The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Can the speed of an electromagnetic wave be measured in the absence of neutrinos?

Let me explain better: from what I understand neutrinos are so pervasive they are literally everywhere. And since they have such a tiny electric charge they barely interact with anything and cannot be ...
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0answers
261 views

Online magnetic field solver

Is there a site that allows you to give the approximate specs of a set of magnets and then it produces the graph of the magnetic field for you? Here is a situation I try to understand: I have a set ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding the Electric Field (and other information, besides)

The problem I am working on is: Two parallel plates having charges of equal magnitude but opposite sign are separated by 29.0 cm. Each plate has a surface charge density of 33.0 nC/m2. A proton is ...
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5answers
6k views

Why are AC quantities represented by sine waves always?

Usually we use a sinusoidal wave form to represent a alternating quantity. Why not a cosinusoidal wave or a ramp wave form? In sine wave forms we can indicate the maximum and minimum amplitude and ...
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1answer
211 views

A classically trivial quantum field theory of electromagnetism

Presumably there is a field theory of electromagnetism that classically gives trivial equations of motion, but when quantized shows interesting topological phenomena. I am talking about the Lagrangian ...
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1answer
238 views

Thermionic emission and delayed emission

I want to understand the concepts behind the thermionic emission. In thermionic emission, the energy randomization occurs and the energy may be split to electronic or roto-vibrational states. If this ...
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2answers
1k views

Puzzled by magnetized aluminum!

For a school project I bought a set of magnets and an aluminum strip. The magnets are places along both sides of the aluminum strip (all in the same direction). Now the aluminum strip is exhibiting ...
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2answers
542 views

Does Kaluza-Klein Theory Require an Additional Scalar Field?

I've seen the Kaluza-Klein metric presented in two different ways., cf. Refs. 1 and 2. In one, there is a constant as well as an additional scalar field introduced: $$\tilde{g}_{AB}=\begin{pmatrix} ...
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1answer
453 views

Faraday's Law and Galilean Invariance

In Jackson's text he says that Faraday law is actually: $$ \oint_{\partial \Sigma} \mathbf{E} \cdot \mathrm{d}\boldsymbol{\ell} = -k\iint_{\Sigma} \frac{\partial \mathbf B}{\partial t} \cdot ...
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2answers
925 views

Electromagnetic Wave Penetration into Conductors

Right now, I'm looking at two straightforward derivations of the dispersion relations of electromagnetic waves in conductors, and they seem to disagree on the low frequency attenuation. Could someone ...
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1answer
256 views

Inductively coupled DC circuit

The circuit under consideration has two inductively coupled loops, one with a DC battery, inductor, and resistor in series. The other loop has two inductors, one inductively coupled to the first, the ...
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2answers
3k views

Higher To Lower Electric Potential

The question I am working on is: "An electron moving parallel to the x axis has an initial speed of $4.65 \cdot 10^6~m/s$ at the origin. Its speed is reduced to $1.27 \cdot 10^5 ~m/s$ at the point ...
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3answers
485 views

Surface integral of Poynting vector around static sources

Consider fields $\rho \left( \vec{r} \right)$, $\vec{J} \left( \vec{r} \right)$, $\vec{E} \left( \vec{r} \right)$ and $\vec{B} \left( \vec{r} \right)$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, with their usual meaning as ...
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3answers
206 views

Field energy of/from virtual Photons

I have a slightly out-of line question: Consider a single electron (or it's current if you please) The STATIC ELECTROMAGNETIC field surrounding it will (no doubt) have a field energy (T) to go with. ...
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3answers
2k views

origin of magnetic field in a permanent magnet [closed]

I have a simple question. I hope I don't get a stupid answer. Where does the magnetic field of a permanent magnet comes from AND why is it permanent (are we dealing with perpetual motion)? This is ...
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5answers
17k views

Can someone please explain magnetic vs electric fields?

