# Tagged Questions

The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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### References for real life applications on advanced EM

For EM (freshman level physics) and advanced EM (Junior/Senior level) to help students appreciate the material, I am looking for books/websites that contain: 1-applications of electricity and ...
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To quote from Wikipedia on elastic scattering, "In this scattering process, the energy (and therefore the wavelength) of the incident photon is conserved and only its direction is changed." How does ...
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### What is the source of Earth's magnetic field?

I saw on Discovery channel that the source of Earth's magnetic field is the molten iron and metals in the earth's core. The spinning of these liquid metals produces the same effect as electric current ...
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### Magnetic field from a half-cylinder [closed]

I am preparing for an exam, on this problem I had the opposite direction of the magnetic field. A conductor-cylinder with radius R has been cut in half ($\phi \in [0,\pi]$) A DC current $I$ runs ...
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### Lenz' law versus $-\frac{d\Omega}{dt}$

I am preparing for an exam, on one problem my answer differ from the solution. The current $i(t)=I_0e^{-\alpha t}$ runs in a long straight conductor along $\hat z$. Point A,B,C,D forms a triangle. ...
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### How to measure faster than light electric energy?

According to relativity,nothing can break light barrier.But a recent preprint shows energy transmission of commercial electric power (f=60Hz) is faster than light. (It is not the drift velocity of ...
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### Scattering off a random magnetic field?

Here is another old exam question I'm wondering about: A proton moving in the $-x$ direction encounters a region of space with a magnetic field that randomizes the direction of the particle. The ...
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### Reflected electromagnetic wave relation

If incident electromagnetic wave is given as: \begin{align*}E_i&=A_e \cos(\omega t + bz)\\ H_i&=A_h \cos(\omega t + bz)\end{align*} What would be relation for REFLECTED wave? Does it ...
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### Does the wavelength always decrease in a medium?

I was studying a GRE Physics Test problem where optical light with a wavelength of 500 nm travels through a gas with refractive index $n$. If we look at the equations for wave motion and index ...
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### One point to change electric field

Can there be a charge configuration in space such that at any instant of time I can change the electric field at one and only one point?
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### Why does only one side of a neon lamp glow?

When applying DC to a neon lamp, only the negatively-charged electrode glows: The voltages across the lamps are left: DC (left lead positive), middle: DC (right lead positive), and right: AC. ...
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### Must the action be a Lorentz scalar?

Page 580, Chapter 12 in Jackson's 3rd edition text carries the statement: From the first postulate of special relativity the action integral must be a Lorentz scalar because the equations of ...
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### Photons in a “wrap-around” universe

This question was inspired by: How are photons "consumed"? Imagine I have some number of photons, $N$, each of frequency $\nu$, moving randomly in a spherical "wrap-around" universe of ...
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### Practical physics: where does this current come from?

It's been a while since school and I don't remember the right laws and formulas. So I come here. :) I've got a power cord extender running from the wall outlet to my washing machine. It's about 3 or ...
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### If you run an electric current through a wire loop, do the accelerated charges radiate?

Does an accelerated charge always radiate? For example the current electrons in an electric circuit when moving through a turn they are accelerated, do they radiate because of that acceleration? If ...
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### Scaling an electron microscope to fit within 1 cubic cm when running multiple parallel scans [closed]

Yes, I'm serious. What components correspond to an individual scan vrs what components can be cascaded across all objects? Ex: The vacuum chamber can be cascaded ( colocate the sample chambers ...
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### 3 current loops with non-conservation of momentum, when one specifically considers SIGNs

Thought experiment I. Consider two loops of wire, 2 small dipoles B and C , with a common axis z (facing each other) and (say) 30 cm apart B to C. At the speed of light, information (including a ...
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### Theorems on instability of classical systems of charged particles?

Classically, a hydrogen atom should not be stable, since it should radiate away all its energy. I remember hearing from my favorite freshman physics prof ca. 1983 about a general theorem to the effect ...
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### 2 electromagnetic loops, with light-speed constraints: Is Newton's Third Law violated?

I'm a retired Physics Professor, but I admit I'm puzzled by this... Consider two loops of wire, 2 small dipoles B and C , with a common axis z (facing each other) and (say) 30 cm apart B to C. At ...
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### Creating the opposite of an optical lattice

Is it possible to create periodic potentials that instead of creating a well for an atom to be trapped in, repulsed by that specific location? If yes, can we use this as a means to make artificial ...
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### The feeling of fuzz on the display surface of a Cathode Ray Tube Television

I was always wondering where the feeling of fuzz comes from when touching a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) television on its display screen when the TV is turned on. Can someone please explain why I feel ...
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### Where the angular momentum has gone?

