Electrostatics is concerned with the electrical fields and scalar potentials of stationary electrical charges and charge distributions. Use this for questions about electromagnetic situations in which currents and magnetic fields are absent, otherwise use [tag:electromagnetism] and/or ...

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Charging by induction [closed]

When we charge an conductor by induction and grounding, we first bring a negative charge to the conductor. As a result the mobile electrons of the conductor get repelled and stay far from the negative ...
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2answers
67 views

Proving charge on outer surface of parallel plate capacitor must be zero

If we have two conducting plates, with charge $Q$ and $-Q$, why is the charge on the outer surfaces of each conductor zero? I've been trying to wrap my head around the problem. Firstly, don't excess ...
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3answers
79 views

According to Ohm's Law, shouldn't there be a zero electric potential within a capacitor since the current is 0?

If V = I*R, then how does a capacitor store electric potential? The current across a capacitor is 0.
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1answer
3k views

Capacitance of two non parallel plates

What is the formula for capacitance of two non parallel plates at an angle with each other?If the plates were parallel then the value can be calculated as (PermittivityX area of one plate)/distance ...
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1answer
256 views

electric charges of metals in electrostatics

In electrostatics does metal gain electrons to be an ion or it conduct electrons in form of gaining them to have a negative electric charge
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27 views

Flux through a face of a cube for an arbitrary position of a charge

Consider an imaginary cube with edge length a in space. A charge q is placed at the centre of one of the faces of the cube. So, what is the electric flux through the face opposite to the charge? ...
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1answer
57 views

Saving energy while charging capacitor

While charging a capacitor by a DC source, half energy is wasted as heat. Can't we save that energy? Here I am talking about $$1/2CV^2 $$ which is wasted while supplying $$CV^2$$
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2answers
103 views

How does magnetism work? (Not asking what magnetism does)

To clarify, if I asked "how does electricity work" I would want "electrons flow from a negatively charged area to a positively charged area", not "it powers electronics like phones" as an answer. The ...
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1answer
45 views

Does the electron's electric field strength differ when bounded to a nucleus from the strength in a free state?

Since in any material the nucleus is surrounded by electrons some of the electron's electric field does interact with the other electrons from the same atom and with the electrons from the surrounding ...
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5answers
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Why is electric potential scalar?

I can't conceptually visualize why it would be so. Say you have two point charges of equal charge and a point right in the middle of them. The potential of that charge, mathematically, is proportional ...
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0answers
10 views

Conformal transformation for a vertical strip at constant potential

Say I've got a vertical strip in the $xz$-plane running from $x=0$ to $x=a$ held at a constant potential $V_0.$ The whole of the $yz$-plane is fixed at zero potential. Now I want to find the potential ...
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2answers
51 views

Will there be a potential difference between two conductors if there is same charge between them but the magnitude of charge is different?

By same charge I mean that same nature of charge i.e " Both positive or Both negative " . To be more specific consider two plates both of the plates are held face to face close to each other much like ...
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2answers
40 views

Some Clarifications about Electricity

In the diagram below (ignoring the text), does the $V$ mean that there is some electric field outside of this system which results in a potential difference of $V$ between $a$ and $b$ or does it mean ...
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0answers
44 views

Coulombs Law on Quarks [closed]

As from opinion from others the question don't seem to be clear so I did some changes. What is 5.33... it is 5+0.3+0.03+0.003+.... this sequence does not ends. now if we have a ball and we need to ...
0
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3answers
52 views

Is it possible to avoid static electricity? [closed]

Sometimes I touch a car or a door and I feel the static electricity in my hand and it hurts sometimes. I try not to touch anything because I feel like I am going to feel this pain again. Is there a ...
0
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1answer
178 views

potential inside a cylindrical shell in terms of the surface potential?

Given a potential distribution $V(\phi)$ at the surface of an infinite cylindrical shell, is there an easy way to derive the potential inside the cylinder. No charges or currents anywhere.
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2answers
40 views

Why is the electric potential of a point from a point charge of +Q positive?

