The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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57 views

Electricity voltage & current [closed]

Why does current return to its source?
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0answers
27 views

If lead's electron configuration ends with 6p$^2$, shouldn't it be paramagnetic? [duplicate]

Doesn't lead, according to its electron configuration, have unpaired electrons? Yet why isn't it paramagnetic?
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3answers
111 views

At an instant, does a system of gravitational charges exhibit equivalent behavior to a time-reversed system of like electric charges?

Question: In principle, does a system of gravitational charges exhibit equivalent behavior to a time-reversed system of like electric charges? (At a single instance in time?) Additional Notes: I am ...
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1answer
135 views

Maxwell equations [closed]

$$\oint B.dl = \mu_0\left(I+\epsilon_0\frac{\partial\Phi_E}{\partial t}\right)$$ Please explain the applications , and implications of the modified Ampere's circuital law with Maxwell's addition. ...
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1answer
73 views

Evaluate singularity in numerical iterative physical optics integral

My goal is to implement a code to numerically compute the radar cross section (RCS) of an open-ended PEC cavity by the approach of "iterative physical optics" [1]. The idea is to iteratively compute ...
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1answer
3k views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
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1answer
548 views

Constructive Interference of Electromagnetic Waves

So I was wondering if Electromagnetic wave has the same property of interference as normal waves. I understand that both the electric and magnetic parts of the wave would have to be in the same ...
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5answers
589 views

Can we say there are 2 EM radiation types?

EM radiation seems to come from two different sources: According to the Maxwell, by acceleration of electrons According to the Bohr, by jumping of electrons between energy levels? Are these two, ...
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1answer
221 views

Solving electromagnetic vector field using the Lagrangian

Given an action of the form \begin{equation}S=-\frac{1}{4}\int d^4x\eta^{\mu\nu}\eta^{\lambda\rho}F_{\mu\lambda}F_{\nu\rho}\end{equation} where ...
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4answers
646 views

How do electrons actually move in a circuit?

Last year, we were taught about electricity, about how electrons move in a closed circuit. But as our teacher had not taught us about electric fields yet, she gave us a simplified model of motion of ...
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0answers
79 views

Is the dielectric constant of an insulator always positive?

I know there are many examples of metals with a negative dielectric constant at optical frequencies. But what about insulators?
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1answer
75 views

Understanding frequency of a signal

I'm trying to understand how can one transmit different signals on a same copper wire using different frequencies. How does the electrons actually interact with the frequency? And how does the ...
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0answers
30 views

Sphere in homogenou magnetic field

I have to find out the magnetic dipole moment of sphere in homogenou magnetic field in the limit $\mu_r\rightarrow+\infty$. I don't know what does the condition $\mu_r\rightarrow+\infty$ mean. Does ...
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2answers
943 views

How do I actually calculate the Lorentz transformation of a field strength tensor

Say now I have an arbitrary field strength tensor $F$, and I want to boost it according to a Lorentz transformation matrix $(\Lambda)$ The transformation is given by $$ F^{'\mu \nu} = ...
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1answer
1k views

why does alternate current attract and direct current repel [duplicate]

Does AC current attract and DC repel our body? If the potential difference remains same will still AC and DC will give us same type of electric shock?
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2answers
3k views

Is magnetic force non-conservative? [duplicate]

If magnetic field is conservative, then why not the magnetic force? My professor thinks it is non conservative but he couldn't explain to me why?
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1answer
274 views

What are 'two way' magnets and how do they work?

Thomas & Friends Take-n-Play series connect to each other via something described as 'two way' magnets: the new models use special 'two-way' magnets As a parent of an owner of two engines of ...
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2answers
294 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?
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2answers
336 views

Why is this not a violation of parity invarance for EM

I read that Wu's experiment illustrates that parity violation is possible for weak processes. In that experiment, when Co-60 undergoes beta decay, the emitted electrons come out opposite to the ...
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1answer
339 views

Finding speed of light by $c=f\lambda$?

When considering EM radiation as waves it is said that it is electric and magnetic fields that oscillate with time. Therefore $f$ is not frequency of distance but of electromagnetic fields. I have ...
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3answers
175 views

Definition of Electromagnetic field?

Definition of Electromagnetic field? What is the Electromagnetic field at a given point in space due to a point charge being accelerated non-uniformly? Is there a single equation that can give me ...
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0answers
235 views

Attraction and repulsion of electron spin ups and electron spin downs

Alright, we know that copper is a diamagnetic material, which has paired electrons. These paired electrons have different spin. I'm specifically interested in what is going on with the electrons in a ...
2
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1answer
123 views

What does it mean for an electromagnetic structure to be resonant?

There are many electromagnetic structures used in microwave engineering and EM devices. For example, patch antennas, metamaterials made from unit cells, etc. When they design structures like patch ...
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2answers
556 views

Why my simple electromagnetic experiment does not work?

I make a setup (see attached picture). ONE coil (1" diameter x ~120 turns), which is separated with a gap, is mount on two sides. Each side has an iron rod (1" diameter x 6" long) to increase the ...
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2answers
125 views

motion of an electron near a conducting wire [closed]

An electron is ejected from the surface of a long thick straight conductor carying a current, initially in direction perpendicular to the conductor. The electron will: a) ultimately return to the ...
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0answers
47 views

What would happen if…? (Scenarios involving a ball in an electric field) [closed]

First I shall define two table tennis balls: Ball $A$ is coated with a conducting material and ball $B$ is an insulator. Then I'll define two scenarios: Scenario $I$ is a ball held from a ...
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0answers
61 views

Difference between action-at-a-distance and a field according to Maxwell?

