The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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0answers
112 views

Deriving the relativistic Larmor equation

I have derived the Larmor equation as $$P = \frac{q^2}{6\pi \epsilon_0 c^3} |\ddot{r}|^2.$$ How do I make this relativistic? Apparently, I have to consider the acceleration parallel and ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Is a magnetic field just a moving charge? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand electromagnetism. I would like to pare myself down to the minimum number of necessary concepts. From my physics education (high school only), I understand that a moving ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

How do the single photon energy and em-signal energy correlate? [duplicate]

If the photon (as a quantum of the electromagnetic field) has no defined(?) amplitude, how does (or where from?) the electromagnetic wave's amplitude appear? The formulation of the question is not ...
19
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6answers
2k views

Could a hard drive actually have been erased as described in Cryptonomicon?

In chapter 80, The Primary, Neal Stephenson has one of his character describe how the drives of a computer carried through a door (by the police, who where raiding the facility) will have been erased. ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Laminations and current capacity,

When a conductor that's purpose is to carry current ,is laminated to reduce eddy currents, does it affect the current capacity for that same conductor? Will it reduce the current capacity?
2
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3answers
98 views

Is dimensional analysis always sufficient to establish equivalence of quantities?

In dealing with the Biot-Savart law, it was argued that $$ q\frac{d\vec{s}}{dt}\equiv Id\vec{s} $$ using the fact that the units are equal. Does this kind of argument always work? It seems too ...
3
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2answers
164 views

When to use which representation for an electric field

In class we covered three types of possibilities to evaluate the electric field for static problems. Unfortunately, most physics textbooks cover these ways without addressing the question of ...
0
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2answers
216 views

Magnetic field resistance material: are there any? [duplicate]

I was wondering with a question for a quite long time, thought to ask here. I need to know is there any material or element which can block magnetic field? I mean I am searching for such material or ...
4
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2answers
240 views

Why can't an excess of electrons or holes by themselves cause current flow?

I am a beginner in electrical engineering. Often times (most cases actually), the underlying physics aren't really explained to us and we are just left to assume that it works "because it works." This ...
1
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0answers
29 views

How might inducted current/ voltage in multiple coil layers connected in parallel behave?

This is a branch from this question. In the event that two or more layers are connected in parallel - would the energy created across each layer likely be significantly less? In the event of (say) ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How might eddy currents and terminal velocity be broken down?

This is a branch from this question. With regards eddy currents and terminal velocity I have located a homework question but would appreciate more detail (and translation of the symbols described ...
0
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1answer
266 views

Magnetic Induction - How would different coil configurations affect the outcome?

This is a branch question (from this question) related to magnetic induction: These deal with how different configurations of coiled layers might affect the outcome: If one were to bundle multiple ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Is an electron attracted to one of the magnetic poles in this scenario?

Do magnets attract electrons? I don't think so, but maybe in certain cases they can be? I guess it would depend on what direction the velocity and magnetic field is in so that the force acting on the ...
3
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1answer
108 views

What does $\int_C V \,d\mathbf{l}$ mean?

What does $$\int_C V \,d\mathbf{l}$$ mean? I initially thought it was simply a line integral around $C$, that is, if $\mathbf{r}: [0,1] \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ is a paremetrization of $C$, then ...
6
votes
2answers
753 views

Analogy between fluid dynamics and electromagnetism

I've been reading a set of notes (Chapter 13 of Caltech Ph 136 notes from 2004, by Blandford and Thorne) that draw an analogy between fluid dynamics and electromagnetism, identifying the magnetic ...
2
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2answers
182 views

$E,H,\rho,\vec{j}$ intensive? $B,D,\Phi,\vec{A}$ extensive? Why not $ DdE,BdH ,\Phi\delta\rho,\vec{A}\cdot \delta \vec{j}$ as infinitesimal work?

$u$ is the e&m field energy $\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}=H\cdot \frac{\partial B}{\partial t}+E\cdot \frac{\partial D}{\partial t}$ Compared with thermo physics: $PdV,TdS,\mu dN$ ...
2
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1answer
254 views

Jiles-Atherton model of hysteresis

In my quest for finding a good algorithm to draw hysteresis curve,I have found Jiles-Atherton model which seems to be a rather new model. But I have trouble understanding some of the ...
3
votes
4answers
740 views

Electromagnetic factors affecting inertial mass of a body affect its gravitational mass or not?

