Electrostatics is concerned with the electrical fields and scalar potentials of stationary electrical charges and charge distributions. Use this for questions about electromagnetic situations in which currents and magnetic fields are absent, otherwise use [tag:electromagnetism] and/or ...

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Two capacitors in parallel vs series - electric field?

If we have two parallel plate capacitors in parallel, do the electric fields between their plates have to be the same? What happens if we have a coaxial cable of length $L$, which looks like this: ...
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32 views

Work done when applying an electric field?

On these example questions from MIT in the solution to 4.1 they write the work done by applying the electric field to be: $$W=V_0 \int \vec E \cdot d \vec D$$ Where does this equation come from and ...
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61 views

What actually happens in a capacitor?

I have this doubt wandering through my mind for a long time. A capacitor, according to the definition of physics, is a charge storage device. In a simple parallel plate capacitor, when electrons ...
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1answer
25 views

Why is this the interaction energy?

Why is $\epsilon_0 \int_{\text{all space}} \vec{E_1}.\vec{E_2} dV$ the interaction energy of two charges bodies, where $\vec{E_1},\vec{E_2}$ are their electric fields at a point?
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2answers
342 views

Gauss's law… if the integral defining $\boldsymbol{E}$ diverges?

I have been told (here) that, under particular conditions, the electric field produced by a charge present in space $D$, defined by ...
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1answer
66 views

Electric field at $r=0$

How does classical physics justify the existence of an electric field at $r=0$? Is this an edge case, an ambiguity, a "does not exist"? Is this a trivial case or indicative of an actual fault in ...
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1answer
23 views

In a system of two charges, if one charge disappears, does the force on other charge vanish instantaneouly?

It is commonly asked that if the sun dissappears, will earth shoot off in a tangent instantaneously or after some time. We know from the theory of relativity that the gravity waves travel at the speed ...
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24 views

high-energy, fast transient, EM pulse propagation in coiled-cable assemblies

During a recent trip to a compliance laboratory to perform Electrical Fast Transient (EFT, IEC 61000-4-4) testing on a product, the compliance engineer mentioned that an EFT pulse can propagate and ...
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21 views

Electrostatic concept using for dust attraction

Can I use a charged electrode to attract dust particles from any surface? If yes, then surface should be conductve or non coductive? Or any other ways to do this by electrostatic concept.
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1answer
89 views

Do Dipole Moments Obey Superposition?

Essentially, I have two surfaces which I know how to find the dipole moments for. I realize that $V_{dip}(r) = \frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon_0 r^2} \mathbf{\hat{r}} \cdot \int \mathbf{r'} ...
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0answers
27 views

Electrostatics effect on resistance values [closed]

Consider two parallel metallic plates separated by a silicon dioxide layer of thickness tox (like a capacitor). In this case I am applying a positive voltage to the top metallic plate. Now due to ...
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1answer
196 views

Electric Potential for Concentric Spherical Shells

If you have a charged point ($q_1=+1$) inside an initially neutral spherical shell ($q_2=0$), how would you find the following: (A) Potential at the outer surface of the spherical shell? Would it be ...
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76 views

Electric Potential for concentric spheres and charged surface

A few conceptual questions about a charged sphere inside an initially neutral spherical shell and about uniform E for a charged plane. (A) How would I go about calculating potential at a certain point ...
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1answer
61 views

Can an electric field help generate a current?

What i know or am guessing:- A moving/changing magnetic field creates an electric field. So if we take a rotating magnet near a coil of copper wire, it will induce a current right. So it means an ...
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1answer
212 views

Electric field for concentric spheres

I have a couple clarifying questions: (A) in $E=kq/r^2$ for the area between a sphere inside another spherical shell, the sphere inside is considered a point charge. However, the sphere inside has a ...
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2answers
430 views

Can the electric or gravitational potential be discontinuous? Why?

