Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Concerning infinite energy and the speed of light [on hold]

From Wikipedia: "Under the special theory of relativity, a particle (that has rest mass) with subluminal velocity needs infinite energy to accelerate to the speed of light, to accelerate beyond the ...
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1answer
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Is there a formula/relationship between $q$, $m$, $c$, $\Delta T$ and $t$ (time)?

I am currently doing an experiment where I am burning methanol to test for the heat of combustion. To test this, I am heating 100g of water and raising it by 20 degrees Celsius before extinguishing ...
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2answers
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How much energy is released per unit mass from depressurizing degenerate matter?

A neutron star remnant consists mostly of neutron degenerate matter. If you happened to suddenly have 1 kg of it in your lap without the pressure necessary to keep it degenerate, I suppose it would ...
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2answers
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How is finite energy spread wholly in the infinite universe

We all know that energy is never lost, but it transforms into another form. Doesn't that mean that energy is not unlimited? I mean, why is it that way if it was infinite? However, if energy is spread ...
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1answer
45 views

Is Dark Energy and or Dark Matter directly proportional to EMR? [on hold]

Is Dark Energy directly proportional to Electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR)?
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Black holes – Irrotational vortex or Rigid-body-like vortex

As light enters a Black hole – does the light enter as “Irrotational vortex” or as “Rigid-body-like vortex”? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vorticity Thank You
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2answers
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seperate engines working vs single engine

What is more fuel efficient: Two identical cars running at 50mph or one being tied to the other and only the first dragging both at 50mph? Or what requires less fuel: Two cars to start from stop and ...
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26 views

Energy and Matter Interchangeability [on hold]

Einstein is regarded to be one of the most brilliant minds partly for the equation E = mc^2. In addition to quantifying the relationship between the two, he was the first to introduce the idea that ...
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What is the free energy of an ideal chain under stress?

this question is related to potential energy of a segment of an ideal chain under external force. I calculated the canonical partition function for an ideal chain ($i$ stands for a single segment ...
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2answers
61 views

Why are force, momentum, and kinetic energy derivatives of each other [on hold]

Force $ma$ is the rate of change of momentum, or the derivative of momentum with respect to time $$\frac{d}{dt} mv = ma = F$$. Kinetic energy is the integral of momentum with respect to velocity: ...
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Why do particles in a medium have different speeds?

If thermal conduction occurs because of particles colliding with each other and imparting kinetic energy to each other, won’t the particles of an isolated medium collide with each other until the ...
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1answer
37 views

Producing energy with entanglement

If we entangle two electrons for example and move one of the electron to Mars for instance. Are we able to somehow transfer the kinetic force of Mars from its movement (spinning and orbitting) to ...
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3answers
58 views

A block sliding down a ramp lab (with friction), I keep getting a higher final energy than initial

A block of 55 g is sliding down a ramp of 35 degrees of inclination. The hypotenuse of the ramp is 63 cm and the height is 36 cm. vi = 0 as the block starts at rest. I did 3 trials of letting the ...
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1answer
72 views

How is energy dissipated in a travelling em wave

How is energy dissipated in a travelling em wave. Will there be any dissipation if it were to travel trough vaccum ?
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Work-energy theorem? [duplicate]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How ...
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0answers
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Work energy theorem problems [duplicate]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How do ...
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37 views

Solving kinetic energy without numbers [closed]

The initial kinetic energy of an object moving on a horizontal surface is K.Friction between the object and the surface causes the velocity of the object to decrease uniformly to zero in time,t.How ...
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2answers
30 views

What is the work done?

A painter uses 1.93kJ of mechanical energy to pull on the rope and lift a 20kg paint barrel at constant speed to a height of 7.5m above the ground. How much work was done lifting the paint barrel? ...
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3answers
41 views

Is work-kinetic energy theorem useless?

This is how my book explains it: $W_{net} = \delta K$ Since the net work is tied to changes in kinetic energy and changes in speed, a mass must accelerate in order for net work to be nonzero. ...
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4answers
145 views

What exactly is work?

What exactly is work? My book confuses me: a force can lift an object to a height h, or it can accelerate an object through gravity. In all these cases, a force displaces an object and change the ...
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1answer
70 views

Proportionality constant in crater equations

I have searched for equations regarding craters and I came across two of them. The first one is from this NOAO website in the level two section. There, it says that, $$ D^3\propto E $$ where $E$ is ...
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1answer
31 views

Lennard Jones Total system energy [closed]

i am trying to implement/extend an implementation of Lennard-Jones potential simulation regarding Xenon molecules (for curious ones, the code can be found here functions (force_naive->lj_force)). ...
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2answers
35 views

Electric Potential Between Two Like Charges

At the point horizontally across and equidistant from the centers of the two charges (also oriented horizontally), what is the electric potential? At that point, the electric field of the first charge ...
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1answer
48 views

Work done by friction on a ball flying through air [closed]

A baseball of mass 145 g leaves a pitcher’s hand at 150km/hr, but due to constant air resistance, it arrives at home plate 20.0m away traveling at 145km/hr Assume that the magnitude of the ball’s ...
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1answer
28 views

Conservation of energy in a moving frame

I know a similar question has been asked but i'm still kind of stumped. Imagine the earth on the left and a small mass to it's right separated by some distance h. You are in the frame of reference ...
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1answer
32 views

Mutual capacitance upper limit

I am having trouble making an analog for mutual capacitance from mutual inductance. In circuits with magnetic coupling, there is an upper limit established on mutual inductance due to energy ...
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0answers
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Fictious forces and calculation of energy + c.o.m. question

I am aware that in order for energy to be conserved the reference frame that you are using must be inertial. However, consider the situation where you are using the reference frame of the earth and ...
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1answer
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Gas Cooled Fast Reactor Coolants

I know that helium and CO2 are used as fast reactor coolants, but how about other inert gasses with low neutron absorption, like argon, why do I see no papers on that? Oh and bonus question. Why is ...
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2answers
75 views

Where does the energy go when light is redshifted? [duplicate]

Imagine a galaxy millions of lightyears away and, obeying Hubble's law, moving very quickly away from us. Now imagine the same galaxy emitted a green photon in our direction (a photon with a ...
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6answers
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Why it is colder in mountains, at high altitudes?

