Electrostatics is concerned with the electrical fields and scalar potentials of stationary electrical charges and charge distributions. Use this for questions about electromagnetic situations in which currents and magnetic fields are absent, otherwise use [tag:electromagnetism] and/or [tag:magnetic-...

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1answer
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Gauss law and electrostatic induction. Concentric spheres

Imagine you have hollow concentric spheres A and B with radius a and b (b>a), respectively. If A is a conductor and B has a certain density charge, I´ve been taught that B will induce some net charge ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Electric potential and work

A unit positive charge $q$ is placed in an electric field caused due to a positive charge $Q$. $q$ experiences force of repulsion $F_R$. We apply an external force (FEXT) opposite to $F_R$. The test ...
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0answers
20 views

Charged metal sphere- electric potential [duplicate]

Why is the electric potential on the surface of a charged metal sphere always constant?
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2answers
69 views

Whats the meaning of this equation relating electric field and potential energy?

My electrodynamics teacher was explaining that it is required to apply some energy (or do some work) on charges in order to arrange them in space. When he stated an example about energy in a capacitor ...
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1answer
94 views

Electric Flux is zero

When is the Electric Flux zero through a closed surface? I know that if number of field lines entering is equal to leaving then it is true. Which I think is always true for a closed surface. So can ...
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2answers
36 views

I don't get the idea of potential in a capacitor [closed]

First off, what is meant by the potential of the conductors? Also potential difference between the two conductors is a function of distance from either right? Then why does it have an exact value. For ...
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1answer
40 views

electrostatics and elecrtic field [closed]

two opposite charges are placed and thee electric lines of forces are drawn if the angle made by the tangent at the initial point of one charge is 'a'then find the angle made by the line of force that ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Force on a charged conducting sphere due to a uniform electric field

If a charged conducting sphere is placed in a uniform electric field , will the force on it be simply qE ? I know that the electric field lines enter a conductor perpendicularly so does this have any ...
0
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2answers
34 views

Electric potential inside a shell

Inside a shell, electric field is zero. Then does it have a constant electric potential inside the shell? If $V=\dfrac Ed$, then since field is zero, potential should also have been zero. Please ...
0
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2answers
46 views

Electric Field Vector on an insulating solid ball

An insulating solid ball with radius $R$ has a uniform charge density $ρ$. Find the electric field vector inside and outside of the ball if it has dielectric constant $K$. Normally, I'd treat this ...
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0answers
37 views

Does wearing a metal hat does increase your chance of being struck by lightning?

Does wearing a metal hat does increase your chance of being struck by lightning? Prompted by this video. My view is that it makes no difference as to the conductivity of the head or the field ...
4
votes
3answers
66 views

Spherical Shell with Electric Field Zero Everywhere Inside It

If an isolated, charged spherical shell has a uniform charge distribution, the electric field everywhere inside it is 0, by Gauss' Law. Is the converse true? That is, given an isolated, charged ...
0
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1answer
32 views

doubt from capacitance and capacitors

Can a charged capacitor mathematically be represented as uncharged capacitor connected in series with battery of opposing emf ? Please explain with an example
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2answers
51 views

Potential Energy of Point Charges in a Square [closed]

So, an AP Prep book for the Physics 2 test has the following problem: My reasoning is as follows: The total potential energy = the sum of the PE of each of the 4 charges Which will equal 4x the PE ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Surface density charge, divergence of the electric field and gauss law

It´s known that the divergence of the electric field at a certain point is given by this formula: $$\nabla \cdot E=\dfrac{\rho (r)}{\epsilon_{0}}$$ Being $\rho (r)$ the volume charge density at that ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Macroscopic & Microscopic Electric Field

What are the precise mathematical definitions of the macroscopic & microscopic electric fields? For example, when I study the boundary conditions for an static electric field $\vec{E}$, the ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Since a dipole has some potential energy,it should be able to do some work !? What is it?

