The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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How do transformers work?

A transformer is basically a primary inductor connected to a voltage $U_P$ which you want to transform. You also have an iron rod and a secondary inductor. So when there is a current $I_P$ the iron ...
2
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1answer
280 views

Transformators (primary and secondary windings)

Consider the following problem: Robby wants to put a light in the shed so he puts a cable between his house and the shed. In the cable there are 2 wires with a combined resistance of $0,92 \space ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What is a $TEM_{900}$ cavity radiation mode?

I am reading a paper by Serge Haroche stating the cavity they use sustains a Gaussian mode of the e.m. field called $TEM_{900}$. I understand what Gaussian means. I found this explaining what TEM ...
3
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2answers
459 views

Why do hot objects prefer to emit photons over electrons ? Is there electron-positron annihilation?

Why do hot objects prefer to emit photons over electrons ? Is there electron-positron annihilation ? If so , why ? Im confused by this.
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0answers
31 views

Does a flame produce free electrons? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Fire Conduct Electricity? Why? Is fire plasma? Does a flame produce free electrons ? Or is the answer sometimes depending on the chemicals ? Does the answer depend ...
1
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1answer
221 views

Show that $\partial_\nu T^{\mu\nu} = - j_\nu F^{\mu\nu}$

In a theoretical physics homework problem, I have to show the following: $$\partial_\nu T^{\mu\nu} = - j_\nu F^{\mu\nu}$$ Where $T$ is the Energie-Momentum-Tensor, $j$ the generalized current and $F$ ...
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0answers
198 views

How can I determine the type of magnet used in a DC motor?

I repair electrical motors in a workshop and sometimes I must repair permanent magnet DC motors and other motors that use permanent magnets. I need to specify type of permanent magnet (Ferrite or ...
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3answers
8k views

What does this quote about the four dimensional divergence of an antisymmetric tensor mean?

In the beginning, God said that the four dimensional divergence of an antisymmetric second rank tensor equals zero and there was light. Can someone explain what is the meaning of this quote by ...
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1answer
107 views

Magnetic force on capacitor

I have this problem: I have a capacitor formed by two parallel square-shaped plates, of side $a$, and with distance $d$ between them. They're asking me out of other things, the magnetic force as a ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Write $\epsilon_{\mu\nu\alpha\beta} F^{\mu\nu} F^{\alpha\beta}$ as a total divergence $\partial_\mu G^\mu$

I have the following homework problem in theoretical electrodynamics: Show that the gauge invariant Lagrange density $\epsilon_{\mu\nu\alpha\beta} F^{\mu\nu} F^{\alpha\beta}$ can be written as a ...
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2answers
668 views

Vector Potential and Gauge Invariance in Quantum Mechanics

In classical electromagnetism, we are allowed to use gauge invariance through the argument that the only physical observable fields are the $E$-field and the $B$-field. So in that sense the scalar ...
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2answers
253 views

Confused about magnetic and geographic north

I'm slightly confused about the "north-seeking" pole of a magnet: does it point towards magnetic north, or is it towards geographic north? I ask because I've been finding different explanations in ...
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1answer
204 views

Is it possible to charge a capacitor to any potential? Does it depend on the dielectric placed between them?

Is it possible to charge a capacitor to any potential? Does it depend on the dielectric placed between them? Or, are there other factors affecting it?
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0answers
548 views

How to calculate the force between two different magnets?

I'm doing an experiment and I need to calculate the force between two magnets with different stats, different sizes and flux density. I learned physics in high school so I know all the terms. In my ...
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votes
3answers
690 views

What is the current through the lamp?

We have the following circuit: A neon lamp and a inductor are connected in parallel to a battery of 1.5 $V$. The inductor has a 1000 loops, a length of $5.0 cm$, an area of $12cm^2$ and a ...
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2answers
456 views

The direction of the Lorentz Force

We have a square loop (I believe it's called) in a uniform magnetic field between the 2 poles of a permanent magnetic field (green is N, red is S). P is connected to the positive pole of a voltage ...
0
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1answer
389 views

Why are magnetic lines of force invisible?

We can very well feel the magnetic field around a magnet, but we can't see it. Why is that so? Also, can we cut a portion of the field and use it?
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2answers
1k views

An example which contradict to Newton's 3rd law?

