Electrostatics is concerned with the electrical fields and scalar potentials of stationary electrical charges and charge distributions. Use this for questions about electromagnetic situations in which currents and magnetic fields are absent, otherwise use [tag:electromagnetism] and/or ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
3 views

Magnetic force on a charged particle doesn't affect total energy

So there's this sentence in a book I am reading. It states "When a charged particle is placed within a magnetic field, despite the magnetic force acting on the particle, there will be no change in the ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Principle of capacitor

It is said that second conductor reduces the potential of fist conductor and hence increases charge taking ability of first conductor My confusion... As per my limited knowledge it is electric ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Current in discharging capacitor through fixed resistor?

In the textbook I'm using for physics it says that the charge left on the plates of a capacitor after time $t$, that is discharging through a fixed resistor, is $Q=Q_0e^{-t/\tau}$ where $\tau=RC$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Surface bound charge in the electric displacement

In Griffiths, the electric displacement is written with just volume charge density, and that is because, he says, 'we cannot apply gauss law precisely at the surface of a dielectric, for here volume ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

How to draw equipotential surfaces for a dipole or system of two like charges?

How can we draw the equipotential surfaces (i.e the surface which has constant potential on all its points) for an electric dipole and a system of two like charges? I read it in some book that they ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

how could Kinetic energy increase if no energy was there in the system?

i was reading Physics-Halliday, Resnick, Krane(fifth edition) there on page 638 it is written: if the external agent does positive work in assembling the charge ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

Electric Field and Neutral Objects

Due to electrostatic induction, when a charged object gets closer to a neutral object, sides of the neutral object can get charged. Thus, a charged object can attract a neutral object. However, is ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Charge Magnitude Based on Isoline Spacing

Suppose we have two positive charges of unknown magnitudes. We are given the isoline map (the equipotential lines) for the two-charge system. One has isolines more "squashed together" (more closely ...
14
votes
8answers
1k views

Why is capacitance defined as charge divided by voltage?

I understand that capacitance is the ability of a body to store an electrical charge and the formula is $C=\frac{Q}{V}$. What I don't understand, however, is why it is defined as coulomb per volt. Of ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Reversibility of uniqueness theorem

If we use uniqueness theorem then we know that if the boundary conditions and the charge distribution is same in 2 setups in a certain region then the electric field and potential in that region in ...
3
votes
3answers
268 views

Difference between $E$ field configuration, sheet of charge: infinite sheet of charge, conducting vs. non-conducting

This is a very easy question, but I often confused myself. Perhaps someone could explain this concept again: A non-conducting infinite sheet of charge has the electric field configuration ...
5
votes
4answers
404 views

What will be final velocity of three charges $q$, $q$, $2q$? [closed]

What will be final velocity of three charges q, q and 2q kept along an equilateral triangle of side r at infinite distance. All three masses are equal. I tried to conserve Total Energy ...
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

Electric potential inside a solid sphere [on hold]

We have charged solid sphere and have to find electric potential inside it. I tried it by two methods, By integrating $\int \vec{E}\cdot\text{d}\vec{r}$ for both outside and inside the sphere ( ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Conductors, charges and method of images; Intuition?

Two charges e and -e are placed at distances d and 3d, respectively, above an infinite conducting plane (directly above one another). Find the force on the charge e. To Solve this I consider another ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Capacitance of spherical capacitor when earthed

The capacitance of a spherical capacitor is given by $$C=\frac{4\pi \varepsilon_{0}}{\left ( \frac{1}{a}-\frac{1}{b} \right )}$$ How can I find out the capacitance of the capacitor when The ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Understanding zero field inside a conductor?

Imagine a neutral conductor of any shape, the charges are randomly distribuited among the object. No way we can say the electric field inside is zero. If I'm wrong, then what can we say about the ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Which way is the magnetic field headed? [on hold]

Question Is the magnetic field directed into the page or out of the page? I am using this right hand rule --> RHR So anyhow, my index finger is pointing downwards, and since the magnetic force is ...
2
votes
1answer
257 views

Electric field in space created by intersection of spheres of charge [on hold]

I am trying to calculate the electric field in space created by a body assembled by the intersection of 2 spheres. The upper sphere, its center is at $$\frac{d}{2}\mathbf{\hat{z}}$$ with radius $R$ ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

What is the charge density for line and surface charges?

In electrostatics it is common to see line, surface and volumetric charges being described differently. A line distribution is a function defined on the line, a surface charge distribution is a ...
1
vote
1answer
402 views

The image current due to moving charges and a current carrying thin wire

Suppose we have a plane conductor and positive charged particles of mass m are moving parallel to the plane conductor at a distance d. The trajectory can be assumed to be straight. An image current ...
4
votes
1answer
579 views

Finding Green function using eigenfunction expansion method

Given the Dirichlet boundary condition, I am to show that the functions that satisfy $$(\nabla ^2 + k_{lmn}^2) \psi_{lmn} (x,y,z) = 0$$ are given by $$\psi_{lmn} = (\frac{\pi}{2x})^{1/2} ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Expressing charge density in terms of spherical multipoles

How to express the charge density in terms of the full set of the spherical multipole moments? That is, how to invert the relationship $$ Q_{lm}=\frac{4\pi}{2l+1}\int ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Is there a charge difference between ground and our head?

I commented on a question on Skeptics.SE that it would be an interesting question whether there is a charge difference between ground and our head. The question is not very relevant, but here it is ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

How can electric field representation be obtained from Enge representation using Maxwell's equations?

