The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (5)

0
votes
1answer
232 views

Conservation, Maxwell tensor

Can someone please explain to me how the conservation of the energy momentum tensor $$\nabla_\beta T^{\alpha \beta}=0$$ imply the conservation of the Maxwell tensor $$\nabla_\beta F^{\alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What role has our Moon played in creating a persistent geomagnetic field?

The question comes from a comment by Mark Rovetta on my earlier question about the Earth's core going cold.
0
votes
1answer
101 views

what is the difference between constant and changing magnetic and electric fields? How do they occur? How do they form an electromagnetic wave?

what is the difference between constant and changing magnetic and electric fields? How do they occur? How do they form an electromagnetic wave?
0
votes
2answers
286 views

What would result in a transformer that has its secondary wires disconnected from any circuit?

I am studying magnetism and I am curious as to what happens in a transformer that has its secondary output wires connected through a circuit versus one that doesn't. My main questions (in the case of ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Force of electromagnet on piece of iron

I can find equations to give the force of an electromagnet on a piece of iron when the iron touches the electromagnet. But what about when the iron is some distance from the electromagnet? ...
0
votes
1answer
456 views

Finding the electric field

The charge per unit length on a long, straight filament is -91.9 µC/m. (a) Find the electric field 10.0 cm from the filament, where distances are measured perpendicular to the length of the ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Repulsive Magnetic Hammering Experiment

I have been thinking about something thing... I want to attach four or any number of magnets with arms to an axle.. Blue dots be magnets. Its is not a wheel configuration, all arms can move ...
0
votes
2answers
451 views

Calculate force of electric charges “suspended” by strings [closed]

In a question: Two small plastic balls hang from threads of negligible mass. Each ball has a mass of 0.110g and a charge of magnitude q. The balls are attracted to each other, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
298 views

Direction of Current, according to Lenz's law, from induced EMF

My textbook (NCERT Physics Class 12th) has the following figure (Pg 212). The Arm PQ is moved to the left side thus decreasing the area of the rectangular loop. This results in a decrease in ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Is it possible to charge a capacitor to any potential? Does it depend on the dielectric placed between them?

Is it possible to charge a capacitor to any potential? Does it depend on the dielectric placed between them? Or, are there other factors affecting it?
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Capacitance per unit area and CMOS case

In a modern 0.35μm CMOS processor, the gate oxide thickness is around 80Å = 8nm. This gives us a capacitance per unit area of $430nF/cm^2$ I am not getting how one gets this capacitance per unit ...
0
votes
2answers
184 views

How is the polarity of a magnet decided (before its creation)?

This is not how to determine a magnet after it's created, but rather before it is created. How is the polarity of a magnet created (why does one side go this way and the other go the opposite)? Is ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Will a magnet loose too much strength it cut with a hacksaw?

Can a magnet be cut with a hacksaw, by hand, without losing its essential characteristic of being magnetic? I know i would have to be very careful with heat but I don't know how careful
0
votes
1answer
452 views

Point where resulting magnetic field is equal to 0

I am trying to solve the following task Given 3 infinitely long current carrying wires, as shown on image ($I_1=I_2$ , $I_3=2I_1$) and $r=5 cm$ calculate the point between them (in the same plane; ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

CGS Units to SI Units

This may be a stupid question but I am having trouble getting the same result in CGS units as I would if I used SI units for a unitless calculation. I have to calculate $E_c=\frac{m_e c\, ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Maxwell's Correction to Ampere's Law

I have not yet officially studied Electromagnetism but am trying to teach myself at the moment. I understand Maxwell's equations in the context of Magneto- and Electrostatics: they are equivalent, ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Can we transfer the charge on a plate of a capacitor elsewhere?

I know it is hard , but can we transfer the charge on a capacitor plate elsewhere?
0
votes
1answer
370 views

What is the importance of electrodynamics and magnetism in physics as a whole? [closed]

At my university the second half of a year long sequence in basic calculus based physics focuses on electrodynamics and magnetism. I am wondering what is the significance of these topics to physics in ...
0
votes
2answers
571 views

Can electromagnetic fields be used to deconstruct and reconstruct atoms?

I was thinking one day and came up with a theory after reading about how scientists were studying anti-matter by using electro magnetic fields to separate matter from the anti-matter they made. It ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Mutual Inductance and the Dot Convention

Can anyone please explain me, the dot convention in coil systems (Mutual and self inductance) with some related images to understand..?
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Proving the existence of the magnetic potential

Suppose $\vec{B}$ is a differentiable vector field defined everywhere such that $\nabla\cdot \vec{B}=0$. Define $\vec{A}$ by the integral $$A_1=\int_0^1 \lambda(xB_2(\lambda x,\lambda y,\lambda z)- ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Distribution of charge on a hollow metal sphere

A hollow metal sphere is electrically neutral (no excess charge). A small amount of negative charge is suddenly placed at one point P on this metal sphere. If we check on this excess negative charge a ...
0
votes
2answers
909 views

Inductance - Sign convention problem…

My problem is with a circuit containing a resistor of suitable resistance $R$ and a solenoid. At time $t<0$, there was a battery that created a current in the circuit and at $t=0$, the battery is ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Finding the charge density

I can't figure out how to find the charge density for the following problem: A conductor is placed in an external electrostatic field. The external field is uniform before the conductor is ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

What are the Electric and Magnetic Properties of Aluminum Oxynitride?

Is Transparent Aluminum (Aluminum Oxynitride) a good conductor of electricity? Also, is it attracted by a magnet?
0
votes
1answer
330 views

Inductance of loop to a square wire? What is the induced current and the induced $\bar E$?

