The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Finding speed of light by $c=f\lambda$?

When considering EM radiation as waves it is said that it is electric and magnetic fields that oscillate with time. Therefore $f$ is not frequency of distance but of electromagnetic fields. I have ...
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75 views

Definition of Electromagnetic field?

What is the Electromagnetic field at a given point in space due to a point charge being accelerated non-uniformly? Is there a single equation that can give me the electromagnetic force experienced by ...
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20 views

The speed of electrons moving in different medium

Can one have a simple (dimensional-analysis) model to evaluate the speed of electrons moving in: (1) a copper wire (2) a silver wire (3) a gold wire (4) a semiconductor wire let's use meter over ...
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44 views

How does QED explain magnetism?

I understand how QED explains, for example, Coulomb's law. But how does it explain the behavior of two bar magnets whose N and S poles attract one another?
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47 views

Attraction and repulsion of electron spin ups and electron spin downs

Alright, we know that copper is a diamagnetic material, which has paired electrons. These paired electrons have different spin. I'm specifically interested in what is going on with the electrons in a ...
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1answer
51 views

What does it mean for an electromagnetic structure to be resonant?

There are many electromagnetic structures used in microwave engineering and EM devices. For example, patch antennas, metamaterials made from unit cells, etc. When they design structures like patch ...
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231 views

Why my simple electromagnetic experiment does not work?

I make a setup (see attached picture). ONE coil (1" diameter x ~120 turns), which is separated with a gap, is mount on two sides. Each side has an iron rod (1" diameter x 6" long) to increase the ...
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2answers
55 views

motion of an electron near a conducting wire [closed]

An electron is ejected from the surface of a long thick straight conductor carying a current, initially in direction perpendicular to the conductor. The electron will: a) ultimately return to the ...
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34 views

What would happen if…? (Scenarios involving a ball in an electric field) [closed]

First I shall define two table tennis balls: Ball $A$ is coated with a conducting material and ball $B$ is an insulator. Then I'll define two scenarios: Scenario $I$ is a ball held from a ...
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25 views

Difference between action-at-a-distance and a field according to Maxwell?

My question is more on a historical note that involves Maxwell’s equations. Besides the information that I have obtained from textbooks, I am mainly getting it from History of Maxwell's Equations and ...
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1answer
44 views

Can an electron change direction in a conductor?

Can an electron change direction in a conductor? Or is it restricted to do so? Why can't it change direction do to the atoms of the conductor itself? Why if the change in the electron's direction ...
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1answer
16 views

Deflection of magnetic compass sorrounded by alternating poles

What happens to the deflection of the magnetic compass if it is surrounded by south poles and north poles in alternating direction of a magnet around it in a circular pattern. Will it be deflected in ...
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2answers
29 views

What will happen to a solenoid with a bar magnet core?

Suppose I wrap wire around a bar magnet, creating a solenoid such that the poles of a bar magnet and the poles of solenoid are opposite to each other. If I were to hold a compass near one side, which ...
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3answers
74 views

What will happen to compass with north all around it?

If I keep a compass with bar magnets all around it, all of equal strength and a compass in a center then what will happen? Will the compass start rotating?
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1answer
47 views

What is the mechanism for the production of the electromagnetic radiations due to accelerated charge particles?

I have recently read in Griffiths that when a charge particle get accelerated the electromagnetic field associated with it get " ditatched " from it and this detatched electromagnetic field is what we ...
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11 views

Zero field cooled / field cooled susceptibilities

I'm studying magnetic properties of nanoparticles in a liquid carrier and trying to understand better zero-field-cooled/field-cooled curves. We use the Stoner–Wohlfarth model and Chantrell ...
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2answers
95 views

Prerequisites for Griffiths electrodynamics [duplicate]

I want to start reading Griffiths electrodynamics during my holidays. But I am not sure of the math I need to know to start reading and understand the text thoroughly. So any advice would be ...
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2answers
81 views

Principle of locality and forces

I have a silly confusion about the statement written in the link Einstein and Locality ''external influence on A has no direct influence on B; this is known as the Principle of Local Action.'' ...
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1answer
25 views

Does inducing charge on a grounded conductor do work?

Imagine a grounded conductor as an plane of infinite area. If I bring a charge to a close proximity to the plane, it induces some charge distribution on the conductor. The question is: is any work ...
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25 views

Modify permittivity with a current?

Permittivity is a function of frequency from an existing EM wave. But permittivity in some ways describes how a wavelength of light interacts with a metal. Certain wavelengths, sense different ...
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1answer
40 views

Confused about the Hall effect?

In the common configuration of the Hall Effect, why wouldn't the conductor move? It follows the same principle of the Lorentz force or basic electric motor doesn't it? I can't seem to find the ...
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1answer
47 views

How can Drift Velocity of an electron causes change?

Assume we have a conductor that has current flowing and its placed in a magnetic field so that it experiences the Lorentz force, and it gains Kinetic energy due to that force. Would drift velocity ...
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0answers
27 views

Guides for solving E&M problems [duplicate]

I am an undergraduate physics student in a university and I am looking for a good guide or a handbook with lots of questions and full answers in subjects such as Gauss' law and Maxwell equations to ...
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2answers
156 views

Flux cutting and flux linking?

I am a bit confused about the difference between flux cutting and flux linking when talking about magnetic fields and induced EMF. I was originally under the impression that flux cutting was when ...
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1answer
65 views

How does a cyclotron work? [closed]

Doing high school level physics and I got stuck at a question regarding a cyclotron. I need to know how does it work and the reason alternating current is used and the structure of the two semi circle ...
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1answer
25 views

Electric & Magnetic fields - clarification

If (changing electric field)=(magnetic field) and (changing magnet field)=(electric field), then why is there a constant magnetic field around a current carrying wire when the electric field does not ...
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69 views

Does the weight of an magnet raise when balancing an object?

