The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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36 views

Spin-dependence of the directionality of dipole radiation

I am interested in understanding how and whether the transformation properties of a (classical or quantum) field under rotations or boosts relate in a simple way to the directional dependence of the ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Explain the infinitude of magnetic flux about a finite length of wire

Ok so it is clear the flux caused by an inductor is limited. If I integrate about a flat spiral inductor I will find that the flux lines going up are a fixed quantity. Since every flux line going up ...
2
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0answers
42 views

About memory effect in E&M when E and B field has dependence in the history of E and B fields

How should one define the memory effect in E&M formally? What is the physical way to visualize the memory effect? How should one understand it intuitively?
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0answers
28 views

Why magnetic field generates around current carrying wire? [duplicate]

Why magnetic field generates around a wire when current flow through it ?
3
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1answer
155 views

EmDrive Cavity modes

The EMDrive described in patent application GB 2493361 is a simple section of a sphere surrounded by a superconducting cooling system. I have attempted to solve the oscillation modes possible and ...
2
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2answers
90 views

Doubt regarding Ampere's Circuital Law

The Ampere's Circuital law states $$\oint B\cdot d\ell~=~ \mu_0I$$ We can use it to derive the magnetic field of an infinitely long current carrying wire easily. My question is, why does the wire ...
3
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2answers
83 views

Utility of gauge four-potential $A_{\mu}$ (as opposed to electric and magnetic fields ${\bf E}$ and ${\bf B}$) in E&M?

The action for an electromagnetic field with source charges is given by $$S= \int \left\{ \frac{1}{4\mu_0}F^{\mu\nu}F_{\mu\nu} - J^\mu A_\mu \right\}dx$$ By setting $dS=0$ and taking the Lorenz ...
9
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2answers
166 views

Which of these theories on why light slows in media are true?

This question is similar to previously asked questions, but the responses to them are confusing and I think it may be better covered by listing out all the potential answers for clarity. It's a ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Self inductance & time constant formula

Is this a correct formula for calculating the induced EMF of a wire after the current stabilizes/ or while it stabilizes in the beginning of a DC circuit? What is the difference between the above ...
0
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1answer
20 views

Induced emf in stationary conductor lying in varying magnetic field

We explain that motional emf is induced because charges in a conductor move along with the conductor and as a result a magnetic force pushes them to one side of the conductor. But in case of a ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Optical absorption in multilayer structure

Assume a hypothetical 3 media/ 1 layer structure with the following indices of refraction: $$n_1 = 2, n_2 = 2+i0.5, n_3 = 1$$ where the thickness of the layer is 100 nm and wavelength = 1000 nm. ...
4
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2answers
137 views

What restores balance to a repulsive electric force on an electroscope?

I am an amateur physics enthusiast (during the day I am a police officer), and recently, I learned how to build an electroscope. I regret that I am learning how wonderful our universe is so late in my ...
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45 views

Penetration and skin depth in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (classical electromagnetism)

Does anyone know how AC magnetic fields behave in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (MIT). Do they form a magnetic circuit around a metallic specimen or penetrate through it, or both? This ...
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2answers
22 views

Effect of variable permittivity

If I immerse a rod vertically in a liquid with a relative permittivity gradient (the permittivity decreases with depth), will the rod stretch (will the spacing of the atoms in the rod be affected by ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Make an Electric motor work with help of 4 magnet wheels? [closed]

I am working on a car prototype that should work on the electricity that it generates with the help of magnets. The strong magnets will be fixed at the wheels. A Coil of thin copper wire(solenoid) ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Magnetic Field in the presence of a conductor

I am studying for my quals and came across an old question that reads like the following: There are two regions in space separated by an infinite conducting plane. Region 1 has a magnetic dipole ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Magnet substitution [closed]

I wonder if the two magnet configurations below are equivalent. If they are not - what will be the effects on the flux?
0
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0answers
53 views

Why did the Aharonov-Bohm effect mystify people? [duplicate]

Of course it is intriguing. But I think the Schroedinger equation for a charged particle in a magnetic field was known at the very beginning of wave mechanics. Therefore, the A-B effect should not be ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Magnetic multipoles in spherical harmonic

Does someone know explain me how to identify the multipoles magnetic terms of the multipolar expansion (Dipole, quadrupole, etc) in spherical harmonics?
0
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0answers
78 views

Acceleration of a unit vector in the Feynman Lectures

In the Feynman Lectures on Physics chapter 28, Feynman explains the radiation equation $$\vec{E}=\frac{-q}{4\pi\epsilon_0 c^2}\, \frac{d^2\hat{e}_{r'}}{dt^2}$$ The unit vector $\hat{e}_{r'}$ is ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Magnetic flux of a loop due to another loop

The scenario is the following, I am given 2 loops with the same radius, r, a distance of d, and same current of I. In the left loop the current goes counter clockwise, in the right loop the current is ...
2
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0answers
67 views

Electrodynamics using exterior calculus

Can anyone suggest resource for full course of electrodynamics using exterior calculus?
1
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2answers
60 views

Looking for lists of student difficulties with electromagnetism, circuits (DC and AC)

I'm trying to help with an Instructor's Guide for an introductory calc-based physics text, and it would really help if I could locate some lists of typical student difficulties with topics like ... ...
7
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2answers
235 views

Does a 4-current J determine a unique maxwell-faraday F tensor up to isometry?

Maxwell's equations on a pseudo-Riemannian manifold $(M,g_{ab})$ say, $$d_a F_{bc} = \nabla_{[a}F_{bc]} = 0,$$ $$\nabla_a F^{ab} = J^b,$$ where $d_a$ is the exterior derivative, $\nabla_a$ is the ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Why do we always consider the area of inner solenoid while calculating the mutual inductance of two coaxial solenoids?

