The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Radiation from a pair of charged objects orbiting each other

This question on binary black hole solutions, led to me think about the similar question from the perspective of what we know about the Hydrogen atom. Prior to quantum mechanics, it was not ...
3
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1answer
240 views

PNMR, Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Experiment

I am writing a lab report for class on PNMR experiment that we did. How come in this experiment we don't worry about the electron spins in our sample? Aren't the electrons affected by the PNMR machine ...
5
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2answers
128 views

Can D and H form an 'in materials' version of the electromagnetic tensor?

In analogy to the electromagnetic tensor, with the components defined as the electric field $E$ and magnetic field $B$ as such: $F^{ab} = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & -E_x/c & -E_y/c & -E_z/c \\ ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Why is there independent motion of Earth's magnetic poles?

Earth's N and S magnetic poles "wander independently of each other and are not at exactly opposite positions on the globe" [from WIKI's "Earth's magnetic field"]. Can these independent motions be ...
5
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1answer
643 views

Energy in magnetic fields

If I calculate the energy contained in the electric field for an electric dipole p in an electric field E, I get (ignoring the terms independent of orientation): $U = - \vec{p} \cdot \vec{E}$ which ...
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4answers
2k views

Recovering energy from a modern, magnetic-levitated flywheel

A modern flywheel rotor is suspended in a vacuum by magnetic bearings. This means that nothing touches the rotor as it spins. When time comes that we need to recover that stored kinetic energy, how do ...
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3answers
2k views

Can I levitate an object without using an electromagnet?

I know that it's possible to make an object levitate using an electromagnet to hold it up. But is it also possible to do this with regular magnets? Is there a special kind of magnet I need in order ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Relativistic charged particles in a constant uniform magnetic field

How can i derive the dynamic of a relativistic charged particle in a uniform magnetic field $B=(0,0,B)$?
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3answers
392 views

What is the density of virtual photons around a unit charge?

It seems that virtual photons also exist in vacuum. So the precise question is: What is the additional virtual photon density due to the electric field of a unit charge? Or: How many virtual photons ...
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3answers
974 views

How could this person have discovered the resonant frequency from this string of magnets?

I stumbled onto this page http://mylifeisaverage.com/story/1364811/ and the post states that they were all making strings and shapes with these sets of 216 really small spherical earth ...
2
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1answer
457 views

Magnetic moment of relativistic rotating ring

Let's consider rotating charged ring. Theoretically mass of this ring has no limit as rotation speed increases. So what about magnetic moment of the ring? Is it limited by the value of speed of ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible/correct to describe electromagnetism using curved space(-time)? [duplicate]

Comparing the simples form of the forces of both phenomena: the law of Newton for gravitation $V\propto \frac{1}{r}$, and the Coulomb law for electrostatics $V\propto \frac{1}{r}$, one might think ...
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1answer
348 views

Relationship between magnetic resonance linewidth and spin relaxation

First of all, what is the mathematical relationship between measured linewidth (usually in units of magnetic field) and spin relaxation time? I see papers talk about spin relaxation times in terms of ...
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2answers
474 views

meaning of an integral in the continuity equation

This is about continuity equation. What does the last integral mean? $$\frac{\mathrm{d}Q_V}{\mathrm{d}t}=\iiint_V \mathrm{d}^3x \,\frac{\partial\rho}{\partial t}=-\iiint_V\! ...
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0answers
2k views

How can I find the potential difference of a plastic sphere in a capacitor?

A thin spherical shell made of plastic carries a uniformly distributed negative charge of -Q coulombs. Two large thin disks made of glass carry uniformly distributed positive and negative charges S ...
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1answer
377 views

Amount of free energy in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide

How much free energy is there in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide resulting from the constant bombardment of lightning strikes all over the Earth, and how do you go about calculating an estimate for it? ...
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2answers
1k views

How can I tell which end of a wire will have a higher potential?