I've looked through about 20 different explanations, from the most basic to the most complex, and yet I still dont understand this basic concept. Perhaps someone can help me. I dont understand the ...
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1answer
102 views

NMR rotating frame

I'm reading about a linearly polarized field (in the context of NMR). The field is given by $$ {\bf H_{lin}}=2H_1({\bf i}cos(\omega_zt)).$$ This can be created by having a pulse field plus its ...
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2answers
379 views

What would result in a transformer that has its secondary wires disconnected from any circuit?

I am studying magnetism and I am curious as to what happens in a transformer that has its secondary output wires connected through a circuit versus one that doesn't. My main questions (in the case of ...
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2answers
337 views

What is a photon's speed inside a dieletric?

We know that EM waves are slowed down in a dielectric. But at what speed does the photons that make up the wave travel? Do they always travel at the speed $c$, but colliding/being absorbed and ...
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1answer
482 views

Is my electric power cord creating magnetic field when coiled?

Simple question. But I was wondering, does my mac power cord create a magnetic field when its all coiled?
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2answers
1k views

Why and how does symmetry work in circuits?

Why symmetry work in circuits? In my book there is no mention explanation as such for symmetry arguments and circuits. But there are circuits that are very difficult to solve without symmetry. Also I ...
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2answers
737 views

Under what condition charges do not flow in closed circuit?

I wanted to ask under what conditions will charges not flow in a closed circuit. Or when is current through the circuit zero even when an EMF is applied? Like in the case of potentiometer, we say that ...
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1answer
189 views

The Lorenz gauge in electrodynamics

What is the fundamental reason to fix the Lorenz gauge to $0$?
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0answers
70 views

numerical investigation of stability [closed]

I am trying to find the required specifications of an paul RF trap, in which a proton can be confined.(trap dimensions,voltage frequency and amplitude used, etc). I have to solve the equations of ...
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2answers
352 views

Earth's core electric charge

Forgive my limited knowledge, but the Earth's magnetic field is created by the conductive liquid in the core and to the best I can tell organizing itself (which means separating charges?). Would this ...
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2answers
234 views

Force of electromagnet on piece of iron

I can find equations to give the force of an electromagnet on a piece of iron when the iron touches the electromagnet. But what about when the iron is some distance from the electromagnet? ...
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1answer
919 views

Finding the electric field

The charge per unit length on a long, straight filament is -91.9 µC/m. (a) Find the electric field 10.0 cm from the filament, where distances are measured perpendicular to the length of the ...
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1answer
333 views

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Conceptual Questions

Let $M$ be the magnetic moment of a system. Below are the Bloch equations, including the relaxation terms. $$\frac{\partial M_x}{\partial t}=({\bf M} \times \gamma {\bf H_0})_x-\frac{M_x}{T_2} $$ ...
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1answer
247 views

Kaluza-Klein Christoffel Symbols

I have a question regarding the connection coefficients as they pertain to the following paper: http://www.weylmann.com/kaluza.pdf . When I try to calculate the 4D Christoffel symbols from the 4D part ...
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2answers
11k views

Dirichlet and Neumann Boundary condition: physical example

Can anybody tell me some practical/physical example where we use Dirichlet and Neumann Boundary condition. Is it possible to use both conditions together at the same region? If we have a cylindrical ...
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2answers
628 views

Has The Aharonov-Bohm Effect Been Experimentally Proven?

I have encountered two contradicting papers on the Aharonov-Bohm Effect: One supporting, The Aharonov-Bohm Effects: Variations on a Subtle Theme. H Batelaan and A Tonomura. Physics Today 62 pp. ...
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2answers
219 views

Electron in a uniform magnetic field and center of the circumference

I have an electron in a 3D space and there is a uniform constant magnetic field $B$, oriented according to z-axes. At $t=0$, we have $z=0$ and $\dot z =0$. I have proved that the trajectory is a ...
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1answer
175 views

Clarification on factors of $c$ in the Lorentz' force

I was told that Lorentz' force is given by $${\bf F}= q{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ But I have read that it is given by $${\bf F}= \frac{q}{c}{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ Why have these two relations ...
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2answers
566 views

Irradiance (or intensity) of an electromagnetic wave

Is the irradiance (or intensity) of an electromagnetic wave given by \begin{equation} I = \left<\|\mathbf{S}\|\right>_{T} \end{equation} or by \begin{equation} I = ...
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1answer
518 views

Does weather obstruct microwaves and radiowaves?