My question is more on a historical note that involves Maxwell’s equations. Besides the information that I have obtained from textbooks, I am mainly getting it from History of Maxwell's Equations and ...
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1answer
68 views

Can an electron change direction in a conductor?

Can an electron change direction in a conductor? Or is it restricted to do so? Why can't it change direction do to the atoms of the conductor itself? Why if the change in the electron's direction ...
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2answers
78 views

Deflection of magnetic compass sorrounded by alternating poles

What happens to the deflection of the magnetic compass if it is surrounded by south poles and north poles in alternating direction of a magnet around it in a circular pattern. Will it be deflected in ...
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2answers
222 views

What will happen to a solenoid with a bar magnet core?

Suppose I wrap wire around a bar magnet, creating a solenoid such that the poles of a bar magnet and the poles of solenoid are opposite to each other. If I were to hold a compass near one side, which ...
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3answers
79 views

What will happen to compass with north all around it?

If I keep a compass with bar magnets all around it, all of equal strength and a compass in a center then what will happen? Will the compass start rotating?
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1answer
72 views

What is the mechanism for the production of the electromagnetic radiations due to accelerated charge particles?

I have recently read in Griffiths that when a charge particle get accelerated the electromagnetic field associated with it get " ditatched " from it and this detatched electromagnetic field is what we ...
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2answers
357 views

Prerequisites for Griffiths electrodynamics [duplicate]

I want to start reading Griffiths electrodynamics during my holidays. But I am not sure of the math I need to know to start reading and understand the text thoroughly. So any advice would be ...
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2answers
164 views

Principle of locality and forces

I have a silly confusion about the statement written in the link Einstein and Locality ''external influence on A has no direct influence on B; this is known as the Principle of Local Action.'' ...
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2answers
71 views

Does inducing charge on a grounded conductor do work?

Imagine a grounded conductor as an plane of infinite area. If I bring a charge to a close proximity to the plane, it induces some charge distribution on the conductor. The question is: is any work ...
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1answer
68 views

Confused about the Hall effect?

In the common configuration of the Hall Effect, why wouldn't the conductor move? It follows the same principle of the Lorentz force or basic electric motor doesn't it? I can't seem to find the ...
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1answer
173 views

How can Drift Velocity of an electron causes change?

Assume we have a conductor that has current flowing and its placed in a magnetic field so that it experiences the Lorentz force, and it gains Kinetic energy due to that force. Would drift velocity ...
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2answers
4k views

Flux cutting and flux linking?

I am a bit confused about the difference between flux cutting and flux linking when talking about magnetic fields and induced EMF. I was originally under the impression that flux cutting was when ...
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1answer
1k views

How does a cyclotron work? [closed]

Doing high school level physics and I got stuck at a question regarding a cyclotron. I need to know how does it work and the reason alternating current is used and the structure of the two semi circle ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Electric & Magnetic fields - clarification

If (changing electric field)=(magnetic field) and (changing magnet field)=(electric field), then why is there a constant magnetic field around a current carrying wire when the electric field does not ...
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1answer
512 views

Does the weight of an magnet raise when balancing an object?

I was wondering if say I use an magnet which is facing positive and then I expel an another magnet above it which is facing the positive with its positive side and I ensure the magnet does not rotate ...
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3answers
145 views

How long does it take a magnetic field to join both ends?

My question is: when a electromagnet is activated, the field must take time to form at both ends and stabilize. What is this time? Or, to put it differently, what is the speed at which the magnetic ...
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1answer
174 views

Dielectric boundary

I am trying to determine why electric field may be confined to a certain region if there is a large difference in the permitivity for example if electric field flows through water and then reaches a ...
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2answers
3k views

How can I calculate the relative permeability of iron?

I'm a high school physics student, and part of our project requires us to make an electromagnet. We have an iron core, and it will go inside a solenoid. The problem is, we don't know what the relative ...
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1answer
395 views

Online course on theoretical electrodynamics [duplicate]

I'm looking for good online course for an introduction into theoretical electrodynamics. However, it seems that the MIT opencourseware only contains partial lectures for this topic. Has anyone got a ...
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2answers
170 views

Creating a atmosphere bubble in space with electromagnetism

would it be possible to contain an atmospheric bubble in space with a magnetic field, and wouldn't doing so protect it from solar radiation also?
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2answers
1k views

light penetration in the ocean

Is there an equation that describes the percentage of solar energy per wavelength that penetrates the ocean surface? For example, this website states that only 44.5% of the surface light reaches a ...
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1answer
4k views

How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
298 views

How a plasma reacts with an AC electromagnet

Any metal conductor such as aluminium or copper is a conductor because of the free electrons in such metals. Plasma also has free electrons so I would like to know if you can repel plasma the same ...
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1answer
66 views

Can a classical (or quantum) field, particularly the EMF, have a frame of reference?

I understand that a massless particle (such as a photon) cannot have a frame of reference. But the electromagnetic field does have mass; does it have a frame of reference? If so, I have a second ...