The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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light absorbing diodes characteristics

Recently, there was a publication regarding some new materials that would let thru light in one direction and either absorb it or reflect it in the other direction; the publication does not clarify on ...
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2answers
2k views

How to capture electomagnetic radiation/waves?

If I wanted to find out what kind of electomagnetic waves "travel" through my room at which frequency, what kind of equipment would I need? Suppose I want to view frequencies from 0 Hz to 6 GHz.
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2answers
1k views

A wobbly pan on an induction cooker, is it less effective?

According to the Wikipedia, one of the limitations of the induction cooker is that the bottom surface of the pot should be flat. Accordingly, I commented on a question on Seasoned Advise, but I'd ...
4
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1answer
246 views

Naive Question About Batteries

I do apologize for the ignorance that I'm sure is imbedded in this question, but I'd like to understand the exact point at which the following argument goes wrong: 1) A battery (let's say an ...
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3answers
3k views

Rotational speed of a coil in a uniform magnetic field at equilibrium

I'm looking at the following problem from "Physics 3" by Halliday, Resnick and Krane (4th edition): The armature of a motor has 97 turns each of area 190 cm² and rotates in a uniform magnetic ...
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3answers
2k views

formula for transparency of very thin film of metal

Is there formula that gives transparency of very thin film of given metal (tens of nanometers) to the visible light/light of given wavelength ? Which properties of metals are needed for the formula ? ...
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1answer
369 views

Faraday's law and superconductivity

According to Faraday's law of induction, volts = -Number of coils in a solenoid * change in strength of magnet / change in time. This doesn't take into account distance or speed, only time. If amps = ...
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2answers
197 views

pattern of moving electrons in wire under AC

when we use a DC battery into a circuit the flow of electrons in wire creates a clear picture as they flow from negative terminal to positive terminal. under AC(Alternating current) we know how energy ...
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2answers
83 views

Magnetic field inside a charged stream

Outside a narrow charged stream (say, a beam of ions or electrons) is the same as observing a current through a conducting wire - there is a circular magnetic field around it. What would happen ...
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3answers
1k views

If electromagnetic fields give charge to particles, do photons carry charge?

As I understand these two statements: An electromagnetic field gives particles charge A photon is a quantum of electromagnetic field It must mean that a photon carries charge. But I guess it isn't ...
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1k views

Maxwell's equations in microscopic and macroscopic forms, and quantization

The macroscopic Maxwell's equations can be put in terms of differential forms as $$\mathrm{d}\mathrm{F}=0,\quad\delta \mathrm{D}=j\implies \delta j=0,\quad \mathrm{D}=\mathrm{F}+\mathrm{P}.$$ ...
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0answers
295 views

Intensity of unpolarized light

If the electromagnetic field of an unpolarized plane wave is written as $$\bar{E}(t,\bar{x})=(\bar{E}_{0x}+\bar{E}_{0y}e^{i\delta(t)})e^{i(\bar{k}\bar{x}-\omega t)}$$ ...
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What is the answer to Feynman's Disc Paradox?

[This question is Certified Higgs Free!] Richard Feynman in Lectures on Physics Vol. II Sec. 17-4, "A paradox," describes a problem in electromagnetic induction that did not originate with him, but ...
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98 views

what exactly do electric waves transfer from one point of the wire to other..? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: how does electricity propagate in a conductor? so basically i was considering the speed of the charges inside wire defined by the drift velocity and speed of electric ...
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3answers
3k views

Quantum levitation (locking) 3mm thick disk could carry 1000kg small car claim

I watched this TED presentation: http://www.ted.com/talks/boaz_almog_levitates_a_superconductor.html It is about superconductivity and quantum levitation. It tells that super-thin, three-inch disk ...
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3answers
980 views

Counting degrees of freedom of gauge bosons

Gauge bosons are represented by $A_{\mu}$, where $\mu = 0,1,2,3$. So in general there are 4 degrees of freedom. But in reality, a photon (gauge boson) has two degrees of freedom (two polarization ...
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1answer
460 views

Solution to the Maxwell's equation

Question goes as Show that the solutions to the Maxwell's equations $$ \nabla \times \vec H = \frac 1 c \frac{\partial \vec E}{\partial t}+\frac {4\pi} c \vec J, \hspace{ 2 mm} \nabla \times ...
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1answer
961 views

What are the optimal shapes, if any, for fractal antennae?

