The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (6)

2
votes
3answers
826 views

Curl of an electromagnetic wave

I can't understand the concept of the curl of an electromagnetic wave. $$ \nabla \times E = -\frac{\partial \textbf{B}}{\partial t} $$ All of the examples I find show a current through a conductor, ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Question regarding Van De Graff generator Belt

I have made a VDG generator with a rubber band as the belt and a glass roller. It doesnt seem to work because I think the rubber band may be conductive. I was thinking of using other materials for ...
4
votes
2answers
435 views

Why my simple electromagnetic experiment does not work?

I make a setup (see attached picture). ONE coil (1" diameter x ~120 turns), which is separated with a gap, is mount on two sides. Each side has an iron rod (1" diameter x 6" long) to increase the ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Predicting path of light?(general relativity and electromagnetism)

In the first image we can see bending of light by gravity,in the second image I placed a big glass(it almost has zero weight) of considerable thickness near sun which will refract light coming ...
0
votes
3answers
60 views

Rate of Acceleration of an Object Pulled by Magnetic Force

Gravity on earth pulls objects toward it with an acceleration of 9.8 m/s/s on Earth until the object reaches it's max potential free fall speed. (I call this terminal velocity though I think that this ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Which part of a real Type II Superconductor magnetization loop represents the Meissner state?

So if we consider an ideal type II superconductor the magnetization should look like this The Meissner state is to be found between $0$ and $H_{c1}$ and the superconductor works as an ideal ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Why we unified electromagnetic and weak force?

We have unified electromagnetic and weak force into one single force called Electroweak force. I mean we can use these different forces within their respective domains like weak interaction for short ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

How large or small can frequency in the EM spectrum get?

The largest frequency range is gamma rays, but does the EM spectrum 'stop' somewhere? Like is there a limit to how large a frequency can get? Or how small frequency can get? Is it one of those things ...
3
votes
1answer
493 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Can I disperse a droplet with electromagnetic fields?

If I have a droplet of water, can I apply an electromagnetic field in order to disperse the droplet into smaller subdroplets (tiny vapor) and fill a space with them? The same way that magnetic dust ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How does permanent magnets attract each other if the $B$-field can do no work? [duplicate]

How can two permanent magnets do work on each other? If you put two magnets with opposite poles facing each other they will attract each other. If you put them with the same poles facing each other ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Is Magnetic field inside solenoid dependant on volume of its shape?

There are two types of solenoids: one cylindrical, one spherical. Let's assume the dimensions of the cylindrical solenoid are set such that its base radius is that of spherical solenoid $a$, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Reflection of EM waves

In reflection of e m waves at the boundary, to show the reflected magnetic fields we put negative sign in the unit vector, example, if the B is along z direction we put (-k) in he reflected wave, ...
2
votes
3answers
558 views

How can a magnetic field accelerate particles if it cannot do work?

A varying magnetic field can accelerate charge particles, but it is said that a magnetic field can't do any work so it should not be able to speed up charged particles, right? How is this apparent ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Physical meaning of magnetic length

What is the physical meaning of magnetic length $\ell_B=\frac{\hbar c}{e B}$ in 2D electron system under magnetic field? When $\ell_B \longrightarrow a$, where $a$ is the lattice constant, does that ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet

Can the magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet induce current in a conductor? Is there a flux linkage between magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet and a conductor?
15
votes
2answers
362 views

Are there analogs to resistance, inductance, capacitance, and memristance connecting the weak force to electromagnetism?

A question was asked over at EE.SE recently which I tried to answer, but much of my answer was speculative. I'm hoping someone here can help my ignorance. In electronics design, there are four ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Electron beam in magnetic field - increase or decrease the field?

When I fire an electron beam into homogenous magnetic field ( eg. inside Helmholtz coil ) it will bend into a circle => it will form a coil ( = current loop ) itself. The magnetic field created by ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Question about defining potential energy of a magnetic dipole placed in a magnetic field

We know that magnetic field is a non-conservative field, since it exists in closed loops. Then how can we define the potential energy of a magnetic dipole placed in a magnetic field ?
8
votes
2answers
351 views

Why does the dimension of the electric charge depend on the number of spacetime dimensions?

We can find via dimensional analysis that the dimension of the electric charge varies with the dimension of space-time $(D+1)$: $$[\text{charge}] = (\text{eV})^{(3-D)/2}.$$ It is dimensionless if ...
12
votes
5answers
14k views

Difference between electric field and electric displacement field

$$\mathbf D = \varepsilon \mathbf E$$ I don't understand the difference between $\mathbf D$ and $\mathbf E$. When I have a plate capacitor, a different medium inside will change $\mathbf D$, right? ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Solenoid cannon (coil gun) possibility and recoil?