The conventional answer is to say that "lower temperature follows from lower pressure because temperature is average molecular energy (average speed)". For instance "Temperature is a measure of ...
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0answers
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Cancelling waves and preservation of energy

In quantum physics, a particle is "defined" by a wavefunction. If you would take 2 particles with the same wavefunction, and negate one of them. They would cancel each other other out. Take for ...
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1answer
22 views

What is the Proper way to determine overall velocity in a pipe?

I am running a simulation of fluid in a pipe. The fluid in this pipe is "swirling" (instead of just moving in one direction, it's rotating as well. Like the Helix below. The fluid is faster on the ...
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3answers
67 views

How does The work done in going around any path in a gravitational field is zero implies conservation of energy?

In The Feynman Lectures, Feynman states: The work done in going around any path in a gravitational field is zero. This is a very remarkable result. It tells us something we did not previously ...
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36 views

Would impact angle matter on relativistic impactor?

I'm trying to calculate (for fun) a comparison between a kinetic impactor and an H-bomb. I would assume this to be a fairly straight forward problem involving kinetic energy and a table of various ...
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what are entropy and enthalpy?

whilst exploring the second law of thermodynamics, I have come across the terms enthalpy and entropy. I have seen these terms before and thought that I knew what they meant, but I have seen them used ...
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1answer
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does $Q_AV_{AB}=Q_BV_{BA}$ in this case

Sorry fo unclear title but I can't find any suitable on for this question. Here is what my text book says about how to find out the energy of a system of charge of n particle. What I don't know is ...
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1answer
40 views

How to calculate the potential energy of an $H_2$ molecule

From left to right, electron $e_1$, $e_2$ and proton $p_1$, $p_2$. $r_0=0.529nm$ The total energy is sum of energy require to bring each particle to its place. Take the place of $e_1$ is zero ...
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2answers
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Are there other types of energy?

Objects possess potential and kinetic energies. The potential energy depends on the position of the object, while the kinetic energy is dependent on its velocity. My question: are there other types ...
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3answers
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Where does mass come from in pair production?

In pair production, two gamma rays with > .511Mev can come together to create a positron and an electron. So two electromagnetic waves E and B fields, with No mass and No gravity and traveling at ...
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3answers
85 views

Does an induction cooktop consume as much energy when it's heating something as it does when it isn't? [closed]

If you plug in an electrical charger or an adapter of an electronic device such as a mobile phone or a laptop into the power socket, but you don't actually attach the device into the charger, the ...
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2answers
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What determines the point of energy spillover to higher modes of a standing wave resonator?

One of the better known physics demonstrations for standing wave resonance is the singing rod . By holding the rod exactly in the middle the demonstrator constrains the first mode of excitation - the ...
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1answer
59 views

Why do electrons occupy in discrete energy states?

Why can't there be any continuous energy band in an atom?
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7answers
305 views

Quantization vs. continuous energy levels

I still don't get what it means for atomic energy levels to be continuous or quantitized (incontinuous). Clearing this up will really help me. Also, can anyone tell me why energy levels in solids are ...
3
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2answers
109 views

How can magnetic fields have energy and yet be unable to do work with that energy? [duplicate]

Magnetic fields can't do work. However, we use the following equation to describe the energy density of a magnetic field. $u = \frac{B^2}{2\mu_0}$ The term energy density suggests that the magnetic ...
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2answers
37 views

Conduction bands and Valence Bands, so do electrons really exist in Conduction bands?

My understanding is that conduction bands are energy bands created from the electrons in the valence shells/bands absorbing energy to jump to the next level (is this true)? Now, do the conduction ...
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2answers
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Relativistic deceleration and energy

It's common knowledge that due to relativistic effects, accelerating from 0.8c to 0.9c takes a lot more energy than accelerating from 0.1c to 0.2c. However, what's the case with deceleration? Does it ...
2
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4answers
925 views

Does stopping the same bike and rider at the same velocity with the front brake require less energy than the back brake?

It's the same body made by the rider and the bike moving at the same speed. So, even though braking on the front/back alters the normal forces on the opposite wheels thus creating more friction with ...
2
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2answers
433 views

Why does a wind turbine have only three blades? [duplicate]

Why not four or five or even more? Intuitively, the more leaves the more power. So, what is the reason?
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4answers
91 views

How does an inductor store magnetic energy?

I am trying to figure out what the potential energy of an inductor with a current really means. In a capacitor, the energy stored works like this: if you let the plates attract each other, before ...
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What is the kinetic energy of a proton as it is falling towards the core of the star?

Given: Star's mass = $1.99e10^{30}kg$ Type II supernova occurs (in a simple form: the outer layers of the star fall into the now inactive core at speeds of 126000km/s) $10^{44}$ joules of energy is ...