The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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13
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3answers
1k views

Where the angular momentum has gone?

I came across an interesting problem when I prepared for the preliminary exam on electromagnetism. Below is the problem in its original words: A metallic sphere of mass, $m$, and radius, $a$, ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

Lorentz invariance of a frequency- and wavelength- dependent dielectric tensor

Suppose we have a material described by a dielectric tensor $\bar{\epsilon}$. In frequency domain, this tensor depends on the wave frequency $\omega$ and the wave vector $\vec{k}$. Clearly not all ...
1
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1answer
3k views

How to calculate the exit velocity of a coil gun projectile?

First off, what quantities need to be factored in? Voltage and current through the coils, the magnetism of the projectile, the magnetic fields, etc.? Next, how would you calculate the speed of the ...
9
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4answers
763 views

fraction of magnetic energy stored outside a solenoid

If I have a long solenoid, e.g. length $l$ and radius $r$ with $l = kr$, where k >> 1, with a nonpermeable (e.g. air) core, how much of the magnetic energy is stored outside as compared to inside? If ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Can an object between two magnets reduce their attraction/repulsion?

If you have two magnets (not in contact) and then put a non-magnetic object in between the two magnets, does that decrease the attraction/repulsion between the two magnets? It seems that it wouldn't, ...
3
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4answers
7k views

What happens if a wind mill rotates in opposite direction?

Suppose if a windmill is made torotate in clockwise direction and due to air flow if it rotates in anti clockwise direction then does it produce electricity?
0
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2answers
2k views

Electric field of not-grounded conducting plate with a given potential?

I have been trying to find an equation (or some solution) of how to calculate the electric field strength (in N/C) of a conducting rectangular (nearly flat) plate which has non-zero potential to it, ...
2
votes
2answers
496 views

Software for simulating 3D Newtonian dynamics of simple geometric objects (with force fields)

I'm looking for something short of a molecular dynamics package, where I can build up simple geometric shapes with flexible linkages/etc and simulate the consequences of electrostatic repulsion ...
11
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2answers
589 views

Essential background for QFT study

The preface to Mark Srednicki's "Quantum Field Theory" says that to be prepared for the book, one must recognize and understand the following equations: $$\frac{d\sigma}{d\Omega} = ...
3
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1answer
988 views

Help understanding a Magnetic Levitation “Physics Toy”

I was shown a toy, yesterday, which I would like help understanding qualitatively. A fellow engineer showed me a kit which included three main parts: 1.) A base (black box), approximately 4 ...
4
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3answers
7k views

If you place a spring on a neodymium hard-drive magnet, it appears to vibrate in slow-motion. Why is that so?

By chance(playing around really) I saw that a spring(mainly from a pen) placed on a neodymium hard-disk magnet(and then flicked by your finger at the top) makes a nice-effect (see youtube video ). It ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole

By the "No Hair Theorem", three quantities "define" a black hole; Mass, Angular Momentum, and Charge. The first is easy enough to determine, look at the radius of the event horizon and you can use the ...
-3
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4answers
4k views

Is the Keppe Motor “real”?

Its makers say that it's a highly efficient motor because it resonates with (what they call) "Essential Energy", which is free energy that is everywhere in space. (I think that’s just a different name ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

Right Angle Circuitry [closed]

This question concerns the article Right Angle Circuitry. Having passed a grad E&M course, I feel like this should make perfect sense to me and I should be able to answer all the questions it ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Why electromagnetic waves propagating along x transfers to electron momentum along z?

Why EM waves having only x momentum transfers to electron z momentum? Electron begins oscillating along z, so will not radiate EM waves along z direction, to compensate its z momentum. It seems that ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

Why aren't there compression waves in electromagnetic fields?