While we know that flux linked to an area is the dot product of the area vector of the loop(and not the actual area encountering the field lines) and the magnetic field linked to it, why then do we ...
3
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0answers
38 views

electromagnetic waves accelerating reference frame

A charge is at rest in an inertial reference frame. Consider this situation from the point of view of an observer who is accelerating relative to the charge. Would the observer observe ...
0
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0answers
39 views

What is the relationship between the electric field E and the magnetic field (aka magnetic flux density, magnetic induction) B of a single photon? [duplicate]

I'm looking for a formula for light, for example with 660 nm wavelength, which describes the maximum of the amplitudes for the wavelength of the electric and the magnetic field of the propagating ...
2
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1answer
44 views

What type of magnet to use? [closed]

I am asking this question to find out practical sizes of magnets, but this will be in a fictional setting. Say I have a person dressed in iron armor, medieval knight-style. Are there types of ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Proving the equivalency of the potential energy of a system of charges and the work required to assemble a system of charges

This is a very cool, and highly beneficial problem in my opinion. I feel as though truly understanding this proof would broaden anyone's conceptual understanding of electric potential. My textbook ...
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0answers
26 views

Magnetic needles in elastic media

I am studying a system with magnetic needles in a elastic media. The (two-dimensional) system is composed of $N$ magnetic needles distributed in an elastic matrix with Young's modulus is $E$. The ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Showing that Coloumb and Lorentz Gauges are indeed valid Gauge Transformations?

I'm working my way through Griffith's "Introduction to Electrodynamics". In Ch. 10, gauge transformations are introduced. The author shows that, given any magnetic potential $\textbf{A}_0$ and ...
0
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1answer
46 views

EMF due to self-inductance? [closed]

I'm trying to calculate the induced $-V$ in a DC circuit when current starts to flow, and reaches it's maximum value. The inductance of the conductor is 1000nH it carries large amounts of current ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

How are electromagnetic waves differentiated?

I would like to know how the signals for remote controlled cars, radios, etc.. That use radio waves are told apart from each other. I know that the radio waves are modulated to encode data and the ...
4
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2answers
103 views

Why do ferromagnetic materials channel magnetic field lines?

I have read that the total magnetic field of a ferromagnet, $\vec{B} = \mu_0\vec{H}+\mu_0\vec{M}$ where $\vec{H}$ is an external magnetic field and $\vec{M}$ is the magnetic field of the ferromagnet ...
3
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0answers
53 views

Electrons and energy [duplicate]

I'm an a-level student. While studying quantum physics I came across this statement:"According to electromagnetic theory an accelerating charge emits energy". The bottom-line was that an electron ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Quantitative relation between two charges moving in parallel in two frames of reference

The relevant question is here. The accepted answer may have explained my question in a descriptive manner. However, I want to see how things are related quantitatively. Imagine we have two charges ...
-3
votes
1answer
38 views

Does magnetism only work on ferrous objects?

Ordinary magnets can attract only ferrous objects (correct if i am wrong), but celestial bodies attract almost anything (including light). Are these different types of magnetism?
1
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1answer
41 views

Flaw in the radius of a spherical electron model (classical electron radius)

My textbook asks me to derive an equation for the potential energy ($U$) of sphere ($r_0$) filled with an electric charge of uniform density ($\rho$), expressed in terms of the total charge $Q$. The ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Is mechanics needed in order to learn electromagnetism? [closed]

I'm a college student who wants to learn physics. I want to get started with electromagnetism as soon as possible. Is it okay to skip over mechanics, or is mechanics a big requirement before starting ...
0
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1answer
48 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Uniformly charged sphere's electric field

I am facing this topic for the umpteenth time in my college career and, of course, every teacher has explained it in a different way. In this course, to find the expression of the electric field of a ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Does a magnetic field sustain a current in a loop?

A particular current produces a constant particular magnetic field. If the fact holds under scrutiny, why doesn't a magnet held within a loop sustain a particular current? Are the electron spins ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Is there inductance to a DC circuit?

When a DC circuit is carrying current, large amounts or small, is there induced-emf due to the inductance? Or is it only applied to AC circuits?
1
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1answer
53 views

In which loop does the induced emf remain constant during the passage out of the magnetic field region?

A rectangular loop and a circular loop are moving out of a uniform magnetic field to a field-free region with a constant velocity V as shown in the figure. Explain in which loop do you expect the ...
1
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1answer
88 views

What would Maxwell's Equations be if we had magnetic charges and magnetic currents?

Mind you, we still have electric charge and electric currents. But, what would Maxwell's equations look like if we had to take magnetic charges and magnetic currents into consideration? Would there be ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Why are atomic quadrupole moments calculated using nuclear spin?

It's my understanding that electric quadrupoles interact with the gradient of an electric field, and I understand roughly how this works. I am trying to calculate the interaction between an atomic ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Why is there a voltage drop across a superconducting inductor?

If there is no electric field inside a perfect conductor, then why is there a potential difference across an (superconducting) inductor?
0
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1answer
100 views

Post Problem Analysis - Rod in a cylindrical time varying magnetic field?

A metal rod of length $l$ is placed (as shown in figure) in a cylindrical time varying magnetic field. Find the potential difference across it. My answer: As electric fields as forming circles ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Transformer leakage reactance

In practical transformers there is always a leakage reactance. If it is possible to construct such a transformer (ideally thinking) having zero leakage reactance will the transformer action work? or ...
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0answers
54 views

Constructing conserved current given the lagrangian

Consider the following Lagrangian for a massive vector field $A_{\mu}$ in Euclidean space time: $$\mathcal L = \frac{1}{4} F^{\alpha \beta}F_{\alpha \beta} + \frac{1}{2}m^2 A^{\alpha}A_{\alpha}$$ ...