The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Looking for name of mapping procedure [migrated]

I have been searching for a technique that I used 20 years ago, but for the life of me, I cannot remember the name. It is used in visualizations of pressure, temperature, electromagnetic fields etc. ...
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1answer
452 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...
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32 views

How can a black hole have a charge? [duplicate]

Under current particle theory, the four fundamental forces use a force-carrying particle. The particle for electromagnetism is the photon. By definition a black hole is a mass from which light can ...
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1answer
34 views

Relation between magnetic fields of magnets and magnetic field of currents

When I started to study magnetostatics it was said that magnetic fields are created by charges in motion, that is, they are created by currents. On the other hand, we have magnets and those have ...
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1answer
355 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
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1answer
56 views

What is the difference between Right Hand Palm Rule, Fleming's Right Hand Thumb Rule and Fleming's Left Hand Thumb Rule?

I dont understand in what scenarios are the three rules applied and are any two of them similar or are they all different?
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1k views

Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole

By the "No Hair Theorem", three quantities "define" a black hole; Mass, Angular Momentum, and Charge. The first is easy enough to determine, look at the radius of the event horizon and you can use the ...
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1answer
153 views

Right hand solenoid example

I am just studying for my physics final exam. I came across this example and am not satisfied with the answer. My answer is that Z is South and the current would flow from Y to X because of the ...
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2answers
39 views

Meaning of negative density

Charge density depends on the area/volume and the amount of charge. Before electromagnetism I used to think of density as being positive only. What is the intuitive meaning of negative density? Does ...
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0answers
11 views

What's the shape of electric field line in a rectangular metal under varying magnetic field

We know that,the shape of electric field line in a cylinder under varying magnetic field is circle,and I wonder,what's the situation if it is a piece of metal with rectangular cross section? I think ...
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0answers
22 views

Induced e.m.f depends on…?

In my revision guide it says that Michael Faraday did experiments that showed that induced e.m.f for a coil of wire depends on four things: Magnetic strength of the core in the coil of wire. ...
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1answer
3k views

Why does pushing a magnet inside a solenoid produce current?

If you push a bar magnet inside a solenoid, a current is produced. But why is that? I mean, the wire is being moved along the magnetic field, so taking the cross product: $\vec{F} = ...
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0answers
13 views

Electromagnet experiment

I was reading about an experiment on cyberphysics.co.uk. You set up a circuit as follows: Then: The current through the circuit is varied while the number of turns of wire around the iron nail ...
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3answers
765 views

Maxwell's Stress Tensor

What really is the Maxwell Stress Tensor? I understand that it's derived from $$\mathbf {F} = \int _V ( \mathbf E + \mathbf v \times \mathbf B )\rho \ d \tau$$ Griffiths describes this as "total EM ...
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1answer
114 views

magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet

Can the magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet induce current in a conductor? Is there a flux linkage between magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet and a conductor?
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1answer
124 views

Motion in a Paul trap: $2n^{\text{th}}$ harmonic with larger amplitude than $n$th harmonic

Using a Paul trap, we captured the motion of a light charged particle (based on a rotating potential applied by AC current). Our rotational frequency was 50 Hz, and so when used FFT on the data, we ...
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1answer
63 views

Can Maxwell's Equations explain electromagnetic radiation emission in an atom?

Can Maxwell's equations be used to explain the process of spontaneous emission when an electron drops from a higher energy level to a lower energy level? According the Maxwell equations, a changing ...
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1answer
41 views

What is space charge and how to calculate it?

I want to clarify the meaning of space charge. What I know is that the space charge is the total charge in a small region in space. I really confuse this in the ion beam context. Many text book says ...
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4answers
6k views

North and south of magnetic field

The current I is flowing upward in the wire in this figure. The direction of the magnetic filed due to the current can be determined by the right hand rule. Can we determine the north and the south ...
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1answer
43 views

Question about particles in electric fields. Homework question

I am currently working on a homework question and I realized that I don't really understand some of the material that we covered so I hoped that you guys can help me clear up some misunderstandings. ...
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1answer
268 views

Why dimensionality of the Electric Charge varies with the spacetime dimensions?

The point is: We can find via dimensional analysis that the electric charge dimensionality varies with the dimension of space-time. $$[\text{charge}] = eV^{(3-D)/2}$$(You can see below the way I did ...
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1answer
91 views

The energy contribution of a frequency at finite temperature

This is from a paper I'm reading: Since each frequency contributes $\hbar \omega/2$ of energy (or at finite temperature, $\hbar \omega /2 \coth(\hbar\omega/2kT)$), we can find the energies for the ...
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1answer
94 views

Magnetic Levitation : Confusion with Lenz's Law

Considering the above diagram, I am failing to see why the aluminium ring floats upwards rather than oscillates. I understand Faraday's law, but I am struggling with Lenz's law - as there is an ...
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1answer
190 views

What are the boundary conditions for EM waves normally incident on the interface between two dielectric media?

An EM wave, amplitude $E_0$, frequency $\omega_0$, is incident upon a material with relative permittivity (dielectric function) $$\varepsilon \left( z \right) = \left\{ \begin{gathered}{\varepsilon ...
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2answers
121 views

Uniformity in a solenoid

I know the magnetic field strength increases as the number of turns in the solenoid increases. However, I've learnt the field inside the solenoid is usually nearly uniform. So, does the number of ...
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2answers
171 views

Induced emf in stationary conductor lying in varying magnetic field

We explain that motional emf is induced because charges in a conductor move along with the conductor and as a result a magnetic force pushes them to one side of the conductor. But in case of a ...
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1answer
44 views

Does Earth also move due to some electrostatic forces?

