The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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The magnetic field of a magnetic monopole

Let us define the magnetic field $$\vec{B} = g\frac{\vec{r}}{r^3}$$ for some constant $g$. How can we show that the divergence of this field correspond to the charge distribution of a single magnetic ...
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0answers
191 views

Solving the source free Maxwell equations for plane waves

I've been trying to solve the maxwell equations: $$\nabla\cdot\vec{D}=0,\quad \nabla\cdot\vec{B}=0$$ $$\nabla\times\vec{E}=-\frac{\partial \vec{B}}{\partial t},\quad \nabla\times\vec{H}=\frac{\partial ...
3
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1answer
188 views

Magnetic moment and other invariants of Lorentz System

It's a standard fact that the quantity $\mu = v_{\perp}^{2}/B$ is approximately conserved in the system $d_{t}\mathbf{v} = \gamma (\mathbf{v}\times\mathbf{B})$. The paper Magnetic Moment to Second ...
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1answer
131 views

Energy conservation in plane wave

In plane wave the H and E are in phase. So the pointing vector disappears regularly every pi. How is energy conservation validated ? Is it through the uncertainty of energy and time ?
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1answer
284 views

Are electrodynamics problems in the complex plane relevant to real life?

This is a question I asked in Maths SE, and it was suggested I ask it here. This is a direct copy of that question. I have been reading Tristan Needham's excellent Visual Complex Analysis. The end of ...
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3answers
779 views

If electromagnetic induction generates a potential difference in a loop, where are the “high” and “low” potentials?

In AP Physics, I learned that when a changing magnetic flux generates an electromotive force around a loop, and emf is measured in volts, where are the "high" and "low" points to measure the potential ...
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1answer
218 views

Can an AC magnetic field be measured by a hall probe?

Many hall sensors on the market have a datasheet that explain the proportional relationship between the analog voltage that is outputted and the relative gauss/tesla reading (for example: 2.5mV = ...
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0answers
74 views

Can modern times physics explain Hutchison phenomenon?

I saw this video and trying to understand the phenomenon. But as you can see the electro-magnetical device lifts the non-polar material.(1:35~2:00) How can it be possible?
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1answer
141 views

Inductor rise time and inductor wire length

So here is an interesting question about inductors or coils in general. Suppose you had a inductor which was 12 inch's in diameter and say 12 inch's in length and has 100 turns of wire. The total ...
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3answers
1k views

There is no such thing as magnetism?

Here's an interesting "proof" that there is no such thing as magnetism. I know the answer but I love this so much I had to ask it here. It's a great way to confuse people! As we all know, $$\nabla ...
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1answer
7k views

What causes electron to orbit the nucleus in an atom? [closed]

What causes the electron to orbit the nucleus? Which is the force that causes it to do so? Is it related to the Electro - Magnetic force? .
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1answer
140 views

How is momentum conserved when a magnet attracts a metal?

Suppose your have any magnetic object and no external force acts upon it, and the object comes near a metal which causes an impulse (think that will happen). However, the magnetic force is internal to ...
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1answer
870 views

Calculate Magnetic Flux Density between Two Disc Magnets

If I have two disc-shaped magnets (radius r=0.05m, width w=0.03m, Remanance Br=1.06 T) separated by a distance d, how can I calculate the magnetic flux density somewhere between them? I found this ...
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0answers
168 views

Is it possible to have a magnet which looks like a hollow cylinder and who's north is interior and south is exterior? [duplicate]

Is it possible to have a magnet which looks like a hollow cylinder and who's north is interior and south is exterior? What then happens as the cylinder gets longer? Would that affect the strength of ...
2
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1answer
569 views

Why are magnetic fields only produced by moving charges? [duplicate]

Why do charged particles only produce magnetic fields while in motion?
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0answers
456 views

What different approximations yield Gravitoelectromagnetism and Weak Field Einstein Equations?