I came across an interesting problem when I prepared for the preliminary exam on electromagnetism. Below is the problem in its original words: A metallic sphere of mass, $m$, and radius, $a$, ...
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### Lorentz invariance of a frequency- and wavelength- dependent dielectric tensor

Suppose we have a material described by a dielectric tensor $\bar{\epsilon}$. In frequency domain, this tensor depends on the wave frequency $\omega$ and the wave vector $\vec{k}$. Clearly not all ...
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### How to calculate the exit velocity of a coil gun projectile?

First off, what quantities need to be factored in? Voltage and current through the coils, the magnetism of the projectile, the magnetic fields, etc.? Next, how would you calculate the speed of the ...
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### fraction of magnetic energy stored outside a solenoid

If I have a long solenoid, e.g. length $l$ and radius $r$ with $l = kr$, where k >> 1, with a nonpermeable (e.g. air) core, how much of the magnetic energy is stored outside as compared to inside? If ...
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### Can an object between two magnets reduce their attraction/repulsion?

If you have two magnets (not in contact) and then put a non-magnetic object in between the two magnets, does that decrease the attraction/repulsion between the two magnets? It seems that it wouldn't, ...
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### What happens if a wind mill rotates in opposite direction?

Suppose if a windmill is made torotate in clockwise direction and due to air flow if it rotates in anti clockwise direction then does it produce electricity?
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### Electric field of not-grounded conducting plate with a given potential?

I have been trying to find an equation (or some solution) of how to calculate the electric field strength (in N/C) of a conducting rectangular (nearly flat) plate which has non-zero potential to it, ...
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### Software for simulating 3D Newtonian dynamics of simple geometric objects (with force fields)

I'm looking for something short of a molecular dynamics package, where I can build up simple geometric shapes with flexible linkages/etc and simulate the consequences of electrostatic repulsion ...
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### Show that the electric field E in the system at rest is $E=\frac{Q}{4 \pi \epsilon_0 \sqrt{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^3}} (x,y,z)$ [closed]

A body point charge $Q$ moves in relation to the reference system $\Sigma$ according to the law of motion $x(t)=v_0 t$, $y(t)=0$, $z(t)=0$.
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### How do I calculate the power consumed by a lightbulb?

I'm studying a lightbulb and its variable resistance, given by the expression: $R(T) = Ro[1 + α(T-T_0)]$, where $R_0$ is the resistance of the lamp at $T_0$. In this case, $R$ is not given by Ohm's ...
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### How to apply Andreev reflection formalism to ferromagnet ,normal metal interface?

The traditional formalism for andreev reflection deals with what happens at normal metal, super conductor interface.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andreev_reflection (i.e when an electron from normal ...
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### How does capacitance work?

I have a circuit whit a AC source a capacitor and a resistance all in series. I find that the difference of potential between the capacitor leads begin to change after some instants as it should. But ...
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### What happens when two smooth surfaces touch?

I am wondering what will be the physics to explain how two neutral, chemically nonreactive objects stick. I know that using van der Waals formalism, we can treat neutral body electrodynamic forces and ...
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### How to make a small tokamak?

$\require{mhchem}$I made a fusor once, like the easy science project: deuterium-deuterium ones, but they're really inefficient. I was wondering if it would be possible to make a small tokamak; not one ...
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### What are the characteristics of the magnetic field surrounding a human brain?

The human brain is said to produce a magnetic field resulting from the action potentials released inside the brain. What's the nature of such a field in terms of size and strength, and what is the ...
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### Does magnetised material lose weight?

I've had argument on a forum about this. People think, that: if the same object is magnetised, it has less energy. so by $E = mc^2$ it weighs less than an object that is not magnetised (hence spin of ...
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### The acceleration of a particle in uniform electro-magnetic field

A particle of charge $q$ and mass $m_0$ is subject to the action of a uniform electro-magnetic field $\vec{E}=(0,E,0), \vec{B}=(0,0,B)$ and at $t = 0$ moves with velocity $\vec{v}=(v_1,v_2,v_3)$. ...