We say a dipole has potential energy.What work can a dipole do ?.For eg : A ball on a shelf has a PE because it has the potential to fall down and do some work on the ground if shelf wasnt there.What ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the gravitational field lines pattern of a sphere of mass $m_1$ in an open ended box of mass $m_2$?

This Quetsion is inspired by this Fig of a positively charged metal sphere in an earthed metal box:
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Gauss Law with a hollow asymmetric surface

In this video, Walter Lewin argues that no charge will appear on the inside surface of a hollow conductor in electrostatic equilibrium. He uses a Gaussian surface contained entirely within the ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Electrostatics - Multipole Expansion From Taylor Series?

In electrostatics you might be given a function $$v(\vec{r})$$ satisfying Laplace's equation $$\nabla^2 v = 0$$ so that, Taylor expanding around $\vec{r} = \vec{R}$, we find $$ v(\vec{r}) = v(\...
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3answers
84 views

What does earthing do in electrostatics?

What does earthing actually do in electrostatics? As far as i know, it simply sets the potential of the object that is earthed to zero. To explain my question further with an example, consider this ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Metal Sphere in a Uniform Electric field

An uncharged metal sphere of radius $R$ is placed in a uniform electric field $\vec{E} = E_0 \, \hat{z}$. The field will push the positive charges to the "northern" surface of the sphere, and the ...
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0answers
19 views

With the help of a given charge is it possible to obtain a charge many times greater in magnitude

Consider a spherically conducting sphere. If a charge(say positive) is placed near the sphere, then it will lead to separation of charges inside the sphere.My question is, can we create charges more ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

is there any way to create electric field around two similarly charged plates?

Can an electric field exist around two similarly charged plates, like if we consider to put small paper pallets around it so that it can attract paper pallets without generating repulsion ?
3
votes
4answers
549 views

Attractive force between capacitor plates

A textbook question requires me to calculate the force of attraction between plates of a parallel-plate capacitor. The answer provided is $\frac{1}{2}QE$. I am not entirely sure how they arrived at ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

How do I account for presence of a dielectric medium while calculating potential due to a point charge?

I am not sure but I believe that the potential due to a point charge will reduce if the entire setup is kept in a dielectric medium. How do I account for it in deriving the potential?
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0answers
11 views

On rubbing two bodies together, can we predict the nature of charge on each of them? [duplicate]

Is it possible to know, without actual experimentation, which of the two bodies will get positively charged or negatively charged after being rubbed against each other?
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1answer
63 views

Energy stored in electric field [duplicate]

I know that energy stored in electric field / unit volume = $\frac{1}{2} \epsilon\,E^2$. so can I say that for any configuration calculating $\int \frac{1}{2} \epsilon\, E^2 \,d^3r$ over whole space -...
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1answer
23 views

Electrostatics - System of parallel plates

For a system of $n$ parallel metal plates bearing charges $q_1, q_2,\dots, q_n$, why it is so that the facing surfaces of the plates bear equal and opposite charges? How do we prove that?
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0answers
31 views

How do we calculate electric field on the axis of a disc using gauss law and the concept of solid angle?

We can easily find the electric field at the axis of the disc by considering a differential ring and then integrating it to form a disc, but I was searching for rather a bit simplified proof using ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Gauss law in dielectrics

How shall we apply Gauss's law for a space such that the volume enclosed by the Gaussian surface have 2 or more mediums with different dielectric constants, such that equal or more than two ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

What is the maximum reach distance of electric field? [duplicate]

if i charge small object by removing electrons and put that object in the middle of huge vacuum chamber (million of light years in size) does the electric field lines of that charged object still be ...
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2answers
179 views

Relation between Electric field and potential

I am unable to understand from this - sign comes. Which step I have done wrong?
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Confusion regarding gauss law

Gauss law states that flux due to net electric field on a Gaussian surface is charge enclosed/permittivity. Lets take a spherical Gaussian surface with +q charge at centre. We can simply calculate the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Inconsistency in solving energy in free space given electric potential

