The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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273 views

determining Induced emf/current through v x B . l

I am working on a question from my book. I am wondering how they conclude emf is negative in this case. looking at $$ \mathcal{E} = \vec{v} \times \vec{B} \cdot \vec{dl}$$ If there's some implied ...
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2answers
84 views

How do magnets work in classical electromagnetism?

A charged particle moving in a magnetic field experiences a Lorentz force $F=qv\times B$. A charged particle in a electric field experiences a force given by Coulomb's inverse square law. But for a ...
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2answers
373 views

How to test cutoff frequency of IR filter on camera?

Modern cell phones seems to come with IR filters on their cameras. I want to do an experiment to figure out what wavelengths these filters allow to pass and which they block. How would I go about ...
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1answer
336 views

Classical Mechanics - Equation of motion, Lagrangian, Newtons 2nd Law [closed]

I really don't even know where to start with this question. A particle with charge $q$ moving in an electromagnetic field is described by the Lagrangian $$L=\frac{m\mathrm v^2}2+\frac qc\mathrm ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does electromagnetic induction actually occur?

In my book, it is written that "An emf is induced in a loop when the number of magnetic field lines that pass through the loop is changing" (Faraday's law) I understand that whenever there is a ...
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2answers
1k views

What constitutes displacement current? [duplicate]

In the chapter electromagnetic waves I was introduced with the concept of displacement current inside a capacitor. Since the region inside the capacitor is a dielectric there is no charge carriers in ...
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1answer
276 views

Flux increase due to velocity?

I have a book question I'm trying to understand: The first bit is easy enough. The second part I was confused so I checked the solution: B is into the page. The flux increases as the bar moves ...
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1answer
58 views

Calculating back-reaction forces for an ensemble of slowly moving, classical charges

Suppose you have a set of charges that are Newtonian (not quantum and not fast-moving) point particles. They are subject to known (but not necessarily constant) external forces ($F_{ext}$), as well as ...
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0answers
103 views

Hertzian dipole in time varying electric field

Suppose we place a Hertzian dipole (short, ends loaded with capacitance) in a time varying electric field $\vec{E}\left(t\right)$, with magniture $E\left(t\right)$ and direction as shown in this ...
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0answers
95 views

Demagnetization of a permanent magnet and lenz's law

This video ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vs3afgStVy4 ) demonstrates lenz's law, if the current produced by the magnet fall induces an opposing magnetic field , after many tries , can this field ...
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0answers
56 views

Long range repulsion in anomalous solids

As far as I know things like rocks, walls, rubber balls, polished tables etc. exert a short range repulsive force on other everyday objects that is responsible for hardness, softness, collisions, ...
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1answer
269 views

General Physics II Practice Question [closed]

I have a test in a few hours, and my professor gave us a practice test, and I'm stuck. Could you give me a hint as to how to approach this problem, equations I could use. It's an algebra based class ...
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2answers
226 views

Is mass of a particle changed when it is charged? [closed]

If a particle of mass $M$ is given an electric charge $Q$, will its mass change?
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3answers
480 views

Hard disk rotational frequency

I noticed the other day that the rotational frequency of typical consumer grade HDD are either 5400rpm or 7200rpm. These correspond to 90Hz and 120Hz respectively. Given that in parts of the world ...
-7
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1answer
988 views

Are dc and ac currents produce electric field? [closed]

I have four different situation and i want to learn what kind of field (electric or magnetic) each produces and which produces electomagnetic waves? 1)dc current flow in a conductor 2)ac current ...
0
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1answer
50 views

vector product between $ds$ and other portion of current loop

In the answer section it is written that,The magnetic field at O due to the current in the straight segments $AA^\prime$ and $CC^\prime$ is zero because ds is parallel to along these paths. My ...
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1answer
276 views

Lenz law and magnetic pole

When a magnetic north(N) pole is placed close to an coil with out energy source, the coil behaves like an magnet and we find a North pole which opposes the magnet bar which was approximating onto the ...
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2answers
432 views

Electrostatics/ magnetostatics: why is $\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; \nabla \cdot(\vec A \times \vec B)$ equal to 0?

I'm reading electrodynamics notes and come across that: $$\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; \nabla \cdot(\vec A \times \vec B)=0$$ in case of magnetostatics and: $$\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; ...
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2answers
525 views

What is the magnitude of the force on a charged particle due to electromagnetic radiation?

Suppose there is an electromagnetic wave moving forward in the $\mathbf{\hat{k}}$ direction. Its electric/magnetic field components are given by: $$\mathbf{E} = E_0 \sin(kz - \omega t) ...
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4answers
419 views

What is the magnetic effect on either of the charges moving parallel

Consider two electrons moving parallel to each other in the same direction with same constant velocity. Will they experience any force due to either of them?
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1answer
336 views

Will a moving neutron produce a magnetic field around it?

Will a moving neutron produce a magnetic field around it? I know that neutrons have no charge, so magnetic field should not be produced along it...but neutrons have a magnetic moment. So why can't ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
3
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0answers
92 views

Are there any models that explain the cause of the dual symmetry-breaking of the in electrodynamics?

