The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (6)

4
votes
5answers
267 views

How does electricity produce magnetisim?

I am in class 10 and I have just read the electromagnetism chapter. They always keep on saying that electricity produces magnetism! but how!? We know electrons move, but how do they produce something ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Calculating current on power line from induced voltage on nearby loop

The question I'm having trouble with is: A small circular loop of 5mm radius is placed 1 meter away from a 60Hz power line. The voltage induced on this loop is measured at 0.6 microvolts. What is the ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Units of vector differential operator del ($\nabla$)

My book says that $\left[\nabla \cdot (\vec E \times \vec H)\right] = \mathrm{W/m^3}$. I see that $\vec E$ is in $\mathrm{V/m}$ and $\vec H$ is $\mathrm{A/m}$, so these multiplied is $\mathrm{W/m^2}$, ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Do all the things have a magnetic field?

I search for this but there is no answer for this question! Do all the things have a magnetic field? And also gravity ? Can you answer?
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Does the length of a bar magnet matter in producing EMF?

Consider the following diagram. There are 3 apparatuses to produce EMF. The coils are identical in cross section area, the number of winding, and length. The bar magnets have the same cross section ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Infinite, straight, current-carrying wire uniformly charged to a negative electrostatic potential

I am working on a problem that states the following: Imagine an infinite straight wire carrying a current $I$ and uniformly charged to a negative electrostatic potential $\phi$ I know here ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Why does electrical impedance have as many parameters as it has?

The impedance of a circuit is written: $$ Z(R,L,C,f) = R + j ( 2 \pi f L - \frac{1}{2 \pi f C} ). $$ What is the line of thinking that frequency, resistance, capacitance, and inductance are the only ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

EM waves in conductors

On a recent test in my E&M class, we derived what happens to an EM wave propogating in a conductor of conductivity $\sigma$, but I'm having trouble understanding the results. We started from the ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Electron's Frame Aharonov-Bohm Effect

In the electron's inertial frame the solenoid moves past it in the Aharonov-Bohm Effect. That means the electron sees a time varying vector potential which, by: $\vec{E}$ = ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Capacitance of a single charged plate?

Lets say we have a single plate that has a charge of +Q on it. A plate with charge -Q is infinite distance away. Will the plate with +Q have a capacitance associated with it? Why or why not? I was ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Confused on how to apply the volume integral form of the Biot-Savart law

In Viscous evolution of point vortex equilibria (Jing, 2011) the author explains that the velocity equation for the Lamb-Oseen vortex is found by applying the 2D Biot-Savart law to the vorticity ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

What creates voltage?

I was trying to break down how a transistor works to a friend, and I took a moment to think about electric current and voltages. I realised I do not understand where these phenomena come from. I ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Calculating the Magnetic Component of a Photon

I've been trying to figure this out for some time. I have found some formulae on other sites that claim to allow me to calculate the magnetic component of a photon, but I have seen so many variants of ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Does water absorb microwaves above of beneath its relaxation frequency

I am a bit confused about the concept of relaxation frequency. In my course text we derived a model with the help of Newton's law to describe the movement of polar molecules in an electromagnetic ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Would the Lorentz force of the two wires be different?

From the following diagram: Lorentz force can be calculated from the following formula: $F$ = $IL\times B$ What about this wire in the following diagram? Assuming that all the variables are the ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Longitudinal Adiabatic Invariant in Magnetic Mirror

I am trying to solve the following problem from Bittencourt's Fundamentals of Plasma Physics (Problem 3.4). I have posted an attempted solution below the problem statement: Consider a system of ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

What is $c$ in the Lorentz force expression?

The usual Lorentz force expression I am familiar with is this: $$\vec F=q(\vec E+\vec v \times \vec B)$$ I have seen some other versions lately that include an extra factor $1/c$: $$\vec ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

What are diamagnets and paramagnets?

A paragraph in my text reads: An atom or ion with all electrons paired is not attracted by strong magnets and is termed 'diamagnetic'. In contrast, spins do not cancel when unpaired electrons are ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

What is the meaning of dielectric constant with AC fields?

I understand that in the DC case for parallel plates, a dielectric constant tells you by what factor the electric field gets reduced in the dielectric material vs. in vacuum. Does the same ...
-1
votes
0answers
10 views

how to build an anti proximity alarm [migrated]

I am trying to build an alarm that works in an opposite way to a security alarm in a shop. In shops RF tags on items set off an alarm as you walk through a detector. I wanted to build alarm that ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

The image current due to moving charges and a current carrying thin wire

Suppose we have a plane conductor and positive charged particles of mass m are moving parallel to the plane conductor at a distance d. The trajectory can be assumed to be straight. An image current ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Is there any other momentum besides the Poynting momentum stored in an electromagnetic field?

I am having some conceptual difficulties with energy and momentum stored in the EM field. The force density at a point is $\rho E + j\times B$ Because of conservation of momentum, and because the ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Magnetization of a type I superconductor

How could I derive an expression for the magnetization of a spherical type I superconductor? I've searched in many sites but I haven't found any way to proceed.
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Distance of electromagnetic waves based on frequency

I would like to ask your opinion regarding this matter: Based on the relation of frequency and wavelengths, the higher the frequency, the shorter the wavelengths and therefore the distance of travel ...
6
votes
2answers
679 views

How exactly does a solar flare cause a power line surge?

