aloft. In order to climb aircraft pitch up and need excess energy because the thrust vector now has a vertical component ...
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2answers
43 views

In what form is the energy stored in this situation?

Consider a hypothetical situation, A person is pushing a block of some arbitrary mass in vacuum (no external forces are involved) and due to this, if I am not mistaken, the person is doing work and ...
6
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4answers
94 views

Energy conservation without action principle?

The normal tagline for energy conservation is that it's a conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance. I understand how this works for theories coming from a Lagrangian, and that this ...
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1answer
30 views

Bead on a rotating wire - Conservation of angular momentum, fix points

Lets consider a wire in the x-y plane which rotates with constant angular velocity $\omega$. The coordinates of a bead, which is forced to stay on this wire, can then be expressed as $$x=r \cos(\phi) ...
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2answers
79 views

Do transformers lose energy?

EDIT: The title should rather be how/why transformers lose energy My idea of a transformer is that it is composed of two separate wire windings around some metal core. The purpose is to ...
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2answers
79 views

If energy can't be created and can't destroyed [duplicate]

Then wouldn't be logical that all the energy in the big-bang-created-universe will equal to the energy that was released by the Big Bang? The sum is zero? Edit The cited dup is asking "Did the law ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Does an Inductor maintain it's energy?

Consider a simple LCR ac circuit; generally I (might) understand that the charge exchange between capacitor and inductor would induce a harmonic current flow, but I remain confused for two reasons: ...
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2answers
40 views

If I make a object enter a planet's gravity it hits the surface with huge velocity, where is it gaining k.e. from?

If I make a object enter a planet's gravity range,it hits the surface with huge velocity,where is it gaining k.e. from? If i keep sending more and more heavy things like above and some how harness the ...
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1answer
23 views

Calculating time from energy [closed]

I am trying to calculate the time of a movement using the energy of the system. If $$E=\frac{m}{2}\dot{x}^2 + V(x)$$ where $V(x)$ is the potential energy (assuming the potential is time-independent) ...