The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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electromagnetism [duplicate]

Metals lose electrons . In an exercise in our book they ( two identical metallic objects have same but opposite charges ) so this means that one gains electron and one lose electrons how can this ...
12
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4answers
873 views

Fundamental invariants of the electromagnetic field

It is a standard exercise in relativistic electrodynamics to show that the electromagnetic field tensor $F_{\mu\nu}$, whose components equal the electric $E^i=cF^{i0}$ and magnetic ...
1
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1answer
53 views

calculating electrodynamic momentum of a dumbbell (consisting of two point charges) in longitudinal motion

I'm working through a paper on momentum in electrodynamics that requires the integration below and would greatly appreciate any help. I'm pretty sure it evaluates to $2/d$ but I can't quite figure ...
6
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4answers
7k views

Derivation of self-inductance of a long wire

Currently I am stuck, trying to derive the self-inductance of a long wire. According to literature it should be $$L=\frac{\mu_r\mu_0l}{8\pi}$$ and in literature its derived by looking at the energy ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Gravitational force and Electromagnetic force?

I found this interesting note in one of my textbooks, The enormous strength of the electromagnetic force compared to gravity is evident in our daily life. When we hold a book in our hand, we are ...
2
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2answers
48 views

What is the link between observation wavelength and spatial resolution of an instrument? [closed]

It seems that when capturing and emitting EM waves matter proceeds differently depending on the wavelenght. According to an answer from another question, EM energy is captured following three modes: ...
0
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5answers
75 views

Is anything coloured “infra-red”?

All our day-to-day objects are things we can see, and thus we can conclude that their colour lies in the visual spectrum. Is there matter that does not have a colour within the visual spectrum? What ...
3
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3answers
631 views

Why the magnetic flux is not zero?

If $\vec{\mathbf B}=B\vec{\mathbf a}_z$, compute the magnetic flux passing through a hemisphere of radius $R$ centered at the origin and bounded by the plane $z=0$. Solution The hemisphere and ...
4
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3answers
139 views

Deriving Heaviside-Feynman formula for the electric field of an arbitrarily moving charge from Lienard-Wiechert potential

I've been trying to derive this (which Feynman warns takes a lot of work) for a couple of days now, without success. My current best derivation which however doesn't give the right answer is: First, ...
0
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1answer
77 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
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3answers
77 views

What is the experimental evidence that light is an electromagnetic wave? [closed]

Do we have any experimental evidence to confirm this? How can maxwells equation confirm light as an EM wave simply based on a similarity in speed? Just curious!
0
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0answers
57 views

Why do we apply Fleming's *left* hand rule in case of DC motors but use Fleming's *right* hand rule in case of generators?

Why do we apply Fleming's left hand rule in case of DC motors but use Fleming's right hand rule in case of generators to find the direction of induced current?
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0answers
11 views

BH-demagnetazation curve of NdFeB, N50

Is there a trusted literature source (material handbook) where someone can find the BH-demagnetazation curve of the Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) permanent magnet, grade N50? Why there exists ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Can Gauss' and Ampere's Laws be written in terms of the divergence of an energy four-vector?

In the first 20 minutes of this video, Susskind derives the continuity equation for charge conservation: $$\dot{\rho}+\nabla\cdot\vec{J}=0$$ (Where $\vec{J}=\frac{\partial\dot{q}^m}{\partial A^m} ...
0
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3answers
703 views

Relation between complex dielectric constant and resistance

I am having a real hard time understanding how I reach the expression that relates resistance and $\varepsilon''$ as the complex part of the dielectric constant. I was trying to follow a clear and ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Electric Field Inside Dielectric Filled Cavity

I want to determine the electric and magnetic fields inside the following cavity: perfect conducting walls at $z = 0, z=d, x=0, x=b, y=t, -t^\prime$, with a dielectric $\epsilon$ filling ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Electromagnetic reaction force?

The classical (retarded) Lienard-Wiechert scalar and vector potentials describe the electromagnetic field due to an arbitrarily moving electric point charge. Thus given the motion of electron $A$ one ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Effect of Motion on Capacitors

What will happen if a capacitor is accelerated or rotated very very fast? Will its capacitance decrease? Will one of the plates be able to hold the electrons which is providing the Potential ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Faraday's law and “infinite induction”

I may have confused after thinking too much about Faraday's law. If an emf is induced in a circuit due to some changing magnetic field, the induced current will be in a direction such that the ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Why are permanent magnets permanent?

Let me see if I get it right. When an iron bar is attracted by a permanent magnet it becomes a magnet itself because all of its magnetic domains start to point in the same direction. When the iron bar ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Use of Amperian Loop to Calculate the $B$-field inside a co-axial wire

The problem asks to calculate the magnetic field at point $a$ of a co-axial cable with a wire at the center surrounded by a rubber layer, and then another hollowed cylindrical wire followed by a ...
10
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4answers
582 views

Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor?

