The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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21 views

Effective resistance of a plate with varying conductance

I'm trying to find the resistance across a plate made up of different materials. Do my formulas and method make sense - will they yield the correct answer? Reference I'm using: ...
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25 views

Would a spinning carbon steel (high magnetic permeability) sphere become magnetized?

Would a spinning carbon steel (high magnetic permeability) sphere "falling" through Earth's magnetic field become magnetized? Would a spinning, evenly charged sphere generate a magnetic field?
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16 views

Relation between relative dielectric constant, complex permittivty and complex conductivity

To complete Maxwell's equations in a natural medium we need a set of constitutive relations: $$ \vec{D} = \epsilon_0 \vec{E} + \vec{P} $$ with $\vec{D}$ the electric displacement, $\vec{E}$ the ...
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1answer
39 views

Relation between the electromagnetic wave and quantum wavefunction

I have been thinking about this for a while. I think I misunderstood something about the basics of quantum waves. Let's look at light diffracted in conditions similar to the double slit experiment. ...
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0answers
15 views

compass with current in a wire [duplicate]

How would you calculate the angle of deflection of a compass placed near an electric current? would you use b fields and the earths bfield to work out the arc length of the compass' movement? thanks
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2answers
35 views

Electromagnetism on a compass [closed]

A current $2\ \mathrm A$ flows in a vertical wire. The value of the horizontal component of earths magnetic field in the region is $2*10^{-5}\ \mathrm T$. A small compass is placed $5\ \mathrm{cm}$ ...
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2answers
42 views

Quantization of the Hamiltonian of a particle in a uniform magnetic field

If a particle of mass $m$ and charge $q$ is subject to a uniform magnetic field and if we have a vector potential $\mathbf{A}$ then we know that classically the dynamics of the particle will be ...
4
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1answer
22 views

Characterisation of passivity

I'm a mathematician trying to work on some problems involving metamaterials. I have some trouble to understand the notion of passive media. Informally, this means that (without sources), a medium ...
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5answers
4k views

Why does a ceiling fan start up slowly? [closed]

I think it probably has something to do with the capacitor inside but I don't get it why doesn't it just Start spinning instantly when we push the button why does it slowly start to spin and gradually ...
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25 views

For two electron that moving parallel,can we using this equation for Electric Field and Magnetic Field?

i suppose we have two electron and they are moving parallel,please see picture: my question is can we use this this equation for it? Griffiths' Introduction to electrodynamics): $$\vec E(\vec ...
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3answers
27 views

Flux - Scalar Multiplication in Integral?

No textbook and website seems to answer this so here is my question: When we have a scalar flux: I understand that you take the scalar product of the vectors. And I understand the need for using an ...
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0answers
20 views

What is a simple model to find the jump height for the Thomson's Jumping Ring experiment?

I'm trying to devise a basic formula that could give a rough estimate for the jump height reached in the Thomson's Jumping Ring experiment, as detailed here. However, it's pretty difficult as most ...
3
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2answers
29 views

Current loop and direction ambiguity of the magnetic moment

Consider a circular loop in the XY-plane which carries a current $I$. Then it behaves as a magnetic dipole with moment $\textbf{m}=I\int d\textbf{S}$ where $\int d\textbf{S}$ is the area of the loop ...
4
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3answers
485 views

Poynting's theorem - energy conservation

Poynting's theorem: $$\int_V\left(\vec{E}\cdot\vec{J}\right)\,\mathrm dV = -\dfrac{\partial}{\partial t}\int_V\dfrac{1}{2}\left(\epsilon_0 E^2 + \dfrac{1}{\mu_0}B^2\right)\,\mathrm dV - ...
0
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0answers
21 views

How much energy would be required to remotely induce a signal in a wired network (e.g. Ethernet)?

How much energy would be required to remotely induce a signal in a wired network, such as Ethernet? Assume, for the sake of discussion, that the wired network has a single cable of length $l$ (eg 10 ...
3
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4answers
163 views

How can we prove charge invariance under Lorentz Transformation?