We can see that when a charge sphere is at rest & we are to put it in motion with any desired velocity than we will have to apply the same force for a longer time as if it were applied to the ...
0
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2answers
3k views

Landau Levels and Magnetic length

I am looking into Landau Levels and keep coming across a magnetic length defined as follows for a 2D system: $l_B=\sqrt{\frac{\hbar c}{e B}}$ I have seen numerous sources say this is: $l_B\approx ...
1
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0answers
690 views

Hysteresis Curve and how to implement it using Preisach model or other models

As a homework I need to draw a hysteresis curve (preferably an interactive one) using Matlab or any other programming language. The problem is I have trouble finding a good algorithm to do so. I need ...
3
votes
1answer
724 views

What does “optical conductivity” mean?

Does it just mean "AC electric conductivity"? If so, why have a special name for it, and why mention optical specifically? The wikipedia page on it is very sparse. This (warning, PDF) document just ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Electric field and magnetic field question here?

Are the energy of the electric field and the energy of the magnetic field concentrated on their sources OR are they scattered in the environment where the fields arent zero? Can you base your answer ...
-1
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1answer
265 views

Application of Displacement Current

I'm reasonably happy with the derivation and results of displacement current, however, I'd like to be aware of a few practical applications of this idea. So far, the only one I'm aware of is when ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What is $\epsilon_\infty$ in this equation and why can it be neglected in the IR?

I'm reading this paper (warning, PDF) and they mention that the complex permittivity $\epsilon$ and complex conductivity $\sigma$ are related through the equation $$\epsilon - \epsilon_\infty = (4\pi ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Could a strong AC electric field adversely affect the capacity of a lithium battery?

I run some battery powered test equipment in close proximity (~10cm) to a conductor carrying 25kV (50Hz AC). I find the battery life is much shorter than expected, having checked the current ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Solving non-linear ODE for divalent solution at a 1-D surface boudary

I am trying to solve the following equation for a positively charged plane with charge density $\sigma$ at $z = 0$. $$ \phi''(z)=-\frac{e}{\epsilon \epsilon_0} \big(z_+n_{+} e^{-\beta z_+ ...
42
votes
7answers
20k views

Does electricity flow on the surface of a wire or in the interior?

I was having a conversation with my father and father-in-law, both of whom are in electric related work, and we came to a point where none of us knew how to proceed. I was under the impression that ...
4
votes
1answer
387 views

DC current in ideal conductor and skin effect?

I know that the skin depth derived for AC current goes as $$\delta \propto \sqrt{\frac{1}{\omega \sigma}}$$ where $\omega$ is the angular frequency of the field and $\sigma$ is the conductivty. Now: ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Associated Legendre Integer Giving Full Asimuthal Range and Physical Interpretation of $l(l+1)$

In separating the Laplacian in spherical coordinates, one arrives at the associated Legendre equation (ALE). Write the ALE as $$\frac{1}{\sin \theta} \frac{\partial }{\partial \theta}(\sin \theta ...
0
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2answers
146 views

Inductor's energy

I have some knowledge about LC circuits, like I know Maxwell's equations, the differential equations of circuit oscillator and so on. I am armed with equations to solve physical problems involving ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How is “Band Intensity” related to absorption coefficient

I am interested in the linear absorption of 762nm light near a transition of molecular oxygen. I need to find some experimental numbers that will tell us how far the 762nm light will propagate before ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

Transverse part of a current

I am reading Many particle physics (3rd edition by Mahan). On page 51, there is a current of the form $$\vec{j}(\vec{r})=\vec{J}_0e^{i\vec{k}\cdot\vec{r}}$$, the transverse part of it is: ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Would two Neodymium magnets stick together with twice the power?