According to the formula, $$V = - \int \vec E \cdot d\vec r.$$ The electric potential of a point charge is $\frac{KQ}R$? However, when I perform the integration, my answer is $-\frac{KQ}R$. Since ...
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2answers
90 views

How does a point charge interact with a Gaussian surface?

A spherical Gaussian surface encloses a point charge $q$. The point charge is moved to to a point away from the center of the sphere. Does the electric field at a point on the surface change? ...
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0answers
39 views

How did I get these strange electric shocks? [closed]

While doing experiment on designing & fabricating temparature controller circuit using a thermistor, this strange thing happened.Me & my friend frequently experienced short pulses of electric ...
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2answers
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2answers
767 views

Why does electric force depend on the medium?

Comparing the equations for the gravitational and electric force $$\vec{F}_g=-\frac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}$$ and $$\vec{F}_e=\frac{Kq_1q_2}{r^2}$$ I noticed the only major difference between them is that ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Electric Potential due to Sphere when cavity is at arbitrary position [closed]

While doing practice question, I came across a question... A solid sphere of radius a has a cavity of radius b which has a uniformly charge distributed with density $-\rho$ and the remaining part ...
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2answers
41 views

How is electric field effected by loss of energy of charge?

Recently, I asked a question related to energy of a charge(This is the question). In one of the answers, in the comments section, I got an answer that the strength of the electric field is lessened ...
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3answers
442 views

Why may an air passenger experience an electric shock when he touches the door knob of the toilet of an aeroplane flying at a high altitude?

Why may an air passenger experience an electric shock when he touches the door knob of the toilet of an aeroplane flying at a high altitude?
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3answers
92 views

If the entire potential energy of the charge is lost within the circuit, what happens to the charge?

This is a really confusing question for me. Suppose, there is an electric circuit. And, right near to the negative terminal of the battery, I place 3 bulbs, which would take almost all the energy of ...
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1answer
63 views

Figuring out the orientation of a dipole and its distance from a point charge

The problem assigned is this: A dipole is centered at the origin of a coordinate system, and a small charged sphere is some distance away along the perpendicular bisector of the dipole. The particle ...
2
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0answers
53 views

Gauss' Law and Electric Field Close to a Ball

So I've learned about Gauss' law and I have something in my head. Why does electric field that is very close to a ball is not close to infinity. Take a look at this image: As we can see, if we make ...
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1answer
33 views

boundary condition of electrical field

The boundary condition of electrical field is well known. $$ E^{\perp} _{above} -E^{\perp} _{below} = \frac{\sigma}{\epsilon_0}$$ Griffiths wrote that where there is no surface charge $E^{\perp}$ is ...
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2answers
336 views

Should the electric potential of a positively charged sphere be negative?

Because the indefinite integral of the electric field results in a negative value? (As the function is proportional to $r^{-2}$? I've got to be missing something... Help please!! Thanks! Also, I ...
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1answer
4k views

Potential energy of the dipole-dipole interaction for two parallel dipole moments

I am looking for an equation that gives me the potential energy of the interaction between two parallel dipoles.
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2answers
71 views

Finding out the charge density (electrostatics) [closed]

A solution to the potential in the region $ -a < y <a$ , where there is charge density $\rho$ , satisfies the boundary conditions , $\phi = 0$ in the planes $ y = -a$ and $y = a$. $$ \phi = ...
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0answers
32 views

Surface bound charge density in dielectric displacement

In Griffiths, it derived that the electric potential caused by Polarization $\bf {P}$ is written $$V({\bf r}) = \frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon_0} \int_{\mathcal{V}} \frac{\hat{\gamma} \cdot {\bf P}{({\bf ...
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1answer
91 views

Mass of a point charge [closed]

A point charge is defined as an electric charge at a mathematical point with no dimensions(Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Point_particle#Point_charge). Can anything be said about its mass in ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Parallel plates with differing charges

I'm given a problem involving two parallel conducting plates a small distance apart. One has charge Q, the other is neutral. I'm asked to find the surface charges on all faces. I began by ...
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2answers
41 views

If protons(positive charges) also flow in a circuit, do we say that a conductor has free protons?

