The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (5)

0
votes
0answers
22 views

Free vs Bound Charges, especially in metals

Are conduction band electrons in metals generally considered free charges or bound charges for E&M purposes? I'm not asking about freedom in the sense of being able to escape the potential well ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Could the explanation for this simple electric train be attributed to Lenz's Law?

There is a discussion of a Youtube video where a battery with magnets attached at either end moves through a copper coil. It has been commented on in the Phys.SE post How does this "simple" ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Why spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ nuclei have zero electric quadrupole moment?

Why spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ nuclei have zero electric quadrupole moment? How to calculate in general?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Parity of magnetic susceptibility $\chi(\omega)$

It is well known that real and imaginary parts of magnetic susceptbility, defined as $\chi=\chi'(\omega)-\mathrm{i}\chi''(\omega)$, ought to be even and odd to frequency $\omega$ respectively, ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Insignificant Potential difference?

Is it possible, that a conductor with an extremely short length, say $1\text{mm}$ or less passing a magnetic field of $1T$ with a reasonable velocity of $20\text{m}/\text{s}$ would induce little to no ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Basic question in electromagnetic duality

In electromagnetic duality, where does this relation come from? $$\overrightarrow{E} \rightarrow \cos \alpha\overrightarrow{E} - \sin \alpha\overrightarrow{ B}$$ $$\overrightarrow{B} \rightarrow \cos ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Electromagnetic duality and (electric induction D and magnetic intensity H)

We originally have $$\overrightarrow{\nabla}\cdot\overrightarrow{B} = 0$$ $$\overrightarrow{\nabla}\times\overrightarrow{E} = -\frac{\partial \overrightarrow B}{\partial t}$$ When electromagnetic ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Spontaneous de-excitation of an atom

Consider the Hamiltonian for the process of spontaneous de-excitation on an excited atom, (an electron jumped to a higher energy level while a lower energy level is not complete). This Hamiltonian ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Charge on a fork in a microwave

I left a fork in the microwave and when the turntable pushed it against the interior wall, there were sparks and black arc welder-like burns on the wall. I think this means that the microwaves induce ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Work done by the Lorentz force?

Im trying to calculate the work done on a single wire placed inside a magnetic field. Now for the force I've used the Lorentz force formula to calculate it, for the distance should I used the width of ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

How to calculate the necessary magnetic induction to magnetize a certain ferromagnetic object and hold it

Well pretty much what I want to do is to build an electromagnetic coil with a nail inside of it for it to hold a steel ball. But I've come into some trouble, because I don't quite get how to calculate ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The inverse radiation problem

I posted this question on Mathoverflow.net, but it seems that no one show interest. This is the radiation problem. Suppose the current $f(x)\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ has a compact support in $[-a,a]$. And ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Maxwell Lagrangian at weak fields

In http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9506035 the authors said after writing this equation: $$\frac{1}{4}\eta^{\mu\nu\lambda\rho} F_{\mu\nu}F_{\lambda\rho} = \eta_{\sigma\tau\alpha\beta}\frac{\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Maxwell weak form equation number less than variable number?

For example, low frequency eddy current problem, usually use magnetic vector potential $\vec{A}$ for $\nabla\times\vec{A}=\vec{B}$, and we have $\nabla\times(\nu_0\nabla\times\vec{A})=\vec{J}$ in the ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What happens to a superconductor when a magnetic fields strength increases?

I'm curious about what happens when a HTS is locked in place above a magnet via the Meissner Effect and say another magnet is added. Would the superconductors height fluctuate? Or would the extra ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

In the Pound-Rebka experiment, does light lose energy?

In the Pound–Rebka experiment the redshift / blueshift of photons is measured in small distances. This experiment one explain by the influence of gravitational field on the photon: "When the photon ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Waveguide: Geometric interpretation to the $\sqrt{(1 - (f_{mn} /f)^2)}$ factor that appears everywhere?

In EM pretty much everything has a greek alphabet associated with it, that's why I'm got a bit curious while looking at the $\sqrt{(1 - (f_{mn} /f)^2)}$ factor which appears everywhere in wave guide ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Maxwell's Equations for Accelerated Conductors

I asked a question about accelerated conductors in a magnetic field but nobody unfortunately answered. That is: Ohm's Law for Accelerated Conductors Maybe, I could not state my question well. I ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Ground influence on 434 MHz radio signal

I have read in a paper that ground acts as reflector for radio signals in 434 MHz band. Why is that the case?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How can you relate magnetic dipole moment using bound current density?

This was on my midterm last week, the question ask us to use bound current density to compute magnetic dipole moment
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Construction of a magnetic dip “compass”

I want to make a demo magnetic dip compass and was wondering what would be the relative sensitivity (restoring torque) of: 1) two neodymium magnets at the ends of a plastic rod (say 40 cm. i.e. ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Tunable ferroelectric material

Is there any tunable ferroelectric (whose permittivity changes by applying electric field) material for visible or near IR applications?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Is there an analytical expression for the conductivity of the surface of topological insulators?

I have a question about the conductivity on the surface of Topological Insulators (TI): Is it accurate to model the conductivity by the Drude model (I read a paper that modeled the conductivity with ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

If an common metal is induced with a static dipole moment, won't the the positive side be weaker?

To my knowledge, common metals with metallic bonding is formed through free electrons within its lattice structure. If say we are to shift the free roaming electrons to one side and therefore minutely ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Induced EMF of a fixed wire?

