The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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2answers
264 views

Is there a readily available (or at least not theoretical) material that reflects only infrared light?

By way of context, please picture those little motion capture lights that are put over an actors body. I am interested in finding out if there is some kind of material that can do the same thing but ...
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2answers
2k views

Relation between wavenumber and propagation constant

What is the exact difference between wavenumber and propagation constant in an electromagnetic wave propagating in a medium such as a transmission line, cause i am a bit confused. Does it have to do ...
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1answer
151 views

Where does the photon's energy come from in X-ray bremsstrahlung?

In an X-ray tube, bremsstrahlung is generated by accelerating electrons toward a target metal. As a photon is emitted, something loses energy. I suppose that the target metal remains fixed and is ...
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1answer
549 views

Absorption / Control / Reduction of EMF radiation using passive antennae & matched load

Wanted to understand the physics behind usage of passive antennae and matched load combination, to absorb, control and reduce the Electromagnetic-Field (s.a. due to microwave radiation from cellular ...
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1answer
69 views

Rock chips showing magnetic property?

If i am placing two rock(stone) chips closer with a wider area of contact and rotating another rock stone around these two chips(having close contact) for some time (around 30 sec) and try to separate ...
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1answer
587 views

Hole in the disc shaped magnet

Let's suppose we have a magnetic disc. One half is magnetic north pole and the other half is magnetic south pole. Now suppose we drill a hole in the disc. Does anybody has an idea how the magnetic ...
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1answer
440 views

Poisson's Equation

First up, I needed to compute the potential at some external point due to charge stuffed inside the region between two concentric cylinders, the volume charge density being given. Two methods came to ...
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1answer
229 views

Would a strong diamagnetic material exhibit inductance?

Erm. This question got shot-down in electronics.stackexchange.com and somebody recommended I raise it on here, so ... Do metals with the property of strong diamagnetism also exhibit inductance? ...
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1answer
162 views

The energy carried from one winding of a transformer to another, in quantum terms

I have read in wikipedia this statement "The energy carried from one winding of a transformer to another, in quantum terms is carried by virtual photons, not real photons" (wikipedia src: virtual ...
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1answer
89 views

Creating the opposite of an optical lattice

Is it possible to create periodic potentials that instead of creating a well for an atom to be trapped in, repulsed by that specific location? If yes, can we use this as a means to make artificial ...
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2answers
264 views

What effect would liquid air have on a resonant coil?

This description of Tesla's "magnifying transmitter", which supposedly used electrical resonance to transmit energy (similar to resonant inductive coupling?) states that the coils (or at least part of ...
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1answer
489 views

Electrical eddy current visualization or simulation

Eddy currents are induced in a metal plate when it experiences a changing magnetic flux. Is there a realistic visualization or simulation of eddy currents available? The only picture I found, on ...
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1answer
197 views

Electromagnetic weapons: power?

I essentially have three questions concerning weapons based on EM waves or more generally. Focusing on the weapons using radio-waves and/or micro-waves, what power do these types of weapons need to ...
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1answer
33 views

Magnetic field of a static disk magnet

I have a magnetic disk (Radius R, height h) that creates magnetic field lines (axisymmetrical). I simulated the field lines, exported the data and am now trying to fit a function into the data to have ...
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0answers
26 views

What is DX technology and what are the effects on digital cameras?

I am photographing in a high power voltage field in Industry producing aluminium, called DX technology. How do I know if my digital camera will not be affected? At 350kA current my film cameras were ...
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0answers
15 views

Two conductor's in a magnetic field, canceling each other's EMF?