I was solving the Laplace's equation for the charger thin spherical shell and noticed that the field is discontinuous at the surface (inside it is zero and outside it is proportional to $1/r^2$) but ...
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2answers
83 views

Sphere of uniform charge density with a cavity problem

Suppose we have a sphere of radius $R$ with a uniform charge density $\rho$ that has a cavity of radius $R/2$, the surface of which touches the outer surface of the sphere. The question was to ...
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0answers
68 views

Do I Understand Voltage?

Below is a formula involving voltage and potential energy. $$\Delta U = q \Delta V$$ I would like to know if I understand it: If $\Delta V$ is positive, then the charge $q$ has moved from a lower ...
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1answer
48 views

I touched a CRT television monitor and have some feelings in my hand.what is the reason? [duplicate]

It felt like some sort of vibration. Even though when I unplugged the power cable it is maintained.
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1answer
48 views

What is the “practical purpose” of Gaussian surfaces?

Without having the concept of a Gaussian surface, we know that charges induce fields in proportion to quantity. Now to take a common example, when describing flux through a (physical) surface it is ...
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2answers
83 views

Is this charge density function, from a problem in Griffiths' book, a physically valid density?

This is from the book on electrodynamics by Griffiths: A sphere of radius $R$, centered at the origin, carries charge density $$\rho(r,\theta)= k(R/r^2)(R-2r)\sin(\theta)$$ where $k$ is ...
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0answers
17 views

Electrical conductor in a non-conservative electric field

Does electrostatic shielding hold for non-conservative electric fields? I don't think so, but I cannot explain why. Please help.
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2answers
84 views

Why isn't the work minus the potential energy when bringing a charge in from infinity?

This is an example in my physics textbook, and there is just one step that I don't understand. Two point charges are located on the x-axis, $q_1 = -e$ at $x = 0$ and $q_2 = +e$ at $x=a$. Find ...
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6 views

Collection of negatively charged aerosols

Is it possible to charge aerosols suspended in air using an ion generator and collect them approx. meters away by a positive charged electrode?
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1answer
19 views

The speed of an electrical signal through different mediums [closed]

This is sort of a bio physics question and it comes in two parts. The first is: what is the speed of an electrical signal through human nervous tissue? The second part is: what is the speed of an ...
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1answer
59 views

Validity of law of charge conservation

Charging by induction and earthing gives an object a net charge but why does the law of charge conservation still hold in this case?
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27 views

Is it possible to consider loops that cut through charges when proving electric field is conservative?

My goal is to prove that the integral of E.dl along the blue curve is zero. My problem is shouldn't E field approach a discontinuity when approaching the plate? Even if we consider say a point ...
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1answer
44 views

Why in this problem I had to take the average of the electric field?

On an electrically charged soap bubble, acts an electric force outwards. We are given the total charge of the bubble, $Q$, and its radius, $R$. What is the value of the total force, acting to ...
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36 views

Can volume affect capacitance?

I know the math doesn't support it, but will a solid sphere and a thin foil, both of the same surface area, measure exactly the same capacitance? Do electrons strictly gather on the surface ...
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0answers
53 views

Gauss law for a cylinder shielded by a grounded conductor?

So I am trying to solve the following problem: My approach: Applying Gauss's law on the two regions yields the following $$\mathbf{E}=\left\{\begin{matrix} \frac{\rho _0 \rho ...
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0answers
293 views

Charge per unit length and charge per unit area

In the Halliday and Resnick book, I am asked the find the linear charge density of the inner wall of a shell. This confuses me because the inner wall of a shell is an area, not a one dimensional line. ...
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1answer
94 views

Gauss' Law and enclosed charge

In Halliday and Resnick, I am asked to find the charge on a drum (a cylinder) given the electric field very close to the drum. In the solutions manual, the author appears to enclose the drum with a ...
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1answer
764 views

why charges reside on the surface on conductor? [duplicate]

In a hollow conductor and in a spherical shell the charges reside on its surface and there is no electric field inside it.Please tell me the reason behind it.
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1answer
220 views

Force between two charges when the dielectric constant of the material varies?