I have the following setup: A <---- wire ----> B $V_b - V_a = \Delta v = \text{a positive value}$ I have two questions: Which end of the wire has a ...
5
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4answers
438 views

What is the medium that allows magnetic fields *or any forcefield* to exist?

Magnetic fields are obvious distortions.. of.. something, but what exactly are they distortions of? Massive objects produce curvatures/gradients in space-time resulting in what we observe as ...
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4answers
2k views

Resistance between two points on a conducting surface

Suppose we have a cylindrical resistor, with resistance given by $R=\rho\cdot l/(\pi r^2)$ Let $d$ be the distance between two points in the interior of the resistor and let $r\gg d\gg l$. Ie. it is ...
3
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2answers
905 views

Does van Eck phreaking really work, or is it an urban myth?

Van Eck phreaking, the ability to reconstruct distally the text on a CRT or LCD screen using the leaking em from the target computer, was in the news about five to ten years ago. It is talked about as ...
4
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1answer
394 views

What is the effect of ice on an antenna?

A local FM radio station transmitting at 89.3 MHz recently announced that it would be running at 50% power due to freezing weather and a forecast of ice accumulation, as "when ice is forecast ... it ...
2
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1answer
333 views

Cherenkov radiation in nuclear bomb

Would Cherenkov radiation occur at the explosion of a nuclear bomb? Suppose it would not be occluded by smoke or anything else for that matter.
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2answers
850 views

Studying electrodynamics problems

Suppose an advanced undergraduate student has reached a moderate level of understanding on electrodynamics. Where should he focus on, to sharpen his problem-solving skills? Practicing integrals ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Impedance formula for an edge coupled differential stripline in an asymmetrical stackup?

I've been searching and have not been able to find a formula for calculating the impedance of differential lines on inner layers where the dielectric above and below it is not symmetrical. I've seen ...
6
votes
3answers
416 views

Does bunching reduce synchrotron radiation?

A continuous charge distribution flowing as a constant current in a closed loop doesn't radiate. Is it therefore true that as you increase the number of proton bunches in the LHC, while keeping the ...
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1answer
469 views

Electrical eddy current visualization or simulation

Eddy currents are induced in a metal plate when it experiences a changing magnetic flux. Is there a realistic visualization or simulation of eddy currents available? The only picture I found, on ...
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2answers
542 views

What's the explanation for the Giant Magnetoresistance effect?

I've been reading this review on Giant Magnetoresistance, and something about it is bothering me. The basic effect is that, using a special "stack" of layers (alternating between ferromagnetic and not ...
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2answers
476 views

Is there an explicit angular momentum in Maxwell equations?

Electromagnetism implies special relativity and then the universal constant "c". And if we set c=1, the coupling constant has units of angular momentum (so in relativistic quantum mechanics we divide ...
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2answers
2k views

Special designs to reduce the electrical resistance of a wire

The numerical simulation of this nerdy question shows that the resistance decreases with the number of nodes along longest side, and converges to a finite value when the # of nodes approaches ...
5
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2answers
357 views

What would the electromagnetic field of a massless electron look like

The Standard Model gives non-zero mass to the electron via the coupling to the Higgs field. Issues of renormalizability aside, this is fundamentally unrelated to the fact that the electron couples to ...
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2answers
677 views

Can an insulator have magnetic poles?

Is it possible to make an insulator have two poles like a magnet? If yes, how to make it?
6
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1answer
1k views

Is the force carrier of the magnetism in a common household magnet a photon?

As I have understood it, the Standard Model includes particles that carry the different forces, e.g. the electromagnetic (EM) force, the gravitational (G) force. When talking about EM fields such as ...
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2answers
157 views

EM irradiament and multipoles

Why in the irradiament mulipoles of Lienard-Wiechert's potential we say that electric quadrupole give a contribute of the same order of the magnetic dipole? How can we see it from their equations? And ...
2
votes
7answers
652 views

“Magnetic mnemonics”

Over and over I'm getting into the same trouble, so I'd like to ask for some help. I need to solve some basic electrodynamics problem, involving magnetic fields, moving charges or currents. But I ...
4
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1answer
851 views

Self induction: Why is induced voltage smaller than the applied voltage?