A DIY fractal antenna project is described at http://www.htpc-diy.com/2012/04/diy-flexible-fractal-window-hdtv.html Mainly idle curiosity, but I was wondering what the principles behind these might ...
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2answers
921 views

Frequency and wavelength of photons

I try to better understand how electromagnetic radiation works. So I have some questions. If an antenna emits at 100MHz (the charges on the antenna oscillate at 100MHz) what frequency will have the ...
2
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2answers
555 views

Electron model under Maxwell's theory

I was not able to recall my memories, so: What is the formula that states the frequency of electrons revolving around nucleus is equal to the frequency of light (or photon) emitted (or radiated)? (I ...
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1answer
485 views

confusion about finite line charge

My physics knowledge is (sadly) very infinitesimal and I have a question about a calculation which I think is wrong, but want to be sure. I tried to calculate the potential of a finite line charge. ...
0
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1answer
498 views

EMF in a half-ring shaped conductor around a solenoid

A half-ring shaped conductor is being placed around a solenoid. This solenoid has a changing magnetic field. a) There is a current and EMF (Electromagnetic force) in the half-ring shaped conductor b) ...
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1answer
1k views

Find wavelength from relative permittivity and frequency

If i have a EM wave with frequency 1MHZ and εr=9 in a perfect dielectric ,is it possible to find the wavelength λ and wave propagation speed ? It seems impossible to me..
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1answer
168 views

Do composite particles that are electrically neutral but have charged constituents radiate?

For example an electron radiates when accelerated. So does a positron. But is the radiation emitted by accelerated positronium the sum of the radiation emitted by each separately? If not, why not? If ...
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4answers
4k views

What are electromagnetic fields made of?

I am trying to understand electromagnetic fields so I have two question related to them. What is a electromagnetic field made of? Is it made of photons / virtual photons? How about a static electric ...
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1answer
655 views

Pull up and Pull down register

Currently I am working with Pull up and pull down registers and trying to understand what does it mean? But could not able to understand. I searched in Wikipedia ...
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1answer
3k views

The limit of radio wave penetration

Why can I listen to my mobile phone's radio clearly inside the bus, inside the train, but not inside the elevator? Also, there is an interference of radio signal when the train is accelerating or ...
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2answers
635 views

Electric Force is to Magnetic Force as Gravitational Force is to …?

One can no nothing about the magnetic force and yet arrive at it by taking the relativistic effects of a current and a moving charge system into account. I ask whether there exists such an inherent ...
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4answers
7k views

If gravity is a bend in Space-time then what is magnetism?

Einstein postulated that gravity bends the geometry of space-time then what does magnetism do in to the geometry of space-time, or is there even a correlation between space-time geometry and ...
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3answers
1k views

Distorted colors of Google StreetView photographs near electric power lines

This is a followup to my question: Cyclist's electrical tingling under power lines Some users presented a convincing picture that the electric shocks under power lines are primarily from the ...
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4answers
2k views

Explaining Walter Lewin's “Complete Breakdown of Intuitiion”

This Walter Lewin lecture hinges on the solenoid producing a non-conservative field. I read in the Feynman Lectures that "all the fundamental forces in nature appear to be conservative" (Vol 1, 14.5) ...
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2answers
2k views

Farady's law and div B = 0

I'm reading a book on electromagnetism and I am a bit confused about some things in Maxwells equations. This is what I don't like about many physics books: they are very wordy, but at the end you ...
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2answers
199 views

Does hitting metals magnetize them?

I was on my workshop lab today and had to file (rub on metal surface with rough surface to smooth-en it) an iron bar. It made iron dust fall of the surface. To mark some points on the bar I then had ...
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0answers
111 views

How much current would be generated by polarity reversal of Earth's magnetic field?

