0
votes
1answer
44 views

Potential Differences (Voltage) from Point Charges [closed]

Identical +1.8 micro Colomb charges are fixed to adjacent corners of a square. What charge (magnitude and algebraic sign) should be fixed to one of the empty corners, so that the total electric ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Why is Lightning referred to as High frequency source?

Lightning strike is categorized as DC because of its electrostatic nature. The negative flash/stroke is found to have 200KA of current with a voltage close to 300KV (cloud to ground). But why is it ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

How much voltage should be applied to an object to create a certain amount of charge?

I am curious as to how much voltage should be applied to create a specific charge. Is there a formula to calculate it, and what are the parameters that can affect the relation between voltage and ...
4
votes
2answers
206 views

Why isn't there a potential difference across a disconnected diode?

I know this question sounds silly, as if there was a potential difference a current would be created when the terminals are connected together and this would mean energy has come from somewhere. The ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Calculating the electric potential in cylindrical coordinates from constant E-field

I am having so much trouble with this problem. I feel like I shouldn't be, but I am. A uniform electric field, $\vec{E} = E_0\hat{x}$. What is the potential, expressed using cylindrical ...
2
votes
3answers
117 views

Calculating the Potential from the E-Field

I find that often times I'll be tripped up by questioning whether or not I can do something mathematically, and be unable to come up with a satisfying answer. This is, unfortunately, one of those ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
0
votes
3answers
75 views

Does corona discharge charged insulator?

Does corona discharge charged insulator? I draw a diagram to make it simpler to understand. Electrons form negative side is accelerated due to electric field and accumulate on insulator surface. Gas ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Does higher voltage and plate area cause more separation between leaves in electroscope?

Does higher voltage cause more separation between leaves in electroscope? Will higher voltage and plate area attract more charge since Q = CV.
0
votes
0answers
75 views

How to achieve Gigavolts?

I was searching the internet when I found this article http://arxiv.org/abs/0804.1764, about achieving high voltage and power to ignite thermonuclear reaction by inertial confinement, the plan was to ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Can a liquid insulator be electrically charged by touching a charged conductor?

Can a liquid insulator be electrically charged by touching a charged conductor? I understand that solid insulator will only be charge on the surface where it is touch, but the case is different ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Influence of a Capacitance Matrix of a voltage measurment

I am having a problem in understanding how in a multiconductor system the Capacitance Matrix influences the measure of voltage between two electrodes. In the case that interest me we have 4 ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Why is Energy = Voltage x Charge, and how to prove that?

As you know the equation $\mathbf{E=V\times Q}$. Where: $\mathbf E$ is the energy measured in joules, $\mathbf V$ is potential difference (Voltage), $\mathbf Q$ is the charge. So my qustion is: ...
0
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does the area of the plates affect the capacitance?

Why does the area of the plates affect the capacitance? Lets say I have a parallel plate capacitor with a charge of 10C and a potential difference of 5V. By the definition $C=Q/V$, the capacitance is ...
0
votes
2answers
246 views

About the electrostatic voltage

What's the difference between electrostatic voltage and normal voltage, like the battery's voltage. How to calculate the charge on a charged plate if we knew its electrostatic voltage?
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Should the electric potential of a positively charged sphere be negative?

Because the indefinite integral of the electric field results in a negative value? (As the function is proportional to $r^{-2}$? I've got to be missing something... Help please!! Thanks! Also, I ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Is voltage electric potential or electric potential difference?

On Wikipedia, voltage is defined to be the electric potential difference. However, I am still not certain as to whether voltage is the electric potential ($PE/q$) or electric potential change ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is electric potential scalar?

I can't conceptually visualize why it would be so. Say you have two point charges of equal charge and a point right in the middle of them. The potential of that charge, mathematically, is proportional ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the role of battery across a Parallel plate capacitor having equal charge?

Each plate of a parallel plate capacitor has a charge $q$ on it. The capacitor is now connected to a battery. Now, which of the following options are correct? a) The facing surfaces of the ...
1
vote
2answers
814 views

Highest man-made voltage

What was the highest voltage achieved and was it produced by electrostatic means or just some transformers and multipliers? What are the limitations when it comes to producing voltage using ...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

About voltage and charge of van de graff generator

I have read that in case of Van de graff generator $V=kQ/r$ where $r$ is radius of the sphere. If that's the case, does the same voltage results in bigger charges in bigger radii?
3
votes
1answer
719 views

Calculating the electric relative permittivity of fluid or medium?

I'm unsure of how to calculate the permittivity of a fluid. Permittivity differs from one fluid to another: $$\varepsilon=\varepsilon_r\varepsilon_0$$ Since it is an electrical property combined ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Charge of an electrolytic capacitors

I can't understand the electrolytic capacitors, when a capacitor has a capacitance of 100 microfarads, does that mean that when it is charged with 100 volts will the charge of the plate be 0.01 ...
3
votes
2answers
434 views

Electrostatic notion of voltage as it applies to circuits

I have a question that's been bothering me about electric fields, voltage, and circuit analysis. Initially, I came to understand voltage as it was taught in the context of electrostatics - through ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Why does it seem that the potential difference dependence of capacitance and total energy stored in a parallel-plate capacitor are contradictory?

Consider a parallel-plate capacitor. Charge is stored physically on electrodes ("plates") which are flat and parallel to one another. If one electrode has charge $+Q$ and the other electrode has ...
2
votes
3answers
9k views

How is calculated the potential between two capacitors in series?

Suppose to have two capacitors in series: The voltage in the middle point will be: $$ V_X = V_1 \frac{C_1}{C_1+C_2} $$ How can this be explained? It's been asked in electronics, and explained in ...
6
votes
2answers
988 views

Voltage and current of positive lightning

For a physics issues investigation I chose to investigate what effects lightning could have on an aeroplane while in flight if it was struck and then go on to discuss some possible implications of ...