Electronics is the study of electric circuits and electrical components, and the design of useful devices. Some questions in this tag may be more appropriate for the [Electrical Engineering(http://electronics.stackexchange.com/) SE site.

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How does electrostatic force affect electronic devices?

How does electrostatic force generated by two seperate plates having opposite charges affect electronic devices? I know that magnetic fields have some harmful effects to electronic devices but I am ...
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29 views

Piezoelectric effect of natural irregular quartz crystal in aqueous solution or electromagnetic field for maximium Q?

Background Based on helpful comments and links here and also from my question on the electronics stackexchange, I have learned that the quartz crystals are nature's transducers of energy, allowing ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is responsivity quoted as a figure of merit?

Lately I have been investigating the physics literature on proposed photosensitive electronic devices made of graphene. Often I see responsivity values quoted as if they suppossed to impress, and ...
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103 views

How does radiation degrade mechanical parts and electronic devices?

I'm running out of places to look (lots of Googling, SE, [articles and books are too specific and never give a good overview]), and yet I am still unsure about how exactly radiation can degrade ...
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1answer
93 views

Why do electron and hole mobilities decrease with temperature?

From page 35 of "Microelectronics" by Millman Grabel Mobility $\mu$ decreases with temperature because more carriers are present and these carriers are more energetic at higher temperatures. ...
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Questions on Ruhmkorff coils [migrated]

An availability of spare electronic components at my home and a project that is due next week has led me to wonder about making a Ruhmkorff coil that can produce good sparks. However, the traditional ...
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1answer
27 views

Why, microscopically, is the voltage drop across a resistor affected by the current through it?

If voltage is a potential difference, describing how much energy will be lost per unit charge as charge carriers pass through the resistor, why would the rate at which charge flows (i.e. current, ...
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2answers
294 views

If we connect a block of p-type semiconductor only to a positive terminal, will it become positively charged?

Connect the positive terminal of a battery to a piece of p-doped semiconductor, say, silicon doped with boron. Will the terminal pull electrons out of the doped silicon, or equivalently, inject holes ...
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1k views

What are the effects of cosmic rays on consumer electronics? [closed]

When electronics/computer companies design a new chip, processor/ memory card/ or a solar cell, do they study the effect of cosmic rays on such electronically sensitive materials? If not, why not?
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Is it possible to raise the voltage of a power source by lowering its current indefinitely (i.e. transformers)?

Let's say you have a D battery. You wire it up to the primary of a step-up transformer, which you then in turn wire up to another step-up transformer,...etc. Is there a limit to how high the voltage ...
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6answers
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What would be the effective resistance of the ladder of resistors having n steps

I'm a tutor. This is a high school level problem. In high school, every one have might have solved a problem of effective resistance of a ladder of resistors having infinite steps. Now the problem is ...
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1answer
248 views

Remote EEG detection / reading

I recently noted that Philips, Accenture, and Emotive grouped together to create a proof of concept that would assist ALS patients to gain greater control of their lives through brain, voice, and eye ...
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2answers
2k views

How do Zener diodes work?

I was going through some of the theory behind Zener diodes. I know what they're used to work at constant voltage, but I don't know how they work. Actually, I kind of get that too, I know that voltage ...
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3answers
2k views

Why the electric potential of earth is zero?

For a localized charge distribution the potential is set to zero far away from the charge distribution (at infinity) Now, when grounding a conductor, i.e. connecting it to Earth, it is said that we ...
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4answers
2k views

How electrons move so fast in a electric circuit?

Whenever we switch on a bulb......it takes almost no time to glow up.....But we know that the atoms of a solid are tightly packed and there is a very little space between them. So how the electrons ...
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3answers
521 views

number of electrons my laptop uses in a second

in order to confirm whether I understand the relation ship between amps, columbs and electrons I decided to try out the following. my laptop adapter's label reads 3.34 amps. I assume that: amps are ...
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0answers
9 views

Dependence of $I_s$ on $T^x$ in a p-n junction

So we have the current through a p-n junction characterized by the equation $$I = I_s * [\exp(qv/nkT)-1]$$ Concerning the forbidden energy game $Eg0$. $I_s$ is proportional to $T^x \exp(-Eg0/nkT)$ - ...
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4k views

Is it viable or possible to make your own transistor?

Just wondering if it is possible/viable to construct your own transistor, not small like todays, but the same scale as the one created at Bell Labs.
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1answer
19 views

Why is Al2O3 so popular in plasmonics?

I've tried to find my own solution for this question and found out that It is cheap It is an insulator It efficiently absorbs UV Are there more properties that makes it so popular?
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2answers
28 views

Stroboscope's unit

Can someone please tell me why does stroboscope's unit is rps or rpm. Revolution per minute/second. Although the stroboscope used was an electronic stroboscope. Is it has something to do with the ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Why do I see different color sparks from the 2 pins when I plug an appliance in a socket?

I plugged in the charger of my laptop into a socket, which I have done a lot of times but this time, I noticed a strange thing. When the contact was made between the pins of charger and the socket, ...
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0answers
23 views

What is the work-function of a monolayer metal on a substrate with charge redistribution at the interface?

The work-function on subsrate/metal with nm thick (or above) metal layer generally reveal the intrinsic work-funtion of bulk metal. But what if there is a monolayer thick metal, and there is charge ...
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13 views

Electronic device malfunctions from condensate

I'm fairly certain my tablet runs better in a dehumidified sealed compartment. I can't really prove it...but I know my hearing aids perform better after dehumidifying. I asked here and they said a ...
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0answers
51 views

Electrical conductivity of pool water [closed]

What is the electrical conductivity of pool water? I tried to find some information, unfortunately with no success. I need to know it to make an underwater electronic project. Thanks
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2answers
34 views

Shining light (of a particular frequency) on an insulator to make it into a conductor

Recently I read about band theory of solids. The energy difference between valence band and conduction band determines the conductive property of solids. Suppose I take an insulator and shine it with ...
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1answer
14 views

why a charge never converted to energy as it work on other charges by displacing them various times?