Assume I use a coil to create B-flux and put ONE Neodymium cylinder magnet (1" diameter & 0.25" thick) close to the flux, it would create 10 lbs of force. Does that mean that putting TWO cylinder ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Understanding Poynting's Theorem intuitively

I understand that, broadly speaking, Poynting's theorem is a statement of conservation of energy. Energy density of a volume of current and charge decreases proportionally to work done on charges ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Calculate energy from vacuum electromagnetic-field action

I'm reading Rubakov's "Classical Theory of Gauge Fields", and I'm having a little bit of trouble with problem 7, p 15: Using an expression of the type $E = \int d^{3} x \frac{\delta L}{\delta ...
0
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0answers
172 views

Determining the path of a particle in a velocity selector

I am wondering how you can determine the path of a particle in a velocity selector provided its velocity doesn't equal $ \frac{E}{B} $. I understand that the equation is derived from this force ...
1
vote
2answers
310 views

Faraday's law and “infinite induction”

I may have confused after thinking too much about Faraday's law. If an emf is induced in a circuit due to some changing magnetic field, the induced current will be in a direction such that the ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Walter Lewin's lecture on Faraday's law

In Walter Lewin's lecture on Faraday's law, he does a demonstration with a solenoid where he shows that current is induced in a loop that surrounds the solenoid as the magnetic flux is changing. He ...
0
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3answers
475 views

Is there work done when two current carrying wires are attracted?

When a current carrying wire attracts(or repels) another wire, the wire moves under the action of a force. Also, it is obvious that the work done is due to force of "magnetic field" on "moving ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

The Energy involved in the work done here?

When a wire that has current $I$ flowing within it and its in a magnetic field, the wire experience the Lorentz force, and that force moved the wire over a certain distance $x$(no matter how small), ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Charged particle between two parallel likely charged plates, is it affected by the plates?

Imagine two parallel conductive plates. Charge up both to have the same amount of positive charge. Then put positive test particle between the two. The Coulomb's law is an inverse square law, so one ...
6
votes
1answer
298 views

Reconciling total internal reflection and the evanescent Wave

I understand that light is guided in a dielectric waveguide via total internal reflection. My question is regarding the origin of power contained in the evanescent field traveling along the direction ...
1
vote
0answers
579 views

Cubic Gaussian Surface For Evaluating Electric Flux

i'm working through some problem sets about Gauss' law and all the examples I have come across so far require the use of a spherical gaussian surface for a point charge, so that it is possible to say ...
0
votes
1answer
795 views

Lorentz transformation of electromagnetic 4-potential

I'm looking for the exact correspondence between Lorentz transfer four vector and the four vector of scalar and vector potential $A^\mu = (\phi(t,\vec{x}),\vec{A}(t,\vec{x}))^{T}$. Does $ct=A(t), ...
5
votes
3answers
545 views

Acceleration of electric charges and radiation

According to classical electromagnetic theory, accelerated charges should emit radiation and lose energy. The reason given in my book why atoms don't emit radiation (say, when the atom moves along a ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

How can I apply Conservation of Energy in electromagnetism?

How can I apply C.O.E to a system that applies magnetic & electric fields at the same time to do work, and convert energy from one form to another? Let assume we have a conductor that moves ...
3
votes
2answers
565 views

Uncertainty of permittivity of vacuum [duplicate]

Question: The value of permittivity of vacuum, $\epsilon_0$, is given with absolutely no uncertainty in NIST Why is this the case? More details: The permeability of vacuum can be given by ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Electric Magnetic potential and Lorentz transform [closed]

I have heard that the scalar potential and the magnetic vector potential in the electromagnetic four potential become the four vector by the Lorentz transform. Thereafter, the Lorentz transform leads ...
4
votes
1answer
756 views

Calculating the electrostatic energy per unit length of a cylindrical shell surrounded by a coaxial cable

Suppose an infinitely long cylindrical shell of radius $a$ carries a surface charge density $\sigma_0$ and is surrounded by a coaxial cable of inner radius $b$ and outer radius $c$ with uniform charge ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Energy in an electromagnetic wave

A radio antenna creates EM waves through switching the polarization in the antenna at a certain frequency. I assume the the energy of the photons produced in this process amount to E=hf for each ...