I just started learning about optics, and in the book I'm reading they explain how the electrical field caused by a single charged particle could be described by a series of field lines, and compare ...
1
vote
2answers
279 views

Gravititonal fields compared to electromagnetic fields - are they infinite in range?

me and my friend has a discussion last night, and he argued that both an electromagnetic field and gravititonal field are infinite in their area of effect, but with diminishing effects as you get ...
6
votes
4answers
10k views

Derivation of self-inductance of a long wire

Currently I am stuck, trying to derive the self-inductance of a long wire. According to literature it should be $$L=\frac{\mu_r\mu_0l}{8\pi}$$ and in literature its derived by looking at the energy ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Show that the electric field E in the system at rest is $E=\frac{Q}{4 \pi \epsilon_0 \sqrt{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^3}} (x,y,z)$ [closed]

A body point charge $Q$ moves in relation to the reference system $\Sigma$ according to the law of motion $x(t)=v_0 t$, $y(t)=0$, $z(t)=0$.
1
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2answers
4k views

How do I calculate the power consumed by a lightbulb?

I'm studying a lightbulb and its variable resistance, given by the expression: $R(T) = Ro[1 + α(T-T_0)]$, where $R_0$ is the resistance of the lamp at $T_0$. In this case, $R$ is not given by Ohm's ...
0
votes
2answers
242 views

How to apply Andreev reflection formalism to ferromagnet ,normal metal interface?

The traditional formalism for andreev reflection deals with what happens at normal metal, super conductor interface.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andreev_reflection (i.e when an electron from normal ...
4
votes
3answers
283 views

How does capacitance work?

I have a circuit whit a AC source a capacitor and a resistance all in series. I find that the difference of potential between the capacitor leads begin to change after some instants as it should. But ...
5
votes
1answer
522 views

What happens when two smooth surfaces touch?

I am wondering what will be the physics to explain how two neutral, chemically nonreactive objects stick. I know that using van der Waals formalism, we can treat neutral body electrodynamic forces and ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to make a small tokamak?

$\require{mhchem}$I made a fusor once, like the easy science project: deuterium-deuterium ones, but they're really inefficient. I was wondering if it would be possible to make a small tokamak; not one ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the characteristics of the magnetic field surrounding a human brain?

The human brain is said to produce a magnetic field resulting from the action potentials released inside the brain. What's the nature of such a field in terms of size and strength, and what is the ...
2
votes
1answer
437 views

Does magnetised material lose weight?

I've had argument on a forum about this. People think, that: if the same object is magnetised, it has less energy. so by $E = mc^2$ it weighs less than an object that is not magnetised (hence spin of ...
0
votes
1answer
436 views

The acceleration of a particle in uniform electro-magnetic field

A particle of charge $q$ and mass $m_0$ is subject to the action of a uniform electro-magnetic field $\vec{E}=(0,E,0), \vec{B}=(0,0,B)$ and at $t = 0$ moves with velocity $\vec{v}=(v_1,v_2,v_3)$. ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Degenerated Anderson Model Simulation

I'm trying to simulate the degenerative Anderson model. So depending on an energy difference first orbital and afterwards spin magnetism occurs. First i try to solve an easier ansatz with a limitation ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Why and how exactly is electric motor torque limited?

Inspired by this question and specifically this answer to it. From my experience there's always some very specific limit to how much torque an electric motor can output. For example, an electric ...
2
votes
1answer
297 views

Using the Scalar Electrostatic Potential to Calculate Transition Probabilities

transition probabilites of atomic systems prone to some time-varying electromagnetic field are very often calculated using perturbation theory leading to expressions including the vector potential ...
3
votes
4answers
356 views

existence of other forces obeying inv square law

Is there any restriction in what we know of physics to the existence of other type of forces that obey the inverse square law in 3 dimensions. I mean other than electromagnetic and gravitational. ...
5
votes
2answers
177 views

Photon absorption

[sorry, this way below the level of this forum -- flames are most welcome] When a photon is absorbed by a piece of matter that does not reflect it -- where does the photon "go"? Eg, one shines light ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Sum of angular momentum of all electrons in a magnet