We have gravitational force between two massive particles and we have electromagnetic force between two charged particles. When special relativity suggests that mass is not an invariant quantity why ...
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0answers
10 views

How does Dual-polariasation weather radar detect raindrops that have a larger H to V ratio

I was reading this document on dual polarisation weather radar - http://www.wdtb.noaa.gov/courses/dualpol/documents/DualPolRadarPrinciples.pdf and looking at how this can be used to detect when water ...
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1answer
10 views

A media in which the electrical displacement vector is not causal

I recently did an electrodynamics homework problem in which we showed that in a certain model (Lorentz-Drude), where the permittivity of free space $\epsilon$ was dependent upon the angular frequency ...
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0answers
29 views

Why does magnetism persists much longer than electric charge?

I remember Feynman explained two things In contrast to magnetic property, electrically charged bodies quickly attract some garbage and loose their charge. Meantime all observers observe the same ...
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0answers
28 views

Net magnetic field at a point

Given 5 wires ( $w_0, w_1,w_2,w_3,w_4$) all separated equally by a distance ($r$) from one another like this diagram: Applied a voltage two each wire individually and current flows like so: ...
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0answers
18 views

Resistance of a plate of smaller plates made up of different materials?

This problem propped in my head yesterday related to a project I'm working on and I just can't figure out how to crack it! If we have a large plate made up of nxn smaller plates, what is the ...
0
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1answer
25 views

I want to use the complex susceptibility to prove that E dot J is independent of the real part

As stated above, I want to use $\chi$=$\chi'$-i$\chi''$ to prove that E$\cdot$J is related to $\chi''$ and independent of $\chi'$. I need to do this using a monochromatic field ...
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1answer
34 views

Finding energy stored in spherical capacitor [closed]

What will be energy stored in a spherical capacitor with the shells having unequal charges?
0
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1answer
41 views

Why do bonds with positive and negative charges not collapse?

I previously believed that the reason positive and negative charges don't constantly attract until they collapse is due to a repulsive strong force at small distances. However, in a textbook by ...
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2answers
24 views

Is Emf induced in the coil when magnetic Flux passing through it is zero? If so then what is the explanation?

I thought Emf would not be induced if the coil doesn't cut the magnetic Flux . But since the graph in my paper shows Emf is induced when magnetic Flux is zero , I got confused. I thought since the ...
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0answers
20 views

Explanation of crystal formation in a Fitzroy's storm glass with the change in weather conditions

I was recently reading about Admiral Robert FitzRoy's storm glass and how it was used to predict the weather conditions based on the formation of camphor crystals in a sealed glass tube containing ...
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1answer
25 views

Generating electricity in space with magnets

Assuming we have a very strong magnet of strength B and of uniform mass in space inside a coil of copper wire of turns N. Also, assuming that the magnet spins at the centre of the coil with no ...
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0answers
25 views

What would be the best material to reflect radio waves?

I was thinking about what would be needed to build a parabolic dish and I inevitably came to what material to use. From what I could gather after a quick search on the internet, it would seem that any ...
-1
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0answers
31 views

How can there be E and B fields inside waveguides?

A hollow waveguide that is made of conducting material allows for the existence of an electromagnetic wave inside it which propagates from one end to the other. However, conductors are known to ...
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1answer
54 views

What is time badwidth product for pulses with GDD?

For a gaussian pulse the time bandwidth product is dwdt = 0.4. What is the time-bandwidth product for chirped pulse with group delay dispersion (GDD) added only ?
2
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1answer
57 views

What causes electromagnetic waves to propagate in free space?

In free space, $\rho=0$ and $J=0$, so there are no electromagnetic sources/sinks. Maxwell's equations thus reduce to: $\nabla\cdot E = 0$ $\nabla\cdot B = 0$ $\nabla\times E = -\frac{\partial ...
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0answers
19 views

What does relative permitivity of medium mean and what does it depend on?

Does relative permitivity have someting to do with the polarization of medium , like for example how in inside the capacitor magnitude of electric field would be less due to a smaller opposing field ...
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2answers
32 views

Why does a rotating aluminium disc slow down when a current carrying coil with iron core is held above it?

What I don't understand is it the Emf induced that slows down the disc or is it a force.
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1answer
38 views

How can current remain same when potential difference decreases?

