The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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566 views

Saturation of an iron core?

Lets assume we have a 1 kg iron core, and a 100 kg iron core. Now saturation is defined as how much that core can absorb the magnetic field, since they are different sizes, don't they saturate at ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Magnetic fields in transformers and back emf?

i am having some trouble with understanding the magnetic fields inside transformers and how they relate to back emf. My first query is: is the magnetic field produced inside the soft iron core ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Elementary electromagnetism problem - Electric field generated by points that form an equilateral triangle

I am a newbie at physics and i just started learning electromagnetism at the university. Some help would be very welcome on the following questions (my question and/or result and/or partial work will ...
0
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2answers
161 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
3
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1answer
65 views

How is the imaginary part of angular frequency omega related to the imaginary part of the refractive index?

I'm trying to find the attenuation constant (leak rate) $\alpha$ from the imaginary part of the refractive index of a lossy material. I have the eigen frequency $\omega$ for my structure which has an ...
3
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1answer
398 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...
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0answers
35 views

Matter like properties of electric field

First of all I would like to know the origin of the idea of electric field. How exactly was the idea of electric field conceived. Let us consider two charged particles exerting forces on one another . ...
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0answers
20 views

Formation of Magnetic Field from Moving Charge

Is there a derivation of the magnetic field from the electric field of a charge q moving with speed v? (I know that there are some online, but my limited knowledge in multivariable calculus does not ...
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1answer
57 views

Show that the current in a cylindrical conductor is uniformly distributed across it's cross section

Using relevant equations for E and J, show that the current in a steady current I in a cylindrical conductor with uniform conductivity $\sigma$ is uniformly distributed across its cross-section. I ...
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1answer
30 views

Energy of anihilation in the form of heat

Suppose you have a closed system. Within it is 2 protons, an anti-proton, 2 electrons, and a positron. All particles are barely above absolute zero in temperature. A proton collides with the ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Charged black hole

It is known that there is solution of Einstein's equations for charged black hole. Reissner–Nordström metric in case of non-rotating charged black hole and for rotating charged black hole is a ...
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0answers
26 views

The affect of high frequency and high voltage AC on induction

I am designing an induction system to wirelessly transfer power a short distance. I was planning on using resonant inductive coupling to increase the efficiency. The Inductance of my coil is about ...
3
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2answers
316 views

AC Electromagnets

Could someone help explain the uses of AC electromagnets. Wherever I look it says that DC electromagnets create stronger magnetic fields. I understand why AC electromagnets could be used in ...
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0answers
28 views

calculating magnetic field strength for a very small electromagnet

I am trying to calculate the magnetic field (in tesla/gauss) of an electromagnet that is very small and has very few windings. For example 12 windings over 0.003 meters. I know this is not going to ...
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2answers
40 views

Intuitive picture of diffraction without fictitious secondary wavelet

This question has been asked in a similar way but no satisfactory answers came up. Huygen's principle relies on the fact that if we consider an aperture, every element dS on the surface of the ...
6
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1answer
151 views

Skin depth of current density in magnetic conductor at boundary between two different materials

Imagine a magnetic conductor with a cylindrical cross section, surrounded by a coil with a time varying current of $$I = I_0\cdot \cos (2\pi f t)$$ The conductor is split into two parts, the first ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Explanation of force amplification inside a solenoid

For a system being actuated by a motor, the force can be amplified by gearing. The energy is being used for force instead of distance, so it produces more torque but moves slower. For a system being ...
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0answers
21 views

Generation of electromagnetic waves [duplicate]

I came across this while searching about generation of electromagnetic waves-Does this mean that if I vary the electric current following through a conducting wire, it will radiate electromagnetic ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law: Is there any theoretical explanations on why changing magnetic field induces an electric field?

This is a more specific extension to this question I came across today One certain aspect of Faraday's Law always stumped me (other than it is an experimental observation back in the 19th century) ...
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1answer
20 views

Does displacement current occur in an inductor?

We have learned in school that displacement current comes about due to a change in electric field flux per time in a capacitor (Ampere-Maxwell Law). Does the same displacement current come about in an ...
9
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2answers
347 views

The Aharonov-Bohm effect is purely classical, right?

Every discussion I've ever seen of the Aharonov-Bohm effect makes a big deal of its being a quantum effect with no classical analogue. But as far as I can tell it is present already at the classical ...
0
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1answer
43 views

If a charge needs potential difference to move

Let's consider a circuit with a ideal source of emf and a resistor. Consider the segment of wire that connects emf with resistor. If we measure potential difference at any point of the wire, this will ...
0
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1answer
204 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Voltage induced in coil

Okay, so I have two coils. A ring of radius $R$ is stationary at origin. A coil of $N$ turns and area $A$ carries current $I$ and is moving along the $x$ axis such that $x = x_0 + cos(\omega t)$. ...
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0answers
26 views

Does ratio of magnetic length to geometric length of a bar magnet always remain the same?

The magnetic length of a bar magnet is nearly 0.84 times that of the geometric length(Physical length), which looks quite valid. What would happen if I cut the same bar magnet along the transverse ...
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1answer
86 views

Free Electromagnetic field in Lorenz gauge

To get rid of the extra term in the QED Lagrangian we need to redefine the electromagnetic four-vector: $A^{\mu} \rightarrow A^{\mu} - \frac{1}{c} \partial_{\mu} a(x)$ where $a(x)$ is the function ...
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1answer
38 views

Can you create a powerful magnetic field out of confined circulating electrons only?