So we have the equation $$ W= \frac{1}{2} \int_{volume} \rho_v V\,dv$$ and then after applying a vector identity which is $$\nabla \cdot (V\vec{D})=V(\nabla\cdot \vec{D})+\vec{D}\cdot (\nabla V)$$...
0
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1answer
47 views

What role does the center of mass play in this situation? (electric potential)

Four masses $10\ \mathrm{g}$ each are tied together by $10\ \mathrm{cm}$ strings to make a square as shown. Two of the masses carry a charge of $2\ \mathrm{\mu C}$. The string between the two charged ...
4
votes
7answers
273 views

Is the electric field of a volume charge distribution well defined?

Consider a volume charge distribution $\rho({\bf r'})$. The electric field at ${\bf r}$ is $${\bf E}({\bf r})=\iiint\frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}\frac{\rho({\bf r'})}{R^2}\hat{\bf R}\, \mathrm d^3{\bf r'}$...
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0answers
16 views

Find the force that tries to rip apart a conducting shell into two halves about its equator when kept in an uniform electric field of magnitude E

The conducting spherical shell will be affected by the electric field and one can expect induced charges on the two hemispheres if visualized as cut by an equatorial plane. The induced charges ...
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2answers
22 views

Electric charge and and cylindre

An electric charge is distributed with a uniform volume density $\rho$ in a cylindre with a radius $R$ and an infinite length. Our professor said the following: By symetry the electric field is ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Does is make sense to speak of the value of electric field at points containing continuous charge distribution?

Before getting into the question, here are some remarks: 1)Given a single point charge, the value of electric field at the position of the charge is singular/undefined, which makes sense, since a ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Coaxial cable with electric flux

I had a question when I solved some examples of coaxial cables. I want to find the E and D field using $\rho_s = {Q \over {2\pi r L}}$. Here is my question: Why is the inner surface of the cylinder ...
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0answers
14 views

Potential energy of a shell & point system

Consider the system of a point particle with charge $q$ and a spherical shell with uniform charge $Q$ and radius $R$ whose center is a distance $r > R$ away from the point particle. I'm trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Electric field at surface of a spherical shell

The shell theorem provides a well known result that for a spherical shell with uniformly distributed charge $Q$ and radius $R$, the electric field at a distance of $r$ from the center is: $$\begin{...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Electric Field from a Uniformly Charged Disk

As I was reading the solution of this problem the author gave the electric field in the point P as follows: $$ \vec{E} = \sigma /(2 \epsilon ) [1-x/(x^2+R^2)^{1/2}]\ \hat \imath$$ Where: $\sigma$ ...
0
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2answers
43 views

Relationship between work and energy in an electrostatic system

I am having problems understanding the relationship between the concepts of Work and Energy in a electrostatic system. As I know, the definition of Potential Energy is the ability to do work. In a ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

If Electric field is constant in a region, does it imply potential is also constant?

I am a bit confused about these concepts- when is electric field or electric potential constant so i would appreciate if anyone could brief me about these things as well. Here i am referring to ...
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votes
1answer
54 views

Gauss's law, electrical flux density [closed]

Q. Given a 60-μC point charge located at origin, find the total electrical flux passing through the plane z = 26 cm. I can understand what the question means, but I can't do anything. Is it using ...
0
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2answers
27 views

Is Emf induced in the coil when magnetic Flux passing through it is zero? If so then what is the explanation?

I thought Emf would not be induced if the coil doesn't cut the magnetic Flux . But since the graph in my paper shows Emf is induced when magnetic Flux is zero , I got confused. I thought since the ...
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0answers
28 views

When is force of interaction maximum?

A certain charge Q is divided at first into 2 parts q and (Q-q). Later on the charges are placed at a certain distance. If the force of interaction between the two charges is maximum then 1)Q/q = 4/...
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0answers
19 views

What does relative permitivity of medium mean and what does it depend on?

Does relative permitivity have someting to do with the polarization of medium , like for example how in inside the capacitor magnitude of electric field would be less due to a smaller opposing field ...