This question is inspired by this answer, which cites Gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM) as a valid approximation to the Einstein Field Equations (EFE). The wonted presentation of gravitational waves is ...
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0answers
58 views

Conceptual way of understanding what material 'does' at critical angle

I would like a conceptual way of understanding how a material behaves at the critical angle. So why does it all reflect? I can see why it reflects in the maths, but conceptually, it doesn't make ...
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3answers
8k views

2 ways to generate electromagnetic wave

According to Maxwell's equations, accelerating charges emit electromagnetic radiation. According to Quantum physics, heating causes electromagnetic radiation too. These 2 radiations, are they ...
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3answers
601 views

Unpolarized light vs. randomly rotating polarized light?

I am confused with physical picture about unpolarized light. Is unpolarized light very fast rotating polarized light? or co-existing state of two orthogonal polarization? (or something else?) If ...
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2answers
592 views

Cause of electromagnetic induction?

The rate of change of magnetic flux through a surface (open) is related with the line integral over the closed loop binding the selected surface by one of the Maxwell's equation. But that means even ...
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0answers
129 views

Angular momentum contained in E&M fields

I am trying to do this question as a prep for my quals and find my solution too simplistic. I fear I am missing something important. "Iron atoms (atomic mass 56) contain two free electron spins that ...
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5answers
3k views

Does alternating current (AC) require a complete circuit?

This popular question about "whether an AC circuit with one end grounded to Earth and the other end grounded to Mars would work (ignoring resistance/inductance of the wire)" was recently asked on the ...
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2answers
332 views

Can a magnet magnetise an object with greater strength than it possesses?

Trivial thought ... Materials may be broadly superconductive, diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic. An object is magnetized by repetitive motion of a magnetic field across it's surface Say a ...
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0answers
61 views

Physical and dynamical components the four potential

I have a question regarding the four-potential and its gauge symmetry. We have a gauge freedom: $A_{\mu} \rightarrow A_{\mu} + \partial_{\mu}\chi$ Such a transformation does not alter the EM field. ...
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54 views

what are the main factors holding back magnetic energy storage systems?

Perhaps is it the magnet's own magnetic field that causes it to lose its superconductive state? It seems as though these systems could become incredible energy dense.
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0answers
92 views

Consistency of equation with special relativity?

The following is the equation which, I want to know, if it is valid in relativistic domain. Consider two equal charges moving in same direction with velocity $v$ and charge $q$ at a separation of ...
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3answers
134 views

What are correlated magnetic moments?

My book has the following sentence and I don't understand what correlation or lack of correlation means: At high temperature the magnetic moments of adjacent atoms are uncorrelated (to maximize ...
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2answers
854 views

No magnetic dipole moment for photon

Electrically neutral particles such as neutrinos can have nonvanishing magnetic dipole moments. Spin-1 particles, e.g., deuterium nuclei, can also have dipole moments. Googling seems to show that the ...
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1answer
117 views

What is the intensity of this light?

I am struggling with a derivation that calculates the cross sections for Mie scattering and since the incident light is considered to be a x-polarized plane wave I thought that we would have $$I_i = ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible to levitate a toy maglev train using only permanent magnets as long as the train stays in motion?

I am fascinated with magnets, and specifically the idea of magnetic levitation. I recently purchased a Levitron toy maglev train and have enjoyed finding the perfect sweet spot at which it levitates, ...
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1answer
673 views

Definition of complex permittivity

I'm not sure if this is the appropriate forum for my question as I actually am studying this as part of electrical engineering and I don't actually study physics. Nonetheless, I shall ask and if need ...
2
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1answer
504 views

Graphene batteries/super capacitors

A while ago, there was some news about micro-scale graphene-based supercapacitors and these devices can charge and discharge a hundred to a thousand times faster than standard batteries. Question: ...
0
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1answer
64 views

What would happen if you attached a wire to an electrically charged sphere?

If you have a sphere covered in electrons, and you connected a copper wire to it, what would happen? The copper wire's other end is not connected to anything and assume that the copper wire is ...
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6answers
2k views

Why does electricity need wires to flow?