Let a,b be two charged particles. $$\vec{r}_a(0)=\vec{0}$$ $$\vec{r}_b(0)=r\hat{j}$$ $$\vec{v}_a(t)=v_a \hat{i}$$ $$\vec{v}_b(t)=v_b\hat{j}$$ In which both $v_a$ and $v_b$ $<<c$. Then ...
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1answer
324 views

What is the change in flux through a loop that has been rotated?

We have a number of field lines perpendicular to one loop of wire with an area $A = 10\textrm{ cm}^2$. The magnetic field is$B= 7.2\times10^{-5}\textrm{ T}$. You turn the loop and the flux decreases ...
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6answers
4k views

No magnetic field from a static charge - Is there a simple physical argument to show why?

For a charge moving in an electric field $\vec E$, its equation of motion is given by the electric part of the Lorentz force $$\frac d {dt}\gamma m \vec v = e\vec E$$This comes from the conservation ...
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1answer
617 views

Current induced when dropping a magnet through a coil

When graphing the induced current in a coil while a magnet is dropped through it why is the total area equal to 0? The area represents the charge in the coil but why must the resultant flow of charge ...
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1answer
3k views

Relationship between current through a motor and it's load

When a motor, connected to a battery that has a constant voltage, spins without a load it's speed is higher than with load. I'm told that because of back emfs the current is very small when there's no ...
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2answers
434 views

Hamiltonian and non conservative force

I have to find the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field; the potential vector is $ \vec {A}= B/2 (-y, x, 0)$. I know that $$H=\sum_i p_i \dot q_i -L$$ where $p_i$ is ...
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2answers
901 views

Radiated power and energy density for a black-body

I am having an hard time trying to understand why the radiated power per unit area $P$ of a black body is given by $$P=\frac{c}{4} u$$ in terms of the energy density $u$ and the velocity of light. I ...
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1answer
615 views

Magnetic field of permanent magnet [closed]

Hi I am looking for some code to (computationally) calculate the magnetic field of a rectangular permanent magnet in 3D space. Preferably I could edit it to add in my own dimensions. Does anyone know ...
2
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1answer
476 views

Electrodynamics and the Lagrangian density

Could anyone tell me what equations can I obtain from the Lagrangian density $${\cal L}(\phi,\,\,\phi_{,i},\,\,A_i, \dot A_i,\,\,A_{i,j})~=~\frac{1}{2}|\dot A+\nabla\phi|^2-\frac{1}{2}|\nabla \times ...
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2answers
257 views

locality vs non-locality

Suppose we have a circular loop of wire, and we put a long perfect solenoid inside it which is connected to an AC voltage source so that the magnetic field inside it starts to vary by time, does this ...
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1answer
69 views

Rosenberg-Coleman effect

I know only that it states some variations of the Sun's magnetic fields. What is the Rosenberg-Coleman effect specifically?
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1answer
95 views

Question regarding the direction of electric field

Suppose that there are negative charges (e.g. electrons) only. There are more negative charges on left than on right. How would electric field be constructed? (So, What would be the direction?) And ...
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2answers
79 views

What's so special about wave solutions of EM?

Maxwell's equations allow for wave solutions via oscillations between electric and magnetic field content. Couldn't we generate electric waves also if that solution didn't exists? Imagine there was ...
3
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1answer
487 views

Passing through the earth's magnetic field

When a projectile such as a jet plane passed through the earth's magnetic field, does an electric current get generated in the projectile? I don't sense it when I fly commercially. Why not?
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1answer
3k views

Capacitance per unit area and CMOS case

In a modern 0.35μm CMOS processor, the gate oxide thickness is around 80Å = 8nm. This gives us a capacitance per unit area of $430nF/cm^2$ I am not getting how one gets this capacitance per unit ...
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2answers
579 views

The direction of electric field in a diode

Why electric field pointing to left? (The middle area is depletion region.) (This is without any external electrical voltage applied.)
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1answer
488 views

Can an induction coil heat two layers of metal?