This might be a stupid question, but it is logical. We say that even protons or positive charge can flow to constitute current. But, protons are present inside the nucleus of an atom. So, when we say ...
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2answers
39 views

Which charge actually moves to constitute current? Positive or negative?

Now this might be a very stupid question for many readers, but I am getting really confused. I was reading about electricity and current, and I read this: Suppose we connect a wire to the ends of a ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Symmetry arguments and plane sheet of charge [duplicate]

The electric field due to a infinite plane sheet of charge is given by $\sigma/\epsilon_o$. Now could we have deduced by symmetry that the electric field's magnitude won't depend on distance?
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3answers
93 views

Do we know why the field produced by charge extends to infinity?

Do we have any model to show why charge field or magnetic field extends till infinity. Edit: I agree that according to coulombs law $1/r^2$ cannot be 0 but do we know why this happens.I think I am ...
3
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2answers
71 views

Some confusions regarding electrostatic shielding

A spherical conductor A contains two spherical cavities as shown. The total charge on conductor itself is zero. However, there is a point charge q1 at the centre of one cavity and q2 at the centre ...
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1answer
63 views

Electrostatics: Cylinder and conducting plane question (method of images)

I was looking at some problems/questions about electrostatics and came across this question: An infinitely long cylinder of radius $a$ and with charge density per unit length $\lambda$ is placed ...
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1answer
41 views

Charge outside a Sphere given charge density

If a sphere has a charge density of $\rho =\alpha r^2$, I want to calculate the Electric field outside of the sphere. Starting with Maxwell's equation $\bigtriangledown\cdot E=\frac{\rho }{\epsilon ...
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1answer
47 views

Electrical work and Coulomb's law

In some text books I've encountered the calculation of electrical work done on a point charge moving in an electric field (e.g. when demonstrating that electric force is conservative) is done by ...
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1answer
129 views

Atoms, Gravity and Electrostatic Charge [closed]

How close do 2 atoms of any type the have can be together before gravity with an electrostatic charge that repulses?
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2answers
50k views

What is the electric field in a parallel plate capacitor?

When we find the electric field between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor we assume that the electric field from both plates is $${\bf E}=\frac{\sigma}{2\epsilon_0}\hat{n.}$$ The factor of two ...
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2answers
34 views

What is the meaning that electric charges flow from high to low potential till both acquire same potential?

I was reading about electric current and circuits. I read in my book that electric current is caused when charges flow from high potential to low potential till they both acquire same potential. So my ...
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5answers
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What are electromagnetic fields made of?

I am trying to understand electromagnetic fields so I have two question related to them. What is a electromagnetic field made of? Is it made of photons / virtual photons? How about a static electric ...
0
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1answer
38 views

$\mathbf{J}$ and $\mathbf{E}$ having the same direction [closed]

Ohm's Law States that $\mathbf{J} = σ\mathbf{E}$ this implies then that $\mathbf{J}$ and $\mathbf{E}$ have the same direction . But we know that $\mathbf{E}$ in normal to a conductor and $\mathbf{J}$ ...
5
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2answers
117 views

metal die charged, where do the charges go?

I'm puzzled by this question: I have a metal die (a regular cube, completely filled with homogeneous iron for instance); I charge it with some µCoulombs. Where do the charges go? Can the faces of the ...
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0answers
103 views

Calculating potential energy per ion of an one dimensional ionic crystal

The problem states to calculate "the potential energy, per ion, for an infinite 1D ionic crystal with separation $a$"; the crystal is a 1D lattice of alternating charges, likes so: ...
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1answer
39 views

Understanding of dipole moment and its vector property

I have a trouble understanding the electric dipole moment. The electric dipole moment formula is $${\bf p}= \int {\bf r}' \rho({\bf r}')d\tau '$$ I'm interested in the coordinate, the origin of which ...