I've studied many examples where there is a "moving" conductor passing a magnetic field or in a magnetic field, or a moving magnetic passing a solenoid or conductor, and the induced $\epsilon$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Why is the direction of $I$ or $F$ different in case of Motors and Generators?

Consider the following diagram: In the first diagram, the wire is carrying current into the screen. Motion of the wire is downwards (Left Hand Rule) In the second diagram, the wire is moved ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

BH-demagnetazation curve of NdFeB, N50

Is there a trusted literature source (material handbook) where someone can find the BH-demagnetazation curve of the Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) permanent magnet, grade N50? Why there exists ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Why do we apply Fleming's *left* hand rule in case of DC motors but use Fleming's *right* hand rule in case of generators?

Why do we apply Fleming's left hand rule in case of DC motors but use Fleming's right hand rule in case of generators to find the direction of induced current?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Electric Field Inside Dielectric Filled Cavity

I want to determine the electric and magnetic fields inside the following cavity: perfect conducting walls at $z = 0, z=d, x=0, x=b, y=t, -t^\prime$, with a dielectric $\epsilon$ filling ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Reflectivity of gases

According to the principle of the conservation of energy, the following is true for an object: emissivity+reflectivity+transmittance=1; where emissivity=absorbtivity according to Kirchoff. When ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Create radial magnetization with permanent magnets

Is there a way to create a magnetic field with permanent magnets that imposes a TRUE radial magnetization, without using a continuous ring, because it is so hard to produce? Could this be done with ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

back emf in armature winding of ac generator

Emf is induced in armature windi g of ac generator when it rotate in magnetic field.And now load is connected to its terminal,due to induced emf current will flow through armature to load . Current is ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Driving force in a homopolar motor

I can't really figure out the driving force in the following homopolar motor: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2f6RD1hT6Q I am not convinced by the usual argument involving the Laplace force, so ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Electrolysis of Paramagnetic Ferric Chloride in Water

I'm trying to settle a bit of a debate between a friend and myself over the cause of an effect observed when dissolving Ferric Chloride, Iron(III) Chloride (FeCl3), in water and supplying an ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Magnetic field of magnetic screwdriver?

I wanted to know what is the typical strength of the magnetic field generated by the tip of a magnetic screwdriver, but couldn't find it anywhere on the manufacturers' webpages. So I was wondering, ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Fusion plasma compression with liquid metal

General Fusion plans to use an imploding shockwave of molten lead to compress a magnetized plasma "spheromak" target in order to make it burn more efficiently. How come the lead does not quench the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Lorentz transformations an EM fields

When deriving the Lorentz transformation equations in undergraduate physics classes, teachers typically analyze the behavior of an ideal clock and a rigid bar. Once the behavior of clocks and rods is ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Aluminum magnetic moment in ZnO

I have made a density functional theory on calculation zno 2x2x2 super cell and I have substituted one of the Zn atoms with Aluminum and did spin polarized calculation. I expected that the unpaired ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Near field and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

Why does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) physics not concern itself with near field physics? All resonance wavelengths in NMR are much larger than bough sample, pick-up coil and excitation coil. ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Electromagnetism in Different Inertial Reference Frames?

Sharon drives her rocket through the magnetic field (shown in the image), travelling to the right at a speed of 1000m/s as measured by Bill. As she passes Bill, she shoots a positive charge backward ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Induced emf of a wire in a time varying magnetic field

I have recently studied that there are two types of induced emf: motional and static. However, I was told that the that induced static emf due to a non conducting wire/rod in a time varying magnetic ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

The motion of the magnetic bob

I have two simplified mathematical models which should describe the motion of a magnetic bob, but there is a minimal deviation. model A (RED): use of conservative force: $V= V_M + V_G = ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Effective magnetic moment

How can one calculate effect moment from susceptibility (SI*10^6) versus temperature (K) graph? What is the typical range of effect moment for ferromagnets?
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Problem in Classical electrodynamics Jackson

There are two problems. On page 35, Jackson try to use scalar potential that satisfy the poisson's equation. But, i completely lost the step.    ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Would a portable superconducting coil “battery” be impractical due to magnetism?

I'm working on a science fiction story idea, and trying to make sure I get all of the physics right. One of the concepts I'm using is superconducting coils as "batteries," because they can store huge ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Does Dowell's Method of determining losses include winding losses?

Dowell's Method of determining losses uses the DC resistance of the portion of wire in the equation, however does this give the total resistance of the wire? Or only the resistance due to the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Calculating Velocity in motional EMF

To calulate motional $\epsilon$, we use the following formula: $\epsilon$ = $-vBL$ What is the proper formula from what is below to calulate the velocity of a conductor moving in a magnetic field? ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Longitudinal dielectric wave does it exist in charge free region?

can we transmit energy through Longitudinal dielectric wave when the surrounding is charge free. Please give me a good link about L.M.D. I a beginner about this topic.
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Electrical Resistance of Spherical, Contacting Colloids

So, I work a lot with Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluids - which are essentially electrolyte solutions with suspended, paramagnetic colloids/particles. Once a magnetic field is applied to such a fluid, ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Will there be an induced emf in this situation?

Here is a (horrible) illustration: The first ring has a voltage $V_1$ applied to it through the voltage source on the left. Ring 1 has resistance $R_1$ whereas ring 2 has resistance $R_2$. Will ...