Does the earth experience some electrostatic forces due to other planets...which also make it move? My question is..whether the earth also moves due to electrostatic force of attraction or only due ...
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1answer
111 views

$U(1)$ 5-dimensional Kaluza-Klein topological defects

Five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein theory is well-known to predict that the electromagnetic field can be described as a curled additional dimension over four-dimensional spacetime. That is, you only need ...
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2answers
96 views

Gravity vs. Electromagnetism Scenario

Imagine a two dimensional world where there are only two electrons. They are set right beside each other. Of course, immediately they will start to separate, being repelled. My question is, as they ...
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2answers
57 views

Derivatives of Fields in E&M

In QED the field strength tensor $F_{\mu\nu}$ is given by the commutator of the covariant derivatives $$D_\mu=\partial_\mu-ieA_\mu$$ where $A_\mu$ is the gauge field. Explicitly we have ...
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3answers
353 views

How are the Lorentz force, Maxwell's third law and Faraday's law of induction clasically related?

Faraday's law of induction can be used in any situation where the magnetic flux is changing through a closed conducting loop. While giving the correct answer, it seems to me that for the following ...
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1answer
77 views

Is it true that the self-force prevents a classical particle from falling into a Coulomb potential? What is the physical explanation of this result? [closed]

In 1943 CJ Eliezer published a paper claiming that the self-force prevents a zero angular momentum particle from ever reaching the center of an attractive Coulomb potential (and what's more that it ...
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1answer
247 views

Lenz law and magnetic pole

When a magnetic north(N) pole is placed close to an coil with out energy source, the coil behaves like an magnet and we find a North pole which opposes the magnet bar which was approximating onto the ...
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1answer
61 views

Magnetic monopoles and special relativity

I was thinking about magnetism as a product of special relativity and the result of this approach to the magnetic monopoles. So if magnetism is a product of electricity(like electricity from another ...
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2answers
569 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
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2answers
78 views

Conducting rod moving through magnetic field

If a conducting rod moves through a magnetic field which way do its electrons move? In my revision guide it shows the following picture (more or less, but the following is my drawing of it -- I ...
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1answer
29 views

Faraday and Lenz's laws

in my revision guide it gives the equation for Faraday's law as $$\text{induced emf} = N\frac{\Delta \phi}{\Delta t}$$ while the one for Lenz's law is given $$\text{induced ...
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1answer
35 views

Is it possible to pass electric current through magnet without affecting it?

Suppose we have a row of $5$ electromagnets, with a copper wire connecting them. Is it possible to create magnetic field in the $4^{th}$ magnet without affecting the $1^{st}$,$2^{nd}$,$3^{rd}$ and ...
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1answer
32 views

Interacting magnetic fields

Is there a reason why two magnetic fields perpendicular to each other do not interact? If they are parallel or at a non-90 degree angle they interact. Is it because magnetic field lines can be viwed ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the gravitational effect inside a electromagnetic shield due to an external electromagnetic field?

I am new in General Relativity. I know that electromagnetic field (or, the electromagnetic energy tensor, $T^{ik}=1/4\pi[1/4F_{mn}F^{mn}g^{ik}-F^i_lF^{lk}]$) can affect gravitation. Now if we take a ...
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1answer
32 views

Does heating an electromagnet cause change in its magnetic field?

Does heating an electromagnet cause change in its magnetic field as well and vice versa?
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Second-order correction in Quantum-Confined Stark effect

In the wikipedia article, there is a second-order correction in the Quantum-Confined Stark Effect. I could not understand how it was solved. I did not understand the meaning of 2(0) and 1(0) and how I ...
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1answer
56 views

Ampere's loop inside capacitor

The figure is a view of one plate of a parallel-plate capacitor from within the capacitor. In the question, we are required to rank the 4 paths (a, b, c and d) according to the value of $\oint ...
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1answer
300 views

How does the speed of a DC motor depend on the size of the coil?

I have to build a simple electric motor by attaching a magnet to a battery, extending the terminals of the battery (with stiff wires so they could act as supports), and placing a coil of wire on top ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Do the relations between E/B and D/H contain higher order multipole terms?

Jackson writes in section 1.4 (third edition) that \begin{align*} D_\alpha &= \epsilon_0 E_\alpha + \left(P_\alpha - \sum_\beta \frac{\partial Q'_{\alpha\beta}}{\partial x_\beta} + \ldots \right) ...
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4answers
2k views

Do We Need Maxwell's Equations Since They Fail to Account for An Experimental Fact at Least in One Occasion?

This question is an outgrowth of What is the difference between electric potential, potential difference (PD), voltage and electromotive force (EMF)? where @sb1 mentioned Faraday's law. However, ...
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2answers
350 views

Frequency of rotating coil

Given a coil initially in the x-y plane, rotating at angular frequency $ \omega $ about the x-axis in a magnetic field in the z-direction. This uniform time varying magnetic field is given by $B_z ...
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1answer
47 views

Cryptic remark in physics revision guide

I am currently revising for my AP physics and I couldn't understand one of the end-of-section summary notes. It says: "Remember that the direction of magnetic field is from North to South, and that ...
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2answers
3k views

How do superconducting materials float in magnetic field?

The movie Avatar got me interested in the subject, but so far I only found sophisticated articles loaded with unfamiliar words. Is there a simple way to explain how magnetic field affects ...
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3answers
198 views

Who foots the (magnetic) energy bill?

Gravitational attraction and electrostatic attraction/repulsion are intrinsic properties of matter, any particle (electron, proton) for some unknown reason can produce KE at a distance. But magnetic ...