I was wondering if say I use an magnet which is facing positive and then I expel an another magnet above it which is facing the positive with its positive side and I ensure the magnet does not rotate ...
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3answers
87 views

How long does it take a magnetic field to join both ends?

My question is: when a electromagnet is activated, the field must take time to form at both ends and stabilize. What is this time? Or, to put it differently, what is the speed at which the magnetic ...
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1answer
30 views

Dielectric boundary

I am trying to determine why electric field may be confined to a certain region if there is a large difference in the permitivity for example if electric field flows through water and then reaches a ...
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2answers
44 views

How can I calculate the relative permeability of iron?

I'm a high school physics student, and part of our project requires us to make an electromagnet. We have an iron core, and it will go inside a solenoid. The problem is, we don't know what the relative ...
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16 views

How is demagnetizing field described when using Ampére's loop current?

A magnetic moment is sometimes described using circular current loop instead of dipoles. In that case, how do you define the demagnetizing field? Say you have a circular current loop centered on ...
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1answer
61 views

Online course on theoretical electrodynamics [duplicate]

I'm looking for good online course for an introduction into theoretical electrodynamics. However, it seems that the MIT opencourseware only contains partial lectures for this topic. Has anyone got a ...
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2answers
49 views

Creating a atmosphere bubble in space with electromagnetism

would it be possible to contain an atmospheric bubble in space with a magnetic field, and wouldn't doing so protect it from solar radiation also?
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2answers
421 views

light penetration in the ocean

Is there an equation that describes the percentage of solar energy per wavelength that penetrates the ocean surface? For example, this website states that only 44.5% of the surface light reaches a ...
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0answers
17 views

Applying Poynting's theorem to this system?

A wire placed in a magnetic field and has current flowing, it will experience the Lorentz force, work is done by the electric field and energy is conserved. Being converted from the power source to ...
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116 views

How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
27 views

How a plasma reacts with an AC electromagnet

Any metal conductor such as aluminium or copper is a conductor because of the free electrons in such metals. Plasma also has free electrons so I would like to know if you can repel plasma the same ...
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1answer
40 views

Can a classical (or quantum) field, particularly the EMF, have a frame of reference?

I understand that a massless particle (such as a photon) cannot have a frame of reference. But the electromagnetic field does have mass; does it have a frame of reference? If so, I have a second ...
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2answers
71 views

How do we convert between the maximum value of the adhesive force (in kilograms or in Newton) of a magnet and its magnetic field strength (in tesla)?

On the following website they indicate how powerful is a magnet by giving the theoretical maximum value of its adhesive force in kilograms or in Newton (its adhesive force at a distance of zero). ...
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2answers
44 views

Any easily available ferromagentic material with $T_c$ in room temperature?

I want to experiment it in my house or office. I think it would be of great fun to see the transition in real life.
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1answer
65 views

Visualization of electromagnetic field [duplicate]

In the Wikipedia article about electromagnetic radiation one can find the following picture: But shouldn't the E and B field be 90$^\circ$ out of phase? In the depicted way the energy isn't ...
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0answers
43 views

Freely Falling Bar in a Magnetic Field

I have a horizontal bar on vertical rails and we can consider that does not exist any friction. Perpendicular to the plane of the rails it exists a magnetic field $B$. I am asked to find the ...
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2answers
390 views

Why does magnet attract iron but not other metals?

While searching, i found this page: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/stoi/Why-does-a-magnet-attract-iron/articleshow/4298171.cms but it does not have full explanation. So Please tell full ...
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21 views

Cosmic ray noise, strategic cancellation

With the radio telescopes, we measure the radio waves produced by every solar fluctuation in the near universe, which as I understand is heard similar to radio static we experience in tuning to a non ...
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1answer
62 views

What would be measured, under current technology, of a particle moving faster than light? (Somewhat duplicate)

Sorry, since the question has been posed, but I insist that others posed not from this position. Can any listener deduce whether we could measure, by analyzing electromagnetic disturbance, a ...
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2answers
125 views

Conventions regarding partial derivatives

Look at this expression: $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} (V-\mathbf{v}\cdot\mathbf{A}).$$ This expression occurs in Griffiths EM book (4th ed, p.444). $V=V(\mathbf{r},t)$is the scalar potential, ...
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1answer
45 views

Power loss due to eddy currents

I am curious about estimating power losses due to eddy currents. Looking on Wikipedia I find an expression for power dissipation under limited circumstances, $$ P = \frac{\pi^2 B^2 d^2 f^2}{6k\rho D} ...
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26 views

Magnetic flux density a small distance off axis from a current loop

I'm currently studying physics at University and struggling with the problem mentioned, it's on a past paper I'm trying to do. I have calculated the B field on axis as (sorry don't know how to format ...
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1answer
32 views

Signal Induction in a Wire due to Alternating Current

I wanted to make sure I understand induction well enough. Assume we have two wires running parallel to each other. Wire A has a signal of $f(t)$, wire B has a signal of $\hat{f}(t)$. Let's connect a ...
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3answers
123 views

Integral in different coordinate systems

In Griffiths' electrodynamics book, he uses the equation, $$\nabla^2\mathbf{A}=-\mu_0 \mathbf{J},$$ to state that $$\mathbf{A}(\mathbf{r}) = ...