There are occasional large scale electrical blackouts caused by solar flares. Quebec Solar Flare Blackout My question is: what affects the severity of the problem? It obviously depends on the ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Quality Factor in a Parallel LC Circuit

I was wondering if there is a notion of a quality factor in a parallel LC circuit, since there is no resistance. One can show that this circuit has a resonance frequency as follows: Impedance: ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Advanced (undergraduate) book on electromagnetism [duplicate]

I am an undergrad student and i have been through a first easy course on electrodynamics and i have used the book of Griffiths which let me satisfied.But the next two courses I will be taking are ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

understanding shceme field lines - magnetic field

I would like to know if the magnetic field is in "the x-y plane". Does this mean the field lines are actually parallel to the visible line x or y? Or does it mean the field lines are parallel to the ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

If magnetic field cannot change velocity, what changes the velocity of a compass needle?

I am really confused after reading the properties of magnetic field. I thought magnets could speed up things when they attract them.
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Lifting capacity of superconductors

How does the strength of the magnetic field the superconductor is exposed to affect its ability to levitate/lock heavier objects? Or is there no relationship (for superconductors) between magnetic ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Electric force between 2 rods with different lengths carrying different currents

What is the electric force between tow rods with different lengths that carry currents $I_1$ and $I_2$? Indeed, by the use of the Biot-Savart law I obtained a relation to calculate it, but there is ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Are spherical coordinates distances or angles?

I've become confused about spherical coordinates when dealing with electric fields. The way I always understood spherical coordinates is something like the below picture. To define a vector, you give ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Maxwell, speed of light and the electric permittivity and magnetic constants

When Maxwell found that the already-measured speed of light could also be derived from the already-measured electric and magnetic constants, what were the electric and magnetic constants measured to ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Solution of simple problems using only Maxwell equations in differential form

Solve simple electrostatic or magnetostatic problems using only Maxwell equations. For example: In every book there is an excercise to find a magnetic field outside a thin wire of radius $a$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Is the Electric field around a loop on conducting wire always constant?

If a wire is subject to some arbitrarily changing magnetic flux inducing an electric field within, what is the E-field equal to? $\oint \vec{E} \cdot \vec{dl} = -\frac{d}{dt} \int \vec{B} \cdot ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Why isn't any current induced in a rectangular loop when it is moved in a uniform magnetic field with constant velocity?

It is said that the magnetic flux passing through the coil remains constant. But when the rectangular loop is moved out of field with constant velocity,then the magnetic flux decreases. Thus current ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Uniform field through a disc

Let us say that we have a magnetic field of the form $B_0 \sin(\omega t) \hat e_z$ in all space. Now let us say we put a conducting disc within this field. I want to find the electric field within ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Why does aluminium foil spark in the microwave? [duplicate]

I don't understand fully why aluminium foil sparks in a microwave oven? I think what is happening is the oven sets up an electric field, and the field induces a current in the foil (how?), and ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What is strength of an electromagnet at a distance?

I want to levitate a permanent magnet between two electromagnets. My two governing equations are: $$F = \frac{B^{2}A}{{2\mu_{0}}}\tag{1}$$ $$B = \frac{NI\mu}{L}\tag{2}$$ Where $x$ is the distance ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Electromagnetic cooling

Heat means stored kinetic energy in matter. Microwave owens and induction heaters works on increasing kinetic energy on matter. Is it possible to make inverse of this heaters like cooler. Can we ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

In a system with a decaying magnetic field, is the induced E-field around the wire constant?

Below is an example problem that I know how to solve, particularly when the current is switched off and the magnetic field is allowed to decay. However, in systems typically like these, is it a far ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Magnetic field along the line which is perpendicular to the wires

Suppose we have 3 wires which cross at some point $A$. After the branching point, the electric currents in two arms are $I$. And we have the line passing through the point $A$ and perpendicular to the ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Calculate characteristic frequency from atomic polarizability

With Lorentz model, the plasma frequency can be calculated from electron density $$\omega_p=\sqrt\frac{4\pi N e^2}{3m}$$ But I also found in this paper that it could also be calculated from atomic ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

understanding magnetic dipole moment and torque [closed]

I would like yo know if I understand things correctly: Magnetic moment, which is a constant value for a solenoid or magnetic dipole, determines the torque it will experience in a magnetic field. (I ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What is the typical strength of the electric field in a particle accelerator?

I am working on a research project involving the closed orbits of hydrogen in the presence of an external electric field and I am curious what a reasonable approximation for the electric field ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Relativistic Lorentz Force with constant, perpendiuclar, and uniform E and B fields

I am trying to solve the following problem from the Fundamentals of Plasma Physics by Bittencourt (Problem 2.7): Analyze the motion of a relativistic charged particle in the presence of crossed ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

What can change a photon's frequency?

I found this question: Is it possible to apply force to a light particle? As it states, gravity can change the frequency of light by changing its momentum. My question regards other phenomena that ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Current and current density

Current, $I$, is generalised as: $I=\iint_{A}^{} \vec{J}. d\vec{A}$. I know that current density always points in the direction of flow of positive charge. I wonder if the infinitesimal element, ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What exactly happens in an electric circuit?

After reading chapters on Electrostatics, I have been having lots of problems in understanding current electricity.I will be trying to tell what my problems are by telling what I already know.Please ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Why are cereals attracted by a magnet?

Many cereals (from the supermarket) are attracted by a magnet. This can be seen by crushing the cereals into a very fine powder and approaching a strong magnet. The usual explanation is that cereals ...