Would it be possible, regardless of how efficient it was to do something like this, or why you would actually do it, to generate a really powerful magnetic field simply by producing a cycling electric ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire?

The electron has a magnetic moment. This magnetic moment will be influenced in a electric field; the magnetic moments will be more or less aligned. During the movement of an electron in a wire under ...
0
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2answers
43 views

Wouldn't $D = \epsilon E$ mean that a higher permittivity constant gives a higher electric flux? (And what exactly is the displacement field?)

A quote from the Wikipedia page for Permittivity: More electric flux exists in a medium with a low permittivity (per unit charge) because of polarization effects. This makes sense to me. My ...
0
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1answer
66 views

AC wire radiation

I'm trying to test my recently installed MEEP program for a very simple AC current. I know that for DC current, Ampere's law dictates that the magnetic fields must drop off as 1/r. How does this ...
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1answer
622 views

Proof of equality of the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation

Just curious, can anyone show how the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation is equivalent? (While it is conceptually obvious, I am thinking rigorous mathematical proof may be useful in ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Pulling a bar through a magnetic field

This is a question on magnetic flux and induced voltage. I believe that this problem's answer key is incorrect, and I want to determine whether my opinion is sound. I also want to explore one ...
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4answers
1k views

Why does a faraday cage protect you from high currents?

In an electrostatic case it is clear that that in a space enclosed with a conductor (without charge in it) the electric field is zero. This is often demonstrated in physics shows like on the ...
7
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1answer
229 views

Why dimensionality of the Electric Charge varies with the spacetime dimensions?

The point is: We can find via dimensional analysis that the electric charge dimensionality varies with the dimension of space-time. $$[\text{charge}] = eV^{(3-D)/2}$$(You can see below the way I did ...
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1answer
88 views

How to calculate the magnitude of the induced emf in self-inductance and mutual inductance cases?

I'm trying to understand transformers and am reading this site: Mutual inductance and basic operation I am a little confused about how to reason about the voltages involved in a transformer. Assume ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Can a(n electro)magnetic field be amplified to overcome the residual strong force between protons-neutrons in a nucleus?

My knowledge of physics is cursory at best, I never studied it in high school but I enjoy reading about it as a layperson, especially the posts here on PSE. I don't understand any of the complex math ...
0
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2answers
261 views

Torque per unit length on infinite rotating charged cylinder

For homework I have the following question, but I am stuck on finding the torque on the cylinder. An infinite cylinder of radius $R$ carries a uniform surface charge $\sigma$. We start rotating the ...
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0answers
46 views

What is the most general form for a plane wave?

In the context of electromagnetism, what is the most general form of a plane wave. My suggestion is: $$E=\sum_i{\vec E_ie^{i(\omega t+\vec k \cdot \vec r+\phi_i)}}$$ where $\vec E_i$ are constant ...
4
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2answers
320 views

Reflected and refracted light have same frequency as that of the incident light frequency. Why?

My text book says- When a monochromatic light is incident on a surface separating two media, the refracted and reflected light both have the same frequency as the incident frequency. Can anyone ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Right hand solenoid example

I am just studying for my physics final exam. I came across this example and am not satisfied with the answer. My answer is that Z is South and the current would flow from Y to X because of the ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Is it possible to make an electromagnet w 2 like ends?

HELP! Is it possible to create an electromagnet with one continuous wire with 2 like poles (i.e. both ends either north or south)?. Visualising it with the right hand screw rule for current ...
0
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3answers
63 views

Power transmission in a circuit

lets say you have a battery and a resistance which form a circuit. The electrons flow through the resistance. How can you visualize the flow of energy? How do you visualize the energy field? I ...
2
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4answers
265 views

How any material can provide electrostatic and magnetic shielding

Several metallic objects like Iron, Copper etc can provide electrostatic shielding (one should remain inside the car during thunderstorm) and several superconductors like HTS (High Temperature ...
2
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1answer
227 views

Understanding Poynting's Theorem intuitively

I understand that, broadly speaking, Poynting's theorem is a statement of conservation of energy. Energy density of a volume of current and charge decreases proportionally to work done on charges ...
0
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2answers
28 views

Is the screen in CRT connected with a positive pole?

I don't understand this passage would you clarify it? "These electrons are then freed (liberated) from the metal and are then picked up by the screen, which is connected to a positive pole called the ...
5
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2answers
9k views

Why does magnet attract iron but not other metals?

While searching, i found this page: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/stoi/Why-does-a-magnet-attract-iron/articleshow/4298171.cms but it does not have full explanation. So Please tell full ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Gauge invariance and non-commuting second derivatives

I'm currently doing a homework assignment in relativistic quantum mechanics, and one of the problems involves proving the gauge invariance of a particular lagrangian. The problem is really quite ...
8
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2answers
843 views

Mechanism by which electric and magnetic fields interrelate

I read that force due to electric field on some particle in one reference frame can exhibit itself as force due to magnetic field in some other reference frame and that electric and magnetic fields ...
0
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3answers
56 views

Where is the energy stored in an inductor?

In an inductor, Most text books say that the $(1/2)Li^2$ is stored in the magnetic field. But is there another way to explain this? In a capacitor I understand that all the energy that the battery ...
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2answers
84 views

Electric field 0 everywhere inside Gaussian surface

Gauss's Law shows that the electric field everywhere inside a spherical shell of uniform charge density is $0$. Suppose we have a surface which divides space into two disjoint regions (an interior and ...