The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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56 views

Why is the perfect obstructor the perfect conductor as Heaviside 'believed'?

How might one consider a conductor to be an 'obstructor'? Might the strength of the 'skin effect' of a conductor be in direct relation to conductance? And how does this relate to insulators, as ...
0
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2answers
97 views

How does electric current generate thermal energy?

How does free electrons moving through a wire cause random vibrational motion of the positive ions?
1
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1answer
140 views

Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
2
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2answers
39 views

Is there Phase difference between voltages at end points of a long AC Power line

I found this explanation somewhere: Since wavelength=c/freq so in a AC power line of 50 Hz, wavelength=(3*10^8)/50 = 6000 Km, so voltage phase reverses after 6000 Km in a ac Power line. Now this ...
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1answer
20 views

Determine stationary angular velocity of wheel with circuit in magnetic field

I have a wheel (free to spin around the $z-$axis) with four spokes that is connected by sliding contacts to a circuit with $U_0 = 0,72V$. Also, there is a B-Field parallel to the $z-$axis For the ...
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1answer
47 views

How can Drift Velocity of an electron causes change?

Assume we have a conductor that has current flowing and its placed in a magnetic field so that it experiences the Lorentz force, and it gains Kinetic energy due to that force. Would drift velocity ...
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1answer
66 views

Electron distribution around atom when moving

I do not have much experience on this but if an atom has some electrons around nucleus and the atom itself it is moving at some speed does that affect the distribution of electrons around? I am ...
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3answers
86 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Plane wave complex notation

As far as I know, the function: $$ \vec{E}(\vec{r},t)=\vec{E_0}\cdot e^{i(\vec{k}\cdot \vec{r}-\omega t)} \hspace{2cm}(1) $$ is a mathematical solution of the wave equation: $$ \nabla^2 ...
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2answers
513 views

Potential energy from opposing magnets repelling each other with a gap of 1 mm

I have two powerful rare earth magnets, that are separated by a distance of 1 mm. I applied energy to bring them closer to each other, hence increasing the potential energy. Now, when one of the ...
0
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2answers
43 views

How can I calculate the relative permeability of iron?

I'm a high school physics student, and part of our project requires us to make an electromagnet. We have an iron core, and it will go inside a solenoid. The problem is, we don't know what the relative ...
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3answers
58 views

Arguments for finite speed of physical processes

When beginning a study of the special theory of relativity, one discovers that the theory of special relativity has as an axiom that the laws of physics are invariant with respect to transformations ...
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0answers
45 views

Attraction and repulsion of electron spin ups and electron spin downs

Alright, we know that copper is a diamagnetic material, which has paired electrons. These paired electrons have different spin. I'm specifically interested in what is going on with the electrons in a ...
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1answer
43 views

Physics of a Railgun

I have a couple of questions about how railguns actually work, and the mathematics behind them. I understand that the projectile is driven forward by the Lorentz force caused by high currents ...
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2answers
51 views

What is the difference between surface plasmon and surface plasmon polariton?

I'm trying to understand this reading article linked below and I still don't know how to explain this simply, without need to derive everything mathematically. Can someone just write here how do SP's ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Convert pressure to energy [closed]

I read a little about electricity being created from pressure, Piezoelectricity. I'm still pretty newbie about it though. Let's say I want to charge a battery from that technique, using my hands to ...
2
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2answers
46 views

Collision of light waves & matter

When light or electromagnetic wave hits an obstacle, what happens? Are the reactions times always negligible? By reaction I mean all that happens after the hit like reflection for example.
4
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1answer
89 views

Electromagnetic Field VS Photons [duplicate]

I am currently studying electrodynamics with all the fields and the like. Now, as I understand it, in a more modern viewpoint there is a duality between electromagnetic fields and photons, with ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Dielectric boundary

I am trying to determine why electric field may be confined to a certain region if there is a large difference in the permitivity for example if electric field flows through water and then reaches a ...
1
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2answers
99 views

The fundamental equations of electromagnetism

I'd like to know what are the basic equations of electromagnetism, that can be used to formulate all the other laws and equations. Those basic equations I can think of are Maxwell equations, Lorentz ...
2
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2answers
79 views

How does AC current flow in an open circuit?

In common house hold wiring we have the hot lead, neutral and ground. If the hot lead in electrical wiring contacts earth ground (perhaps though a short circuit in the chassis of a device) then the ...
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5answers
125 views

Difference between dielectric constant and dielectric function

I'm confused by the definition of dielectric constant. We all know that dielectric is function of wavelength, because materials respond in different ways depending on the energy of the light. But what ...
1
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2answers
30 views

Uniformity in a solenoid

I know the magnetic field strength increases as the number of turns in the solenoid increases. However, I've learnt the field inside the solenoid is usually nearly uniform. So, does the number of ...
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0answers
32 views

Why a transistor is activated when I touch its base with my finger? [closed]

Is my body charged eletrically? If so, how much? Will it work with all types of transistors?
5
votes
1answer
86 views

E&M and geometry - a historical perspective

Recently, I was contemplating the beautiful formulation of electromagnetism (specifically Maxwell's equations) in terms of differential forms: $$F=\mathrm{d} A\implies \mathrm{d}F=0 ...
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3answers
300 views

How exactly does WiTricity's wireless power transfer using resonance work?

The WiTricity group has made a lot of buzz but no internet article explains the exact method that they are using. Does any one know how it works?
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2answers
66 views

Eddy currents and EMF?

