The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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3answers
357 views

Equivalent circuit for an arbitrary receiving antenna

This Wikipedia entry tells me that the Thevenin equivalent circuit for an arbitrary receiving antenna on which an electric field $E_b$ is incident is a voltage source $V_a$ in series with an impedance ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Lorentzforce and righthand rule [closed]

Figure 1: A spool is hung on a spring. A part of the coil hangs in front of a homogeneous magnetic field. The coil is incorporated in an electrical circuit. See Figure 1. the coil ...
5
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1answer
108 views

Metric of following spacetime and refractive index

Let's have metrics $$ ds^{2} = f(\mathbf r)dt^{2} - h(\mathbf r )\delta_{ij}dx^{i}dx^{j}. $$ Hot to show that motion of light in spacetime with this metrics is equal to motion in continuous media with ...
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1answer
77 views

Why is th $\hat{r}$ component zero in this integral?

I'm trying to evaluate the magnetic field by calculating the Coloumb integral $\overrightarrow{A}$, and later I will take: $$\overrightarrow{B}=\nabla \times \overrightarrow{A}$$ However, in the ...
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0answers
67 views

how does graphene affect the refractive index of an optical waveguide?

Could someone help me find data on the electro conductivity of graphene and its effect on the refractive index of an optical waveguide
1
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1answer
81 views

Power and magnetism

If we have a solenoid and a magnetic field passes through it, a DC voltage will be produced in the wire. If we want to calculate the power, we find out the current using Ohm's law. I know there is ...
1
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1answer
201 views

Do electromagnetic fields interact with air pressure?

I would like to know whether electric and magnetic fields interact with air pressure. Do changes in magnitude or direction of such fields increase or decrease the air pressure in a given volume of ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Determining the limits of an integral

In Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics, Problem 1.28 (the triangular prism question) is especially challenging for me. I do not know how the limits of x are 0 to (1-y). My concern is the ...
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2answers
2k views

Ampere's law on a long wire with varying current density [closed]

On a question from my book: A long straight wire with a circular cross section of radius $R$ carries a current $I$. Assume the current density is not constant over the cross section of the wire, ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Is the electrical signal delivered to a load by a receiving antenna always $\propto \frac {\partial}{\partial t}$ of the $\vec{E}$ or $\vec{B}$ field?

A time-varying $B(t)$ field through a loop antenna induces a voltage proportional to $\dot{B}(t)$. A Hertzian dipole along a time-varying $E(t)$ field also induces a voltage across a load--while I ...
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1answer
175 views

How did neodymium magnets get their name?

Like in the question. Why neodymium magnets (Nd2Fe14B) are called "neodymium magnets"? Why not boron magnets? Or iron magnets?
0
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1answer
247 views

determining Induced emf/current through v x B . l

I am working on a question from my book. I am wondering how they conclude emf is negative in this case. looking at $$ \mathcal{E} = \vec{v} \times \vec{B} \cdot \vec{dl}$$ If there's some implied ...
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2answers
83 views

How do magnets work in classical electromagnetism?

A charged particle moving in a magnetic field experiences a Lorentz force $F=qv\times B$. A charged particle in a electric field experiences a force given by Coulomb's inverse square law. But for a ...
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2answers
327 views

How to test cutoff frequency of IR filter on camera?

Modern cell phones seems to come with IR filters on their cameras. I want to do an experiment to figure out what wavelengths these filters allow to pass and which they block. How would I go about ...
-4
votes
1answer
303 views

Classical Mechanics - Equation of motion, Lagrangian, Newtons 2nd Law [closed]

I really don't even know where to start with this question any help would go very very far. http://imgur.com/g4KxNY5
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does electromagnetic induction actually occur?

In my book, it is written that "An emf is induced in a loop when the number of magnetic field lines that pass through the loop is changing" (Faraday's law) I understand that whenever there is a ...
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2answers
1k views

What constitutes displacement current? [duplicate]

In the chapter electromagnetic waves I was introduced with the concept of displacement current inside a capacitor. Since the region inside the capacitor is a dielectric there is no charge carriers in ...
1
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1answer
257 views

Flux increase due to velocity?

I have a book question I'm trying to understand: The first bit is easy enough. The second part I was confused so I checked the solution: B is into the page. The flux increases as the bar moves ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Calculating back-reaction forces for an ensemble of slowly moving, classical charges

Suppose you have a set of charges that are Newtonian (not quantum and not fast-moving) point particles. They are subject to known (but not necessarily constant) external forces ($F_{ext}$), as well as ...
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0answers
100 views

Hertzian dipole in time varying electric field

Suppose we place a Hertzian dipole (short, ends loaded with capacitance) in a time varying electric field $\vec{E}\left(t\right)$, with magniture $E\left(t\right)$ and direction as shown in this ...
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0answers
85 views

Demagnetization of a permanent magnet and lenz's law

This video ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vs3afgStVy4 ) demonstrates lenz's law, if the current produced by the magnet fall induces an opposing magnetic field , after many tries , can this field ...
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0answers
55 views

Long range repulsion in anomalous solids

As far as I know things like rocks, walls, rubber balls, polished tables etc. exert a short range repulsive force on other everyday objects that is responsible for hardness, softness, collisions, ...
-10
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1answer
252 views

General Physics II Practice Question [closed]

I have a test in a few hours, and my professor gave us a practice test, and I'm stuck. Could you give me a hint as to how to approach this problem, equations I could use. It's an algebra based class ...
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2answers
197 views

Is mass of a particle changed when it is charged? [closed]

If a particle of mass $M$ is given an electric charge $Q$, will its mass change?
3
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3answers
428 views