Can the sum of angular momentum of all rotating electrons in all the aligned atoms in a permanent magnet have a significant contribution to the macro angular momentum of the magnet? If yes, why does ...
1
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2answers
176 views

Optimum magnet layout for tripping a coil sensor

If I had say a dozen or so small bar magnets and I wanted to used them to trip the traffic light sensors (which are a coil embedded in the road where a vehicle would stop for the lights), what would ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

Electric potential energy in curved space-time

In flat space-time the electric potential energy between two charges is $\frac{k Q_1 Q_2}{r_{12}}$, where $Q$'s are charges and $r_{12}$ is the distance between them. What would happen if the two ...
3
votes
3answers
160 views

Distant bodies emitting photons

This comes from a discussion forum, where a friend of mine asked the following: We can see objects in space billion of light years away, right? I started wondering about that. If you take 2 ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Electron gun - electron in cylindrical anode

In an electron gun, the heating filament heats the cathode, releasing electrons by thermionic emission. I've read that "electrons are negatively charged particles and the positively charged ...
3
votes
2answers
13k views

How do you magnetize an object?

How can I go about magnetizing something? Specifically, a whole bunch of BB's. I want to try this so that I could make a cheaper version of the Bucky Balls product. Even if I can't replicate Bucky ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How does the electric motor and generator vary?

what is the key difference between the windings of the electric motor and electric generator?
9
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3answers
353 views

Field created by varying Gravitational field

Changing Electric Field causes Magnetic filed and changing Magnetic Field causes Electric Field. Is there anything similar in relation to Gravitational Field? What sort of field is created by varying ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

What properties of certain plastics make them x-ray transparent? [closed]

I was blown away by the abundance of good info here, and I thought maybe you could help me out with this query. I am in the process of developing a product, and I need to find a clear plastic resin ...
3
votes
2answers
538 views

Experimental evidence showing the kinetic energy of an electron changes in a static non-uniform magnetic field?

In a previous question, Does a magnetic field do work on an intrinsic magnetic dipole?, one highly rated answer suggested that static magnetic fields do work on intrinsic magnetic dipoles in a ...
9
votes
5answers
36k views

Is aluminium magnetic?

From high school, I remember that Aluminium has 13 electrons and thus has an unpaired electron in the 3p shell. This should make Aluminium magnetic. However, the wiki page of Aluminium says its ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Can heat be transfered via magnetic field in a vacuum?

Say you want to store hot coffee in a container surrounded by a vacuum. To remove all sources of conductive energy loss the container is suspended in the vacuum by a magnetic field and does not have a ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I physically interpret voltage and current?

My understanding of an electrical current is that it is the flow of electrons through a material. The only magnitude I can fathom for this process is the number of electrons which are flowing. I know ...
25
votes
6answers
6k views

Does a magnetic field do work on an intrinsic magnetic dipole?

When you release a magnetic dipole in a nonuniform magnetic field, it will accelerate. I understand that for current loops (and other such macroscopic objects) the magnetic moment comes from moving ...
3
votes
5answers
598 views

Particles, waves and parallel wire filters. Transmission formula?

If I think of a photon as a particle, I think a parallel wire filter should transmit proportionally to the uncovered area. (and reflect proportionally to the covered area). Obviously polarization ...
8
votes
2answers
402 views

Quantizing EM field

Why when we quantize EM field, whe quantize the vector potential $A^\mu$ obtaining vectorial particles (photons) like the elastic field (phonons) and we can't quantize directly the EM-field tensor ...
11
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7answers
2k views

Why don't waves erase out each other when looking onto a wall?

If I stand exactly in front of a colorful wall, I imagine the light waves they emit, and they receive should randomly double or erase out each other. So as a result, I imagine I should see a weird ...
-2
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1answer
415 views

Light travels a straight line write down the principle in which this is manitested [closed]

Light traveles a straight line write down the principle in which this is manifested.