Suppose I look at a parallel plate capacitor in its rest frame and calculate the electrostatic energy, $E$. Next, I look at the same capacitor in a primed frame boosted in the direction perpendicular ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Tranverse electromagnetic waves

TEM waves do not exist in waveguide. Is this the correct explanation- Both curl and divergence of TEM are zero inside the waveguide and because of the boundary conditions (electric field zero at every ...
1
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0answers
12 views

Assumption of Positive Dielectric Value in Derivation of Dipole Field Around a Spherical Dielectric? Implications for Plasmonics

I am going through the solutions to Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates. In particular the boundary value problem of a dielectric sphere of radius $a$ and permittivity $\epsilon$ which has a ...
2
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1answer
47 views

momentum and energy of the rods

I have two electromagnets and I attach them to two rods(same mass) such that, first one will be attached to centre of first rod and the second one will be to the end of second rod. Now I bring them ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Reflectivity of gases

According to the principle of the conservation of energy, the following is true for an object: emissivity+reflectivity+transmittance=1; where emissivity=absorbtivity according to Kirchoff. When ...
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2answers
43 views

Divergence of Magnetic Field in an Electromagnetic Wave

In many text books of physics (especially those coping with Electromagnetic Theory), we see that an electromagnetic wave (EMW) is drawn as an electric field varying with a sinusoidal form and exactly ...
7
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2answers
127 views

Is it possible to see light intensity fluctuate?

Solutions to Maxwell's equations shows that the $\vec{E}$ and $\vec{H}$ component are of the same phase, which means they go to maximum and zero together, therefore the intensity of the ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Induction on a circuit with switch

I have the following circuit: It is subject to a steady, time-invariant magnetic field which points out of the paper. At $t = 0$, the switch closes. I thought that the magnetic flux would decrease ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Physical meaning of magnetic vector potential [duplicate]

Can anyone give me an intuition of why the magnetic vector potential $A$ is sometimes interpreted as the electromagnetic momentum ? I don't know analytical mechanics, just classical electromagnetism ...
1
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1answer
259 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
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0answers
30 views

A-level electromagnetism experiments? [closed]

Does anybody know any A-level experiments investigating electromagnetism that can produce good data relatively simply?
1
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3answers
383 views

How could electromagnetic waves propagate through space although they have no electrons?

How could electric fields in these waves propagate through space although in space there's no electrons for the electric field to be formed? is there another type of charged particles that carry the ...
2
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1answer
2k views

The electric field of a conductive sphere containing a charge - grounded vs not grounded

Let's suppose we have a sphere but unlike theoretical ones it'll have some thickness say $\Delta r$ and inner radius $R$. What I was wondering about is how will it behave if we place some charge $q$ ...
0
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1answer
281 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Create radial magnetization with permanent magnets

Is there a way to create a magnetic field with permanent magnets that imposes a TRUE radial magnetization, without using a continuous ring, because it is so hard to produce? Could this be done with ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Is the physics of $j = \rho v$ questionable? What are the consequences? [closed]

In electrodynamics you have the quantity $\mathbf{j}$, which represents density of current per surface area. It is often said that $\mathbf{j} = \rho\mathbf{v}$, for geometric reasons. When I make ...
2
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1answer
77 views

How to calculate the force acting on a magnet due to a solenoid

Can I assume both magnet and solenoid as magnetic dipole and use Coulombs law to find the force acting the magnet?
38
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7answers
7k views

Does electricity flow on the surface of a wire or in the interior?

I was having a conversation with my father and father-in-law, both of whom are in electric related work, and we came to a point where none of us knew how to proceed. I was under the impression that ...
2
votes
3answers
113 views

Moving coil contradiction of Faraday Induction

In Faraday's Induction Experiment, the e.m.f. induced in the induction coil becomes zero when the relative velocity of the coil and the magnet becomes zero. But one can also argue from a stationary ...
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2answers
126 views

Why does the existence of an aether go against Maxwell's equations

I am trying to determine why there is a conflict between Maxwell's equations and Galilean relativity. The standard way I have seen it explained is: The Galilean world model says velocities transform ...
0
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1answer
63 views

What are magnet poles?

You see the poles of a magnet on every magnet picture, and they are said to be in the direction of magnetic field lines, but what does that mean? Is the number of electrons different on one side of ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Physical distribution of salt anions and cations during electrophoresis

If I have a volume of $L$ liters of salt water at a concentration of $\approx N$ mM NaCl and I pour it into an electrophoretic apparatus (like this one: ). Once we turn the apparatus on, and set the ...
3
votes
1answer
301 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Phase difference between incident plane wave incident on a dipole and radiation fields from dipole

i have an incident plane wave and a dipole, consider that plane wave incident on dipole. at this moment what happens to dipole? We know that after incident of plane wave on dipole, the radiation has ...
2
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1answer
66 views

How does the electric field pulse propagate during a change in the magnetic vector potential?

The electric field in terms of the electric scalar potential, and the magnetic vector potential is: $E = -\nabla\phi - \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$, where $A$ is such that $B = \nabla \times A$. ...
0
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0answers
14 views

back emf in armature winding of ac generator

Emf is induced in armature windi g of ac generator when it rotate in magnetic field.And now load is connected to its terminal,due to induced emf current will flow through armature to load . Current is ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Magnetic field derived from a scalar function

Question: Show that $\mathbf B = \hat r \times \nabla g(\mathbf r)$, where $g$ is an arbitrary scalar function, is a plausible magnetic field. What current density $\mathbf J $ can produce ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Field at the tip of a rotating cone. Is (THIS STEP) in my solution right? [closed]

** Edited: I'm going to CLARIFY where and what my question is. Problem: A hollow cone(like a party hat) has vertex angle $2\theta$, slant height $L$, and surface charge density $\sigma$. It spins ...
7
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2answers
94 views

What does a relativistically moving capacitor “look” like? [duplicate]

Suppose I have a parallel plate capacitor with a vacuum between the plates, a voltage $V$ across them and a capacitance of $C$. What will this arrangement look like to an observer in a uniformly ...