Source-free Maxwell eqautions a dual symmetry between electric and magnetic fields is obvious. But in the presence of electric charge, such symmetry is broken. Recover it possible by an introduction ...
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2answers
598 views

Resistance of aluminium rectangular wire

I am working on upgrading an electromagnet design program. There are currently two types of wire used for the coil, circular and strip (read as: rectangular). The current algorithms in this program ...
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0answers
72 views

Gravity and Larmor effect

I have a Q: Does "Equivalent Principle" and "Larmor effect" imply that the charged particle should radiate electromagnetic wave if it is at rest in uniform gravitational field (like it is at rest on ...
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0answers
225 views

Non-zero charge density due to Lorentz contraction in current carrying wires

In trying to answer this question I came across the following problem. The original question relates to the idea that what looks like a magnetic field in one reference frame, ends up as an ...
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2answers
740 views

current in wire + special relativity = magnetism

Current in wire + moving charge next to wire creates magnetic force in the stationary reference frame OR electric force in the moving reference frame from special relativity due to change in charge ...
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1answer
167 views

Particle Spacing in a Vacuum

Four questions: (To start off, I know very little about physics it isn't even funny (I probably use a ton of wrong terms here and leave out vital information, if so I will try to edit it in as you ...
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1answer
183 views

Experiments looking for monopoles

Background: (skip it if you know it) In the easiest formulation of classical electromagnetism magnetic monopoles do not exist. In fact, the Maxwell's equation $\nabla \cdot \vec{B}=0$ implies (using ...
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1answer
977 views

How does a Tesla Coil exactly work? [closed]

How does a Tesla Coil exactly work? I am currently making a Tesla Coil in school but before I start, I want to know exactly how does a Tesla Coil work? I understand the various electrical components ...
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0answers
65 views

Does pure electric dipole have higher order moments?

Of course for the standard configuration(i.e. two opposite charges separated by some distance), there exist higher order multipole moments. However for an ideal dipole(those dipoles associated with ...
2
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3answers
142 views

Curie temperature and magnetization?

If an ferromagnetic object is heated and reaches Tc the magnetization gradually drops as we get closer to Tc or it's a instant drop? Can I assume as I heat the object, the magnetization is weakening ...
2
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1answer
219 views

is it possible to have magnetic flux density B not in the same direction of magnetic field intensity H?

it is said that direction of magnetic flux density B in the same direction of magnetic field intensity H for isotropic media so what is isotropic media and is it possible to have B not in the same ...
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2answers
92 views

Time difference in transmission of AC and DC

Is there any time difference while considering the transmission of AC and DC ? Is either one of them faster than the other one in terms of transmission of energy/power from one point to another? I ...
4
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1answer
264 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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2answers
173 views

Can protons in the nucleus of an atom be aligned by electromagnetic fields?

Can protons in the nucleus of an atom be aligned by electromagnetic fields? If so can it be done around $-135°C$ zero?
2
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0answers
527 views

Are the poles of a hollow electromagnet on the ring or in the center?

Question: Will this work as I've shown it here, more or less, or will the iron cylinder being hollow produce results not shown? Topic: I'm experimenting with magnetic fields and have been testing ...
1
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1answer
401 views

How to imagine the first few moments of an LR circuit?

For example, there's a very simple circuit which only contains on resistor. So according to Ohm's law, we have: $\mathrm{emf} = IR$ As we know when time $t = 0$, the current must be $I = 0$. However, ...
4
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1answer
208 views

Quadrupole potential generation in Paul traps

I am currently getting familiar with the concept of the Paul trap and the underlying physical principles. I do understand what kind of potentials are needed to trap charged particles, e.g. for the 3D ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Determining the location of magnetic moments

The magnetic moment of a closed current loop is $$\mathbf{m} = \frac{I}{2}\int\mathbf{r}\times d\mathbf{r}.$$ Note that $\mathbf{m}$ is independent of any coordinate frame. How, then, does one ...
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0answers
2k views

How to calculate magnetic pole strength?

I have 2 magnets. I need to know the force between them. In a previous Phys.SE question, conclusion was: we need to use a dipole-dipole interaction equation, which included m, which the magnetic ...
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1answer
221 views

Why can coercivity be used in place of magnetization when modelling permanent magnets?

I'm trying to understand how permanent magnets can be modeled in finite element methods. FEMM's manual, here, states that it treats a PM as a solenoid with the same surface current as the PM, and then ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Question about complex emissivity and complex permeability

Consider a linear, isotropic material. We can then write: $$\textbf{D}(\textbf{r},\omega) = \epsilon(\textbf{r},\omega)\textbf{E}(\textbf{r},\omega)$$ In phasor notation. The complex emissivity ...
3
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2answers
229 views

What happens from the point when we apply potential difference across an inductor?

I am in a serious doubt about it. Consider a battery of emf E and we connect it to an inductor. Initially the switch is open, now we close the switch. My question is: What mechanism happens just ...
2
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1answer
167 views

If Electricity and magnetism are the same viewed from a different reference frame then is electricity medium dependant?

If Electricity and magnetism are the same viewed from a different reference frame (they are the same force as unified by maxwell) then is electricity medium dependant? I came to this question when ...
2
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1answer
4k views

Force between two bar magnets

I need to know how to calculate force between two bar magnets. I searched and found an answer on Wikipedia, but I don't really trust Wikipedia, a lot of crazy stuff is posted there. So I searched ...
0
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1answer
68 views

How many domains are there in a ferromagnetic material?

How many are there? Also what is the size of those domains? Finally, when domains align with exterior magnetic fields do they move or are they all fixed? I assume they are all fixed because the atoms ...
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2answers
3k views

how does an electric field comes inside a conducting wire inside the circuit? [duplicate]

This has been a really great confusion for me now .... Many places i have read in books that when a potential difference is applied across the ends of a wire a constant electric field is generated ...
3
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1answer
325 views

Why are lab Magnets painted red?

Wy are lab magnets painted red in color? I tried searching everywhere but couldn't get a satisfactory answer.
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0answers
27 views

Magnetic field distrotion

Does one exist, or do you think it would be possible to design a tracking magnetic field distortion detector to detect fast moving magnetic anomalies in our air space. ie; track a stealth aircraft or ...