If two point charges $q_{1}$ and $q_{2}$ are seperated by a distance $l$ apart, and the space between them is filled with a variable dielectric constant. Near $q_{1}$, the dielectric constant is ...
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4answers
90 views

Where is the fallacy in this issue related to electric charge quantization? [closed]

Suppose there are two identical conducting objects; one with 5 units of positive charge and the other is uncharged. Initially these are separated and later these are brought into contact. I guess net ...
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1answer
83 views

Determining Electric Field Inside Long Cylinder (Using Gauss' Law)?

I'm working on a problem with an (infinitely) long cylinder with a charge density, and I'm trying to find the electric field. Using the charge density, I found the enclosed charge of a proportional, ...
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0answers
109 views

Force between two perpendicularly placed infinitely long wires at a distance

Well , I saw this question in my Physics Book: Diagram (MS-Paint!): The Question : AB and CD are uniform line charges of $\infty$ length having charge densities $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_2$ and ...
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2answers
231 views

Gauss' law in differential form and electric fields

I know Gauss' divergence theorem, according to which $$\iiint_D\nabla\cdot\boldsymbol{F}\text{d}x\text{d}y\text{d}z=\iint_{\partial D}\boldsymbol{F}\cdot\boldsymbol{N}_e\text{d}\sigma$$ where $D$ is a ...
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1answer
47 views

Capacitors, Formula for Energy [closed]

I had a quick question; As you know there are three formulas for calculating the Potential Energy of a Capacitor U=Potential Energy $Q$=Charge $C$=Capacitance $V$=Voltage/Potential Difference 1) ...
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2answers
222 views

Gauss Law - Infinite line charge

I came across a sentence which made no sense to me as I was studying the electric field of an infinite line charge: The flux through the FLAT ENDS of our cylindrical Gaussian surface is zero ...
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1answer
77 views

Movement of electrons in conductors and insulators

In conductors, the electrons can easily move unlike in insulators that prevent them from moving. What properties in conductors and insulators make them act in such way? Is it related to the position ...
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2answers
207 views

Definition of a line charge with Dirac delta function [closed]

Is the following statement correct for a line charge distribution $λ(x)$? $$ρ(\mathbf r)=λ(x)δ(y)δ(z)$$ If yes - what does it say?
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2answers
76 views

Can a piece of metal have all of its conduction electrons stripped?

Can a piece of metal have all of its conduction electrons stripped? If so, has this been done and for what value?
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1answer
56 views

Computing Charge-Density from Derivative of Voltage

In the article I've referenced below, there's a step that I don't understand. For starters, the boundary condition for a sheet of charge subject to an electric field is the following: ...
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0answers
56 views

Electrostatic energy of a distribution of charges

I read, in Gettys' Physics, that, if $N$ charges moves one by one from infinity to a certain point, i.e. the first charge $q_1$ moves from infinity to the arrival point $P$ while the other charges ...
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1answer
73 views

Will Coulomb law work if both the charges are moving with same speed and same direction?

I read it on wikipidia that Coulomb law will work if both the charges are at rest relatively. Will there be an effect of magnetic field also?
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2answers
207 views

Why is the potential energy of a dipole in an electric field zero when the dipole points perpendicularly to the field?

I have read that potential energy of a dipole in an electric field is taken to be zero at 90 degree as they say that it is a reference. But there must be some reason behind it?
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1answer
128 views

Gauss law example - Electric field and dA [duplicate]

I am still very confused and lost. I still dont understand why E1 is pointing down , E3 and 2 pointing up. while dA is point the left and dA2 and dA3 are in the same direction of the E3 and E2. I ...
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1answer
33 views

Gauss law question with regard to this example

I am really confused in Gauss law. Why do E3 and E2 pointing up? and also E1 pointing down? The lecture note said infer from symmetry and you will get the following but I dont really understand. ...
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1answer
33 views

Gauss Law Question [duplicate]

Why is dA pointing up and dA2 pointing down? Electric field(E1) is pointing up so isnt it suppose to be perpendicular to the surface?