I read an article ('How airplanes use radar' at Bright Hub.com) that stated that airplanes use radio waves for communication because they aren't obstructed by weather. Is this true?
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3answers
182 views

How would I perceive a purple ball when traveling at relativistic speeds

I have a 'thought experiment' which I'd like to ask about. I was thinking what speed I would have to drive towards a crossing to see a red light as a green light - pretty easy, using the doppler ...
2
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2answers
900 views

Basic magnet through a copper coil experiment - What if poles were rotated 90 degress

I was wondering what voltage or current, if any, would be produced if the basic magnet through a copper coil experiment had the poles rotated 90 degrees so north and south faced the top/bottom of the ...
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0answers
216 views

Does Mansuripur's Paradox involve fictitious charges?

Mansuripur's Paradox involves a magnet moving at relativistic speeds in an external electric field. Additional: thanks to Retarded Potential, who found the original paper. If I understand correctly, ...
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1answer
1k views

How to interpret the magnetic vector potential?

In electromagnetism, we can re-write the electric field in terms of the electric scalar potential, and the magnetic vector potential. That is: $E = -\nabla\phi - \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$, ...
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4answers
630 views

Least-action classical electrodynamics without potentials

Is it possible to formulate classical electrodynamics (in the sense of deriving Maxwell's equations) from a least-action principle, without the use of potentials? That is, is there a lagrangian which ...
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1answer
255 views

Repulsive Magnetic Hammering Experiment

I have been thinking about something thing... I want to attach four or any number of magnets with arms to an axle.. Blue dots be magnets. Its is not a wheel configuration, all arms can move ...
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2answers
745 views

Calculate force of electric charges “suspended” by strings [closed]

In a question: Two small plastic balls hang from threads of negligible mass. Each ball has a mass of 0.110g and a charge of magnitude q. The balls are attracted to each other, and the ...
3
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1answer
573 views

Metal sphere and charged ring

I think this is an interesting question, to which I don't really know the answer to. (Also, not a homework question.) Say you have an uncharged metal sphere constrained to move in the z-axis. There ...
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3answers
627 views

Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor?

Suppose I look at a parallel plate capacitor in its rest frame and calculate the electrostatic energy, $E$. Next, I look at the same capacitor in a primed frame boosted in the direction perpendicular ...
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3answers
384 views

What was wrong with action a distance?

It is usually said that the idea of fields was introduced (electric and magnetic fields) in electricity and magnetism after Coulomb's law to cure the conceptual problems of action at a distance. ...
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1answer
639 views

Electric Field due to a charged sphere

Suppose we have a spherical surface with a surface charge density varying as $cos(\theta)$. Apparently one can find the electric field both outside and inside such a spherical surface by superposing ...
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1answer
367 views

Does special relativity unify the two phenomena at the base of Faraday's flux law (was Feynman wrong in this case)?

Consider Faraday's flux law for the EMF generated in a conductor loop: $$ \varepsilon = - \frac{d \phi}{dt},$$ where $\varepsilon$ is the EMF, and $\phi$ is the magnetic flux through the loop. ...
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2answers
67 views

Why is there no aberation of a static electric field, but there is aberation for EM radiation?

So consider the case where there is a particle and a moving telescope: If the particle is located at position 1, and the telescope is moving horizontally as shown, the EM radiation appears to be ...
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2answers
3k views

Harvesting electricity in the air from power lines:

Recently I came across this quote on the internet, about a person who apparently set up devices to extract electricity from the "air", on his own property: I read an article a couple of years ago ...
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1answer
295 views

Falling Electron

Suppose there are two objects in the universe. Earth, with a gravitational acceleration of g = 9.8m/s/s, and a typical electron. The electron is dropped from a certain height, say 1000m above the ...