Im confused, can both phenomenons happen at the same time?! A conductor the passes a powerful magnetic field at extremely high speeds, will induced EMF AND Eddy currents simultaneously?!
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0answers
95 views

A question on an exercise from Gravitation by Misner, Thorne and Wheeler

My question is on problem 4.1 of Gravitation. In a generic case of electric field and magnetic field(i.e not $E=0$ or $B=0$ or $E$ and $B$ perpendicular), define the direction $\hat{n}$ unit vector , ...
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1answer
49 views

Application of Displacement Current

I'm reasonably happy with the derivation and results of displacement current, however, I'd like to be aware of a few practical applications of this idea. So far, the only one I'm aware of is when ...
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1answer
39 views

Would half of electromagnetic wave be absorbed on first sensor?

If I would set up electromagnetic emitter that would emit one wave, but while it would be emitting it I would spin emitter 180 degrees at such speed that one half of wave would be emitted in that time ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Are there new concepts for the explanation of the wave-particle duality?

Whenever we can observe photons immediate, they are particles. That includes that photons have a inner structure with periodically varying electric and magnetic fields. The EM field of a radio antenna ...
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0answers
21 views

Numeric value of the electrons drift velocity in superconductors

Somebody knows the numeric value of electrons drift velocity in superconductors? How this value depends from the used superconductor material? What's about the current? Since the electrical resistance ...
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2answers
115 views

Electromagnetism: Conductors

Even though the thermal velocity of electron in a conductor is comparatively high, the thermal velocity is not responsible for current flow? Why is this the case?
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3answers
117 views

why the inner product between divergence-free current$\vec{J}$, (satisfied $\nabla\cdot\vec{J}=0$) and a gradient field$\nabla \varphi$ is zero?

I read a statement saying that the inner product between divergence-free current and a gradient field is zero. Divergence-free surface current is $\nabla\cdot\vec{J}=0$, and $\vec{J}$ could be ...
0
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3answers
400 views

Moving conducting bar in (changing) magnetic field

In my exam today I've been given this problem, yet even with the results at hand I simply can't warp my head around it; Given the picture below, a bar is placed on two conducting rails with a ...
3
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2answers
311 views

Does a current-carrying wire running through the centre of a solenoid experience force?

Imagine looking at a solenoid from above. Current passing is through it in a clockwise direction. The direction of the field lines therefore is towards the bottom of the solenoid. Now pass a straight ...
4
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3answers
237 views

magnetic scalar potential far above a magnetic film

The situation I am looking at is a magneto-static problem of a finite magnetic film with magnetization $\bf{M}$. I would like to find the the magnetic field far above the plate. My expectation is that ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Are magnetic hysteresis losses relevant to alternating currents flowing in a wire?

Say we have an AC in a magnetically lossy material, like iron. Because of iron's relatively high permeability, skin effect will be more pronounced than it is in say, copper, so this iron wire isn't so ...
4
votes
1answer
261 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Electric field in a sphere with a cylindrical hole drilled through it

Suppose that you have a sphere of radius $R$ and uniform charge density $\rho$; a cylindrical hole with radius $a$ ($a\ll R$) is drilled through the center of the sphere, leaving it like a "necklace ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

How fast does it take to create a magnetic field in a solenoid?

If a solenoid/electromagnet has current flowing, it creates a magnetic field. Electricity is very very fast, I believe close to the speed of light? So, when power is given to a solenoid with $n$ ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

In a strong field, how long would it take for domains to align?

How fast is the rate of "switch" for the domains to align with an exterior field? Possibly in milliseconds? I assume it won't take much time since domains are very small, and they only turn from a ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Force between two current carrying parallel wires, multiple proof? [closed]

Having two current carrying (currents $I'$ and $I$) wires of length $a$ parallel to the $z$-axis, one with end points $(0,0,0)$ and $(0,0,a)$ and one from $(a,0,0)$ to $(a,0,a)$, I'm looking for the ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Moving a bar magnet towards a freely hanging coil

"A bar magnet is moved towards a freely hanging coil. Determine if the coil stays stationary or not. If it moves, determine if it moves away or towards the magnet." My hypothesis: From Lenz's law an ...
0
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2answers
31 views

Time Varying Magnetic Field

What is said time varying magnetic field? I have heard a lot about it and the Internet is not willing to give me any answers. I assume time varying is a qualification, I was reading around here and ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Asymmetry of induced e.m.f due to a bar magnet falling through a coil

It is well known that as a bar magnet falls freely through a coil, an electromotive force is induced in the coil by Lenz's Law. However, it appears that the peak e.m.f induced (ignoring the ...
3
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4answers
680 views

Magnetic fields and gravitational waves. How far do they reach?

I read that magnetic fields perpendicular to a current shoot out and expand all the way to infinity. Additionally a gravitational wave, no matter how small will also expand to infinity at the velocity ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Quantum levitation (locking) 3mm thick disk could carry 1000kg small car claim

I watched this TED presentation: http://www.ted.com/talks/boaz_almog_levitates_a_superconductor.html It is about superconductivity and quantum levitation. It tells that super-thin, three-inch disk ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Energy-Momentum Tensor under Lorentz Transformation

In relativity, the symmetric energy-momentum tensor is given by $$ T^{ij}, $$ where $T^{00}$ is the energy density and $\frac{1}{c}T^{10}$ is the momentum density. Thus: $$ \left(\frac{1}{c}T^{00}dV, ...
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5answers
1k views

What causes the permittivity and permeability of vacuum?

When light travels through a material, it gets "slowed down" (at least its net speed decreases). The atoms in the material "disturb" the light in some way which causes it to make stops on its path. ...