Imagine a circuit with a voltage source, a switch and an inductivity all connected in series. First, the switch is open and there's no current and no magnetic field around. If we close the switch, ...
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1answer
1k views

Flux through a Mobius strip

I was sent here from mathoverflow, hoping for a complete answer to this: === A friend of mine asked me what is the flux of the electric field (or any vector field like $$ \vec r=(x,y,z)\mapsto ...
4
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2answers
189 views

Dynamic ferrofluid sculptures

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJJuq_pcyIQ What exactly is going on in the video example? I understand the phenomena occurs because of magnetism but I am trying to figure out the mechanics behind ...
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1answer
197 views

Electromagnetic weapons: power?

I essentially have three questions concerning weapons based on EM waves or more generally. Focusing on the weapons using radio-waves and/or micro-waves, what power do these types of weapons need to ...
2
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1answer
450 views

What is the pressure between two electric dipole sheets of finite extent?

I have recently become curious about modeling the repulsion of everyday objects in contact with one another. By repulsion I mean as you attempt to walk through a wall, the pain in your nose suddenly ...
12
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4answers
687 views

Nonlinear optics as gauge theory

the widely used approach to nonlinear optics is a Taylor expansion of the dielectric displacement field $\mathbf{D} = \epsilon_0\cdot\mathbf{E} + \mathbf{P}$ in a Fourier representation of the ...
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3answers
1k views

Electromagnetic Field as a Connection in a Vector Bundle

I would like to know more about Ehresmann connections in vector bundles and how they relate to the electromagnetic field and the electron in quantum mechanics. Background: The Schrödinger equation ...
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2answers
404 views

Why is the ground state of the ferromagnetic tetrahedron threefold degenerate?

I'm preparing a presentation on Spin-Ice, but something's been bugging me for a while. On the Wikipedia page for Geometrical Frustration, it says the following about easy spins on a tetrahedron with ...
6
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2answers
519 views

Navy's new Mach 7 Rail Gun Photo

There have been a few articles about the Navy's new Mach 7 33 Megajoule railgun. As a physics teacher, I have a couple of questions about this, and was hoping for some help. Is the kinetic energy ...
6
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2answers
367 views

Notation for Sections of Vector Bundles

(Reformulation of part 1 of Electromagnetic Field as a Connection in a Vector Bundle) I am looking for a good notation for sections of vector bundles that is both invariant and references bundle ...
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2answers
1k views
2
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1answer
1k views

Current from induced emf

If the induced emf in a circuit is negative, and current from this emf is the emf over the resistance, what happens to the negative sign in the induced emf when solving for the current? Surely there's ...
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2answers
363 views

Magnetism-Related Terminology

A few questions about a magnet and a paperclip: What do you call a material that attracts another material via magnetism? (i.e. the magnet) What do you call the material that is attracted in #1? ...
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2answers
296 views

Creation of the Electromagnetic Spectrum [closed]

After seeing this image: http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov/images/EM_Spectrum3-new.jpg And reading this: "The long wavelength limit is the size of the universe itself, while it is thought that the ...
2
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2answers
151 views

Utility of displacements potentials in geophysics

In the elasticity theory, you can derive a wave equation from the fundamental equation of motion for an elastic linear homogeneous isotropic medium: $\rho \partial^2_t \overline{u} = \mu \nabla^2 ...
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1answer
6k views

Is there a name for the derivative of current with respect to time, or the second derivative of charge with respect to time?

This measurement comes up a lot in my E&M class, in regards to inductance and inductors. Is there really no conventional term for this? If not, is there some historical reason for this omission? ...