Imagine we have an induction coil which is strong enough to heat a sheet of metal. We can put a sheet of ferromagnetic metal close to the coil at distance $h_1$, and it gets heated to temperature ...
2
votes
2answers
739 views

D'Alembert operator and special relativity

We are currently covering special relativity in the theoretical physics lectures where we defined: $$ \mathrm ds^2 := \mathrm dt^2 - \mathrm dx^2 - \mathrm dy^2 - \mathrm dz^2 $$ In Road to Reality, ...
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2answers
135 views

What is the covariant expression for action of the Lorentz force density on charge-current density?

In a continuous medium the Lorentz force density is known to be written in the form: $f_\alpha = F_{\alpha \beta} J^\beta$, where $F_{\alpha \beta}$ is an electromagnetic field tensor, and $J^\beta$ ...
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2answers
627 views

Forcing quadrupole moments to vanish for a neutral system

For a system of electric charges $q_i$, at positions $\mathbf{r}_i$, with a nonzero net charge $Q=\sum_i q_i$, one can define a "centre of charge" in the obvious way as $$ ...
0
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1answer
112 views

4-velocity and electromagnetic fields

Can anyone see a reason for $$\left(1+{U_\rho U^\rho\over c^2}\right)\left(U_\nu{d^2 U^\nu\over d\tau^2}\right)=0$$? Here $U^\rho$ is the 4-velocity for a particle and $\tau$ the proper time. The ...
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2answers
1k views

First experiment which was used to prove existence of Electromagnetic waves

When I was in high school I heard from my physics teacher in the last year of high school when he was starting the chapter of electromagnetic waves that the first person who proved existence of ...
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0answers
141 views

Is there an equation for the magnetic field of a conductor attached to a magnet?

Let's say I have a hollow conductive rod, 10mm diameter (O.D.), and I place a magnet of known strength 50mm up the shaft. What is the microTesla (mT) or Gauss (G) of the magnetic field (or flux ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Can I find the frequency generated by tapping a battery on a coin?

According To How Stuff Works , if you tap a 9 volt battery on a coin it will transmit Radio waves. I was wondering, because I don't have a radio with me at the moment, Is there a way I could discover ...
4
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3answers
4k views

Basic question on magnetism regarding north and south pole

I am currently busy with some magnetism and quite shockingly (to me at least) I haven't yet read anything about the difference between the north pole and the south pole of a magnet. Before I started ...
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1answer
704 views

Gravity force strength in 1D, 2D, 3D and higher spatial dimensions

Let's say that we want to measure the gravity force in 1D, 2D, 3D and higher spatial dimensions. Will we get the same force strength in the first 3 dimensions and then it will go up? How about if ...
0
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1answer
611 views

Quick introduction to electromagnetism / Maxwell's equations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Electrodynamics textbook that emphasizes applications I am a graduate student in applied mathematics and I am looking for a concise introduction to Maxwell's equations / ...
5
votes
1answer
366 views

Does the shielding around a solenoid actuator affect the force on the plunger?

I'm looking to minimize the weight of some solenoid actuators I want to build, so I'm trying to better understand the effects of the shielding / frame commonly found on solenoid actuators. My ...
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2answers
4k views

How do superconducting materials float in magnetic field?

The movie Avatar got me interested in the subject, but so far I only found sophisticated articles loaded with unfamiliar words. Is there a simple way to explain how magnetic field affects ...
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3answers
2k views

charge density in a wire

If we have a infinitely thin and infinitely long straight wire on the $z$-Axis with given current $I(t)$, how can I compute the charge density? I figured out that the current-density is given by ...
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1answer
1k views

Noether theorem and classical proof of electric charge conservation

How to prove conservation of electric charge using Noether's theorem according to classical (non-quantum) mechanics? I know the proof based on using Klein–Gordon field, but that derivation use ...
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2answers
342 views

How is the polarity of a magnet decided (before its creation)?

This is not how to determine a magnet after it's created, but rather before it is created. How is the polarity of a magnet created (why does one side go this way and the other go the opposite)? Is ...
5
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2answers
256 views

Why don't Microwave ovens use more energetic EM radiation?

Because in theory, visible light contains more energy than the microwaves actually used to cook your food. 1) Does it have to do with resonance frequency of the $H_2O$ molecule? 2) How can ...