The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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147 views

Question about complex emissivity and complex permeability

Consider a linear, isotropic material. We can then write: $$\textbf{D}(\textbf{r},\omega) = \epsilon(\textbf{r},\omega)\textbf{E}(\textbf{r},\omega)$$ In phasor notation. The complex emissivity $\...
3
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2answers
276 views

What happens from the point when we apply potential difference across an inductor?

I am in a serious doubt about it. Consider a battery of emf E and we connect it to an inductor. Initially the switch is open, now we close the switch. My question is: What mechanism happens just ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

If Electricity and magnetism are the same viewed from a different reference frame then is electricity medium dependant?

If Electricity and magnetism are the same viewed from a different reference frame (they are the same force as unified by maxwell) then is electricity medium dependant? I came to this question when ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Force between two bar magnets

I need to know how to calculate force between two bar magnets. I searched and found an answer on Wikipedia, but I don't really trust Wikipedia, a lot of crazy stuff is posted there. So I searched ...
0
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1answer
72 views

How many domains are there in a ferromagnetic material?

How many are there? Also what is the size of those domains? Finally, when domains align with exterior magnetic fields do they move or are they all fixed? I assume they are all fixed because the atoms ...
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2answers
6k views

How does an electric field come inside a conducting wire inside the circuit? [duplicate]

This has been a really great confusion for me now .... Many places I have read in books that when a potential difference is applied across the ends of a wire a constant electric field is generated ...
3
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1answer
416 views

Why are lab Magnets painted red?

Wy are lab magnets painted red in color? I tried searching everywhere but couldn't get a satisfactory answer.
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0answers
38 views

Magnetic field distrotion

Does one exist, or do you think it would be possible to design a tracking magnetic field distortion detector to detect fast moving magnetic anomalies in our air space. ie; track a stealth aircraft or ...
0
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0answers
155 views

Energy required to demagnetize a soft iron?

How much energy is required to demagnetize a soft iron ferromagnetic material, that has a very low coercive force And a small hysteresis area? Also, would it be possible to demagnetize that same ...
7
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2answers
408 views

Time dilation only on electromagnetic force?

We've seen by experiment that the speed of light c appears to be constant for each observer (leading to all well-known consequences of relativity). I'm wondering if this appearance of constancy of c ...
0
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2answers
72 views

Electron motion in a wire

For my introductory course to electromagnetism (I'm an undergraduate student, so ELI5), I'm trying to get the right conceptual model of electron movement in a thin wire (with constant but non-zero ...
1
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3answers
7k views

Generator using Earths's Magnetic field?

In the past I've been shown Internet sources claiming a specific generator that uses nothing but the earth's magnetic field to generate power, I'm looking for the name of the generator? I realize ...
13
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6answers
23k views

What are the fields produced around a current carrying conductor?

If you consider a current carrying conductor, every instant an electron enters the conductor, another electron will be leaving the conductor. Thus, the current carrying conductor will not be charged (...
14
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8answers
11k views

Can the magnetic lines of force of two or more magnets intersect each other?

Basic property of magnetic lines of force is that, they can never intersect each other. Among the two points given below, which one is correct? Magnetic lines of force of same magnet can't intersect ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Energy density in Magnetic fields?

I don't understand what does magnetic field energy density stand for? The possible work that the magnetic field can do? So we can calculate the amount of "work" it can do just from the energy density? ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Can a free particle absorb/emit photons?

As simple as in the title.. I would like to know also some mathematics about it!
0
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1answer
306 views

Surely force on shell can't be balanced by field momentum?

Imagine a particle with charge $q$ at rest at the origin. It is surrounded by a concentric spherical insulating shell, also at rest, with charge $Q$ and radius $R$. At time $t=0$ I apply a constant ...
1
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0answers
121 views

Benefits of the sign convention for electrons?

Benjamin Franklin considered electrons to be positive, but J.J. Thompson considered them negative. We obviously went with J.J. Thompson's convention. Why? What were the benefits of moving to J.J. ...
3
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0answers
164 views

Do primary first class constraints change the electric field in the Hamiltonian form of Maxwell's theory?

In my understanding of Dirac's theory of constrained Hamiltonians, the primary (and also the secondary) first class constraints are generators of canonical transformations that do not change the ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Are there any known, non-spectroscopic effects of EM directly on Light?

Photons have no charge. Light is a form of electromagnetic energy. All spectroscopic effects (to my knowledge) are due to changes in electron state, induced either through an interior or exterior EM ...
2
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1answer
804 views

Are magnetic forces medium-dependent?

I am learning the Magnetic Effects of Electric Currents at school, and I was given an equation. I was told it would be elaborated on next year. But since I can't seem to bring myself to wait, here it ...
0
votes
1answer
425 views

Very short ($\ell \ll \lambda$) dipole as a receiving antenna

I'm trying to understand how a very short dipole of length $\ell \ll \lambda$ works for receiving radiation. (It is center-fed, and has two thin perfectly conducting arms each of length $\ell/2$ ...
2
votes
1answer
823 views

Tracelessness of energy-momentum tensor and massless photons

I have read the statement that the tracelessness of the energy-momentum tensor is demanded by the condition of photons being massless. I see how this comes about starting from the canonical energy-...
1
vote
1answer
490 views

Force on a coil inside of a voice coil [closed]

as a homework exercise we were given the following question: Given the following voice coil: With depth = 20 mm Permanent magnets with B = 1.23 T, Ur = 1.1 The coils has 20 turns, I = 1 Ampere. a) ...
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0answers
99 views

The curl is not zero?

