The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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197 views

is there any relation between resistance and magnetism?

i was holding a resistance wire(insulated) coiled up and both of its ends were connected to a Ohm-meter it was showing 18 ohms while the circuit was on i pulled the coil from both ends and made that a ...
2
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2answers
333 views

Oil drop experiment and quantization of charge

How to systematically show that the resulting charges in oil drop experiment are integers multiplied by $e$ in other word how to extract $e$ from the data?
2
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2answers
225 views

Energy of an inductor

I know that for an inductor having self inductance $L$ energy stored in its steady state when a current $I$ has been established is given by $U = \frac{LI^2}{2}$. But after this current has been ...
2
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1answer
190 views

Phase Shift of Tunneling Wave

What is the phase shift of a wave that tunnels through a barrier, meaning the difference in phase between the incoming (in front of the barrier) and the outgoing (behind the barrier) waves? For ...
0
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2answers
144 views

Why aren't all conductors always charged?

If you place a conductor beside an insulator, the insulator will become negatively charged and the conductor will become positively charged. Air is an insulator. So why don't all conductors placed in ...
1
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0answers
252 views

Explanation for the physics behind magnetic monopoles?

Ok so I am looking for a simple explanation of how the process is done from the information I could access and the knowledge I was allowed I have the idea that it is a matter of quantum physics and ...
4
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1answer
339 views

How does a flywheel generate electricity at a constant voltage?

I believe I am missing something simple here. My question concerns flywheel energy storage. Say we have stored some amount of energy in a spinning flywheel. The flywheel is attached to a generator. ...
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1answer
73 views

How do photons 'connect' during wireless connection

So wireless router broadcasts a signal and then your device searches. So what actually happens when the photons 'meet' it's kind of like saying, 'ah your one of us, so we will follow you, show us the ...
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1answer
648 views

Do we have magnetic monopole? Is charge, according to yesterdays paper on Nature by Ray-Roukokoski-Kandel-Möttönen-Hall (30.01.14) quantized?

As everybody here knows, Maxwell's equation would look more beautiful if a magnetig charge were present. Beyond the aesthetics question, if a single magnetic Dirac monopole would be found, the ...
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1answer
6k views

Physical meaning of Maxwell's equations and origin of EM waves

Is it possible to describe the physical meaning of Maxwell's equations and show how they lead to electromagnetic wave, with little involvement of mathematics ?
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2answers
3k views

Manganese has more unpaired electrons than Iron so why is Iron ferromagnetic Manganese paramagnetic?

Manganese has five unpaired electrons, but Iron has four, then why is Iron ferromagnetic and Manganese paramagnetic? What's that property I'm missing?
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3answers
284 views

Why do surfaces act like barriers for electrons?

Say you have a conductor, filled with free electrons. The nuclei have a weak pull on the valence electrons so they are moving around in the conductor. But the electrons don't leave the solid. If you ...
15
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2answers
363 views

Are there analogs to resistance, inductance, capacitance, and memristance connecting the weak force to electromagnetism?

A question was asked over at EE.SE recently which I tried to answer, but much of my answer was speculative. I'm hoping someone here can help my ignorance. In electronics design, there are four ...
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2answers
21k views

What is the difference between an electric and a magnetic field? [closed]

This question is a consequence of another question of mine which is about spin. Here is my spin question. What is the difference between these two fields? How do they occur? Am I right if I say that ...
3
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1answer
113 views

How to measure the mass of the electron?

I've done a little bit of research and it seems Millikan was able to measure the ratio between the charge of the electron and its mass. But how can one measure one of the two constants to get the ...
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1answer
108 views

Can an EM wave be represented in terms of dipole? [closed]

The direction of propagation is represented by a line. A positive charge moves along this line at velocity c. A negative charge moves along a line that is perpendicular to the direction of propagation ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Magnetic field of a solenoid at the poles?

It's known that at the center of an electromagnet/solenoid the magnetic field $B$ is strongest there. At the pole/edge of the solenoid/ or electromagnet is the magnetic field $B$ strong? Let's assume ...
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3answers
1k views

Why does charge accumulate at points?

This is a very trivial question, but I can't seem to reason it out, again, as to why charges gather at points and edges.
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2answers
471 views

Electrons on Stern–Gerlach experiment

My questions about spin and negative charge of electrons. Stern-Gerlach experiment is very famous in order to find spin of electron. this video created by paris-sud university really well-explained on ...
0
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2answers
110 views

A rod of charge?

Say you have a finite rod of conducting charge. The field from one side of the rod looks like Figure 1: At the centre of the sheet, the field lines are straight because of symmetry. (for an ...
0
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1answer
157 views

Questions about Van de Graaff generator

Only asking those questions because I can't afford to get a real generator. If the voltage on the sphere was 50 kV, then I used a metal rod to discharge it and I connected a voltmeter to wire ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Electric field from a sheet of charge?

Does anyone have images of the electric field created by a real plate of charge? I'm not looking for an image of a theoretical infinite sheet of charge, I'm looking for an image of a real large one. ...
0
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0answers
139 views

Field inside a conductor?

If the above image is a cross section of a conductor, the field at the point shown is not zero. So the field inside a conductor is not zero at all points. You could argue that the electrons would ...
1
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2answers
205 views

Migration of an ion in a non-conductive medium

Someone asked me why, when performing DNA electrophoresis we need to put the gel inside a conducting buffer. Couldn't we just run it in distilled water? My answer was that if we had distilled water ...
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0answers
39 views

Would a distant enough electromagnetic force be non-continuous?

To explain, with a source of 'normal' photons, as the source becomes more and more distant the luminosity fades until finally the stream of photons is no longer continuous, giving the receiver ...
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3answers
364 views

Why is the field inside a hollow sphere zero?