Suppose we have a long electric capacitor. Let $L$ be its length ($z$ coordinate), $W$ its width ($y$ coordinate), and $D$ its full height (full aperture; $x$ coordinate). Let $L\gg W\gg D$. The ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Force of Electrostatic Attraction between 2 rings

Before someone puts it on 'hold' , this is not a homework question, I doubt you'll find it somewhere as I thought of it. I wish to find force of electrostatic attraction between 2 uniform rings of ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Force Of Attraction between 2 rings [on hold]

We have 2 rings of say equal radii (for simplicity) separated by a distance d. I ring carries +q charge and the other -q. I wish to compute the electrostatic force of attraction between these. Is it ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the strength of the magnetic field required to penetrate an average human body?

Introduction Suppose you are an experimental nanobot researcher trial-ling a new form of medication that involves activation and control of nanobots within the cells of the interior of the human body ...
2
votes
3answers
373 views

Why does the Electric Field of a dipole have no $x$ component?

According to the solution $2E\sin(\theta) = E_{net}$. I understand how the dipole works but I don't understand why the x component would be 0?
2
votes
1answer
307 views

Force due to combination of free space and dielectric

I will make a generalized form of my question. There are two point charges $q$, $x$ distance apart. And there is a dielectric slab of thickness $t$ and of dielectric constant $K$. Should the force ...
-4
votes
0answers
26 views

Where is the net electric field 0? [on hold]

A positive charge +3Q is separated by a distance, d, from a negative charge -Q. What is the closest distance in which the net electric field is zero.
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Immersing a copper sphere into a conducting liquid that is itself in a conducting bath [on hold]

Question A small copper sphere of radius a is half immersed at the surface of a poorly conducting liquid of resistivity $\rho$. The liquid is contained in a spherical copper bath of radius b, where b ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Charge distribution on a Gaussian surface

In the text, it is said that the skewed distribution of positive charge on the inner wall cannot produce an eletric field in the shell to affect the distribution of charge on the outer wall. Why? ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate the vector potential $A$ inside an infinite cylinder using Poisson's equation? [on hold]

Poisson's equation is : $$ \Delta \boldsymbol A = - \mu_0 \boldsymbol J$$ we want to calculate $\boldsymbol A$ inside an infinite cylinder with radius $a$ and the current density is $\boldsymbol ...
-1
votes
2answers
20 views

Electric Flux in a Gaussian Surface

Why is electric flux of a charge everywhere inside a Gaussian Surface constant? I want explanation ( not from any equation ).
0
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the relationship between potential energy and electrical potential?

I actually always thought this was trivial, now I am not so sure. For a potential $\phi$ the potential energy is $V=q\phi$ where q is a test charge. Now I am thinking this may work differently in two ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Natural timer project

I want to make a light bulb that is already on, turn off after a time that is as close as possible to 30 seconds. However, I can't use an electronic clock timer. Essentially, I just need to make two ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

Electric field inside two parallel lines of charge

At what force will a particle be subjected to inside two parallel line charges with the same length and charge density. I get that in the middle the forces will cancel, but will they cancel if the ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Dipole moment of a single point charge

Kindly refer to the Multipole Expansion section (chapter 3) of David Griffith's Introduction to Electrodynamics. Let us first discuss about why multipole expansion is needed. As far as I understand, ...
-2
votes
1answer
40 views

While deriving Coulomb's Law from Gauss' Law, the power of 'r' comes out to be exactly 2 while experiment shows that it differs about 10^(-16). Why?

While deriving Coulomb's Law from Gauss' Law, the power of 'r' comes out to be exactly 2 while experiment shows that it differs about 10^(-16). Why is it so? I'm referring to the book 'Physics by ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Coulomb's law and its application [closed]

I just read that Coulomb*s Law describes (a) the forces that bind atoms together to form molecules (b) the forces that bind molecules together to form solids. My question is Do a proton share ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Calculating the surface integral over a charged box [closed]

In a question that I'm trying to solve, we're told that there is a box with dimensions 20cm long, 4cm high, and 3cm deep. we're given that the electric field on every surface of the box is pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Calculation of charged sphere distribution near a wall in Cartesian coordinates

I am following a similar derivation as found in the beginning of this paper "Quantitative aspects of the growth of (charged) silica spheres" by A.P. Philipse. This paper calculates the growth of a ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Energy (voltage) correction on energy level between metallic electrodes with dielectric and accounting for work function difference

My goal is to understand how to correct for the field drop and the work function difference when performing electrical measurements on a certain energy level of a sandwiched system. The situation is ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Understanding electric potential in the context of gravitational potential?

I'm trying to understand the concept of electric potential and the significance of an electric field being related to the gradient/derivative of an electric potential. I found this question that ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

electric charges on the surface and inside a charged body [closed]

There is a hollow object (for example an inflated balloon.it is charged. where will the charges reside? Inside the balloon or on the surface of it? Why what will be the case of a solid sphere which is ...
0
votes
1answer
312 views

Why does a point charge generate an electric field and why is an electric field represented by this formula?

Why does a point charge generate an electric field and why is an electric field represented by this formula $$E ~=~ \frac{q}{4 \pi \epsilon r^2},$$ where $\epsilon$ is permittivity of free space ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Self enery of a sphere [closed]

If we have a sphere of radius 2R in which there is a cavity of radius R with concentric centre . Now we have to find self energy. I searched and got 3 methods : 1) U'' + U' + U* = U In this we ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Net Electrical Force

If a metal is insulated from earth and if a charged object is held near one end of it but not touched , will the net force acting on the metal be zero ?