In Maxwell's equations, the curl of the electric field for a steady state processes (ie. No changing electric or magnetic field) zero. However, if we take a curl along the wire for some distance and ...
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0answers
29 views

Can the electric polarisation lead to a similar effect like the Anomalous Hall Effect

The magnetisation of a material leads to an Anomalous Hall Effect in a material. Is there a similar effect that arises from the electric Polarisation of a material?
0
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2answers
223 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
-3
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1answer
214 views

Is there any metal having the properties of rubber? [closed]

I have seen tires of vehicles to be made of rubber with air filled tube inside.Why can't we have whole tire to be made of rubber? I hope there would be some use of the air filled tube.Then What is ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Gradient of the potential originated from two similar magnetic vector potentials is not the same

The magnetic vector potential $\textbf{A}$ can be defined up to a gradient of a field. Adding or subtracting such gradient should not change the physics of the problem. The same reasoning is applied ...
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3answers
4k views

How does electromagnetic induction happen?

Electric and magnetic fields are different from each other(i think i am correct).. How does changing magnetic field induce electric current???
5
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3answers
562 views

Are free electrons in a metal really free

Is it an accurate statement to say that free electrons in a metal experience NO restoring force when they interact with electromagnetic waves? I understand that the electrons exist in a space filled ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Why the electric bulb turns on almost instantly when the switch is closed? [duplicate]

The electron drift speed is estimated to be very low.How could there is current almost the instant a circuit is closed?? By the discussions it is known that The information about beginning of the ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Do electric and magnetic lines of force physically exist?

As per my imagination any thing can't impose force on the other by not giving even a touch(i,e action at a distance). So I thought there must be some physical existence of lines of force. Although ...
3
votes
3answers
372 views

Is there energy stored when iron is magnetized?

When a piece of iron is magnetized, and the domains are aligned, Is there energy stored? If so, how much energy is stored? If there is an attraction between that same iron and the source of the ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Absorption from a classical to quantum

Today, I learned that using rubidium atoms at very low temperature in a Magneto-optical trap, one can experimentally show that the Lorentz classical derivation of absorption using dipole is valid. The ...
10
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1answer
196 views

Is the uniqueness theorem correct in superconductivity?

There is an uniqueness theorem in electromagnetism. It says that the solution of Maxwell's Equations is determined uniquely by boundary conditions. We can treat superconductivity as a completely ...
69
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1answer
2k views

Does the 4/3 problem of classical electromagnetism remain in quantum mechanics?

In Volume II Chapter 28 of the Feymann Lectures on Physics, Feynman discusses the infamous 4/3 problem of classical electromagnetism. Suppose you have a charged particle of radius $a$ and charge $q$ (...
3
votes
2answers
921 views

Deflection the needle of moving compass by magnetic field

I have a question about electromagnetism. Probably I understand something in a wrong way. So, I know that the drift velocity of electrons in conductors is very small ($\sim$ $0.1$-$1$ mm / s). Also I ...
4
votes
1answer
509 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
4
votes
4answers
333 views

what are the practical use of LC oscillation?

I get the energy transfer between capacitor and an inductor in a LC circuit but I am not sure what are the practical application of it.? Can someone pls help.?
8
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6answers
5k views

How do EM waves propagate?

I have read about this and what I surmise is that when charged particles such as electrons accelerate they produce time-varying electric fields. These E-fields produce H-fields and the process goes on....
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I Demagnetize a ferromagnet with a hammer?

If an iron is exposed to an external magnetic field, the iron's domains are all aligned with that ext-B . If I strike it with a hammer, will it be demagnetized? Comparing it with heat, I know the Tc ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How does charge flowing between emf terminals reduce voltage difference?

I'm currently learning what electromotive force is and while reading my book's description of an ideal source of emf, I had difficulty understanding what these sentences mean: The nonelectrostatic ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Accelerated charge inside sphere (again!)

Sorry to go on about this scenario again but I think something is going on here. Imagine a stationary charge $q$, with mass $m$, at the center of a stationary hollow spherical dielectric shell with ...
1
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0answers
100 views

EMF induced in a dynamo is by photons of permanent magnets?

i know little about the quantum field theory and also that the permanent magnets have there fields because of exchange of virtual photons across or around the ends. so when we take a dynamo and the ...
0
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0answers
130 views

why boundary condition in steady electric current?

when we electric field between two conductors in certain direction the current density should pass in its direction why current density direction change at boundary although the direction of electric ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

Any quadrupole approximation? Any example?

In atomic and molecular physics we quite often encounter with electric dipole approximation. The dipole approximation we do when the wave-length of the type of electromagnetic radiation which induces, ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Does a battery in a vacuum produce a current?

I've always assumed that the strong resistance of air is the reason there is no flow of electrons between the terminals of a battery until a wire is connect. However, in a vacuum there is no resistive ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is the voltage drop across an ideal wire zero?

I'm having trouble conceptualizing why the voltage drop between two points of an ideal wire (i.e. no resistance) is $0~V$. Using Ohm's Law, the equation is such: $$ V = IR \\ V = I(0~\Omega) \\ V = 0$...
0
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0answers
109 views

What is the electrical field of a capacitor plate as a charge approaches

The electrical field for a charge density $\varrho(r)$ is $${\bf E}({\bf r})=\frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}\int \varrho({\bf r}')\frac{{\bf r}-{\bf r}'}{\hspace{.1cm }|{\bf r}-{\bf r}'|^3} \mathrm d^3r'....