Say you have a hollow sphere with a uniformly distributed charge on the surface. Why is the electric field everywhere inside the sphere zero? For the centre, its easy to add the vectors from the ...
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2answers
132 views

Varying electric field?

Maybe a silly question, but anyway: We always hear about "electromagnetic induction", that is when a time varying magnetic flux induces an electric field. Does the same thing happen when there is a ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Moving conducting bar in (changing) magnetic field

In my exam today I've been given this problem, yet even with the results at hand I simply can't warp my head around it; Given the picture below, a bar is placed on two conducting rails with a ...
3
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2answers
186 views

What is the energy distribution of light if it has an infinite length?

What is the energy distribution of light if it has an infinite length? I have read in one of the answers here on phys.SE that light has actually an infinite length. But then what is the energy ...
0
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1answer
77 views

How magnets create electricity in conductors?

what are the reasons for current appearing in a wire when wire is in a changing magnetic field?
3
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2answers
832 views

Does a current-carrying wire running through the centre of a solenoid experience force?

Imagine looking at a solenoid from above. Current passing is through it in a clockwise direction. The direction of the field lines therefore is towards the bottom of the solenoid. Now pass a straight ...
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0answers
354 views

Electric field in conducting media

I know that the electric field is zero inside a perfect conductor. However, I am here discussing non-perfect conductors. So let's suppose we have a conducting medium with conductivity $\sigma_1$ and ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Potential energy from opposing magnets repelling each other with a gap of 1 mm

I have two powerful rare earth magnets, that are separated by a distance of 1 mm. I applied energy to bring them closer to each other, hence increasing the potential energy. Now, when one of the ...
0
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1answer
139 views

If an electron can't go faster than light, how is energy conserved here?

I came across a physics question recently about accelerating electrons with potential differences and it got me wondering. Here is the question that brought the concept to mind. First off, imagine ...
3
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2answers
478 views

Is Newton's third compatible with retarded Lorentz force?

In Griffiths Introduction to electrodynamics it is said that Newton's third law is not valid in electrodynamics, but, in the example given, the it does not consider the retarded values for the fields ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Gauge Invariance of the Hamiltonian of the electromagnetic field

The Hamiltonian for an electron of mass $m$ and charge $e$ in an exterior electromagnetic field is $$H=\frac{1}{2m}(p-(e/c)A)^2+e\varphi.$$ The corresponding (via canonical quantization) quantum ...
2
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1answer
99 views

The force exerted on a magnetic dipole $m$ in magnetic field $B$

How can one prove that: The force exerted on a magnetic dipole $m$ in magnetic field $B$, in addition to $F=\nabla(m\cdot B)$, can be expressed by $$F=(m\times \nabla)\times B.$$
2
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1answer
1k views

Proving Lorentz invariance of Maxwell equations

I've read somewhere that one does not need to prove Lorentz invariance of the Maxwell equations $F_{\mu\nu,\sigma}+F_{\nu\sigma,\mu}+F_{\sigma\mu,\nu}=0$ because it is "manifestly Lorentz invariant" ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Will a copper plate spin near a motor?

I'm revising old physics papers and I'm unable to answer the following question. If a horizontal copper plate is suspended at the centre by a thread, over a motor whose axis is aligned vertically, ...
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2answers
480 views

What would give us more heat ? infrared or microwaves?

As we know that our body is made up mostly of water and the frequency of vibration of water molecules matches that of microwaves which is the working principle of microwave ovens. When we come in ...
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4answers
398 views

Why doesn't the magnetic field of a coil “cancel out”?

In a coil, we can see that the current moves right, then left, then right, then left, and so on as it travels down the coil. According to the right-hand grip rule, isn't the magnetic field going in ...
0
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0answers
78 views

High Frequency radio wave propagation time

What is the maximum time for an HF radio wave to reach its destination regardless of propagation mode? Since electromagnetic waves' speed is close to the light speed in the air, can we say it is ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What force particle mediates electric fields and magnetic fields?

The force carrier for magnetic fields and electric fields are supposedly photons. I don't get it: 1) Wouldn't that mean that a charged particle (e.g. an electron or even a polarized H2O molecule) ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Ising model for ferromagnetism is not intuitive

In the Ising model for ferromagnetism a lower energy is assumed when two spin magnetic dipoles are aligned parallel to each other and the energy is higher when they are antiparallel. If I take two ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Help solve this paradox?

If in a uniform magnetic field a conducting rod moves on a set of joined friction less rails which are perpendicular to the direction of magnetic field, a potential is developed and current flown this ...
4
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1answer
243 views

Magnetic muscles [closed]

Consider two flexible sheets glued at the ends, with electromagnets attached to both of them, so that depending on the directions and strength of currents passing through them, the system could be ...
2
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3answers
344 views

What force creates ions out of neutral atoms?

Consider the reaction between Na and Cl to form NaCl. Na loses an electron and "gives" it to Cl because this makes both atoms more stable. But what forces "pulls" the electron from Na to Cl? Both ...
8
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4answers
348 views

Is the concept of a field necessary to electrodynamics?

I've read (in Griffith's text) that it is "possible, though cumbersome" to dispense with the field concept in electrodynamics entirely and instead use an action-at-a-distance theory. What exactly is ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Do virtual photons/magnetic fields change speed in a medium?

Light can be slowed down to a walking pace and even stopped in a medium of hot rubidium vapour. If an electromagnet was placed in this medium and turned on would the popagation of the magnetic field ...
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2answers
193 views

Rubbing a rod with silk?

Rubbing a glass rod with silk causes charges to be exchanged and consequently both objects get charged. Why do the objects have to be "rubbed"? I get that one has a stronger pull on the electrons ...