If two conductor's are in a $\Delta$B, oriented the same in the field, and they induce equal $\epsilon$, can their wiring be oriented in a way that they can cancel each other's induced $\epsilon$? So ...
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0answers
23 views

Electric field of Symmetric Parts [closed]

So I'm preparing for a test and one thing that I haven't seen examples of, but know is possible is using Gauss's Law on objects that have symmetric parts. I made up the following question: Find ...
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0answers
18 views

Question on electromagnetic wave propagation [closed]

how to do part d of this question? i have done part 1 to three but part d is bit confusing.
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0answers
54 views

Hamiltonian for Electron in Magnetic Field with Symmetric Gauge in Polar Coordinates

I am new on the board and have a question about how to write the Hamiltonian for an electron in a magnetic field rotating at a fixed radius. I would like to write the hamiltonian using the symmetric ...
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3answers
48 views

Finding charge density from from differential form of gauss law

I didnt get why he didvided and multiplied by r^2.This question is from d j griffith .
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1answer
32 views

Electric field of a finite, conducting plate

let's assume a finite, conducting plate of dimension: 10m x 10m x 1m. I want to determine the electric field at the middle of one of the plates 10m x 10m surfaces. Using Gauss's law one finds the ...
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0answers
42 views

Deriving Heaviside-Feynman formula for the electric field of an arbitrarily moving charge from Lienard-Wiechert potential

I've been trying to derive this (which Feynman warns takes a lot of work) for a couple of days now, without success. My current best derivation which however doesn't give the right answer is: First, ...
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0answers
29 views

Electrodynamics boundary conditions with complex $\epsilon$ and $\mu$

I wonder if the usual derivation for boundary conditions at an interface given in EMT textbooks hold for complex permittivity and/or permeability? Do the fields carry phase information themselves(i.e. ...
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1answer
44 views

How to find the Hamiltonian density for electromagnetic field? And, how to solve the stress tensor for electromagnetic field? [closed]

How to find the Hamiltonian density for electromagnetic field? And, how to solve the stress tensor for electromagnetic field?
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1answer
59 views

Show that $\mathbf{A}$ is a valid vector potential [closed]

Is $$\mathbf{A} = -\frac{1}{2}\mathbf{r \times B}$$ a valid vector potential in the Coulomb gauge? Here's my work so far. Using the identity for the curl of a cross product I get ...
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0answers
14 views

why an immersion lens is called so in Ion Optics?

In Ion Optics, an immersion lens is composed of two planar apertured electrodes. My question is why it is called an 'Immersion" lens? I know that an Einzel lense has three or more electrodes. But ...
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0answers
34 views

Velocities of waves (such as visible light, and radio)

The speed of light in a vacuum is a constant 299,792,458 m/s. In water, it is much slower. Does this happen to such waves as radio, or X-ray? (Would say, a 3 meter wavelength travel slower in air than ...
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1answer
28 views

Does magnitude of a charge influence magnitude of force that individual charge exerts on another charge [closed]

two point charges, q1 and q2, are placed 0.3m apart on the x-axis, as shown in the figure above. Charge q1 has a value of -3 nano Coulomb and q2 has a value of +4.8 x10^-8 C. The net electric field ...
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0answers
56 views

Electrical field of the coil

Take the case of two coils, first one connected to alternating current supply, and the second one connected to load. First coil creates magnetic field, and electric field is reduced by anti-emf ...
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0answers
16 views

Categorization of electromagnetic solitons?

I've seen over the years several mentions of electromagnetic solitons that appear in the high-intensity regime (where vacuum polarization becomes important). Some of these are coupled with plasmas, ...
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0answers
15 views

How to make an evenly distributed strong electromagnetic surface (diameter ½ meter) [closed]

I need to put neodymium magnets very close to each other on a a circular surface with a diameter of $\frac{1}{2}\, \mathrm{m}$. The magnets do NOT want to be close unless they are forced to by a ...
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0answers
24 views

Au, Ag nanoparticles plasmon peak position?