According to Ohm's law, $$\text{potential difference} = \text{resistance}\times\text{current}$$ Also, current remains the same everywhere. Now when current passes through a bulb, the electric ...
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1answer
32 views

Why does the Emf generated by a magnet going through rings of coil generate a sinusoidal curve of Emf vs time?

I am having trouble writing the reason for the part of the curve to cut the x axis at Emf = 0 and when reason for curve to form max and min peaks.
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0answers
13 views

the inner self-inductance of coaxial cable using integration

I'm trying to calculate the inner inductance of a coaxial cable using integration knowing that the answer is : $L=μl/8π$ i get the same answer when i take a cylindrical shell of thickness $dr$ but the ...
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0answers
23 views

Topics important in electrodynamics for particle physics

Say I'm going to study Griffith's electrodynamics, what are the important topics in it, for particle physics? Like Maxwell equations etc.
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0answers
27 views

Is it possible that an heavier object is attracted with a higher speed than a lighter by a magnet?

Imagine there is a magnet with a lot of Tesla power. At a big distance from it are two balls of iron one of 10kg and an other of 100kg. Now I suppose that the lighter one will initialy be attracted ...
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3answers
78 views

Confusion on relativistic electromagnetism of two charge particles

When I was introduced to the relativistic nature of electromagnetism, the following scenario is introduced: Two protons are fired such that they travel at the same velocity in parallel directions ...
1
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1answer
39 views

What is the difference between emu and esu?

Ok...so this is the statement given in my book: a) In C.G.S System the unit of charge is electrostatic unit of charge (E.S.U). It is also called Stat Coulomb (StatC). b) In C.G.S system, the unit ...
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2answers
63 views

Two Jumping Rings Go Higher than One. Why?

When I do the Thomson's jumping ring demo with one aluminum ring it rises up in the air to some height. When I place two identical rings on top of each other and repeat the demo, both rings rise ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Is it possible to express Fleming's Left Hand Rule and Right Hand Rule in terms of vectors?

I recently studied Fleming's Right Hand Rule and Fleming's Right Hand Rule for electromagnetism (For locating direction of Force, Magnetic Field and Current). Using my hands to find the direction is ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Derivatives involving four vectors [closed]

The Schrödinger lagrangian for complex fields is $$L=\frac{1}{2m}(D_i \psi)^* Di \psi - \frac{i}{2} \left[\psi ^* D_0 \psi - (D_o \psi)^* \right] - \frac{1}{4}F^{\mu \nu}F_{\mu \nu}$$ Where ...
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0answers
29 views

Electric field of a non-uniformly charged quarter circle

I was studying for my Electromagnetism test when I stumbled upon this problem and haven't been quite able to do it correctly, mostly because I can't find any symmetry for me to calculate the Electric ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Ampere right hand screw rule or Maxwell screw rule is the more correct name of the right hand grip rule?

Wikipedia states ampere right hand screw rule Some textbooks state maxwell screw rule Which one is the more correct name in representing the (colloquial) Right hand grip rule?
0
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1answer
38 views

Coulomb gauge and vector identites

consider a coulomb gauge and the following volume integration: $$\int d^3x{\dot{A}.\nabla A}$$ How can we show that this is zero in coulomb gauge? (A is a vector potential) this is my attempt at ...
0
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1answer
52 views

if the voltage is the driving force of the current, how can it lead or lag?

Correct me if I'm wrong on this, but up till now I've assumed that the voltage across a resistor could be seen as both the energy lost by a current passing through it and the energy needed for a ...
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2answers
38 views

Wave reflection

I have a simple question on wave reflection. I know that if I have a progressive monochromatic EM wave and a mirror, the reflected wave will be opposite in phase on the mirror to assure a total E ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Why don't stars re-emit the photons they absorb, thus restoring a continuous emission spectrum?

If you shine white light through a gas, electrons can absorb sufficiently energetic photons to reach higher excited states. This produces gaps in the spectrum and it's how Helium was discovered. So ...
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1answer
32 views

Moving point charge --> using Maxwell induction integral to find B-field

I'm trying to wrap my head around this problem. A point charge is moving with a uniform speed v. The question requires that I show how the Maxwell induction integral can be used to find the magnetic ...