When a charge is brought near another charge it exerts force on It...innumerable charges brought near it one by one it attract and displace them by doing work on these charges...which require ...
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3answers
51 views

EMF in circuits help?

Can someone explain EMF in the most simple way possible? I understand the equation i.e. $ε=I(R+r)$ but don't fully understand what is going on in the circuit.
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37 views

What technologies are available to measure distance? [closed]

I'm a programmer, I really lack of physics knowledge, I'm trying to make some basic design for a distance measuring simple system, for a social project I'd take as hobby. Basically I would have many ...
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2answers
80 views

Would you please explain this statement please [closed]

As the atoms of a material are brought closer together to form the crystal lattice structure, there is an interaction between atoms, which will result in the electrons of a particular shell of an atom ...
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0answers
17 views

Thyristor turn on process.depletion region increases or decrease?

When gate-cathode forward voltage is applied in SCR, according to normal convention, depletion region near J2(middle junction) decreases or gradually increases? If there is any mistake in asking the ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What will be the effect of placing a light source very close to a photodiode?

What will be the effect of placing a photodiode really close to a laser source and what should be the appropriate distance between a light source and photodiode to get maximum output current?
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0answers
72 views

Numerical Solution of 1D Boltzmann Transport Equation

I need to solve the one-dimensional Boltzmann transport equation in a semiconductor numerically, and I want to take a deterministic approach toward the problem (i.e. not use Monte-Carlo or similar ...
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3answers
77 views

Why capacitor pass AC and block DC current? [duplicate]

We know that in circuit capacitor block the DC current and pass AC current. My question is how a capacitor block DC and pass AC?
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1answer
101 views

Factors on which barrier potential in a p n junction depends

I have a few queries regarding the barrier potential in a p-n junction diode. Is the barrier potential dependent on temperature? Why/why not? Does the barrier potential depend on doping ...
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2answers
58 views

Why are holes (in a semi conductor) regarded as particle?

Can I say that holes in a semiconductors are treated as current-carrying conventional direction ?
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2answers
809 views

Explanation for transistor as amplifier

In transistor as an amplifier, we have NPN transistor (base in the middle and emitter and collector at the sides). The collector has electrons in majority because it is N-type. similarly, holes are in ...
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1answer
72 views

Internal Resistor in a Diode

When we talk about the resistance of a diode (of the P and N region), is this resistance like the one inside an Electro-Motive Force or it acts like a normal resistor (external electric field exist)? ...
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2answers
30 views

Laser beam sensed by scattering

Can a laser beam, whether it is a IR laser or of the visible to human eye spectrum, be seen/sensed by an electronic eye like a photosensor/photodetector, not human eye, if the beam is just in air? For ...
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42 views

How does current flow in the circuit during negative cycle of input?

So,as far as I know the input signal just controls the current from +Vcc as per this analogy But in the first picture during the negative half cycle of the input waveform the output wave form is ...
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34 views

why do everything tend to be stable? [duplicate]

Whenever I ask'why does a proton attract electron?' People say that 'because they are oppositely charged' But I want to know why do opposite Charges attract each other and tend to become neutralised? ...
6
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1answer
877 views

How did the Bardeen-Brattain point-contact transistor work?

I've been trying to understand how the Bardeen-Brattain point-contact transistor worked. The point-contact transistor uses Schottky barriers (metal/semi-conductor junctions), so under what conditions ...
1
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1answer
126 views

electron-gas theory of a metal (drude model) - intuition

I'm back to studying "Microelectronics" by Millman & Grabel (2nd ed.). The book makes some references to the electron-gas theory, and I found out to have some problems with my intuition. At each ...
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0answers
15 views

What is the effect of doping silicon with an excessive amount of group V donors?

What is actually the effect of doping silicon with an excessive amount of group V / donor atoms? I read it reduces the conductivity but I dont understand why.
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3answers
477 views

Verifying radiation measurement smart phone applications

I've stumbled upon a strange class of Android applications lately. (And I'm sure such applications are available for other platforms too.) These apps claim the ability of detecting radiation. The ...
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2answers
66 views

What temperature will create amorphous TiSi?

At what temperature will create amorphous TiSi? I think it's around 500 Celsius but I'm not sure.
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1answer
96 views

Variable Resistance

We know that the resistance increase with temperature or for exemple in an AC circuit, the resistance is superior to the same resistor for DC current due to skin effect. But my question is for a same ...
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0answers
60 views

Ohmic contacts in a diode (metal-semiconductor junction) - contact difference of potential $V_0$ - how to compute

I'm reading "Microelectronics" by Millman, Grabel. Premise: The book developed, for a pn step-graded junction, the contact potential as $$ V_0 = V_T \text{ln} \frac{p_{p0}}{p_{n0}} = - V_T ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do circuits work so fast?

Drift velocity (explained to me as how fast the electrons are moving) is really slow. My book says the electrons move at around 10 mm/ s. If electrons move so slowly how do circuits work so fast? If ...
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108 views

How is the bandgap reference diode so accurate? (temperature changes bandgap?)

I am studying about bandgap references (wiki). As a black box approach, (from what I know) it can be seen as a system which gives a stable voltage reference irrespective of the highly varying ...