Is the interaction between metallic nanoparticles (~ 20 nm) and light in the UV-Vis-NIR range governed by Mie theory or by Rayleigh scattering theory? Where are the Au and Ag plasmonic peaks located? ...
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1answer
16 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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0answers
24 views

Is there any simulation program for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields? [duplicate]

please can any one suggest me a good program for simulating electrostatic and magnetostatic fields (forces,flux density, energy and potential) ?
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0answers
28 views

diamagnetism in constant magnetic field

"The diamagnetic materials repel the materials which produces magnetic field, so putting these materials in the proximity of the magnetic field generating materials produces the effect of the ...
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0answers
46 views

How to calculate the Induced Voltage Given Spinning Conducting Loop? Intro to Electromagnetics problem [closed]

I'm having trouble figuring out a different variation of this problem. On my homework, I'm asked to find the induce emf for the following B field: $$\vec{B}=50\vec{a_y}$$ I was able to figure out the ...
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0answers
24 views

Deriving Ampère's Circuital Law from Ampère's Force Law?

Ampère's force $d^2\vec{F_{21}}$ of current element $i_2d\vec{\ell_2}$ on $i_1d\vec{\ell_1}$ is$$d^2\vec{F_{21}}=-\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi}i_1i_2\frac{\hat{r}}{r^2}\left[2(d\vec{\ell_1}\cdot ...
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0answers
42 views

Remote EEG Detection / Reading

I recently noted that Phillips, Accenture, and Emotive grouped together to create a proof of concept that would assist ALS patients to gain greater control of their lives through brain, voice, and eye ...
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2answers
43 views

Does induced current affect the permeability of a material?

For electromagnetic wave propagation, we can typically characterize a medium by conductivity $\sigma$, permeability $\mu$, and permittivity $\epsilon$. Consider if this material had current passing ...
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0answers
21 views

Modeling magnetic field shielding

I am wondering what is the best way to model magnetic and electric field shielding from a magnetic dipole in the near field? For example, let's say you have a coil of current carrying wire in the x-y ...
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1answer
52 views

What is the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire?

The electron has a magnetic moment. This magnetic moment will be influenced in a electric field; the magnetic moments will be more or less aligned. During the movement of an electron in a wire under ...
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0answers
16 views

Can various wavelengths participate in C/D Interference?

My question is can multiple wavelengths or at least two different wavelengths interfere with one another? I know that they usually have to be the 'same' wavelength, but you'd think they can vary a bit ...
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0answers
42 views

What is the physical meaning of the norm of the electromagnetic four-potential?

In SI units this would be $\frac{1}{c^2}\phi^2 - A_x^2 - A_y^2 - A_z^2$. Is this just not a physically meaningful quantity at all because it's not gauge invariant?
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0answers
19 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
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1answer
41 views

Poynting vector plain wave

I'm calculating the poynting vector for a plain wave and I have some doubt. $$ \bar S = \frac 1 2 \bar E \times \bar H^* = ... = \frac {| \bar E|^2} {2 \zeta} \hat i_k $$ Now if I consider a ...
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1answer
47 views

Junction conditions in GR including electromagnetism

I have recently learned about the Israel junction conditions in GR (as explained in for example Gravitation by MTW). I then tried to generalize it when including Electromagnetism, ie matching two ...
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1answer
24 views

What does $E$ field look like around an inductor? What does $B$ field look like outside of a capacitor?

For whatever reason I could not find a picture of $E$ field around inductor, and also couldn't find a picture of $B$ field outside of a capacitor. The reason I think is because these quantities are ...
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0answers
24 views

Very short physics question (electromagnetic field): Just draw the figure of the problem? [closed]

Can you please draw me the figure of the problem? I dont want the solution,just the figure? A straight, stiff, horizontal wire of length 25 cm and mass 50 g is connected to a source of emf by light, ...
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0answers
41 views

Splitting of degenerate energy levels with a perturbed particle in a box

Suppose you have a particle in a square box $[0,L]\times[0,L]$. As the box is a square, the (2,1) and (1,2) eigenfunctions will have the same energy. If you were to apply an oscillating electric field ...
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0answers
32 views

Physical reason for magnetic mirroring?

I understand the mathematical derivation of magnetic mirroring, which usually starts from the conservation of the magnetic dipole moment (e.g. in a plasma). But physically: a mirrored particle is ...