Hard disk rotational frequency

I noticed the other day that the rotational frequency of typical consumer grade HDD are either 5400rpm or 7200rpm. These correspond to 90Hz and 120Hz respectively. Given that in parts of the world ...
-7
votes
1answer
853 views

Are dc and ac currents produce electric field? [closed]

I have four different situation and i want to learn what kind of field (electric or magnetic) each produces and which produces electomagnetic waves? 1)dc current flow in a conductor 2)ac current ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

vector product between $ds$ and other portion of current loop

In the answer section it is written that,The magnetic field at O due to the current in the straight segments $AA^\prime$ and $CC^\prime$ is zero because ds is parallel to along these paths. My ...
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1answer
250 views

Lenz law and magnetic pole

When a magnetic north(N) pole is placed close to an coil with out energy source, the coil behaves like an magnet and we find a North pole which opposes the magnet bar which was approximating onto the ...
5
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2answers
419 views

Electrostatics/ magnetostatics: why is $\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; \nabla \cdot(\vec A \times \vec B)$ equal to 0?

I'm reading electrodynamics notes and come across that: $$\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; \nabla \cdot(\vec A \times \vec B)=0$$ in case of magnetostatics and: $$\int_\text{all space} d\vec r \; ...
4
votes
2answers
503 views

What is the magnitude of the force on a charged particle due to electromagnetic radiation?

Suppose there is an electromagnetic wave moving forward in the $\mathbf{\hat{k}}$ direction. Its electric/magnetic field components are given by: $$\mathbf{E} = E_0 \sin(kz - \omega t) ...
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4answers
402 views

What is the magnetic effect on either of the charges moving parallel

Consider two electrons moving parallel to each other in the same direction with same constant velocity. Will they experience any force due to either of them?
1
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1answer
304 views

Will a moving neutron produce a magnetic field around it?

Will a moving neutron produce a magnetic field around it? I know that neutrons have no charge, so magnetic field should not be produced along it...but neutrons have a magnetic moment. So why can't ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
3
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0answers
91 views

Are there any models that explain the cause of the dual symmetry-breaking of the in electrodynamics?

Source-free Maxwell eqautions a dual symmetry between electric and magnetic fields is obvious. But in the presence of electric charge, such symmetry is broken. Recover it possible by an introduction ...
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2answers
553 views

Resistance of aluminium rectangular wire

I am working on upgrading an electromagnet design program. There are currently two types of wire used for the coil, circular and strip (read as: rectangular). The current algorithms in this program ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Gravity and Larmor effect

I have a Q: Does "Equivalent Principle" and "Larmor effect" imply that the charged particle should radiate electromagnetic wave if it is at rest in uniform gravitational field (like it is at rest on ...
1
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0answers
214 views

Non-zero charge density due to Lorentz contraction in current carrying wires

In trying to answer this question I came across the following problem. The original question relates to the idea that what looks like a magnetic field in one reference frame, ends up as an ...
8
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2answers
709 views

current in wire + special relativity = magnetism

Current in wire + moving charge next to wire creates magnetic force in the stationary reference frame OR electric force in the moving reference frame from special relativity due to change in charge ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Particle Spacing in a Vacuum

Four questions: (To start off, I know very little about physics it isn't even funny (I probably use a ton of wrong terms here and leave out vital information, if so I will try to edit it in as you ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

Experiments looking for monopoles

Background: (skip it if you know it) In the easiest formulation of classical electromagnetism magnetic monopoles do not exist. In fact, the Maxwell's equation $\nabla \cdot \vec{B}=0$ implies (using ...
0
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1answer
939 views

How does a Tesla Coil exactly work? [closed]

How does a Tesla Coil exactly work? I am currently making a Tesla Coil in school but before I start, I want to know exactly how does a Tesla Coil work? I understand the various electrical components ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Does pure electric dipole have higher order moments?

Of course for the standard configuration(i.e. two opposite charges separated by some distance), there exist higher order multipole moments. However for an ideal dipole(those dipoles associated with ...
2
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3answers
132 views

Curie temperature and magnetization?

If an ferromagnetic object is heated and reaches Tc the magnetization gradually drops as we get closer to Tc or it's a instant drop? Can I assume as I heat the object, the magnetization is weakening ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

is it possible to have magnetic flux density B not in the same direction of magnetic field intensity H?

it is said that direction of magnetic flux density B in the same direction of magnetic field intensity H for isotropic media so what is isotropic media and is it possible to have B not in the same ...
0
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2answers
92 views

Time difference in transmission of AC and DC

Is there any time difference while considering the transmission of AC and DC ? Is either one of them faster than the other one in terms of transmission of energy/power from one point to another? I ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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2answers
164 views

Can protons in the nucleus of an atom be aligned by electromagnetic fields?

Can protons in the nucleus of an atom be aligned by electromagnetic fields? If so can it be done around $-135°C$ zero?
2
votes
0answers
484 views

Are the poles of a hollow electromagnet on the ring or in the center?

Question: Will this work as I've shown it here, more or less, or will the iron cylinder being hollow produce results not shown? Topic: I'm experimenting with magnetic fields and have been testing ...
1
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1answer
373 views

How to imagine the first few moments of an LR circuit?

For example, there's a very simple circuit which only contains on resistor. So according to Ohm's law, we have: $\mathrm{emf} = IR$ As we know when time $t = 0$, the current must be $I = 0$. However, ...
4
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1answer
180 views

Quadrupole potential generation in Paul traps

I am currently getting familiar with the concept of the Paul trap and the underlying physical principles. I do understand what kind of potentials are needed to trap charged particles, e.g. for the 3D ...