Similar to my other question If you are to pass a magnet through a solenoid a current is produced in the solenoid due to the magnetic flux. However, if you were to have a magnet sit inside a ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Vector Potential As Electron Momentum Amplifier

Konopinski's "What the electromagnetic vector potential describes" (Gaussian dimension) equation (3): $\frac{d}{dt}[M\vec{v}+(q/c)\vec{A}]=-\nabla q[\phi-(\vec{v}/c)\cdot\vec{A}]$ contains a dot ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Is the photon's wave function the same as an electromagnetic wave(light)? [duplicate]

The first that i have been taught in Quantum Mechanics is the photoelectric phenomenon. Without analyzing it, it concludes that when we shine light at the circuit(roughly speaking), the work required ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Magnetic field inside parallel plate capacitor

Inside a parallel plate capacitor, we know that the electric field due to the static charge $E= \frac{\epsilon_0 A}{d} $ Now if we want to find the magnetic field inside the parallel plate capacitor, ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Opacity/Transparency of Conductive Meshes to Charged Particles (Electrons/Ions)

When using a conductive (metal) mesh, effectively a metallic woven fabric, in vacuum applications as a "grid" for charged particle optics, how does one calculate (or at least estimate) the opacity or ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

doubts regarding the classical electron radius

When estimating the classical electron radius, people normally equate the energy needed to assemble a charged sphere to $mc^2$, due to the so-called mass-energy relation. However, personally I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Motion in a Paul trap: $2n^{\text{th}}$ harmonic with larger amplitude than $n$th harmonic

Using a Paul trap, we captured the motion of a light charged particle (based on a rotating potential applied by AC current). Our rotational frequency was 50 Hz, and so when used FFT on the data, we ...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

Surely force on shell can't be balanced by field momentum?

Imagine a particle with charge $q$ at rest at the origin. It is surrounded by a concentric spherical insulating shell, also at rest, with charge $Q$ and radius $R$. At time $t=0$ I apply a constant ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Torque on a current carrying loop in non-uniform magnetic field

Does the formula $\mathbf{\tau = \mu\times B}$ work for a non-uniform magnetic field? Why? If not, how to calculate the torque on a current carrying loop placed in x-y plane, supposing the non ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Clarification needed:Projection Or Whole Length to be considered during integration

Sometimes in magnetism,electrostatics,friction problems when a force is acting over a curved we usually take the net projection of the curved path as the distance(to avoid integration).But it certain ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Finding the magnetic field due to a current carrying field at a point within the circumference

This is a question me and my friend were wondering about. How can one calculate the magnetic field due to a current carrying loop at a point in the area enclosed by the loop. For example, at point P ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Definition of self inductance of a coil

I saw a definition in a textbook for the term self-inductance of a coil as emf induced in a coil when rate of change of current is 1 ampere per second. But I think the following is correct: ratio of ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Wave propagation in micro strip waveguide

I am trying to understand wave propagation in micro-strip waveguide, the way i came to understand rectangular waveguide is this way (in brief): EM waves can be understood as reflecting from the ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Two Current Carrying Loops: Multiple Choice Question

I'm studying some simple multiple choice questions from an old test in electrostatics and I have some trouble intuitively grasping this question. I hope someone can explain the solution! Two current ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Is there a Lagrangian that can lead to the Rayleigh-Jeans law?

Is there a way to derive the Rayleigh-Jean's law using classical statistical mechanics only? On the internet there is a common way to arrive at the equation by using concepts in electrodynamics. This ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Electromagnetic wave and quantum mechanics [duplicate]

I'm very new to physics. I studied and read about quantum mechanics and what the assumptions are (wave particle duality, uncertainty principle, observation, wave function collapse, etc.), but I also ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Far Field Diffraction of EM waves: what does the zero frequency signify?

If you have a system of independently radiating electrons/point-charges, the far field distribution of the EM waves can be approximated by the fraunhoffer diffraction integral, or simply by the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Electric field a distance z above the midpoint of a straight line segment

In Griffiths there's an example to evaluate the Electric field a distance z above the midpoint of a straight line segment of length 2L. Which carries a uniform charge $\lambda$. In that calculation, ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

What is the magnetic property of an alloy?

If an alloy is made between a diamagnetic and a paramagnetic substance or paramagnetic and a ferromagnetic substance or a diamagnetic and a ferromagnetic substance, what will be the resulting magnetic ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

Right hand solenoid example

I am just studying for my physics final exam. I came across this example and am not satisfied with the answer. My answer is that Z is South and the current would flow from Y to X because of the ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Energy conservation in electrodynamic system?

Consider two charged particles initially at rest in the configuration below. Let us assume the following: Starting at time $t=0$, we apply a constant force $f$ to the the bottom particle so that ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Voltage of a quadrupole magnet

I have a simple question and it's my first one in this community. :) Does the voltage of a quadrupole magnet depend on the power of the electron beam in a synchrotron? Perhaps someone has a good ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Polarizability and the Clausius-Mossotti Relation

There seems to be a fairly large inconsistency in various textbooks (and some assorted papers that I went through) about how to define the Clausius-Mossotti relationship (also called the ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Boundary conditions for Maxwell's equations at the interface between two media

Consider the following simple Maxwell's equations: $$ \nabla\cdot\mathrm{D}=\rho $$ $$ \nabla\times\mathrm{E}+i\omega\mathrm{B}=0 $$ $$ \nabla\cdot\mathrm{B}=0 $$ $$ ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

Why do I hear voices when I touch my turntable needle?

So I was trying to figure out the reason why my old (and probably sufficiently damaged) needle on my phonograph (turntable) was not working like it was a little while ago. With my headphones on, I ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

Induced emf in stationary conductor lying in varying magnetic field

We explain that motional emf is induced because charges in a conductor move along with the conductor and as a result a magnetic force pushes them to one side of the conductor. But in case of a ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Uniformity in a solenoid

I know the magnetic field strength increases as the number of turns in the solenoid increases. However, I've learnt the field inside the solenoid is usually nearly uniform. So, does the number of ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Are photons just electric waves in an electron's frame of reference?

They say that electrons emit photons when they jump to a lower orbit. But the way electrons should see it, there's no any emission, really. There's just rapid change in electric field due to a rapid ...