If you drop a really heavy ball the ball's gravitational potential energy will turn into kinetic energy. If you place the same ball in the pool, the ball will still fall. A lot of kinetic energy will ...
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3answers
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Is it correct to say “like poles attract, unlike poles repel” while two magnets are placed such that one is inside another?

As we know a solenoid is considered as a electromagnet(magnet) if there's a current flowing through it. if a soft iron core is placed inside the solenoid, the former get magnetised. Consider the ...
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1answer
3k views

Work done by magnetic field [duplicate]

I know Lorentz force don't do any work. but I want to know whether any type of magnetic field do a work or not.
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2answers
2k views

Why do circuits work so fast?

Drift velocity (explained to me as how fast the electrons are moving) is really slow. My book says the electrons move at around 10 mm/ s. If electrons move so slowly how do circuits work so fast? If ...
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2answers
2k views

How to transform mechanical work into electrical energy without using piezoelectricity?

can someone help me with the following issue. I need a method for transforming mechanical work into electrical energy without using piezoelectricity. I have such kind of mechanical forces (like on the ...
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2answers
439 views

Electric potential due to circular disk

Relevant diagram is available here. The circular disk of radius $a$ lies in the $xy$ plane and carries surface charge density of $\sigma (s, \phi) = s^{2}cos\phi $, where $(s,\phi)$ are in ...
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1answer
4k views

Why does pushing a magnet inside a solenoid produce current?

If you push a bar magnet inside a solenoid, a current is produced. But why is that? I mean, the wire is being moved along the magnetic field, so taking the cross product: $\vec{F} = ...
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1answer
245 views

Magnet alignment within solenoid

Imagine I have a solenoid connected to a power supply. Solenoid produces an electromagnetic field. Now I take a permanent magnet and place it inside the solenoid. How will the magnet align itself ...
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3answers
802 views

How do I calculate electric fields due to currents of magnetic dipoles?

Short version of my question: Do dipole currents cause fields? I think currents of aligned magnetic dipoles cause an electric field, but I don't know how to calculate this field except in the ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does the thickness of a wire affect resistance?

For small thicknesses of wire, it's pretty obvious why resistance affects thickness. (The electronics squeeze to get through). But after a certain thickness shouldn't the thickness become irrelevant? ...
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1answer
4k views

How to find the direction of the magnetic field for an infinite conducting wire?

We've got two long straight wires carrying current of 5A and placed along x and y axis respectively current flows in direction of positive axes we have to find magnetic field at a) (1 m,1 m) b) (-1 ...
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1answer
1k views

Work done on a moving particle in electric field

This is one of the "fast answer" exercises I've been given to train (should be answerable in around 6-7 minutes). I can only think of a very long-round way to solve this. The question is as following: ...
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1answer
3k views

what is the specific cause of permanent magnetism [duplicate]

Why can't we answer this simple question? Where does the magnetic field of a permanent magnet come from? What is different about a magnetizable atom that allows it? Why is it perpetual? Or is it ...
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2answers
168 views

Understanding the basics of electromagnetic induction

Suppose two rings are kept facing each other and that one ring have some current which increases constantly. Will the other ring be attracted or repelled? Does this also depend on how they are kept?
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1answer
810 views

How can I explain or demonstrate the Lorentz Force to a 12 year old?

I'm a space physicist. I've been working with a group of school students (aged between around 10 and 12) exploring the Sun, the Earth and the solar system. We've talked about some basics of magnetism ...
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2answers
156 views

Applicability of the concept of voltage in electrodynamic circuits

In electrostatics, we have $$\nabla \times \vec{E} = 0$$. Hence, we can define a scalar potential $V$, where $$\vec{E} = -\nabla V$$. We know from Faraday's law that $$\nabla \times \vec{E} = ...
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1answer
102 views

What type of magnetic fields does a Hall effect semi-conductor pick up on?

What type of magnetic fields does a Hall effect semi-conductor pick up on? AC or DC fields? How would one go about building a device that measures AC Magnetic fields?