I am practising for the elementary-physics -course Tfy-0.1064, this puzzle is a simplified version of the problem 3A here (sorry not in English). My basic idea here is to understand a scenario with ...
0
votes
1answer
360 views

Are silicone polymers transparent to infrared light?

I know that silicon and even black plastic bags are transparent to infrared light. What about light-colored silicone polymers (take white or green colors)? Are they transparent to infrared light too? ...
0
votes
1answer
373 views

How could two current flow in the opposite direction?

Could someone explain what the green underlined part means? It doesn't make sense to me. It says the current (induced) flows CCW (that means towards the right). Then it says it flows to the left?
0
votes
2answers
160 views

pattern of moving electrons in wire under AC

when we use a DC battery into a circuit the flow of electrons in wire creates a clear picture as they flow from negative terminal to positive terminal. under AC(Alternating current) we know how energy ...
0
votes
1answer
345 views

Solution to the Maxwell's equation

Question goes as Show that the solutions to the Maxwell's equations $$ \nabla \times \vec H = \frac 1 c \frac{\partial \vec E}{\partial t}+\frac {4\pi} c \vec J, \hspace{ 2 mm} \nabla \times ...
0
votes
2answers
447 views

Electric Force is to Magnetic Force as Gravitational Force is to …?

One can no nothing about the magnetic force and yet arrive at it by taking the relativistic effects of a current and a moving charge system into account. I ask whether there exists such an inherent ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What kind of light is needed to light up Venus?

Let's say I would want to light up Venus, such that we can see Venus all day long and not have to wait for a Venus Transit. What kind of light would I need for it? How powerful would it need to be?
0
votes
1answer
520 views

Improvement Of Soft Iron And Steel As Magnets

I am given to know that soft iron is used as temporary electromagnet since it has high permeability i.e. the ability to align its domains corresponding to the electric field around it, however has a ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Can action of the weak and strong forces be reduced to action of electromagnetic force?

It is known that electromagnetic (EM) fields action on particles is limited to the Lorentz force action. In terms of spinors and currents, the EM field: (i) rotates the Dirac current around the ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Repulsion of the pieces of a broken magnet [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does it seem like a broken magnet's poles flip? I have experienced that if we break a bar magnet into two pieces and try to bring those broken faces together it ...
0
votes
1answer
833 views

Electrodynamics textbook that emphasizes applications

Which textbook in Electrodynamics which emphasizes practical applications and real life examples would you recommend for undergraduates ?
0
votes
2answers
176 views

Should $E$ and $B$ change with Gravity?

Lets examine a typical GR metric: $$ds^2=g_{00}dt^2-g_{11}dx^2-g_{22}dy^2-g_{33}dz^2$$ The "d" going with ds has its correct meaning when the path is specified with respect to a one dimensional ...
0
votes
1answer
386 views

electric dipole momentum calculation

I'm studying the linear electric susceptibility, using Schroedinger equation and perturbation theory of the interaction potential $$V=-\mu \cdot E$$ and the book arrive to an expression where ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Electromagnetic Radiation

If there was a way to see the electromagnetic waves that is all around us, i.e. see the electric and magnetic fields spreading away from an antenna say, how would it look? I mean if we were to freeze ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What Is the Physical Size of a Magnet?

With present day materials and technology what is the physical size of a one milli Tesla magnet? How much "power" it has to attract pieces of iron? Please compare it with the objects we have around. ...
0
votes
1answer
579 views

Changing magnetic flux graph?

In regards to a graph of the changing magnetic flux in a generator such as this one: a) The equation of the graph should be $\Phi = BA \cos \theta$. As $\theta=\omega t$ (angular velocity*time), ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

Why electromagnetic waves propagating along x transfers to electron momentum along z?

Why EM waves having only x momentum transfers to electron z momentum? Electron begins oscillating along z, so will not radiate EM waves along z direction, to compensate its z momentum. It seems that ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

The acceleration of a particle in uniform electro-magnetic field

A particle of charge $q$ and mass $m_0$ is subject to the action of a uniform electro-magnetic field $\vec{E}=(0,E,0), \vec{B}=(0,0,B)$ and at $t = 0$ moves with velocity $\vec{v}=(v_1,v_2,v_3)$. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Transformers rate equation

Going back to transformers after some years I realize they hide a possible missconception I'm not sure I really understand. It is not easy to find a full derivation of the well known relation ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How can I apply Conservation of Energy in electromagnetism?

How can I apply C.O.E to a system that applies magnetic & electric fields at the same time to do work, and convert energy from one form to another? Let assume we have a conductor that moves ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Energy in an electromagnetic wave

A radio antenna creates EM waves through switching the polarization in the antenna at a certain frequency. I assume the the energy of the photons produced in this process amount to E=hf for each ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Waveguide in TE mode. Power guided [on hold]

I have the following problem and don't know where to begin. Could someone give me a hand with it? A waveguide is formed by two conducting parallel plates spaced apart a distance $d=3cm$, and width ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Calculation of the electric field from a cube of charge with charge density proportional to radial distance [on hold]

I have a cube of side length $L$ centered at the origin and total charge $Q$; the charge density is $\rho(r)\propto r^n$ for some integer $n$, where $r$ is the radial distance in spherical ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Proving two forms of atom-field interaction perturbation Hamiltonian are equivalent

In the presence of an electromagnetic field in the dipole-approximation (${\boldsymbol A} = {\boldsymbol A}(0,t)$) we have the two forms $$H_{{\boldsymbol d}\cdot {\boldsymbol E}} = - q {\boldsymbol ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Electromagnetism and the principle of relativity

I'm reading the book "Fundamental Physics 2: Electromagnetism" by Alonso and Finn. I understand everything up to the point where everything is "unified". The following example is given in the book: ...