4
votes
1answer
67 views

Where is quantum physics with regards to the periodic table?

In his Lecture's on Physics (circa 1960's) Richard Feynman wrote that so far physics has only been able to model (solve) the hydrogen and helium atoms. So now, more than 50 year's later where are we ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Why is cesium used to measure time in atomic clocks?

Seconds are measured by the frequency emission of cesium. Why is a frequency from the emission spectrum of cesium used as the standard in defining a second? Why particularly cesium?
41
votes
6answers
6k views

Why are most metals gray/silver?

Why do most metals (iron, tin, aluminum, lead, zinc, tungsten, nickel, etc.) appear silver or gray in color? (What atomic characteristics determine the color?) What makes copper and gold have ...