Continuing from my previous question Is reversal of magnetic polarity in a planet an instantaneous occurence? A change in magnetic flux is expected to generate an EMF. In the case where the ...
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2answers
127 views

Is reversal of magnetic polarity in a planet an instantaneous occurence?

Just what the title states - Does reversal of magnetic poles in a planet refer to the point in time when reversal is complete? OR Does it refer to the entire drawn out process (assuming the ...
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1answer
719 views

Analogy between magnetic bottle and Van Allen's radiation belt

A magnetic bottle is an arrangement that permits to confine charged particles. Here you can find a review for charged particle rotating in a magnetic field and at the bottom of the page a description ...
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0answers
464 views

How to solve Poisson equation in electrodynamics?

I learned electrodynamics. According to the vector potential determination, $$ \mathbf B = [\nabla \times \mathbf A ], $$ Coulomb gauge, $$ \nabla \mathbf A = 0, $$ and one of Maxwell's equations, $$ ...
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4answers
175 views

physics , magnetic lines of a magnetic

Why magnetic lines comes from north to south out side of the magnet is any magnetic lines comes from south to north if so in which direction What is the reason of magnetic lineS
2
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1answer
256 views

Hairy ball theorem: references to applications

I'm looking for references to applications of the Hairy ball theorem. This is a result of mathematics (topology), but I am interested in applications. I already visited wikipedia and cited ...
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0answers
75 views

How to apply Guass Law to Voltages

So, I know $\oint E\centerdot dA = 4\pi Q_{enc}$ I'm trying to solve for a TEM mode with two concentric (infinite) cylindrical wave guides of radius a and b, $a<b$. I know that for TEM modes, I ...
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1answer
543 views

Does a magnetic field induce an emf in a loop of wire

Is it true that any magnetic field induces an emf in a loop of wire? If It it is true then kindly explain me with an example
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3answers
165 views

How is extra information encoded in digital radio?

Earlier today, I was listening to my digital radio, and was intrigued as to how they are able to encode the information displayed on the LCD screen (which was basically a short string of text giving a ...
2
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3answers
11k views

How can I theoretically describe the potential between two capacitors in series?

Suppose to have two capacitors in series: The voltage in the middle point will be: $$ V_X = V_1 \frac{C_1}{C_1+C_2} $$ How can this be explained? It's been asked in electronics, and explained in ...
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2answers
2k views

Make a semi transparent mirror with copper

The question: How would you make a semi transparent mirror (50% reflection, 50% transmission) with glass with a layer of copper. For light $\lambda$ = 500nm Try to be as realistic as possible What ...
2
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2answers
223 views

Applying $\nabla\times\mathbf{B} = \mu_0\mathbf{J}$ in the presence of magnetic shielding

2012-06-13 - Revised question in experimental format (This is a thought experiment for which RF experts may have an immediate answer.) I'll assume (I could be wrong) the possibility of creating a ...
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1answer
358 views

Why does magnetic field lines go from plus to minus?

My question is why the magnetic field lines goes from plus to minus, if there was two charge. Is it true or isn't it true.
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0answers
371 views

Modeling a bar magnet's magnetic flux inside a coil

A bar magnet and a coil arranged alongside their common axis is a common setting in teaching. But how does the magnetic flux H(x) (where x is the distance of the bar magnet's center relative to the ...
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2answers
144 views

Do magnetic field shift away from the coil that generates it?

I read about magnetic induction communication on Lockheed Martin's wireless mining communication system In this interview Warren Gross said: We generate a signal and send it through a loop that's ...
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202 views

Effect of Charged Particles trapped in Magnetic Field on that Field

Given a stream of moving charged particles that encounter a uniform magnetic field such that they are trapped in a circular orbit, what effect do these particles have on the net magnetic field over ...
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1answer
1k views

How positively charged protons remain glued to each other while they should repel each other out of nucleus? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Protons' repulsion within a nucleus How positively charged protons remain glued to each other while they should repel each other out of nucleus?